Capital de Chile

Santiago, capital of Chile. It lies on the canalized Mapocho River, with views of high Andean peaks to the east. The capital city of Chile is Santiago . The metropolitan area called Greater Santiago and corresponds to the capital of the Metropolitan Region of Santiago. SANTIAGO DE CHILE (AP) — Centenares de comerciantes ambulantes se aglomeraron el lunes frente a los centros comerciales en dos céntricas comunas de la capital chilena que reabrieron sus tiendas ... , city (1990 est. pop. 4,395,000), central Chile, capital of Chile and of Metropolitana de Santiago region, on the Mapocho River. It is the political, commercial, and financial heart of the nation, although Valparaiso has been the seat of the Chilean congress since 1990. Chile lleva poco más de dos meses con una disminución en los nuevos casos de COVID-19 -aunque a diario suma en promedio unos 2.000 infectados- y una menor positividad en las pruebas que detectan el virus -un 6,15% el fin de semana, el más bajo desde abril- lo que llevó al gobierno a relajar las cuarentas desde fines de julio en zonas elegidas de la capital y en regiones de sur del país. The capital city of Chile is Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile. This city is located at 1,706 feet above sea level between the Chilean Coastal and the Andes mountains in the Chilean Central Valley. Pedro de Valdivia, a Spanish conquistador, officially founded Santiago on February 12, 1541.


2020.08.19 04:55 Custodio00 Temuco

comunidad local de la región de la Araucania, Chile

2008.12.14 17:29 Santiago, Chile

Santiago is the capital city of Chile, the southwesternmost country in South America. It's a big metropolis with more than 6 million inhabitants and lots of things to see and do. / Santiago es la capital de Chile, el país más al sudeste de Sudamérica. Una gran metrópolis con más de 6 millones de habitantes y muchas cosas que hacer y ver.

2020.09.18 09:44 Babyelijah Hire A Hacker! Rent A Hacker!! Rules to Follow

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2020.09.14 10:22 majinmattossj2 Brazilian Big12 series, Episode 9/12: Santos

Previous episodes: Flamengo, Vasco, Fluminense, Grêmio, Botafogo, Atlético Mineiro, Internacional, Corinthians
In this series I will present each of the 12 Brazilian teams that together compose the "Big 12". My point is to make them more knowledgeable to you, since each one of these teams have their share of the Brazil national team success and of Brazilian club football accomplishments as a whole. I'll try to be as smooth, efficient and non-boring as I can. If the feedback is positive, I'll keep bringing more to this series. So ok, let's do this!
Method: I'll present the teams in a chronological order, from the oldest foundation (Flamengo-1895) to the latest one (São Paulo-1930). The order will be: Flamengo, Vasco, Fluminense, Grêmio, Botafogo, Atlético Mineiro, Internacional, Corinthians, Santos, Palmeiras, Cruzeiro, São Paulo. How many of these have you heard of?
Extra clubs: Due to a high number of requests, I'll also present 3 teams who don't belong to the Big12, but are also considered big clubs in Brazil: Bahia, Athletico Paranaense and Coritiba. Welcome to the club!
Geographical reference: Before we start, I'd like to ask something very simple from you. I want you to keep in mind that these 12 teams are spread in 4 different States in Brazil. The club's State name is written below, next to the club's name. It has a direct link to Google Maps, so that you can check it out to make this experience more accurate.

Episode 9/12: Santos (State: São Paulo), founded in 1912

State rivals: São Paulo, Palmeiras, Corinthians

Stadium: Vila Belmiro

Mascot: Whale

Major achievements: 2 Intercontinental Cup (1962, 1963), 3 Copa Libertadores (1962, 1963, 2011), 8 Brazilian Leagues (1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1968, 2002, 2004), 1 Copa do Brasil (2010)

State League titles: 22 (Against Corinthians' 30, Palmeiras' 23, São Paulo's 21)

The Football Kingdom
There's an urban legend that says that a lightning never strikes the same place twice. But apparently this legend doesn't apply to the physics of Santos, a humble and small port city on the coast of São Paulo. There, a young kid named Pelé, would come up to become football's greatest legend, a man that could stop a war with his foot, a man that transcended all sports combined. In that same city of Santos - with a probable electromagnetic sequel caused by the lightning of Pelé - were raised the raw talents of the princes Robinho and Neymar. Curiously enough, Marta, the Queen of Football, and Falcão, the King of Futsal, also stepped foot and left a legacy at Santos, the football kingdom of the world. Let the story begin!
The early years and the 100-goal team at 1929 São Paulo State League
Santos was founded in 1912, but only on the late 1920s the team would become a threat to the State League teams from the state capital, São Paulo. Indeed, in 1927, the team led by Araken Patusca and Feitiço scored 100 goals in 16 matches, an average of 6,25 goals/match, a world record in official competitions until today. However, they lost the title in the last round to Palmeiras. These two players would make history in Santos: Feitiço scored 214 goals and is the Santos 5th top goalscorer of all time, while Araken Patusca scored 184, and is the 7th.
In 1935, Santos would win their first State League title, after beating Corinthians 2-0.
The Pelé Era: the greatest team in the world, the team that stopped a war in Africa, Os Santásticos
Before Pelé arrived, Santos had recently won the 1955 and 1956 State Leagues, with a great team led by Brazil NT forwards Del Vecchio, Pepe, Pagão, Jair, and the midfielder Zito.
After Pelé left, Santos had added 25 more trophies to their cabinet: 2 Intercontinental Cups, 2 Copa Libertadores, 6 Brazilian Leagues, 10 State Leagues, 3 Rio-São Paulo Tournament, 1 Supercopa Sudamericana and 1 Recopa Intercontinental.
During Pelé's time in the 1960s, Santos scored around 3000 goals, with more than 1000 scored by the king, in both official competitions (643 goals) and friendlies (448 goals) for Santos. Actually, counting only teams from Europe big6, Pelé scored 103 goals in those high-level friendlies, as you can see here. If we count all European clubs and National Teams, Pelé scored 163 goals. He also scored 87 goals against 1st division Brazilian teams, 116 goals against South American teams and National Teams, 44 goals against African/Asian/Central American National Teams, totalizing 410 goals in high-level friendlies - all data details here. At that time, friendlies were highly hyped, and there were more Europeans attending friendlies vs. Santos than attending their own national leagues matches - attendance data here.
League 1960s League att. average Friendlies vs Santos att. average
England 29.180 34.800 (10 matches)
Spain ??? 48.100 (9 matches)
Italy 21.056 39.620 (33 matches)
Germany 24.160 31.700 (15 matches)
Portugal ??? 34.000 (3 matches)
France 8.400 32.300 (8 matches)
Overall 20.700 36.750 (78 matches)
Pelé arrived at Santos in 1956, at the age of 15. In that same year arrived the right-wing Dorval, aged 21. In 1958 arrived the centre-forward Coutinho, aged 14, and in 1960 the attacking midfielder, Mengálvio, aged 20. They all joined the left-wing Pepe, at Santos since 1954, to form the famous quintet that dominated the world: Dorval, Mengálvio, Coutinho, Pelé and Pepe.
Player Apps Goals Brazil NT Caps Goals World Cup titles
Dorval (1956-67) 612 198 7 - -
Mengálvio (1960-68) 371 28 14 1 1 (1962)
Coutinho (1958-68) 457 368 15 6 1 (1962)
Pelé (1956-74) 1116 1091 92 77 3 (1958, 1962, 1970)
Pepe (1954-69) 750 405 40 22 2 (1958, 1962)
But everything started in the 1957 São Paulo State League, when Pelé was topscorer with 36 goals, at the age of 16. There wasn't a National League until 1959, due to Brazil's huge size and weak infrastructure, so the players would shine in the State Leagues, which lasted the entire year. Pelé, at 17, broke the São Paulo State League record (until today), scoring 58 goals in 38 matches, in 1958 - which brought him to the Brazil NT and to the 1958 World Cup. After winning it, him and Santos started travelling in exhibition tours to make cash and challenge the best teams around the world in "friendly" matches.
In 1959, Santos took part in the 1st Brazilian League edition, qualifying as São Paulo State League champions. However, they lost the final to Bahia (2-3, 2-0, 1-3).
As Santos lost the 1959 São Paulo State League finals to Palmeiras, they didn't qualify to the 1960 Brazilian League.
However, they won the 1960 São Paulo State League and qualified to the 1961 Brazilian League. From 1961 to 1965, Santos won 5 consecutive Brazilian Leagues, a record until today. However, Santos would always enter in the semi-finals and only play 4-5 matches to be crowned champions - this rule would only be modified from the 1967 Brazilian League.
Year Champion Runner-up Results
1961 Brazilian League Santos Bahia 1-1, 5-1
1962 Brazilian League Santos Botafogo 4-3, 1-3, 5-0
1963 Brazilian League Santos Bahia 6-0, 2-0
1964 Brazilian League Santos Flamengo 4-1, 0-0
1965 Brazilian League Santos Vasco 5-1, 1-0
Highlights to the 1962 final between Santos and Botafogo, which had 11 players from the 1962 World Cup won by Brazil: Gylmar, Mauro, Zito, Mengálvio, Coutinho, Pelé, Pepe (Santos), Nilton Santos, Garrincha, Amarildo, Zagallo (Botafogo). Santos won the decisive match 5-0 at the Maracanã, with this goal from Pelé.
In 1962, Santos also participated in their first Copa Libertadores, qualified as the 1961 Brazilian League champions. Santos topped their group stage against Cerro Porteño (Paraguay) (9-1, 1-1) and Municipal (Bolivia) (6-1, 4-3). In the semis against Universidad Católica (Chile), Santos tied 1-1 away, and won 1-0 at home. The final would be against Peñarol (Uruguay). Santos won the first leg 2-1 in Uruguay, with two goals from Coutinho, in a great comeback. In the 2nd leg in Brazil, a crazy story: after a big and violent confusion, the match was restarted and Peñarol scored the third goal at '51 (2-3). Santos only needed a tie and scored it at '67, the match ended 3-3 and Santos celebrated the title. However, the referee wrote down in the match report that the match was over at '51 - he was scared to really end it, so he kept the match going until the end, but it wasn't counting for him, so he (and CONMEBOL) declared Peñarol the winners. This forced a third match, in neutral Argentina, which Santos dominated and won 3-0, with two goals from Pelé and one own goal from Peñarol. Santos were for the first time, and the first Brazilian team, crowned South American champions.
This title qualified Santos to the 1962 Intercontinental Cup, against the European champions, Benfica. The 1st leg at the Maracanã ended 3-2 for Santos, with 2 goals from Pelé and one from Coutinho. Before the 2nd match in Lisbon, Benfica announced that they were selling tickets for the third match, certain that they would win at home. However, Pelé destroyed the match with a splendid hat-trick, an assist, nutmegs and dribbling past the entire Benfica defense to score one of his goals. The match ended 5-2 before a crowd of 73.000 portuguese fans, and Pelé proved once again he was still football's king, as he and Santos were crowned club world champions for the first time. Highlights of the match here (4mn56 video).
The next year, in 1963, Santos would once again win the Copa Libertadores. Being the current champions, they entered in the semi-final stage against the legendary Botafogo of Garrincha, Didi and Nilton Santos. The 1st leg ended 1-1, with Pelé scoring a tie at '90. The 2nd match at the Maracanã ended 4-0 to Santos, with Pelé scoring the first goal, also the second goal from a header, and the third from a penalty kick. Lima scored the fourth, with an assist from Pepe. Santos were once again qualified to the Copa Libertadores final.
They would meet Boca Juniors, from Argentina. In the 1st leg at the Maracanã, Santos opened 3-0 with two goals from Coutinho - notably this one - and one from Lima. Boca, however, scored twice with Sanfilippo and the match ended 3-2.
The atmosphere at La Bombonera for the 2nd leg was intense. 50.000 Argentine kept singing "Pelé hijo de puta, macaquitos del Brasil" (Pelé son of a b., little monkeys from Brazil). Then Boca opened the score at '46 with Sanfilippo. However, 4 minutes later, Pelé assisted Coutinho to score the tie. Later, Pelé mocked the Boca team by playing with the ball at Boca's GK hand. And at '82, Pelé scored the winning goal and celebrated with euphory and anger: Santos were back-to-back Copa Libertadores champions.
Santos were once again qualified to the Intercontinental Cup, and would face Milan. Santos lost the 1st leg 2-4, at San Siro, in Milan. In the 2nd leg at the Maracanã, Milan went to half-time winning 2-0. A heavy rain began and the pitch became a mud. Santos, without Pelé, counted on Pepe's free-kick to score their first goal. Almir and Lima scored Santos second and third goals, at '54 and '65. Pepe, again from a free-kick, scored the fourth at '68, forcing a third match.
In the third and final match, at the Maracanã again, Maldini committed a penalty and was sent off. Still without Pelé, Dalmo scored the 1-0 winning goal, crowning Santos once again club world champions.
Santos wouldn't win the Copa Libertadores again in the 1960s. They reached the semis in 1964 and 1965, and refused to play it in 1966, 1967 and 1969 - not only it was financially unattractive, but also too violent and with tendencious refereeing. So Santos prefered to travel around the globe and make cash to pay their expensive team.
The "Santos Globetrotters", would tour the world and smash whoever and wherever. 7-1 Internazionale, 5-0 Roma, 6-2 Napoli, 3-0 Lazio, 5-1 Lecce, 5-1 Barcelona, 6-0 Hamburg, 9-1 TSV München 1860, 6-3 Wolfsburg, 5-2 Eintracht Frankfurt, 4-2 Hertha Berlin, 6-4 Fortuna Düsseldorf, 5-0 Arminia Bielefield, 6-3 Benfica, 4-2 Sheffield Wednesday, 4-2 Newcastle, 5-3 Reims, 6-1 Racing, 6-2 Lyon, 3-0 Toulouse, 3-0 Feyenoord, 5-0 Enschede, 3-0 Peñarol, 8-3 Racing (Argentina), 4-0 Independiente, 4-1 Boca Juniors, 4-0 River Plate...
In official competitions, Pelé's Santos played 6 matches against Europeans, with 5W-1L:
Competition Result Goals
1962 Intercontinental Cup Santos 3-2 Benfica Pelé (2x), Santana (2x), Coutinho
1962 Intercontinental Cup Santos 5-2 Benfica Pelé (3x), Eusébio, Coutinho, Pepe, Santana
1963 Intercontinental Cup Santos 2-4 Milan Pelé (2x), Amarildo (2x), Trapattoni, Mora
1963 Intercontinental Cup Santos 4-2 Milan Pepe (2x), Mazzola, Almir, Lima, Mora
1963 Intercontinental Cup Santos 1-0 Milan Dalmo
1968 Recopa Intercontinental Santos 1-0 Internazionale Toninho Guerreiro
However, Santos wasn't invincible, and Palmeiras stopped them from winning 12 consecutive State Leagues (1958-69), by beating Santos in 1959, 1963 and 1966.
1969: the year that Santos stopped a war in Africa and that Pelé scored his 1000th goal
On the 4th February 1969, Pelé's Santos stopped an ongoing war in Nigeria. The civil war had been going on in the Biafra region since March 1967, and it lasted until January 1970, with the separatists' defeat. 2 million people died in the conflict.
There was a global effort trying to stop the violent repression of the Nigerian government against the Biafras. Artists like Joan Baez, Jimi Hendrix and John Lennon, authorities like the Pope Paul VI and the United Nations tried do contain the conflict, without success.
But Santos did. As the team was touring in Africa, they were invited by the Nigerian government to play in Benin. A first and only cease-fire was declared so Santos could move from the hotel to the stadium and then back to the hotel. Santos won the match 2-1, and left the country the next day, as the war restarted as soon as they were gone, lasting 11 more months.
On the 19th November 1969, Pelé scored his 1000th goal, against Vasco, the team he supported as a child, at the Maracanã. Journalists from all over the world had been following Santos matches, waiting for the 1000th goal to happen, which he did on his 912th career match.
By the end of the decade, Santos team had changed, but was still strong, notably counting with the right-back Carlos Alberto Torres, the midfielder Clodoaldo and the forwards Edu and Toninho Guerreiro, all of them champions in the 1970 World Cup, except for the latter. They notably won the 1968 Brazilian League, the 1968 Supercopa Sudamericana and the 1968 Recopa Intercontinental.
My personal favorite goal of this era is this one by Toninho Guerreiro, after a rainbow flick assist by Kaneko, in 1968.
The Pelé Era last title was the São Paulo State League title of 1973. Pelé left in October 1974, having scored 1091 goals in 1116 matches for Santos.
1978-1984: the Meninos da Vila (Vila Boys) and the last title before the drought
In 1978, a new term was coined to the players produced by Santos youth system, or just young players that were bought: the Meninos da Vila (Vila Boys), that won the 1978 State League. The 1st generation counted with Juary, João Paulo, Pita, Nilton Batata and Ailton Lira.
Meninos da Vila Apps Goals
Juary 229 101
João Paulo 412 103
Pita 408 55
Nilton Batata 249 36
Ailton Lira 182 37
In the 1980s, Santos built a good team that reached the final of the 1983 Brazilian League, and won the 1984 State League - Santos last title before the drought.
1984-2002: 18-year title drought
In this period, Santos reached the 1995 Brazilian League final - led by the idol Giovanni -, as well as the 2000 State League final. Santos won the 1997 Rio-São Paulo Tournament and the 1998 Copa Conmebol, but they were minor trophies and didn't count as the end of the drought, that would last until 2002.
Nevertheless, Santos became the first team in the world to score 10.000 goals - the record took place in January 1998, with a goal scored by Jorginho.
In December 2000, Santos was elected by FIFA the Club of the Century in South America, and placed 5th in the world, behind Real Madrid, Manchester United, Bayern and Barcelona.
2002: Diego & Robinho and the 2nd Meninos da Vila generation
In the last season of the Brazilian League with knock-out stages (round-robin were introduced in 2003), Santos were broken and bet once again on their own DNA: youth system and offensive football. Led by 17-year-old Diego and 18-year-old Robinho, and with great young players Maurinho (24), Alex (20), Renato (23) and Elano (21), as well as great experienced players like Fábio Costa (25), Léo (27) and Alberto (27), Santos qualified on the 8th and last spot to the quarter-finals - after an exciting 1st stage, even leading the league at some point, but dropping a lot in quality towards the end.
In the knock-out stage, Santos won 5 of the 6 matches before becoming champions. In the quarter-finals, against the scary São Paulo of Kaká and Luís Fabiano, Santos won both legs: 3-1 at home and then a 2-1 comeback away, with Diego scoring twice, one of them the winning goal on the 2nd leg.
In the semi-finals, Santos defeated Grêmio 3-0 at home, with a great show from Robinho, who got Grêmio's CB sent off and then scored this great goal. Alberto scored twice, notably this backheel one. In the 2nd leg, a 0-1 defeat was enough to put Santos in the league final.
The final would be against Parreira's Corinthians. In the first leg, Diego brilliantly assisted Alberto to open the score, and then Robinho at '88 also brilliantly assissted Renato to close the 2-0 score.
The final 2nd leg was monumental. Corinthians needed to win by a 2-goal difference to be the champions. It started badly for Santos, with Diego leaving injured with less than five minutes. But at '35, Robinho produced one of the most iconic moves of the football world in 2002, the 8 Pedaladas (8 Stepovers), after which he suffered a penalty, which he himself converted into a goal dedicated to Diego. Corinthians now needed 3 goals, and at '75 they scored the first, then at '84 they scored the second. Total fear in Santos supporters. But 4 minutes later at '88, the heir of the king, the prince Robinho carried the ball from the midfield until the right side of the box to assist Elano in Santos second goal. But it wasn't over yet, and at '92, him again, the prince Robinho left two Corinthians' CB completely lost in a quick body turnaround to assist Léo to score the 3rd and winning goal. The perfect match was over, Santos won 3-2, and were crowned Brazilian League champions. Highlights to Santos goalkeeper Fabio Costa who had this absurd performance (2mn33s video) and to Santos coach Emerson Leão, the man who chose to bet in these young players.
2003-2004: the show must go on
In 2003, Santos, Diego and Robinho were the Brazilian trend. They kept their high-level football with the addition of Ricardo Oliveira in the attack, and finished 2nd in the Copa Libertadores - losing to Boca Juniors - and 2nd in the Brazilian League - dominated by Cruzeiro.
In 2004, Santos won the Brazilian League again, their 8th and most recent Brazilian League title. With the departures of Renato, Diego and Ricardo Oliveira to Europe, Santos brought Ricardinho and Deivid from Middlesbrough and Bordeaux, and the international coach Luxemburgo from Cruzeiro.
It worked greatly, and led by Robinho and Elano, they won the league on the 46th and last round, after beating Vasco 2-1. It was a very dramatic league in all possible ways, and against everything and everyone, Santos were once again Brazilian Champions.
Meninos da Vila Apps (Santos) Goals (Santos) Clubs in Europe
Diego 133 38 Porto, Werder Bremen, Atlético Madrid
Robinho 253 111 Real Madrid, Milan, Man. City
Elano 322 68 Shakhtar, Man. City
Renato 424 33 Sevilla
Alex 103 20 Chelsea, Milan, PSG
2009-2013: Neymar & Ganso, the 3rd Meninos da Vila generation
After the 2004 team was dismantled, Santos won two State League titles in 2006 and 2007, besides finishing 2nd in the 2007 Brazilian League and reaching the semi-finals in the 2007 Copa Libertadores, led by international star Zé Roberto.
In March 2009, Neymar made his debut at the age of 17. With midfielder Ganso (aged 19), they finished 2nd in the State League, losing to Ronaldo Nazário's Corinthians.
In 2010, the Cirque du Soleil Santos show began. With the addition of Robinho (on a 6-month loan from Man. City) to the front line, the team reached a historical mark of 111 goals in 34 matches on the title campaigns of the 2010 State League and 2010 Copa do Brasil. Overall in the year, Santos scored 176 goals, and Neymar 42 goals. The team played for fun and brilliant goals were a constant, notably: Robinho's backheel goal against Rogério Ceni's São Paulo, Ganso finesse assist to Robinho against Grêmio, Neymar's little-stop penalty goal against Ceni's São Paulo, Ganso's lob against Monte Azul, Robinho's lob against Bragantino, Ganso's backheel assist to Neymar's goal against Santo André, Alex Sandro's goal against Cruzeiro, Wesley's goal against Grêmio, Ganso long distance goal against Grêmio, Neymar dribbling past the whole Santo André defense goal, Neymar's assist to André against São Paulo, and obviously, Robinho air backheel assist to Neymar against Santo André.
However, the epic 2010 team only lasted 6 months: Wesley, André and Robinho left to Europe, and Ganso got severely injured. With the team dismantled, they ended on the 8th position in the league.
2011 Copa Libertadores: the third continental dream title
Santos started the season with the 2011 State League title, beating Corinthians in the final (0-0, 2-1).
Santos also counted with the return of Elano for the 2011 Copa Libertadores, but the team started badly: 2 draws and 1 loss, so Santos needed to win all the next 3 matches to advance. And they did, without much problems: 3-2 Colo-Colo (Chile), 2-1 Cerro Porteño (Paraguay) and 3-1 Táchira (Venezuela). Highlights to Neymar's dribbling-goal against Colo-Colo and Danilo's long-distance goal against Cerro Porteño.
In the round of 16, Santos met América (Mexico) and beat them 1-0 at home in the 1st leg. The 2nd leg, in Mexico, was a 0-0 tie, with goalkeeper Rafael Cabral having an exceptional match.
In the quarter-finals, against Once Caldas (Colombia), Santos had no problem beating them 1-0 in Colombia, and then tying 1-1 at home, with this great goal from Neymar.
In the semi-finals, Santos beat Cerro Porteño 1-0 at home, with this great assist from Neymar to Edu Dracena, and had a restful 2nd leg after opening 2-0 and leaving Paraguay with a 3-3 tie and qualified to the finals.
In the big final against Peñarol, Santos left the 1st leg with a 0-0 tie in Uruguay, with Peñarol having this goal bravely disallowed at '85. In the final 2nd leg, Santos pressured Peñarol at home, until Neymar opened the score at '46 with a brilliant shot, after a fine backheel-play by Ganso and ball-conducting by Arouca. At '68, Danilo scored one more, but Santos centre-back Durval scored an own goal at '79. On the last minute, Neymar almost scored the third, but the ball hit the post. At '93, the match ended, and after 48 years, Santos were the Copa Libertadores Champions, for the third time in their history.
Neymar was the MVP and second topscorer with 6 goals, at the age of 19. He was also elected the 2011 Brazilian League MVP, but Santos finished on the 10th place.
With this title, Santos qualified to the 2011 Club World Cup in Japan. They beat Kashiwa Reysol 3-1 in the semi-final, with this splendid goal from Neymar. However, they were completely dominated by Messi's Barcelona in the final, losing it 0-4.
In 2012, Santos had another great year, led by Neymar, Ganso and Elano. They started the season with the 2012 State League title, beating Guarani in the final (3-0, 4-2). They also reached the 2012 Copa Libertadores semi-finals, but got eliminated by Corinthians.
They also won the 2012 Recopa Sudamericana and finished 8th on the league.
Meninos da Vila Apps (Santos) Goals (Santos) Clubs in Europe
Neymar 230 138 Barcelona, PSG
Ganso 162 36 Sevilla, Amiens
André 94 41 Sporting
Rafael Cabral 190 - Napoli, Reading
Danilo 80 10 Porto, Real Madrid, Man. City, Juventus
Wesley 63 10 Werder Bremen
Since the Neymar & Ganso Era ended in 2013, Santos has won 2 State League titles (2015, 2016), finished 2nd in the Brazilian League twice (2016, 2019) and in the Copa do Brasil once (2015), as well as revealing Rodrygo in 2018.
Santos represents the essence of Brazilian football DNA, which is offensive and beautiful football, a philosophy which made their youth system one of the most respected in the world. You can watch here some rare Pelé highlights, here some 2002-2005 Robinho's and here some 2009-2013 Neymar's.
Santos is one of the 3 Brazilian teams that has never been relegated.
To this day, Santos has a fanbase of 6 million supporters, and a stadium attendance average of 10.300, as of 2019.
If you have any questions about Brazilian football, feel free to join us at futebol, where you'll be very welcomed!
submitted by majinmattossj2 to soccer [link] [comments]


Human rights: Food for a crumbling thought ‘HR and globalization’
Human Rights Reader 544
[**TLDR*\* (too long didn’t read): This Reader assembles assorted HR-thinking views about globalization; it includes a series of facts under fitting subtitles. For a quick overview, just read the bolded text].
-We will not go back to normal, because normal was the problem. (Graffiti in Santiago, Chile, Nov. 2019)
[I have learned a lot about activism in my years of circus. I now use this Reader to take stock of that experience. I can distill a good part of it in the form of more of my iron laws for human rights activists. Today, let me shower you (overwhelm you?) with some of the already well known facts about the stage of capitalism we are living under, but put in one place --precisely because they are so relevant to human rights (HR). (in no particular order)].
To start with
  1. A plausible definition of globalization would be: Term used for the ability of international capital and TNCs to switch investments across the globe and simultaneously create wealth for the few, but depressing local wage rates and conditions of employment for the many. Another definition would be: Globalization entails the removal of trade barriers, increased mobility of capital, technological change and rise in global consumerism. (K. Bezanson) Yet another definition says that globalization is the higher level of what we previously called liberalization; it is the imperialism of the last 30 years.*
*: What is the difference between imperialism and globalization other than the speed of the latter’s expansion?
Capitalists are like cats: You toss and throw them from any position …and they always land on their feet (Louis Casado)
  1. Making capitalism, colonialism and patriarchy seem to be separate entities having nothing to do with one another is ludicrous. The truth is that none of them has the power to rule alone. It takes the three riders of the apocalypse to make them almighty. In other words, as long as there is capitalism, there will be colonialism and patriarchy. (Boaventura de Sousa Santos)
  2. The period we are living through is by no means contradictory; it perfectly embodies the logic of a system that prizes the movement (the usufruct and the enjoyment) of capital over the freedom of human beings. Bankers are very good at getting rich from the existing volatility in this movement. (Yanis Varoufakis) …and the rich get richer (and more powerful) …in part from investments in labor saving technologies. (Al Anderson)
  3. As our century rolls along, capitalism-rechristened-as-market-economics rules in the vast majority of countries. Actually, what is referred to here is that peculiar form of capitalism called ‘the free market’ in which the affluent simply end up having more political clout. (Actually, ‘might is right’ has come back with a vengeance.)
Can globalization be equated with hopeless omnipotence?
-As is more and more obvious in the era of globalization, Northern intellectuals have abandoned their commitment to forcefully challenge exploitation and oppression.
-Consider: Climate and/or social/political indifference and their bogus intellectual justification are just the crude form of social Darwinism that pervades the modern ethos. (UNRISD)
  1. Many professionals (colleagues of ours) still seem driven compulsively to simplify what is complex and to standardize what is diverse. (Robert Chambers) Take poverty: It is simply too complex to be reduced to a simple dimension.** (UNDP) In short, to mock ideals is to embrace cynicism and favor the status-quo. (Jacques Baudot)
**: If we take globalization and the pauperization it brings about for individuals and households, the connections are kept so patently intransparent as to make them almost invisible. (Charles Thomas). With globalization, communities in many countries in the South are no longer able to cope --and their coping strategies are diminishing by the day. (Julia Tagwireyi) As for countries, under globalization, annual losses to countries rendered poor run in the billions --more than what they receive in external funding and foreign direct investment. (Human Development Report 1997)
  1. A ‘leave-it-up-to-the-Jonses’ attitude reflects a mix of insensibility and irresponsibility. It nevertheless is the prevalent attitude, i.e., people selectively rejecting (depending on their bias) some of the main features of globalization thus keeping important issues --HR violations one of them-- from surfacing in their critical consciousness. Sad!
  2. Not trying to simplify complex relationships,
-globalization has brought and brings about marginalization on a massive scale plus an economic and political domination of a magnitude not seen since the colonial era.
-The globalization of the economy is turning out to be the globalization of poverty and the intensification of the plunder of the neo-colonies with their natural and human resources. (C. R. Bijoy)
  1. The effects of globalization are thus terribly uneven and are responsible for big winners and losers. Moreover, globalization has brought about a shift in power where the nation state has weakened and there is a reduction in social and HR accountability. (Peter Hazell, IFPRI) It is, therefore, unlikely whether, today, the NGO concept has the potential to deliver the structural and HR changes needed under the current ‘conditions-of-globalization’; these condtiions are destroying livelihoods.
  2. In short here, globalization is neither a natural process nor an inclusive one; it is rather a planned project, and, at that, one of exclusion. Growth through globalization is importantly based on the theft of people’s resources, knowledge and economies. In the globalization paradigm, the protection of people and the protection of nature are replaced by corporate protectionism. (Vandana Shiva)
What the people’s movements, therefore, want (and will eventually get) is ‘more’!
  1. It is becoming clearer and clearer: It will then be bottom-centered campaigns and struggles against poverty, tyranny, exploitation and oppression that will form the only sustainable basis of an intellectual renaissance --particularly because a minimalist stance towards globalization does no harm, but neither does it do any good.
  2. Many political responses have been tried in the times of globalization. Here is a sample: levying truly progressive taxes; distribution of shares of privatized enterprises; targeted different subsidies and cash compensations; fairer severance payments and retirement benefits; wage subsidies; public works programs; increased government spending on social services, increased minimum wages; good unemployment benefits; job protection measures; keeping inflation under control; subsidizing cheaper staple foods….. (Individually applied, they have little effect! It is the faulty paradigm, Stupid!)
Claudio Schuftan, Ho Chi Minh City
Your comments are welcome at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
All Readers are available at
-You may have heard this question particularly after COVID19: Is the world retreating from globalization? Protectionism is on the rise and industrialized countries are less open to imports from developing countries. In addition, there is by now a lot of competition. Trade does not lift all boats despite economists having argued for centuries that trade is good for the economy as a whole. Trade generates winners and losers with many losing out; the evidence is there despite some trying to discredit this… So, you be the judge.*** There are plenty of examples, especially in African countries, where wealth is concentrated in the hands of a few… even when the tide rises, only very few boats rise. (Add to this capital flight…). Growth simply does not trickle down and does not improve the lot of those rendered poor. (Pinelopi K. Goldberg).
***: A balanced and realistic value-based answer is difficult if one considers the contemporary reality of a unipolar world with a Northern centered and Northern dominated economic order. If we do not participate in the paradigm of the North, we are outcasted. Furthermore, in the North, the deceptions are so brilliantly woven that falling for them is deemed as both fashionable and progressive. (C. R. Bijoy)
submitted by cschuftan to HumanRightsDiscourse [link] [comments]

2020.09.12 08:41 Konstantin-V A critique of Stanley G. Payne's concept of the "three faces of authoritarian nationalism"

Before I start, I would like to clarify some things about the purpose of this essay. Though it is not related directly to capitalism and socialism, fascism is surely a subject of debate here, as well as something of general interest for anybody dedicated to politics or economics. This is why I decided to share with members and visitors of this sub some thoughts.
Stanley G. Payne is a known historian who wrote a very influential history of fascism and proposed a new definiton, composed of the "fascist negations": anti-liberalism, anti-communism, and anti-conservatism; the "fascist goals": the creation of a nationalist dictatorship to regulate economic structure and to transform social relations within a modern, self-determined culture, and the expansion of the nation into an empire; and the "fascist style": a political aesthetic of romantic symbolism, mass mobilization, a positive view of violence, and promotion of masculinity, youth, and charismatic authoritarian leadership. He thinks that not all authoritarian nationalist regimes or movements in interwar Europe can be considered fascist and proposes two other categories: that of radical right and that of conservative authoritarian right. He even elaborated a table about movements and politicians of the three categories in various countries. Here is where I disagree and here will start my criticism.
In the parts related to some countries, the table looks somewhat far-fetched. For example, in Lithuania, the Iron Wolf paramilitary organisation is listed as fascist, the Lithuanian Nationalist Union is considered right-radical, while President Antanas Smetona is listed as a conservative rightist. However, Smetona led the Lithuanian Nationalist Union and the Iron Wolf was its paramilitary wing until 1930, so the representatives of practically the same organisation are listed in three supposedly different categories. In the case of Spain, the absolutist Carlists are considered part of the radical right, while the much more fascistised CEDA is listed as conservative. In Portugal, Salazar's UN and the National Syndicalists are considered respectively conservative and fascist, but the practical differences between the groups were very small, as both were Catholic and nationalist, supported corporatism and the establishment of a dictatorship, celebrated the legacy of Sidónio Pais the "President-King" and of the "National Revolution" of 28 May 1926, were influenced by the Integralismo Lusitano movement and even used Roman salutes and colored shirts (green in the case of Salazar's Portuguese Legion and blue in the case of the National Syndicalists). Same thing in Romania with the "Carolists" (supporters of King Carol II's National Renaissance Front) and the Iron Guard, except the colors of the shirts of the "conservatives" and the "fascists" were inverted and their religion was Orthodox Christianity. Therefore, in this cases, as well as in Dollfuss' Austria (where the Fatherland Front was much more similar to Salazar, Franco or Mussolini than to the Nazis, its opponents, but still was a corporatist, nationalist, socially conservative and authoritarian party with its paramilitaries), it may be more accurate to talk about a rivalry between two fascist groups than of fascism's confrontation with a more moderate ideology.
So, now I will proceed to propose a new definition of fascism and a new classification of the varieties of authoritarian nationalism. First of all, I think that fascism should be understood as a wave of imitation of Benito Mussolini's Italian regime, especially in such concepts as corporatism, the right-wing (unrelated to Leninism) single-party state and, more specifically, the use of Roman salutes and colored shirts. In this sense, it can be defined as a right-wing nationalist regime led by a single party or another totalitarian organisation that espouses Third Positionist, usually corporatist economics. I consider that there were as much as about fifteen fascist states in interwar Europe if we subscribe to this definition, as they were socially conservative, ethnic nationalist and corporatist one-party states related to the ideology of Conservative Revolution (a change creating a new, yet still very socially conservative political order) and using the Roman salute, colored shirts and other political symbolism. This means that Franco, Salazar, Dollfuss, Metaxas and others were fascist, which is a position that is usually criticised for two aspects: that these states weren't revolutionary and that they weren't mass movements, to which I will respond.
First of all, they were revolutionary in a way, as neither state syndicalist parliaments (as opposed to reactionary corporatism, widespread during the Ancien Régime) and single-party states existed before the 1910s, which is the innovation that distinguishes fascism from older forms of authoritarian conservatism, which I will also discuss here. The Italian regime also became more conservative over the time, which is a phenomenon that Renzo de Felice describes as the turn of the fascism-regime into the fascism-movement. Even Payne himself wrote that "big business, industry, and finance retained extensive autonomy, particularly in the early years. The armed forces also enjoyed considerable autonomy" and that "there was never any question of bringing the Church under overall subservience" (p. 122). As of the mass movement problem, most if not all of these regimes had paramilitaries, party youth wings and other structures aimed to include many members.
Now, what would be my new classification? Besides fascism, I use the concept of reactionary conservatism to refer to the traditional absolutist old right and the concept of authoritarian conservatism to refer to anything between the former and fascism, but especially to old conservative parties common in the period of 1870-1940, which were more socially conservative and sometimes more elitist than modern liberal conservative parties, and military juntas that didn't have a single party or didn't follow the economic policy of corporatism. Examples of reactionary conservatism include the Carlists in Spain, the High Tories and the Jacobites in the UK, many Russian monarchists, French Legitimists, etc. Examples of the first variety of authoritarian conservatism include such groups as the True People's Party in the Kingdom of Montenegro, the Regenerator Party and the Nationalist Party in the Kingdom of Portugal, the All-Russian National Union in the old Russian Empire, Roman Dmowski's National Democracy movement in Poland, the DNVP and the preceding Conservative Party and DVLP in Germany, the Christian Social Parties in both Germany and Austria-Hungary, the Party of the Hungarian Life, the Yugoslav National Party and others, while non-fascist military regimes include the Greek, Brasilian, Uruguayan and Argentine juntas during the Cold War, Banzer in Bolivia, Pinochet in Chile, Stroessner in Paraguay (who had a single party, the Colorados, but was an economic liberal) and several others.
In conclusion, I think that the definition of fascism has to be balanced and historical. I don't want to go too deep into metaphysics (as Emilio Gentile does) nor to remain only on the surface (as is the Marxist definition). I also don't support any project of definition related only to practice (to see the fascist as somebody too violent), psychology (the definitions dealing with "obsession with decline", "rejection of the other", etc), morals (the claim that a fascist regime is just one that murdered enough) or discourse (to present populism or irrationalism as fascism in itself), as these definitions are unhistorical, abstract and vague enough to be easily used in propaganda. To consider separate elements like militarism, ethnic nationalism, authoritarianism, conservatism or mixed economy representing the whole is also pointless, for fascism is in essence a composite ideology, and if we search carefully enoug we may see a fascist element in really a lot of countries (for instace, Austria is a corporate state and France until recently was very centralist and arguably had problems with minority languages). Another very common fallacy is failing to understand that fascism is a big tent that includes many ideologies, which is seen in opinions like "Franco wasn't a fascist, as he was a proponent Francoism, not fascism" or "the ONR in Poland isn't fascist because it follows national-radicalism, not fascism"), together with its opposite, the inclusion of unrelated ideologies like Juche and Ba'athism in that family. At last, the biggest fallacy of them all is to think that "every time has its fascism", "fascists of the future will call themselves anti-fascists", "fascism always puts on a different mask" and so on, as this belief that fascism is eternal, always changes and has no common characteristics but some mysterious "essence" means practically to kill all attempts to research it rationally. So, I consider that my definition of fascism as a right-wing nationalist regime led by a single party or another totalitarian organisation that espouses Third Positionist, usually corporatist economics and meets tha characteristics of socially conservative ethnic nationalism, single-party authoritarianism, corporatism, Conservative Revolution, some symbols like the Roman salute and the colored shirts and (preferably, but not mandatorily) founded on the philosophy of one of the three original varieties of fascism: Italian Fascism, led by Benito Mussolini; German Nazism, led by Adolf Hitler; and Spanish Falangism, led by José Antonio Primo de Rivera is useful, as it deals both with practice (corporatism) and theory (Conservative Revolution, fascist philosophy) and takes into consideration many spheres, including economics, philosophy and aesthetics, without forgetting that fascism is just a political ideology.
submitted by Konstantin-V to CapitalismVSocialism [link] [comments]

2020.09.08 23:02 500scnds [Table] My name is Paolo Cattaneo. 5 years ago I quit my job, sold everything I had and embarked in a trip around the world on a motorcycle. Rode for almost 185000 km. Still going! Here to answer question about self sustained living on the road and long distance solo travelling. AmA! (pt 3 FINAL)

Source Previous part
Questions Answers
What a wonderful story! I was wondering how much km you travel a day/ hours you are on your way? You really should start a YT channel with your adventures man, a guy on a motor driving through the world, and the lessons you learned, are definitely worth it! Hello! I don't ride everyday. I did estimated an average of 200km per day though. More or less.
I will see what I can do with this yt thing. Thanks for the advice! 😊👍
Do you have plans on when this will end and if you intend on returning to work do you worry about the perception on this time by employers? I guess, I also want to ask if you have concerns about whether you think you could adapt to fulltime work again or you'd struggle mentally now? Not sure if i can go back to a 9-5 life but I really don't care right now about future employment opportunities. I believe that the world is filled with lots of people with certificates and degrees and professional expertise...but there are not so many with unique life experiences. I hope employers will look at the individual more than the hours i spent behind a desk, when the time will come.
So are you going to end up in an even crappier job after abandoning all of your responsibilities like this? Haha who knows! What I know is that whatever job you is still a job. More money means more responsibilities but at the end of the day, a job is a job. It's the meaning that changes your life. It's the why you do what you do, that drives you. Not necessarily the job you perform. We all end up in the same I will do whatever job makes me happy when the time comes.
Hey op... If you're still answering questions I'm curious as to...What do you do to entertain yourself when you're tenting every night? I can imagine there's much internet connection in the middle of nowhere in Canada. Read a lot of books or something? Not answering questions anymore, but this is an excellent one, that deserves a reply. Well, if you are camping in the wild, definitely there would probably be no internet access. I usually write my thoughts and daily events on a notepad. It s hard to find time to do that, so when you are alone in your little tent waiting for the night to come, getting your thoughts out on a paper usually helps the catharsis. I am not much of a reader...but sometimes a good movie (i may have some stuff saved previously on hard drives or netflix offline) could kill the extra hour you get before falling asleep. I mean, usually it's just such a pity to ruin the silence with music and most of the times i fall asleep as soon as I lay horizontally. Other times, the writing thing helps soothe the adrenaline of the day and calm you enough to fall asleep too. Sometimes organizing takes a bit of time or taking care of the bike can take some time as well.
This was one of my favorite AMAs. Thank you for doing this. Where did you stay in Greece and while in quarantine did you At least get to leave at all or were you confined to your apartment? Spent 3 months in Crete! Amazing island! Government started to ease up the lockdown only after the first month. We did only had 7 cases in the whole island so i got a great deal with my choice of location! I managed to explore the whole island by the end of it.
the below is a reply to the above
That place is amazing. It’s one of my favorite islands in Greece. If you ever have a chance check out Milos and Naxos. Yes! I almost went to Milos! And Naxos looked like a true paradise. You guys are blessed with natural beauty!
Wow I’m really impressed and inspired! I am currently planning a solo trail trip across the US, (and hopefully further) it’s been my dream for forever! Can you just break down for me a couple things? Ok, like what are some absolutely essential items you carry that most people wouldn’t think of? Besides the basics like fire starter, tent/tarp, thermal clothing etc. Next, how would you respond to a crisis or threat on the road that normally wouldn’t occur in a conventional lifestyle? Like authorities fuccin with you or wild animals attacking or something? One concern I have is that people may look down upon me for my lifestyle choice and use that as an excuse to treat me badly. I mean, some people already kinda do and I haven’t even left yet. (Even if everybody did I would still go cause HAHAHA fucc it) Anyway, another question-What is the best part of your travel lifestyle so far? I imagine it’s a lot of fun, (although still intensely difficult) and that tramps have found a lot of interesting ways to spend their free time. EDIT: AHH sorry one more I forgot! What are your favorite spots around the world but especially the US that you think are worth seeing? (any other tips/pointers/things to remember that you can think of are welcome too) THANKS Ok, lots of good questions! There is no essential item to be carried that is the "magic stuff" that nobody has. Maybe Common Sense...yes. carry that with you and you ll be fine always. ;) In terms of tools, cable ties and duct tape...and I would say super glue. Everything else mate, you ll adapt or find your way around it. About crisis, like protests, riots, police messing with you...well sometimes you gotta just leave! Haha. I rode through some riots in Bolivia and I kind of snuck smoothly as possible. I always use my helmet cam, as a deterrent for police. If they are trying to get some money out of you, the "I am recording you" effect sometimes could make them change their mind. Also, I would make plastified copies of your driver license and bike docs, just in case you find some dodgy road blocks on your way. In case they withheld your stuff, you can just leave without having them keeping you hostage with your papers.
Most of the times you'll be fine though. Those are rare occasions anyway. And so wild animal encounters. When I went to Alaska, a friend gave me a bear spray. Never use it. Just keep your food away from your tent. Again, common sense works better than any weapons.
My favourite spot in the US was Sequoia NP. But I really loved the high deserts of Nevada and also New Mexico. So much good stuff to see in the US!
The best part of this lifestyle is the fact that you are free to do whatever you want everyday... And this is also a huge advantage that comes only travelling alone. All those "haters" will disappear as soon as you are gone from their sight. Your life is yours and you can do whatever you want with it. Only people that have some personal issue will try to diminish what you are trying to achieve. Others will just project their fears to you. In any case, you gotta go your own way and be focused on what you are trying to achieve.
Was it expensive shipping your bike? Also any trouble getting into other countries crossing the border? The shipping from Australia to South america was quite dear. I remember paying $2400 AUD. Not sure if it's expensive or not...but they did take care of almost everything. From Canada to Ireland instead i flew with Air Canada Cargo which had a special $1500 USD for the bike and myself. A bargain!! No troubles at the borders
How does it feel living life just visiting countries. No 9-5 whatsoever, no bills, no worries at all, just you and your motorcycle? People say that Sex or food is the best feeling in the world. I think that Riding your motorcycle freely around the world, tops it all.
I cannot imagine myself traveling without internet access. Do you have worldwide roaming? Do you get a SIM in every country? It's unthinkable nowadays to NOT have internet access. With local and cheap Sim card you can get data everywhere really and most countries in SA have sometimes free wifi around town and in gas stations. You'll be just fine.
the below is a reply to the above
Thanks for your reply! So I assume that with limited/spotty data, you were relying mostly on offline maps and navigation. Any tip on what's best for this kind of traveling and exploration? there are some useful travel app like, gmaps and iOverlander. have a look at it. lots of good info.
I also have a 2013 KTM 1190 Adventure, but the R version. I also love my bike and stoked to hear how reliable it’s been for you! What repairs have you had to do along the way? What repairs!! Haha bike has been exceptional. I only had to repair seals and moving parts (chain, sprokets, etc). Water pump seals have to be replaced around 85k km and i had a oil temp sensor failure at 140k km. Most people don't get that far with their miles...but if you do, make sure to check your water pump seals. Most parts are available in capital cities in any country. Others, you just have to have those shipped to you or plan in advance (for tyres for instance). Pretty doable overall.
What does a legitimate Italian pizza look and taste like compared to western pizza? Italian pizza is better because of mozzarella and tomato sauce that they use when making it. Top quality stuff. Aside from that, pizza is good wherever. It depends also on how you like your pizza.
I hope to have the courage to also do something like this. What are some valuable things you’ve learned about solo travel? Things you wished you knew starting off. We tend to overthink a lot of stuff that eventually never happen. We always have fears that stop us...but in reality, all those bad thought are simply possibilities that may actually never really happen. So, more and worry less is certainly something I learned the hard way
Do you ever have any regrets? Lately I have been good in that sense. But maybe one day I ll wake up and have some...for not chosing the standard path of the average guy with wife and kids.
Maybe a bit of a selfish question but do people in N. America have trouble pronouncing your name? My Italian-American husband and I named our 5 month old Paolo. We live in Brooklyn so most people around us don't have an issue but I am not sure what it will be like if we ever move somewhere else or when he starts school. Also it's a beautiful name and I'm going to make sure to show our son your photos when he is old enough to understand travel and places and different people. :-D BEST QUESTION EVER! ahha
your son is going to have a tough time in an english speaking country! haha Jokes aside, the sound "Pao" doesn't really exists in english speaking people's most of the time I get called Paulo...or Pablo. Which is fine to me. But the correct pronunciation is Pà-olo with emphasis on the first syllable. I switched to Paul many times...
But aside from USA, Canada, UK, Australia and South Africa, your son will be just fine!
Also make sure he knows the the origins of the meaning of his name. Paolo was one of the closest friends of Jesus. His real name was Sauro, which means "the greatest", but then, after befriending Jesus, he changed his name in Paolo, which comes from the latin word Paulus, that means "small, tiny". I am not religious, but Indeed this story tells a bit of the significance of being humble.
U/paolo_0 what about sex and romantic relationships- friendships too. Do you maintain any relationships? If so, how do you maintain them? The romantic factor is almost inevitable when travelling so extensively. Eventually every traveller has a romantic affair with somebody that he/she met on the way. Weather is a local or another traveller, it is our natural tendency to mate, so...yeah. Kind of a tricky one! I personally tend to avoid to get into serious situations because my lifestyle is simply not compatible with conventional standards of monogamous relationships. The curse of the traveller is that you always have to it is counterproductive to get close to somebody and then drag that feeling for months, with you on the road. In my opinion it shifts the paradigm of travelling towards a specific and more visceral feeling of reuniting with a person that most likely is not going to be on your planned route.
Anyway, said this, i did have a long distance relationship before starting this trip and it sucked! Haha Hence I tend to avoid to make the same mistakes twice. But can never plan when to fall in love. Sometimes it just happens and you gotta roll with it. It hurts and it may even change your plans. Eventually one has to choose between the new person and the continuity of your solo trip.
what country did surprise you the most (good or bad) with their roads? did you come to Portugal? what did you dislike the most I loved Scotland! I had a great deal of luck with the that may have played a role. I did come to Portugal and it actually surprised me a lot!! Absolutely loved it! No wonder all retirees from europe want to move there! Algarve was spectacular. Loved Porto too.
Hello! First off, this is incredible, and a dream of mine. Unfortunately i'm an american with a crap load of college debt! I read your other answers and I just had a couple questions! 1. You mentioned your first night camping in a campground, and how it wasn't the best setting. As time went on did you just start setting up on the side of the road? or were there any other challenges finding camping spots when there wasn't a campsite hostile friends couch etc? 2. How safe did you feel when you were mostly alone camping in between citys/towns? Thank you so much for doing this AMA, hopefully one day I can do this! Hey! I am aware of how the US system sucks you in a world of debts but... I hope you will one day break free from it.
After my first night camping, I switched to couchsurfing and hostels right away. I was terrified of camping! ahha Then, one day I found a spot that was too beautiful to leave. I was by myself and It was quite remote. The balmy temperatures, the starry night and the beautiful sunrise over the ocean made me reconsider camping. After few more attempts I found out that camping in the wild was waaay better than sleeping in a crappy hostel or at some stranger's home. More privacy, quieter and cheaper too! Luckily for me, I had lost my camping virginity in Australia, one of the best and safest countries for camping in the world in my opinion. You are by yourself most of the times. Half of my trip around Australia I slept on the side of the road or in the bushes. I became an expert in starting small fires and cooking with no utensils. I realized that the "danger" in terms of safety for me and my motorcycle was directly related to the amount of people around me. So, the more desolated the area, the safest. Cities are clearly the opposite. Thanks for your questions.
I've been following your IG for about a year now I think, and I'm totally jealous. You've answered a few questions of mine on there, but I've got one for this AMA. Has KTM reached out to you for any kind of buyback type of deal for the bike, or any "free" stuff? Are they even aware? Do they care? I mean you're doing great advertising for them. I think I read something not too long ago where a man had a million-mile Honda Goldwing that Hinda wanted to buy back from him for research or something. Nope. KTM hasn't got in touch with me about bike endorsement. Saying this, tbe guys at KTM canada helped me a lot in servicing the bike while I was in Montreal.
KTM and Honda, or BMW have thousands of loyal customers that used their machines for long time. But they are not really obliged to reach out and saying "Thanks, here s a new bike". It would be a loss for them to give you free stuff.
What would you say is the key to happiness? I believe that to realise that we are insignificant and that nothing is meant to come our way, is the paradigm that we need to have to improve our sense of happiness. I found out that our constant sense of being unaccomplished comes from the high expectations that society places in our mind. We need to get always bigger, better, more stuff...but in reality it's an ephemeral race against ourselves. When you realise that we are just a little grain of dust, floating in the universe and that we matter little or nothing at all in this universe, everything coming your way becomes a gift. I found out that having less makes me happier and less worried.
I am not sure if this is the KEY to happiness for everybody, but I believe that keeping your feet on the ground, helps a great deal.
Sorry if this is a stupid question, but what kind of bank account do you have? Is it one that can be used internationally? And have you had any problems with converting your money to the currency of whatever country you’re in? Also what kind of a drone and phone do you have? Do you use your phone for most of your IG pics or your drone? I have citybank account and debit card that can be used internationally. I mostly withdraw money from ATMs and use paypal for online transactions.
Never had problems in converting into local currency.
I have a DJI Mavic Air and a Samsung Galaxy S9. I mostly use my phone for my photography, but these days, it is plenty in terms of resolution and image quality, if you share your content on social media. Occasionally I had some photos taken with a DSLR.
I have been following you on Instagram before. We have had very short conversations few times. Remember the dog which was chained all the times for more than a decade in the island in Greece? Any news from it? Do you plan on starting a patreon account so you can earn money on the way? And how hard is it now in the pandemic? Hey there!! Unfortunately that dog is still chained there. I spoke with several dog rescue centers and they couldn't do much about it. Ignorance is not curable Unfortunately.
I am not sure. Should i start a patreon account?? Asking people for money? Mmm Not quite there yet.
In planning for the trip, do you think about and have a backup plan for medical emergency or if you are jailed in some remote location? For example, money to bribe you out of a situation at a border or caught speeding. Accident and hospital stay. Also, was language a major barrier during the trip? Wow. Nope. Did not think about those things...haha but maybe I should have had! I do have a travel insurance that cover accidental hospitalization. Language wasn't a major deal breaker for me since i speak spanish and portuguese. Otherwise english is pretty common nowadays
Do you get lonely? Sometimes. When I do, I use reddit. ;) Jokes aside, I actually appreciate the time when I am truly alone. Finding those moments is a rarity, these days.
I also quit my job and sold everything. For me, it was to leave Canada and move to Tahiti. Isn't it liberating and freeing to give everything up to start over? Its not easy to give up everything for a calculated risk. For some it turns out poorly, but for others, its the best decision they have ever made. I've never seen anybody giving it a shot and turning out with something less. You always learn something about yourself...and it's always a great thing to clean up and start fresh!
Kudos to you, mate! You got sick waves there! ;)
Care to share your favorite recipe? Thai papaya salad. Shred green papaya, 1 carrot, 6 green beans. Prepare dressing with fish sauce, teaspoon of sugar, garlic (a lot), chili (a lot), and maybe 3-4 lime juices. Add few dried small shrimps and few sliced cherry tomatoes if you want, to garnish. Add a handful of peanuts.
How do you carry/retrieve money? I know in the US and such you can just go to an ATM or a bank, but in South America was it easy to withdraw your money? Did you have to pay much in fees? And I don't know if it is appropriate to ask if you carry a lot of cash with you haha It is the same everywhere in the world. there are bank circuits like MAESTRO or CIRRUS or VISA or MASTERCARD which are available worldwide. You can get money out of ATMs sometimes without fees if banks are affiliated.
Do you battle with a sense of purposlessness or dislocation? I clearly felt a sense of lack of purpose when I was living my normal life. A job sometimes absorbs you but doesn't really give you a reason to live. After my travels I can say that I found a new meaning to my life. I don't think I have to procreate...of find a partner. I think solitude and this kind of life suits me and gives me purpose, better than the one I had before to be honest.
Hey man I REALLY love what you do and I'm thinking of doing the same. I live in Greece and the idea of travelling around the world like this gives me goosebumps. Can you share some hot tips that you wish you knew before you started? Hey mate!! I love Greece! You guys have it good over there for riding! I wish I knew how little you really need to travel around. The secret is exactly to carry as little as possible. The lighter the better.
I've always wanted to do something like this, however it would be on foot. Do you think it would be significantly harder to do so, should I think about taking a car or bike with me? One of my inspiration is this japanese guy that I almost met in Ushuaia. Incredible story. He walked...from alaska to ushuaia. 6 years. Unbelievable adventure and definitely made mine look like too easy! Haha Look him up on facebook! Masahito Yoshida
By your own experience, do you think it would be safe enough to do this as a solo young woman? As I met several other solo travellers, including women, which share with me their personal experiences, I can say that it is indeed safe to travel alone as a woman.
What of your original motorcycle is left? Considering you would have undoubtedly had to have replaced bits Bike is still in original shape and form. Replaced the windshield and some inner plastics. But most of it is still the same. Never touched the engine
How much did you pay for your motorcycle? I bought it in December 2014. It was second hand. Had only 700 km on it though. Paid $19k Australian. You do the math in your currency. I saved for 8 months and sold my old bike to be able to buy it.
What about love? Do you sometimes feel like you would like to have someone with you on your trip? Nah. I am good. I thought about rescuing a stray dog or cat a couple of times...
Did you ever read Jupiter's Travels, or meet Ted Simon? Nope. But I heard it's a great book. He's one of the first guys that went around the world in modern times...
Why such a high performance motorcycle? I just bought my dream bike. the trip came afterwards...and I just used the bike I had.
What do you want written on your tombstone? I want to be cremated and thrown into the ocean. No engraving required. ;)
I plan to go on a motorcycle adventure in South America in the near future and I have to ask: were you afraid at any point? I live in Brazil, which is a very dangerous country, I ride mostly in my own city but sometimes I find myself very afraid, and there are places that I don't dare to go. I often wonder how would I deal with these problems being thousands of miles away from home. Yes mate. Brazil was probably the spookiest country I rode through in latin america. But danger is mostly concentrated in big cities, as you know... South america is pretty safe and generally speaking people will be more willing to help you than harm you. Do not worry too much. I was concerned about my safety too before my departure but then i realized that tv and news just gave me the wrong idea.
Haven’t seen this asked.... Do you carry a weapon? Have you ever been in a dangerous situation with thugs? I do not carry weapons. I am against weapons in general, but being from Europe this is kind of the way we grow up here. I assume you are from the USA... But no, there is no need to protect yourself till the point you have to risk your life to do it. If somebody wants to take my stuff and has a gun, I will happily give my stuff to him/her. It's just stuff. I wouldn't shoot anybody anyway.
the below is a reply to the above
I am from the USA! We clearly have a stereotype if me simply asking about a weapon gives it away lol 😅 Im happy you haven’t been put in a situation with the wrong people. Thanks for taking the time to do this AMA. Your life is quite fascinating and I admire your ability to break from the norm and take such an adventure that this beautiful world has to offer :) I hope you didn't take my comment in a negative way. I love USA and I've travelled throughout the country, other than living in it for few years. I met incredibly inspiring people and i ve also learned so much from your way of living. I do understand the reason behind carrying a weapon. It makes sense there. USA is a massive country and there is a sense of need of protecting yourself in many ways. In most of USA people grow up with weapons because...of hunting! It's part of the culture and I respect it. Considering also that you are allowed to carry a weapon and shoot for self defense in many states... But around the world we just assume nobody has a yeah, it works either way.
PuggerHugger123: Are you still using your Australian license plate? Im assuming you might get issues at borders or weird looks from people in different countries. I live in europe and our license plates have a letter representing our country (as you have probably seen). I have also seen some non-EU license plates from eastern europe, but thats it... mccannisms: I was wondering this too - I was told to not bring my bike from Canada to Aus permanently as part of the roadworthy involves checking the frame by drilling into it and would possibly completely damage said frame. How does insuring a bike for international travel work? Ok, I still have my NSW license plate on. People don't care. At the border they just check if the name on your bike papers is the same on your driver license/passport. If so, you are good to go. You can import ANY vehicle in Australia I believe as far as you owned the vehicle at least for one year. Then there is the inspection and everything, but if there is a similar vehicle already in the country, it doesn't need to be tested for "roadworthiness". As per insurance, you have to get one for every country you enter. Except EU where you get the "Green card" which is valid for all Eu countries.
A guy I used to work with Peter Corboy did this back in the 2000's. You know him? Sorry, I do not know him.
Hey mate, really nice to read your story and the comments! I’ll be doing a similar thing in a few years, I was worried about going out on a brand new bike (Yamaha Tenere 700) absolutely love this bike but after hearing your story about going on a big ass brand new KTM you give me hope! I was worried about it possibly being stolen somewhere.. apart from parking it inside wherever possible do you have any other tips? Do you use disk lock/use a bike cover? And also.. do you not think your bike is a bit too big? Are you able to pick it up ok and does it ever limit some of the off road routes you may want to take? Really inspirational story mate.. it’s all I dream about, I’ve backpacked to like 65 countries and within the past few years realised overland motorcycle adventure is where the fun really is.. the freedom! Hey mate, congrats on your bike selection. I've heard great stuff about the T7. About the "bike getting stolen"'s not really a thing. Just be careful in big cities and if if you leave it parked with your belongings on it for too long. I mean...seriously just common sense. the 1190 is big and heavy but I managed. When fully loaded it floats around 300kg so yeah...not a walk in the park... but most of the times I was fine. Just sand riding gets hard. In case, make sure you always park inside the property where you stay at night and remove all your belongings from it, even if you decide to go for hard panniers (which I don't recommend). Unfortunately, if somebody wants to steal your bike there's very little/nothing you can do about it. But again, most of the times you'll be fine.
I guess this is more of a question in general rather than specifically related to your journey on the motorcycle. But how did you manage leaving behind family and friends to pursue your own lifestyle? Im a bit envious of the whole experience, but I also can't imagine living more than 100 miles away let alone living in multiple different countries and traveling the world. Was it difficult to do? Or did your family and friends support or need you in any way that wouldn't be doable with you travelling, or was it simply "this is what I want" and you go do it without much of a care? It is hard to leave your family and lifelong friends behind to pursue a dream...but it is the price to pay for these kind of experiences.
Sometimes it s hard to be by yourself and to realize that you are alone, far away from people who love you and support you no matter what...but it is also a forging experience to be so exposed. It builds character and it allows you to become more independent, which is a key point for any kind of relationship in your life.
It is difficult and scary and all of the above. But it is a necessary process for personal growth and development.
Your family and friends will understand you...and support your choices if they truly love you.
Hey Paolo, great story and a wonderful thing to do! I also love riding trough different countries, and my big dream is it, to ride from Monaco di Baviera to SEA. So here‘s my question: how do you get all the permits for entering countries? Visa etc? Ever had any passport/visa issues? Especially with corona lockdowns? Ever entered somewhere over the green border? Do you have any kind of bike/health insurance? Have a good ride. Stay save! If you happen to be in Monaco, let me know for dinner and a bed:) Cheers mate!! If you plan on riding to SEA from here, you will need a Carnet de Passage for your vehicle. Get in touch with the automobile club of your country for more info...but it is not cheap. Visawise, as german, you won't have any issues entering countries. Simply google "visa allowances german citizens" and wikipedia will tell you what to do and how to prepare for your trip. Never had any issues at the border so far. Only in USA maybe. Haha They didn't like the fact that I wanted to tour their country for more than 3 months. I have a worldwide travel insurance with worldnomads which covers me in case of hospitalization. Bike insurance have to be issue in every country you ride in. But i think in germany there may be a worldwide insurance for motorcycles too. You need to check there. Now with covid all travels are restricted. May have to wait a bit for your adventure.
How does your family feel about feeding and housing you with the money they work for while you go ride your bike? Did you think about them when you threw your financial stability away? Would you go back to work if they threw you out on the street? Did you know that in the eyes of an employer you lose your degree when you dont use it for 4 years? And, they also won't hire you for lesser positions because you are over qualified. Thanks for your lovely question. I support myself for my travels and my family can take care of itself. I tried to send money back, but they seem to be fine without me. I do not need to be financially stable to be happy. I believe my family is ok to simply let me sleep in my backyard with my tent, in case they don't want me in their house anymore. Otherwise yeah. I may look for a job to pay rent...or a workaway experience. I do not want to work for an employer that diminishes my expertise because i decided to live my life instead of sitting in front of a computer for 4 years. I also do not have to go back to the same industry I was working before. Do i need a computer engineering degree to be a brick layer? I wont be so sure about the overqualified thing. I got hired as truck washer with my degree in engineering.
Hey man, what you are doing is cool. One small question, how about your life insurance? Since you are travelling to different countries, how do you manage it? Also, if you get a chance, go to India mate, it's one of the best things ever You can get travel insurance with worldwide coverage. Worldnomads is one of the companies that provide this kind of service.
Not knowing your lifestyle b4 this adventure, What specifically did you notice you had to adjust immediately? Protein and water obviously but what did you find you were going to really need to keep going? I actually noticed that i didn't need so much food to keep going. Water yes...but food intake could be minimized. When you don't have your 9-5 routine anymore, you can simply eat whenever you want...without fixed hours. In the long run you ll simply adapt to new food intake quantities which are usually less than a regular working man.
How do you go about servicing your bike? I change the oil in my bike every 6 months regardless of kms, sometimes its only does about 2000kms in between those services. I service my bike every 7000km. sometimes even 10000km. but my bike holds 4kg of oil in the engine so it is quite a lot. like a small size car.
Ciao Paulo; Do you think there are too many people in the world, especially with this Coronavirus breakout and all these riots taking place? Thanks, Richard There are a lot of people on this planet. Yes. Maybe it s not a matter of overpopulation but a matter of changing the way we create resources to sustain people and our world. We certainly need to "step our game up".
Which countries in the world have you visited thus far, at least a general idea, and which are you planning to visit? Good luck on your journey! A map of my travels is visible on my profile here or on my insta.
"No mechanical or electrical issues in the whole trip." Seriously? That's amazing! Not a single mechanical issue? Zero mechanical issues. I fried my engine oil temp gauge around 140k km...but that was an easy fix. Found it used online for 40 bucks and that was about it.
How safe do you feel on your adventure? Would love to do something similar but sounds difficult as a solo woman... Please look on the internet. There are so many inspiring women out there travelling solo! Don't let misinformation deter you for chasing such a beautiful dream!
What were some of your favorite places? I'm currently on the panamerican highway with a van. Well done, mate! Cheers mate!! Well well.. baja california is a dream! Ecuador and peru are also fantastic to be done in a van. Just make sure you get to go to Chiloe and Carretera Austral in Chile. Have fun !!
Hello Paolo did you plan to write a book about your experience? I would be first in line to buy it... Reddit would probably be the first place I would advertise it to! Haha Not in my plans at the moment. Thanks for the encouragement though!
Have you ever been really scared that you've driven into a place where you could get robbed or worse? Rode through a couple of favelas in mistake. And yes, eventually the thought of getting stopped and "questioned" crossed my mind. But fortunately nothing happened.
What is your favorite food you ate while traveling and what's the best place you have been? I am a sucker for a good Chevice (raw seafood). Although it seems that the best chevice is Peruvian, I loved mexican one. I mean, I probably had the best one in Baja. Absolutely mind blowing.
Meat based stuff instead I have to say that Hornado in Ecuador can't be beat. Mouth watering stuff. And I am not a big fan of meat.
Have you had any negative experiences through your journey? (Violence, theft, etc) Negative experiences were maybe 1% of the whole thing. Just lessons to be learned and move on, really. Nothing really too bad.
Did you get your tools back? The one's that were stolen a while back in Vancouver? Nope. Had to buy new ones. Ouch
Did you record places you went? Photos, videos, journals, anything like that? Yes. It's all on instagram. And youtube. check it out!
Wich Latin american countries did you visit? And wich was your favorite one? Wich Latin american countries did you visit? And wich was your favorite one?
How did you manage to travel that far on a motorcycle without crashing? I did crash! Mostly while riding offroad or on sand. Got footage of that too! Haha
Australian resident? Then you'll know what "pretentious wanker" means? Fair dinkum!
do you wear “riding gear” with pads, etc. when on the motorcycle? Yes I do. But it's not absolutely necessary to do so. I rode around Australia with jeans and tshirt. Not safe, but yeah... The problem with not wearing protection is the "trip stopper" factor. Let's say you get into an accident. If nothing happens it's all good. But if you are wearing sneakers and not boots, you are most likely to hurt yourself. And that could stop your trip for a month or more. So, yeah. Not necessary, but definitely recommended
You put 180,000km on that KTM and had no mechanical issues?!?!? I know right?!?! Incredible!
Have you ever been to Estonia, are you planning on it, if not? I have few friends there actually. But now my biggest enemy is covid to be honest. I would love to visit!
Were you in Newfoundland, Canada June 2019 u/paolo_0 ? Nope! I wish though!
What do you miss the most about “normal” life? having a workout routine. I always relied on my physical condition to endure stress and fatigue...but with constant travelling I kind of lacked of physical exercise. I missed that for sure.
How painfull is your ass after a day driving? I believe I have calluses now... Ouch
How do you deal with being lonely sometimes? I chat with people. :) Sounds like a silly answer but...
You weren't around Zion in 2016 by chance? Nope.
Do you have any children? I do not. Never married
Are you on instagram?
How is your back? I am looking for a new one on ebay... ;)
submitted by 500scnds to tabled [link] [comments]

2020.09.08 15:15 Morocotacoin México ya dispone de un total de 10 cajeros automáticos de criptomonedas

México ya dispone de un total de 10 cajeros automáticos de criptomonedas

En las principales cuidades de México ya se encuentran instalados cajeros automáticos de bitcoin para comprar y vender criptomonedas, según reportó Coin ATM Radar.
Entre las criptomonedas disponibles se encuentran: bitcoin, lightning BTC (LBTC), bitcoin cash (BCH), ether (ETH), dash (DASH), litecoin (LTC), zcash (ZEC), monero (XMR), dogecoin (DOGE), tether (USDT), ripple (XRP).
En la ciudad de México DF, existe un total de 4 dispositivos y en la cuidad de Culiacán 2 más.
Luego le sigue las ciudades de Guadalajara, Monterrey, Santiago de Querétaro y Tijuana con 1 cajero por cuidad.

¿Dónde están ubicados?

Cuidad de México
  • Tienda de historietas Fantástico, en Satélite: Blvd. Manuel Ávila Camacho número 1675, Planta Alta, La Florida
  • Fantástico Cómics: Felix Cuevas número 835
  • Wings Capital: Canal de Miramontes número 3162, Tlalpan
  • Bitcoin Teller en Bitlem (6, Copenhague, Juárez)
Culiacán, Sinaloa
  • Galería San Miguel: Álvaro Obregón número 1880
  • Bitcoin Teller en Vams Coin: Santa Maria 3140-1, Providencia
Guadalajara, Jalisco
  • Fantástico Comic Book Store: Pedro Moreno número 1775, Col. Americana
Monterrey, Nuevo León
  • Comicastle Comic Book Store: Treviño número 405 Poniente, Col. Centro
Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro
  • Comicastle Comic Book Store: Avenida Cuba número 288, Planta Alta, Col. Carretas.
Tijuana, Baja California
  • Galerías Hipódromo: Blvd. Agua Caliente 11999, Hipódromo Agua Caliente

Con Binance también puedes comprar y vender criptomonedas

Ahora puedes comprar y vender bitcoins y otras criptomonedas en Binance con la moneda local de Argentina, Colombia, México, Perú, Chile, Uruguay y Venezuela, sin comisiones hasta el 20 de octubre próximo.
La plataforma Binance P2P ha procesado más de 950 millones de dólares en activos financieros, atrayendo a comerciantes y usuarios de todo el mundo.
Para poder realizar estas operaciones solo debes tener una cuenta activa en Binance, verificada y debidamente registrada.
submitted by Morocotacoin to Bitcoin_espanol [link] [comments]

2020.09.08 15:14 Morocotacoin México ya dispone de un total de 10 cajeros automáticos de criptomonedas

México ya dispone de un total de 10 cajeros automáticos de criptomonedas

En las principales cuidades de México ya se encuentran instalados cajeros automáticos de bitcoin para comprar y vender criptomonedas, según reportó Coin ATM Radar.
Entre las criptomonedas disponibles se encuentran: bitcoin, lightning BTC (LBTC), bitcoin cash (BCH), ether (ETH), dash (DASH), litecoin (LTC), zcash (ZEC), monero (XMR), dogecoin (DOGE), tether (USDT), ripple (XRP).
En la ciudad de México DF, existe un total de 4 dispositivos y en la cuidad de Culiacán 2 más.
Luego le sigue las ciudades de Guadalajara, Monterrey, Santiago de Querétaro y Tijuana con 1 cajero por cuidad.

¿Dónde están ubicados?

Cuidad de México
  • Tienda de historietas Fantástico, en Satélite: Blvd. Manuel Ávila Camacho número 1675, Planta Alta, La Florida
  • Fantástico Cómics: Felix Cuevas número 835
  • Wings Capital: Canal de Miramontes número 3162, Tlalpan
  • Bitcoin Teller en Bitlem (6, Copenhague, Juárez)
Culiacán, Sinaloa
  • Galería San Miguel: Álvaro Obregón número 1880
  • Bitcoin Teller en Vams Coin: Santa Maria 3140-1, Providencia
Guadalajara, Jalisco
  • Fantástico Comic Book Store: Pedro Moreno número 1775, Col. Americana
Monterrey, Nuevo León
  • Comicastle Comic Book Store: Treviño número 405 Poniente, Col. Centro
Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro
  • Comicastle Comic Book Store: Avenida Cuba número 288, Planta Alta, Col. Carretas.
Tijuana, Baja California
  • Galerías Hipódromo: Blvd. Agua Caliente 11999, Hipódromo Agua Caliente

Con Binance también puedes comprar y vender criptomonedas

Ahora puedes comprar y vender bitcoins y otras criptomonedas en Binance con la moneda local de Argentina, Colombia, México, Perú, Chile, Uruguay y Venezuela, sin comisiones hasta el 20 de octubre próximo.
La plataforma Binance P2P ha procesado más de 950 millones de dólares en activos financieros, atrayendo a comerciantes y usuarios de todo el mundo.
Para poder realizar estas operaciones solo debes tener una cuenta activa en Binance, verificada y debidamente registrada.
submitted by Morocotacoin to u/Morocotacoin [link] [comments]

2020.09.08 15:12 Morocotacoin México ya dispone de un total de 10 cajeros automáticos de criptomonedas

México ya dispone de un total de 10 cajeros automáticos de criptomonedas

En las principales cuidades de México ya se encuentran instalados cajeros automáticos de bitcoin para comprar y vender criptomonedas, según reportó Coin ATM Radar.
Entre las criptomonedas disponibles se encuentran: bitcoin, lightning BTC (LBTC), bitcoin cash (BCH), ether (ETH), dash (DASH), litecoin (LTC), zcash (ZEC), monero (XMR), dogecoin (DOGE), tether (USDT), ripple (XRP).
En la ciudad de México DF, existe un total de 4 dispositivos y en la cuidad de Culiacán 2 más.
Luego le sigue las ciudades de Guadalajara, Monterrey, Santiago de Querétaro y Tijuana con 1 cajero por cuidad.

¿Dónde están ubicados?

Cuidad de México
  • Tienda de historietas Fantástico, en Satélite: Blvd. Manuel Ávila Camacho número 1675, Planta Alta, La Florida
  • Fantástico Cómics: Felix Cuevas número 835
  • Wings Capital: Canal de Miramontes número 3162, Tlalpan
  • Bitcoin Teller en Bitlem (6, Copenhague, Juárez)
Culiacán, Sinaloa
  • Galería San Miguel: Álvaro Obregón número 1880
  • Bitcoin Teller en Vams Coin: Santa Maria 3140-1, Providencia
Guadalajara, Jalisco
  • Fantástico Comic Book Store: Pedro Moreno número 1775, Col. Americana
Monterrey, Nuevo León
  • Comicastle Comic Book Store: Treviño número 405 Poniente, Col. Centro
Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro
  • Comicastle Comic Book Store: Avenida Cuba número 288, Planta Alta, Col. Carretas.
Tijuana, Baja California
  • Galerías Hipódromo: Blvd. Agua Caliente 11999, Hipódromo Agua Caliente

Con Binance también puedes comprar y vender criptomonedas

Ahora puedes comprar y vender bitcoins y otras criptomonedas en Binance con la moneda local de Argentina, Colombia, México, Perú, Chile, Uruguay y Venezuela, sin comisiones hasta el 20 de octubre próximo.
La plataforma Binance P2P ha procesado más de 950 millones de dólares en activos financieros, atrayendo a comerciantes y usuarios de todo el mundo.
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submitted by Morocotacoin to CryptoMexico [link] [comments]

2020.09.02 19:11 AmericanNewt8 [Diplomacy] Xi's Latin American Adventures!

Latin America is pretty much as obscure as it gets for global politics, but we have our ways of making inroads there. Latin America is a major developing market, isolated from the globe; it is also a massive commodity exporter. All of these things incline us to take an interest in the continent. We're hardly the only ones, though. The United States remains a powerful influence in the area, as is, to an extent, Europe. Even South Korea has been extending its reach into the region.

Latin America also has the key advantage of being politically "safe" for Xi, because nothing really bad can happen there. Probably. It's distant from the disasters in the Middle East anyway. As a result, Xi is going on a lightning tour of the entire continent of South America, save Paraguay, which will be skipped as a result of the fact that it recognizes the Republic of China and is unlikely to change that view anytime soon. Mexico and Cuba are also potential stops.

Hopefully, China might get what it wants and desperately needs--oil, free trade, and easier commodity exports. We aren't giving handouts, either, and these moves are really just assertions of what China has been looking at for some time, and will boost domestic industries and companies that are suffering from the economic slump. For the most part, however, they'll benefit China almost as much as they do the targets of the massive stimulus. Also keep in mind that we're not paying all of this upfront, we're talking as much as twenty to thirty years for some of these projects.

The Southern Cone

In return, China wants Argentina's backing in a trade deal with Mercosur that will burn some sacred cows of Argentina's policy, like export taxes and economic protectionism.

In return, China wants Chilean support for a free-trade deal negotiated with the Pacific Alliance at large. Since Chile already has a free-trade agreement this is hopefully not a huge issue.

In return, China wants Paraguay's backing for a Mercosur trade deal. It also will offer more to Paraguay if it's willing to reconsider its recognition of the Republic of China.

In return, China wants Uruguay's backing for a Mercosur trade deal.

Chinese companies express interest in developing lithium resources in Bolivia and hope to receive favorable concessions as a result of the financing of the railroad. China also suggests that Bolivia join Mercosur or the Pacific Alliance, but does not do anything further on the topic.

The Atlantic

In return, China wants Brazil's backing for a Mercosur trade deal and preferential access to Brazilian oil exports.


In return, China wants--you guessed it--preferential access to oil produced in Guyana by government policy. The oil is owned by foreign companies for the most part, but that doesn't mean that Guyana can't sway things towards China, especially if it's developing a greater state interest in its oil reserves.


China basically all but offers to buy PVDSA [well, a majority stake in it] and all Venezuelan oil reserves, and even agree to pay future tariffs at agreed-upon rates, if it can get Venezuelan production, from the world's largest oil-holding country, going again. China also wants Venezuela to break with OPEC and produce as much oil as it can. China also strongly urges Venezuela to rejoin Mercosur, which it feels may bring substantial benefits to the struggling Venezuelan economy.


In return China wants Colombian backing for a trade deal with the Pacific Alliance.

In return China wants to sign an exclusive contract with Petroecuador for purchase of its entire product line, with production amounting to a little over 500,000 barrels a day. This oil will, of course, be priced modestly above market value, and the contract will last for several years, ensuring fiscal stability. China will also strongly urge Ecuador to join the Pacific Alliance and thus its trade deal with China.

We ask for Peru's support of a trade deal with the Pacific Alliance as a whole, which is hopefully aided by the fact that we already have a free trade agreement with Peru.

Central America and Caribbean

We mostly ask for Mexican support of a free-trade deal with the Pacific Alliance.


The Pacific Alliance FTA:

[Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Chile]

Mercosur FTA:

M: Sorry mods for making a monster of a post with too many bullet points but I had this half-written and it's something that best fits in a single post to be concise rather than a host of them.
submitted by AmericanNewt8 to Geosim [link] [comments]

2020.09.02 16:36 demfrecklestho /r/geoguessr wiki update: September 2020

Hello! As you may know, the subreddit has a wiki where a large and somewhat orderly list of maps can be found. It’s not complete by any means, but new maps are added to it every once in a while, and hopefully it can be a helpful directory to find the map you’re looking for.
I periodically scan profiles on the GeoGuessr website for updates and add all the maps that are posted on /geoguessr and the GeoGuessr discord, but of course you’re free to suggest maps worth adding by leaving a comment in this thread.
These are the maps that have been added to the wiki in this update:

World maps

World regions






World theme maps

submitted by demfrecklestho to geoguessr [link] [comments]

2020.08.31 23:50 PedroRPG Que carrera estudiar? En Chihuahha Mexico.

Ya estoy por acabar la Prepa, y la neta no tengo ni idea de que. Triago 8.5 de promedio en los 4 semestres que llevo (7.5, 8.4, 9.1, 9.2).
Gracias a Dios, mis padres le han chingado y esta como para pagarme mi Universidad Privada, soy de Chihuahua Capital, tenemos dinero pero para solo pagarme la Uni en Chihuahua, nada de irme a otro lado a estudiar por que ya es muy caro ese rollo.
Como le hago para saber que estudiar? Al chile les puedo decir que "cualquier" cosa me gustaria estudiar por que al final aprendes algo y se me hace vergas aprender y ser una verga en algo. Pero por otro lado, por ejemplo me encanta la musica cañon, pero prefiero seguirlo llevando como un Hobby.
Que me podrian recomendar? Que consejos me darian? Con ese promedio se batalla para entrar al ITESM? En que mas se fijan las Universidades al momento de aceptar?
Mi tirada es estudiar en el ITESM.
Gracias por adelantado.
submitted by PedroRPG to mexico [link] [comments]

2020.08.30 18:10 GeminusLeonem Brick & Mortar - An Idea for a 2nd Unique Structure Mod

So... I got kinda bored these past few days and, inspired in how the amazing Steel & Thunder mod adds in a 2nd Unique Unit to each Civ, I wondered if I could come up with a 2nd Unique Structure to each Civ as well.
After doing some wiki-diving, this incredibly rough list is what I was able to scrounge up:

And since I am just that bored here are some possible Unique Structures for the unannounced Civs I believe will be in the Pass:

And that's it! Those are all of my ideas for a "2nd Unique Structures" mod/addition/whatever.
I know it's a prety imbalanced list and it will probably never see the light of day, but it was pretty fun to brainstorm it!
submitted by GeminusLeonem to civ [link] [comments]

2020.08.29 15:12 HauntedSpy SKs you never might've heard of: South America

In this post, I'll showcase a convicted or suspected SK in each country on the South American continent from a list I've been compiling about SKs around the world, which have yet to receive a Wikipedia entry. Each section will contain some info on their crimes, and a link/source from which I got it. I hope you'll find this as interesting as I do. Let us begin. ARGENTINA: Luis Raúl Menocchio (2004-2011; 3-5 victims) The Playboy Killer Killed a filmmaker with an accomplice in Corrientes in March 2005, whose body he tied they tied up with chains and padlocks and threw into the Paraná River. In 2011, with two other accomplices, he murdered a wealthy rancher and his sister-in-law so he could acquire his farm. Suspected of an earlier 2004 double murder of a rancher and his sister-in-law near Asunción, Paraguay. Evaded police due to constantly changing his appearance via cosmetic surgery. Sentenced to life imprisonment. BOLIVIA: Jaime Cárdenas Pardo (2009-2011; 30-45 victims) The Sucre Killer Since the age of 15, he killed and raped various men and women all around the country, with an ex-policeman accomplice. Confessed to 45 murders in total. Sentenced to 30 years imprisonment. BRAZIL: Adriano Vicente da Silva (2002-2004; 6-12 victims) The Maniac of Passo Fundo Killed young boys, aged 8-13, in small towns around northern Rio Grande do Sul. Convicted of six murders, but total number is suspected of being twelve. Sentenced to 120 years imprisonment., CHILE: Francisco Varela Pérez (1954-1956; victim count unknown) The Monster of Carrascal Vagrant who raped and strangled an unknown number of young boys in Santiago. Captured after the murder of a young boy and the attempted rape of another led authorities to him. Executed in 1956/7. COLOMBIA: Hernando Arturo Prada (1990s; 10 victims) The Angel of Death Bandit who killed his robbery victims. Sentenced to 60 years imprisonment, but managed to escape and engaged the authorities in a heated hostage situation, which he again evaded. Hunted and gunned down by vigilantes in 2000. ECUADOR: William Cumbaijín (2002-2003; 9 victims) The Bush Murderer Lured vulnerable and disabled prostitutes around Quito, whom he bound, raped, tortured and even mutilated their genitals, before finally strangling them. Intelligence tests determined he was a smart man, but his reasoning capacity was primitive. Sentenced to 25 years imprisonment. GUYANA: Harrynauth Beharry (1969-1970; 7-8 victims) Pretending to be a handyman, he stalked various small villages around the country, where he abducted, bound, raped and then killed young boys, almost all of them being of Indian descent (one was Native American). Additionally suspected of killing a young girl, but denied that murder. So far, he is the country's only known serial killer. Committed suicide before trial. PARAGUAY: Amancio Legal (1920s-1933; 28 victims) The Monster of Paraguay Peasant who stabbed and mutilated people at random in Asunción and Misiones. However, according to Juan Marcos González, he might've been a scapegoat for the judicial system. Executed 1933. PERU: Álex Maquera Atencio (2004; 8 victims) The Madman with the Hammer Killed people around Tacna for theft or while on drugs. Six of his victims were killed in one day, those being his sister, her husband and their nephews. Sentenced to life imprisonment. SURINAME: Paramaribo Homeless Murders (2006-2014; 10+ victims) Since 2006, the bodies of homeless Surinamese vagrants were found in the nation's capital, all killed in various gruesome ways, including beheadings, burnings and shootings. Authorities have several theories, including a gang of youths and black magic practicioners. Unsolved. URUGUAY: Ramón Anibal and Carlos Artigas Beltrán Castro (2002-2004; 3-7+ victims) Brothers who murdered elderly couples around the Colonia Department. Suspected of at least four similar murders, including the double murder of two elderly sisters, who were burned alive. Both imprisoned and serving long sentences. VENEZUELA: Francisco Abraham García Hernández (2014-2015; 6+ victims) The Caricuo Strangler Beat up and strangled prostitutes and one girl around Caracas. Suspected of more murders. Escaped from prison, but was recaptured not too long after. Sentenced to 30 years imprisonment.
submitted by HauntedSpy to serialkillers [link] [comments]

2020.08.19 21:41 adlaiking [WP] As class began, the teacher introduced the new girl. She had just moved to your town and though you'd never met her, she seemed familiar. As she took her seat, she passed you a note. It read, "no one here is who they say they are. Meet me after class and I'll explain everything."

Mr. Randolph blinked at us, then turned back to the white board, scratching his head. " you can see...the angle-side-angle...that is, uh...angle-side-side? No, that's not right. Look, you have an angle here that's congruent, and a side here, so you have an angle and a side...and then...listen, it's kind of like..."
I moaned silently. Anytime he said those words, he was about to launch into a rambling story about the years he lived in Chile -- one that would have nothing to do with the story.
"...definitely don't want to forget that in the Andes! Or a compass, for --"
The door opened, mercifully interrupting Mr. Randolph's story. A young woman walked in, her Doc Martens clumping on the tile floor as she walked towards Mr. Randolph. The dark boots made for an uneasy match with the teal skirt and white t-shirt. She handed Mr. Randolph a slip of paper. He took it, white mustache twitching a bit as he read it.
"Anyway, uh, long story short, I never saw that alpaca again. Class, this is Lily, and she just moved here and will be joining us for the rest of the year. There's some free desks near the back."
My eyes jumped from him to her as she turned, her dark eyes scanning the room. As she looked at me, she started -- at least, I think she did. Maybe it was more of a shudder. She certainly wouldn't be the first girl to recoil at the sight of me. I looked down at my textbook, trying to interest myself in the two triangles shown in problem 37. But there was something odd about Lily. Had we met before? And if so, where? It's not like I really went anywhere aside from school or home. The grocery store, maybe?
I decided to risk looking at her again. She was halfway down the aisle between my row of desks and another one, but her gaze was still locked on to me. Her eyes were brown, just about the same color of her hair, which was pulled up into a top knot. I did recognize her from somewhere. A restaurant? Movie theater?
She paused next to me, staring a moment longer. I was beginning to sweat. Something about the way she was looking at me was...uncanny (yes, like the X-Men). Like she was trying to force something into me with her eyes. Finally, she looked away, sitting down in the empty desk to my left. Her backpack hit the floor, and she got out a notebook, her attention now focused completely on Mr. Randolph. I saw her begin to write in her notebook, hand moving quickly across the page.
"And then you have the transitive property, so...or is it the associative property? Look, you're given that angle AB is the same as angle DE, which means..."
A wadded up piece of paper bounced of the side of my head. I jumped a bit at the sudden collision, even though it didn't hurt. What the fuck?I looked at Lily, eyebrows drawn in and lips set.
She was staring back at me. Her eyes went to the paper ball on the floor, then back to me. When I didn't move, her eyes widened, and she moved her head forward as she repeated the process.
This was delicate territory. I still didn't know where we had met before, but maybe she did. Had I insulted her? Stepped on her foot accidentally, or something? I rolled my eyes and made a show of sighing, mentally preparing for whatever terrible thing she had written to me.
I stuck my foot out slowly to roll the note closer, then reached down and picked it up. I coughed as I started to smooth it out, eyes firmly on Mr. Randolph, who was now owl?
I shot a look at Lily, but she was staring towards the front of the class, face impassive.
I looked down at the note. My heart didn't so much skip a beat -- it felt more like three or four. There were only two sentences on it, written neatly in purple glitter pen.
No one here is who they say they are. Meet me after class and I'll explain everything.
I worked my jaw from side to side as I re-read the note, then re-read it again. Things were beginning to come together. She had marked me as a good target almost immediately. Set up the awkward weirdo with a prank, then tell the cool kids about it and watch your social capital rise. Not a bad idea, really -- do your best to skip getting picked on for being the new kid.
I quickly scrawled my response: Yeah, that's gonna be a no from me, dawg. Thanks but no thanks.
I wadded it up and yeeted it back to her, aiming for her face but somehow getting it near her boob instead. Fuck me. At least it had landed on her desk.
She opened it, looked it over, then scowled. Her response was being written big and fast. Bigly and fastly? She was...whatever. Clearly, my response had gotten to her. I allowed myself a smug smile. Better luck next time, Lily.
This time, she rolled it underhand to my shoe. I bent over to pick it up. As I smoothed it out, I heard Mr. Randolph raise his voice.
"Miguel, is there something you'd like to share with the rest of the class?"
Thirty heads slowly turned to stare at me, their gaze unblinking.
I shot a glance at the note. Underneath my reply, the following was written:
submitted by adlaiking to ShadowsofClouds [link] [comments]

2020.08.19 16:00 silosenivengo [35º día de 𝐋𝐄𝐘 𝐌𝐎𝐑𝐃𝐀𝐙𝐀 𝐏𝐋𝐀𝐙𝐀... 𝐲 "𝐜𝐚𝐥𝐢𝐟𝐨𝐫𝐧𝐢𝐚𝐧𝐚"] La noticia más escandalosa del día sobre Podemos es... a elegir: 1. “El chat de Podemos: «El juez nos preguntará si la licitación es una tapadera de una obra ya adjudicada»” (Javier Chicote)

El abogado purgado José Manuel Calvente aportó al juez los mensajes que probarían cómo la adjudicación de las obras de la sede del partido estaba presuntamente amañada

«El abogado purgado de Podemos, José Manuel Calvente, entregó al juez el contenido de varios chats –individuales y de un grupo de miembros del partido– que evidencian, presuntamente, cómo la formación política no licitó de forma limpia las obras de reforma de su nueva sede, procedimiento al que están obligados por recibir fondos públicos. Según la descarga del grupo de Telegram que está en manos del juez, el 30 de abril de 2019, un empleado de Recursos Humanos, «Isaac», dice a Calvente: «Me acaba de avisar Rocío de que arrancan las obras el día 20 de mayo, hay que sacar el tema de la licitación con lo que sea necesario, aunque de momento tiremos con un mínimo». Este mensaje evidenciaría que las obras tenían fecha de inicio pese a no estar licitadas. El abogado le responde enumerando la documentación necesaria para la licitación.
»El 21 de mayo, el mismo Isaac cuenta a Calvente que le están «empezando a llegar los contratos de los contratistas y les estoy dando largas para la firma», ante lo que el letrado responde con extrañeza: «No entiendo. ¿Cómo llegan los contratos? Entones, ¿para qué hacemos licitación?». Isaac no entiende la pregunta retórica: «¿No se supone que es obligatorio?», inquiere. El abogado de Podemos le aclara que «es obligatorio para elegir al contratista, pero si ya está elegido, se ha hecho mal». Antes de licitar una obra no se puede firmar el contrato con un adjudicatario que aún no debe existir».
[El resto del chat y de la noticia, en el enlace]

2. (Crisis del coronavirus) “Montero admite que avaló el 8-M aunque tenía un informe de la OMS que alertaba del riesgo de las multitudes” (Luz Sela)

«La ministra de Igualdad, Irene Montero, avaló las marchas multitudinarias del 8-M, pese al evidente riesgo sanitario, con dos informes que no servían para sostener la celebración de dicho evento. Uno de ellos es un dossier de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), en el que incluso se avisa del riesgo de los actos multitudinarios y se insta a las autoridades a tomar medidas. Otro, el informe de evaluación diario emitido por el departamento de Seguridad Nacional que, ese día, recogía también el aviso de los organismos internacionales sobre el alto riesgo de propagación. Montero se remite además a las declaraciones de Salvador Illa y Fernando Simón, en la rueda de prensa ofrecida pocas horas antes de la manifestación.
»En definitiva, de la respuesta se concluye que, pese a lo manifestado en su día por la ministra, no existió ningún documento en concreto que evaluase el riesgo asociado a las manifestaciones del Día de la Mujer. Por entonces, los contagios en la Comunidad de Madrid ya estaban disparados».-
[El resto de la noticia sobre el documento "fantasma" de evaluación del riesgo para las manifestaciones del Día de la Mujer, en el enlace]

3. “La consultora de Podemos que investiga el juez lleva cinco meses sin administrador” (Isabel Vega)

El abogado despedido denunció que Neurona es una pantalla y el contrato, «ficticio»
La consultora a la que Podemos contrató para las elecciones de abril de 2019, Neurona Comunidad S.L, haciendo saltar las alarmas del Tribunal de Cuentas y ahora, del juez que investiga al partido por malversación, no tiene a nadie a los mandos. Según la documentación mercantil consultada por ABC, no cuenta con administrador ni ningún otro cargo inscrito, lo que además de resultar una situación atípica en una sociedad que consta como activa en el Registro Mercantil y contravenir la Ley de Sociedades de Capital, añade un plus de dificultad en la investigación abierta en el Juzgado de Instrucción número 42 de Madrid sobre el partido y varios de sus dirigentes: no hay persona física que responda de los actos de esta sociedad desde hace cinco meses.
Neurona Comunidad S.L inició su actividad el 19 de marzo de 2019, aunque formalmente, fue inscrita con un capital social de 3.000 euros quince días antes. A su fundación, el administrador único era el abogado especializado en mercantil Elías Castejón, y su sede, la del despacho profesional en la provincia de Sevilla de este letrado, cuyo nombre sigue figurando en un total de 18 sociedades activas, parte de las cuales están inscritas en la misma dirección postal.
Sin embargo, Castejón dimitió de su puesto como administrador único de Neurona el pasado 4 de marzo en un movimiento que el Boletín Oficial del Registro Mercantil publicó el día 16 sin designación de sucesor. Nadie lo sustituyó. Para aquella fecha, ya estaba en marcha la denuncia que en diciembre había presentado el exabogado de Podemos José Manuel Calvente y que sitúa a Neurona Comunidad como una tapadera creada específicamente para contratar con Unidas Podemos en la campaña electoral de 2019 por importe de 363.000 euros escondiendo a sus reales promotores.
Apoya su denuncia con un borrador de contrato con Neurona Comunidad que pasó por sus manos: está fechado en febrero, cuando la sociedad en España aún no existía, como tampoco estaba formalizada la coalición electoral que contrataba los servicios. Aunque en ese documento aparece Castejón como representante de la mercantil, se consigna una persona de contacto que tiene el mismo domicilio en Sevilla que la empresa pero un teléfono extranjero. Se trata de Eduardo López Hernández, que consta en México como mediador profesional con licencia.
Neurona Consulting
De hecho, ha sido el propio Castejón quien al defenderse de informaciones que le situaban como un mero testaferro, ha difundido el nombre de los socios detrás de Neurona Comunidad: los ciudadanos de origen mexicano Andrea Edlin López Hernández y César Hernández Paredes, quien se identifica en redes como director de Neurona. Se trata de la misma consultora cuyos contratos con el Gobierno de Evo Morales están siendo investigados en Bolivia. El Banco Central de aquel país certificó pagos de 1,8 millones de dólares a esta empresa de origen mexicano entre octubre 2017 y diciembre 2018 que ahora están bajo la lupa.
Hernández, además, tiene relación con Juan Carlos Monedero, documentada a golpe de imágenes de eventos públicos diversos. Esto lleva a pensar al abogado denunciante que la elección de Neurona Consulting y su contratación a través de Neurona Comunidad, puede esconder alguna contrapartida para el fundador de Podemos. Sin embargo, el juez ha restringido sus pesquisas en este caso a la lista de empresas del Registro Mercantil en las que figure en puestos de poder.
No consta como consultora
Neurona Comunidad parecería así una filial de esta consultora que tiene presencia además de México, en países latinoamericanos como Chile o Argentina, si bien en el caso de España el objeto social con el que figura no tiene que ver con la consultoría electoral sino con «la adquisición, tenencia, disfrute, administración y enajenación de valores mobiliarios», y no constan más oficinas que el despacho de abogados de su antiguo administrador. Tampoco está claro que tenga empleados.
El juez Juan José Escalonilla ha pedido al Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal que informe al respecto. También ha citado como investigados a Castejón, porque administraba en las fechas del contrato, y al mencionado mediador. Del lado de Podemos, el imputado es Juan Manuel del Olmo, responsable de aquella campaña y firmante del contrato.
Además de identificar los pagos y los movimientos bancarios de Neurona, Escalonilla ha pedido al al Tribunal de Cuentas los papeles que aportó la coalición al ser requerida y a Podemos, justificación de los trabajos por los que pagó 363.000 euros para el 28-A.
En este sentido, un perfil de la consultora ubicado en Uruguay muestra que no era la primera vez que los de Iglesias recurrían a ellos. Junto a vídeos realizados para Nicolás Maduro, Rafael Correa y Evo Morales, aparecen los de Podemos y sus coaliciones: Desde el «modela tu país» de 2014, hasta el «la historia la escribes tú» de 2019 que ahora revisará el juez.
[Copia íntegra de la noticia, el enlace es sólo para suscriptores]
submitted by silosenivengo to Gulag_Podemos [link] [comments]

2020.08.13 23:37 rius98 Consulta sobre Macroeconomía

Hola, alguien que sepa de economía que me pueda ayudar, estoy haciendo un trabajo y tengo que sacar la formula de la Formación Bruta de Capital Fijo en base a esto. Suponga que: Producto Interno Neto= A; Inversión Bruta = B; Inversión Neta = C; Variación de Inventarios = D; Consumo = E; Gasto del Gobierno= F (sin Transferencias); Superavit Gobierno (incluye Transferencias) = S; Transferencias del Gobierno= T; Exportaciones de Utilidades de Empresas Extranjeras residentes en Chile= Ux
Si alguien responde estaría muy agradecido
submitted by rius98 to chile [link] [comments]

2020.08.12 00:45 drafteg Developers' Diary 18: More Goodies

Developers' Diary 18: More Goodies
Good day to all! Team's scriptwriter DRAFT and translator Red is in touch. Today we will talk about the mechanics which was added in mod very long ago but we need to tell you about them so that you ask stupid questions and we answer them. This will be an usually long diary, so pour the tea, take the cookies and let's go!

Mechanics of Wonders of the World
Those who are familiar with my mod before the merger – «Rise of the Trozkism» (of course nobody) is already familiar with this system, but not everyone can be aware of it. In any case, I will remind you of its essence.
«New Ways» provides a system of Wonders of the World. Wonders of the World – grandiose buildings of antiquity and modernity, which give various bonuses to the owner. The peculiarity of this mechanics is that bonuses from wonders are transferred from country to country – you only need to control a certain area of land. All the wonders are arranged in accordance with their real position, so there should be no special problems in finding them. But just in case, here's a map for finding wonders.
Map of Wonders of the World
Current list of wonders and their location:
  • Colosseum – Rome, Italy
  • Great wall of China – China
  • Machu Picchu – Peru
  • Petra – Jordan
  • Taj Mahal – Agra, India
  • Statue of Christ the Redeemer – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Chichen Itza – Yucatan, Mexico
  • St. Sophia Cathedral – Istanbul, Turkey
  • Acropolis Of Athens – Athens, Greece
  • Alhambra – Granada, Spain
  • Angkor – Angkor, Cambodia
  • Moai – Eastern Island, Chile
  • Moscow Kremlin – Moscow, USSR
  • Neuschwanstein – Fussen, Germany
  • Pyramids Of Giza – Egypt
  • Statue of Liberty – new York, USA
  • Stonehenge – Wiltshire, United Kingdom
  • Timbuktu – Mali
  • Kiyomizu-Dera temple – Kyoto, Japan
  • Eiffel tower – Paris, France
Icons of the Wonders of the World (Yes from Civilization)
Great wall
Since in reality this wonder has an extended character and from the point of view of the game it occupies several Chinese regions, we decided to make this bonus «combined» depending on the number of controlled regions. Here everything is simple:
  • Took control of the region increased the bonus effect
  • Lost region weakened
By taking control of all 5 regions (Ningxia, Suiyuan, southern Chahar, Beijing and Eastern Hebei), your country will get the maximum effect.

Icon options for the great wall of China

Statue of liberty
Some already know that among the wonders there are those that give a stable increase in a certain ideology. For example, the Statue of Liberty increases democracy, the Kremlin increases communism, and the Statue of Christ the Redeemer, on the contrary, reduces the attractiveness of Communist ideas.
As we know, the Statue of Liberty is a gift to the United States from France for the centenary of American independence. But what happens if someone NOT a Democrat takes over the state with the Statue of Liberty? If this someone is NOT a Democrat and he does not care about the independence of the United States (otherwise, why would he capture them?), then it is logical to expect that the Statue of Liberty will only be an eyesore, as an extra reminder of the independence and freedom of Americans, who will also not sit idle.
Here we decided to give the opportunity to rebuild this wonder of the world to the needs of the conqueror, instilling their own ideological principles.
Options icons for anarchists, authoritarians, technocrats, communists, monarchists, trotskyists, and fascists
The wonder will be rebuilt through a solution that will require a certain amount of PP and temporary use of civilian factories.

For a change, a special mechanic was introduced for the wonder of «Moai». In the history of many wonders, much is still unclear, but there are several legends about the origin and purpose of Moai. All this has a mystical character and we decided to add an element of mysticism to their behavior.
Once in a certain period of time, a random event associated with the Moai will occur. This event will determine what kind of bonus the country that owns Moai will receive.

Icon options for Moai
Since we don't want to force players to play with the new system, which is no doubt experimental in nature and some issues will be controversial and the effects will be unbalanced, we decided to give players a choice.
Choosing the third option's will disable random moai, and instead of them there will be a permanent bonus, like the rest of the wonders.

Choosing the second and third options is actually immediately, will cause «lore» news for all other players (if you have nothing to do and you play it on the network)
The launch events

System of legitimacy
As well as the system of Wonders of the World, the system of legitimacy is familiar to those who are familiar with «Rise of the Trozkism». Therefore, I will also remind you of its essence.
I developed the legitimacy mechanics for one mod and decided to implement it for myself, because it corresponds to my goals of refining and diversifying the political mechanics in the game. Just like the previous one, this mechanics is experimental, but it will work on a permanent basis. Over time, the system will be refined and expanded.
What is its essence?
Depending on the popularity of the ruling party, the country will be hung with the appropriate national spirit, reflecting the level of legitimacy, which will give either buffs or debuffs.
Window of legitimacy levels
Having finally lost the trust of the people, the level of legitimacy falls to a «catastrophic level». After this, if the situation cannot be corrected, an event will occur that requires the player to choose. As you guessed, the choice will be between a peaceful change of power, or a violent one with all the consequences. In both cases, the most popular party in the country at the moment will claim power.
A disaster with the public trust
It's very bad
If a country is a puppet, its chain of events will be a couple of points longer, since their situation requires intervention from the suzerain.
After the legitimacy drops to a catastrophic level, their event will be slightly different.
Event at the marionette
Which, as you have already guessed, causes the event in the metropolis, allowing you to decide the future fate of the puppet.
Event at the metropolis
As you understand, each of the options requires different costs and gives different effects.

The system of arms trade
We decided to add a simple system of arms trade in order to allow countries to earn a little money on their production capacities. And indeed, if the country has a huge surplus of weapons and equipment in warehouses, why not make money on it? And if the country has a wild shortage of weapons, but there are funds to buy, then this mechanics follows from this.
Decisions about the sale/purchase and terms of sale and buy
We did not bother with creating a separate trading menu and decided to use standard solutions, because they fully meet our needs.
You can buy and sell no more than once every 30 days.
As you can see, at the moment the purchase and sale of basic items is implemented and the list can be expanded.
To avoid buying equipment «out of thin air», we have made a cumulative accounting of the equipment sold in the form of an abstract «world market». Thus, the country will not be able to make a purchase until someone sells this product to the world market.
Also, a kind of floating exchange rate was filed, depending on the world tension and is calculated using the formula: B+t/2, where B is the base cost equal to 50 PP; t is the world tension, taken modulo the number.
The same applies to the sale price, but there the base cost = 25 PP.

As for AI, it also uses the purchase and sale of weapons, thanks to the creation of a small algorithm for it.
The AI will sell equipment if: — his army is fully equipped; — there is some stock in the warehouse (for example, more than 3K rifles); — AI doesn't fight wars;
In all other cases, the AI will not sell anything, but there is one circumstance that also entails the complete refusal of the AI to sell equipment — if the AI owns more than 300 PP. Explain.
We assume that the AI sells equipment if it has a lot of it. If he has a shortage of equipment, it will be illogical to sell it. It is also obvious that the sale of equipment should bring a profit for the seller (as well as any sale in General). Since the sale is for the PP, which the Owner spends on something by himself — the purchase of other equipment, the adoption of laws and decisions, diplomatic actions-this is the profit for the seller.
Thus, we get the conditions for no profit. The limit of 300 PP is made to keep Iishnik from uncontrolled sale of equipment in excess of necessary.
If AI has accumulated 300 PP, then: 1. It has adopted all possible laws/decisions; 2. Bought / produced all the necessary equipment; 3. Performed all the necessary diplomatic actions, although since they are chaotic, I do not see any point in considering them.
It turns out that the AI has a clear surplus of PP and the sale will not give it a profit. So why sell it if you can keep it for future wars and conquests, which will be much more useful? It seems logical to us)
As for the sale, everything is simple.
The AI will sale equipment if: — his army is not fully equipped; — the stock is missing some stock (for example, less than 3K rifles); — AI makes wars; — the claim against the country is justified and the country does not have enough equipment.

Mechanics of surrender
As we all know, during mass battle, some countries capitulate without a trace, in fact, without having any influence on the course of the war. The «capitulator» can only wait for the end of the war or the liberation of its lands by the allies.
This is the reason for adding this mechanics. We believe that now the game can become much more varied and interesting.
So, when a country capitulates in a major conflict (war 1 on 1 or civil war will not have time to launch this event), the «capitulator» will be offered the choice to turn to the winner with a proposal to become his puppet and change his system to the system of the winner, or to abandon this idea altogether.
Event for the defeated
If the playeThe AI selects the first option, and the winner is shown the corresponding event.
Event for the winner
Accordingly, the winner must approve the proposal received by him, and as a possible result, he will get the right puppet, and the puppet — a chance.
The behavior of AI, both on the part of the «capitulator» and on the part of the winner, will depend on the original ideologies, so:
— if the ideology of the capitulator coincides with the ideology of the winner, then in 100% of cases, he will send an offer to become a puppet; — the chance of sending an offer will occur in 30% of cases if (hereinafter the format is: «ideology of the capitulatoideology of the winner»): trotskyism/communism and vice versa; communism/fascism and vice versa; monarchy/communism and vice versa; trotskyism/monarchy and vice versa; — in all other cases, the odds are 50/50.
The winner's acceptance of the offer depends only on their ideology:
— communists and trotskyists will accept the offer in 3 out of 4 cases; — fascists in 1 out of 4 cases; — democrats in 9 out of 10 cases; — monarchists and neutrals accept the offer with a 50/50 chance.
Mechanics of capital transfer
Sometimes in the life of each country there is a need to move the capital for different reasons, for example:
  • Overpopulation and hypertrophied dominance of the existing capital over the rest of the country;
  • To resolve a dispute between cities that have equal grounds to claim Metropolitan status;
  • In view of the direct military threat to the existing capital;
  • Due to an unfortunate geographical and geopolitical situation;
  • For liberation from the old traditions of public administration and public life;
  • To accelerate the development of the territories where the new capital is being created.
We have noted two points that play a key role in the game. Now the «aesthetes» will be able to place the capital where they think it is more suitable, and the «strategists» will be able to save their country from a certain capitulation, moving the capital to another place in advance or helping their troops with supplies.
The instrument of transfer of the capital
In order to avoid permanent transfers of the capital from place to place and outright «cheating», we still made some restrictions and cost for this action.
The transfer of the capital is not free and costs 50 PP in peacetime and 100 PP in wartime. Also, the transfer of the capital is possible no more than once every 30 days.
After the transfer of the capital, the whole world will fly around the news about it, and your country will be hung national spirit, temporarily reducing stability in connection with the government's move to a new place.

The mechanics of renaming the regions
At the moment, it covers approximately 28 regions and almost all of them are Poland, the Baltic States and East Germany.
Take Wilno, for example. As soon as Lithuania gains control over this region, it is automatically renamed to Vilnius, while if Belarus controls this region, it is renamed to Vilnia. In other words, we have tried to accommodate as many interpretations of city names as possible from different States. In addition, the name may depend on some factors. The same Koningsberg will not be renamed Kaliningrad if the state ideology in the USSR is not communism, and Kalinin himself did not die and/or was not repressed.
That's it for today! Expect more diaries in the future.

Our discord server -
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2020.08.03 03:27 by3XOTIC_64 Estoy pensando en crear un pais nuevo con capital en Pichilemu, con leyes bien distintas a las de Chile. Quien me apoya?

Estoy pensando en crear un pais nuevo con capital en Pichilemu, con leyes bien distintas a las de Chile. Quien me apoya? submitted by by3XOTIC_64 to DylanteroYT [link] [comments]

2020.08.02 16:19 kong-dao Explotación Infantil: Yerba Mate (Sud-América)

La explotación laboral infantil no es cosa nueva, existe hace más de 100 años, quizás desde aquellas remotas épocas de conquistas imperialistas que subyugaron al "nuevo mundo" bajo las insignias de "liberar" a quienes ya eran libres.
En Sud-America (Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, Paraguay y Brasil) hay una infución ampliamente consumida: la yerba mate
Actualmente, Argentina es el mayor exportador mundial de este producto, el 60% sale de la provincia de Misiones, mundialmente conocida por tener una de las "7 Maravillas del Mundo", las Cataratas del Iguazú. Pero no todo es tan "maravilloso" en esta provincia, este año (2020) la ONG "Un sueño para Misiones" volvió a reavivar un fuego casi extinto y olvidado en la "famosa" región, el trabajo infantil en las plantaciones de yerba mate.
Como sucede en las plantaciones de café y cacao, el trabajo de menores en países en vías de desarrollo (o "tercer mundistas") se da por una situación socio-económica que impide a los padres y madres ganar el suficiente capital para poder alimentar la boca de sus hijos, haciendo que los niño dejen el colegio (estudios) para ir a las plantaciones de yerba mate, es decir, percibir una remuneración o capital por su esfuerzo físico, conocido como trabajo.
Tarefero/a es el nombre que recibe la persona cosechadora y colectora en las platanciones de yerba mate, su labor consiste en cultivar, cosechar y recolectar la yerba mate en las tierras del productor (dueño de la tierra, o, terrateniente) para que luego, por medio de diferentes loǵisticas, llegue a la góndola local o internacional (exportación) La forma en la que el obrero es transportado de su casa a la plantación, no es la más segura, en 2013 saltó el resorte cuando ocho personas murieron por haber desbarrancado el camión que los transportaba, dos de ellos tenían 12 años y otro 14.
El diario digitla describe en su articulo fechado el 22 de Junio de 2013:
Según el testimonio de sobrevivientes, al notar que el camión corría descontrolado cuesta abajo, el padre de Fernando Santiago (12 años) abrazó al chico y lo protegió como pudo, con su propio cuerpo.
El periódico digital también se hizo eco del hecho redactando:
Cabe recordar que los 24 tareferos que se transportaban en el camión Ford F-7000 que volcó en la ruta 220 a 400 metros de Salto Encantado, estaban todos contratados en negro. De estos, al menos 10 eran niños –dos fallecieron esta semana y las víctimas fatales llegaron a ocho.
Ese mismo año la sociologa Maria Luz Roa publicó en una revista científica Tarefa que me hiciste sufrir...La emocionalidad en la constitución del self de los jóvenes de familias tareferas un detallado escríto (21 pág) sobre la situación de familias en las plantaciones de yerba mate.
En 2014, la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades, Escuela de Artes, Departamente de Cine y televisión hizo un documental de 16 min, entrevistando a tareferos y maestros sobre el trabajo infantil en las plantaciones y los causas de analfabetismo que genera en los niños.
A finales del 2015 las ONG, y "Un Sueño para Misiones" se armaron de valor para hacer un documental de 30 min, denunciando la situación que viven muchos niños en el país Suramericano. El primer periódico que repitió el mensaje fue La Nación, que en Enero 2016, publicaría Cómo es el trabajo infantil en la cosecha de yerba mate tratando de concientizar a la población local sobre la falta de derechos humanos que hay detrás de la infusión nacional más popular:
(...) durante el rodaje del documental pudieron comprobar la desigualdad, desprotección y los riesgos a los que se enfrentan cada día los niños de las familias que trabajan en la tarefa (...) Los chicos no tienen acceso a la educación, toman agua contaminada y, en algunos casos, se instalan con sus familias en el yerbal y se pasan hasta 22 días sin baño. Hay un imaginario que no tiene un correlato con la realidad, con lo que allí se sufre y con la falta de igualdad. La mayoría, aseguran, comienza a trabajar entre los 4 y los 10 años. Comen reviro como plato principal hasta dos veces por día [que no es otra cosa que una pasta de harina, agua y sal, tipo torta frita] y están en contacto con agroquímicos y herramientas peligrosas para su edad y su salud. La mayoría no va a la escuela, y el tiempo para jugar casi no existe
9 meses más tarde el mismo periódico no quería dejar el tema en el olvido y sacó otro articulo nombrado El trabajo infantil: un monstruo escondido entre los yerbales
En 2016 María Luz Roa comentaría:
“La problemática de los tareferos es que hay subcontratación de la mano de obra en la cadena de producción de la yerba mate. En Misiones, los dueños del yerbal son en su mayoría colonos, propietarios de lo que sería un "farmer" en lenguaje sociológico, un mediano productor. La contratación es a través de intermediarios y la mayor parte de lo que sería esa mano de obra, de lo que sería ese mercado de trabajo, está en negro. Se trabaja a través de campamentos que se instalan a los bordes de los yerbales, con sistemas de enganche donde el contratista les adelanta mercadería y después el tarefero queda endeudado. A su vez el trabajo de la tarefa es a destajo, o sea por cantidad cosechada, entonces si llueve no se cosecha, depende también de la calidad del yerbal” (...) Raído son los bolsones donde se cosecha la yerba mate; cosecha que es manual, todavía no se mecanizó, entonces se hace con tijera o con cuchillo, y se concentra esa yerba en los raídos, y eso se carga en los hombros de la persona, hace unos años empezaron a implementar unos carritos, pero es un trabajo sumamente sufrido (...) Lo que sucede es que se envejece muy precozmente –especificó–, un tarefero tiene una vida útil en la cosecha hasta los 40 y pico de años, después generalmente se accidenta, tiene problemas en la espalda, en las rodillas, en las articulaciones (...) entonces de esa manera los pibes desde edades tempranas empiezan a ir [a tarefear]"
Pero en Argentina no es el único país en que se da el trabajo infantil, aquel mismo año (2016), el gobierno de Paraguay publicó resultados representativos de la Encuesta de actividades de niños, niñas y adolescentes de las zonas rurales para el año 2015. En la encuesta, se estima que 301.827 niños de entre 5 y 17 años de edad realizan trabajo peligroso en las zonas rurales y de los cuales 3.464 se encuentran en campos de yerba mate.
Algunos medios de comunicación internacionales pusieron énfasis en concientizar a la sociedad sobre la explotación de menores, por ejemplo, la BBC (Inglaterra) publicó un informe sobre lo acontecido en 2013 titulado Trabajo infantil: el trago amargo del mate, la bebida nacional argentina redactando:
El cosechero es el eslabón más débil en la cadena del mate. Un hombre que recoja 700 kilos, en promedio, puede ganar 350 pesos argentinos, unos US$25 por día. "Recibimos 0,75 centavos de peso por cada kilo de hoja verde, pero hoy solo una bolsa de harina cuesta 250 pesos (US$18)"
Otro periódico internacional que se sumó a la denuncia contra el trabajo infantil fue El Mundo (España) bajo el titulo Los niños, el estigma del mate y también El Nuevo Herald (Estados Unidos) con el titular Se destapa trabajo infantil en los campos de yerba mate en Argentina
El año siguiente (2017) La Nación volvió a la carga con un informe titulado ¿Sabías que el mate esconde trabajo infantil? pero la repercución internacional fue un ruido silencioso, tímidamente se la CNN (Estados Unidos) fue uno de los que se aventuró a recalcar la situación con un breve informe titulado El trabajo infantil y la pobreza detrás de la yerba mate que consumimos
Ya en 2017 las propuestas para modificar las leyes en Argentina contra la explotación infantil remetieron contra los magisterios sin éxito más no sin olvido.
En 2020, tras tres años de silencio mediático y político, el periódico Norte de Corrientes volvio a denunciar que:
En San Carlos, los inspectores constataron trabajadores de cultivo y cosecha de yerba mate sin su correspondiente Libreta de Trabajo Rural (aun cuando se encuentran declarados y registrados en AFIP) y con remuneraciones por debajo de lo que marca la ley. Conforme surge de la fiscalización, el empleador declaró en los recibos menor cantidad de días de labor, en una actividad que no se detuvo durante la pandemia de COVID-19. (...) los inspectores detectaron 4 adolescentes de 16 y 17 años en la cosecha de yerba mate -uno de los cuales no se encuentra escolarizado-
Mientras tanto varios medicos de la provincia de Misiones publicaban varias notas sobre el accidente que sufireron 20 tareferos al viajar en un trasnporte inseguro que terminó por cobrarse otra vida:
Alarcón [fallecido] viajaba con otros 19 trabajadores –entre ellos, un menor de 16 años – en una combi que no estaba habilitada para el transporte de pasajeros y que de hecho, no disponía de asientos o cinturones de seguridad
Actualmente (2020) los tareferos deben cosechar 18 toneladas de yerba por mes para no ser pobres, trabajan entre 12 y 14 horas por día, mientras el kilo de yerba se vende a (aproximadamente) $200, a los tareferos les pagan $1,5 (un peso con cincuenta) por kilo cosechado y sólo el 20% de los tareferos cobra un subsidio que era de $2300 hasta fines del año pasado (últimos datos actualizados).
Según la BBC, este año, Siria se convierte en el mayor comprador o importador de yerba mate a nivel mundial.

Soluciones que se pueden plantear al problema:
Igual que con el café, el cacao, la yerba mate es un producto que debe ser consumido, es decir, comprado con capital ganado producto del esfuerzo, por lo que primeramente la solución más fácil podría ser dejar de consumirlo puesto que es una forma de desincentivar la explotación infantil, aunque, claro está, que muchos no van a dejar el círculo vicioso del consumismo, por lo que se deben proponer alternativas. La modificación de las leyes contra la esclavitud de menores debe ser tomada en serio por los países productores, las entidades gubernamentales conocen en detalle la condición precaria en la que se encuentran muchos niños y niñas, saben que bajo su gobierno y su "techo" se están cometiendo injusticias y no hacen mucho para cambiarlo, es por esto que como individuos debemos tomar acciones contra las grandes corporaciones o terratenientes que siguen beneficiandose de una plusvalía inmerecida. La justicia social debe llegar primero a los padres, no con planes sociales, sino con trabajos dignos, salarios justos que le permitan pagar la comida de sus hijos, la salud de ellos y de los suyos, de forma que esos jóvenes puedan enfocar su mente en estudiar y jugar. Dentro de los derechos humanos universales se encuentran: salud, educación y una vivienda digna, un combo que no existe entre las quimeras plantaciones de café, cacao y yerba mate. Los trabajadores no quieren ser mantenidos, quieren que se respeten estos derechos, humanos y universales, son derechos que todas las personas merecen, no solamente los "civilizados" urbanitas, ellos mismos lo dicen en el documental que puede encontrar en este link.
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2020.07.27 00:02 chocofruta ¿Cómo termina Chile?

¿Cómo imaginan que concluye la historia de Chile como estado soberano? Desde luego que en algún minuto tendrá que terminar, y esperemos que sobreviva al menos tanto como los grandes glaciares que hoy están en suelo chileno. Sinceramente, eso espero yo al menos. Pero lejos de desaparecer, lo más probable es que se transforme en otra cosa, en otro país por ejemplo, si hay una continuación para esa idea, o en un Chile del Norte y un Chile del Sur (y en Wallmapu y la República Independiente de Magallanes), o vaya a formar parte de la Unión de Estados Bolivarianos, o el territorio continental de Rapa Nui, o puede que la mayor parte termine bajo la línea de la costa y la capital se mueva a Farellones, o bien, que los chilenos de una forma u otra deliberemos sobre la disolución del Estado de Chile.
¿Por qué se borrarán esas entrañables líneas de la tierra de papel? ¿se resolverá en el desenlace de otra guerra, se rendirán nuestros ejercitos ante un poder insuperable, será el surgimiento de un imperio terrible? Si ud viene del futuro, siéntase libre de spoilear
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2020.07.23 18:18 jaylenholt [SHARE] Fulfilled Textbook Request Megathread #4

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2020.07.19 10:52 GavriloPrincip3 hilo enojado/triste de contingencia

realmente no quería hacer esto pero me impresiona la baja calidad del periodismo nacional y en general, de toda la discusión actual sobre el estado de las políticas públicas chilenas, al punto de que siento que el único escape de este sufrimiento llamado vivir en el 2020 sería al menos hacer un poco de venting
  1. puede que sacar el 10% de la AFP sea la venganza y golpe de gracia que muchos queremos sobre el status quo y la mafia compuesta por la oligarquía político-económica del país. sin embargo, esto no implica en ningún caso que sea buena idea, menos como está organizado en este momento el proyecto de ley. esta medida no soluciona NADA a largo plazo y es más que nada una demostración de fuerza, lo que entiendo y comparto. sin embargo, el pseudo-heroísmo con el que la aprobación ha sido recibido en la oposición me parece de una miopía tremenda. no sólo no han hecho nada de su trabajo como supuestos líderes políticos del país (¿de verdad el FA cree que fueron ellos los responsables y no la derecha muerta de miedo de ver Chile quemado de nuevo? ¿después de ellos mismos haber hecho el trato que vendió un movimiento popular por segunda vez en su historia como dirigentes políticos? ¿con un proyecto que economistas de ambos bandos políticos han dicho que es pésimo? ¿en serio?) sino que ni siquiera forma parte de un cúmulo de medidas pensadas para sostener económicamente a una gran parte del país sin ingresos en este mismo momento. es una medida hecha al peo, que parasita de un movimiento mucho más antiguo, que no soluciona los problemas de fondo, que está mal planteada según cualquier persona con los estudios como para hablar del tema. digo, hasta yo, como lego, sé que ese 10% no está guardado en efectivo sino en activos y la venta súbita de activos destruye el valor de la cartera restante y podría provocar por sí sola una peor recesión de la que ya se prevee, sobretodo considerando que Chile ha logrado mantener la baja de su PIB proyectado en niveles bastante decentes para lo que vive el resto del mundo y la menor contracción proyectada en LATAM después de Colombia, además de conservar una baja deuda pública y un excelente ranking tanto a nivel crediticio como en confianza institucional para hacer negocios (el costo que ha conllevado esa protección de la economía es otro cuento)
  2. Colombia, quién se está viendo como líder en la región en la lucha contra el COVID, también es el país que está gastando mayor porcentaje del PIB en propuestas de ayuda social, con cientos de miles de familias recibiendo un ingreso solidario de emergencia que facilita el control a nivel de cuarentena (los gráficos son del mismo reporte linkeado en el punto 1) su deuda gubernamental es prácticamente el doble que la de Chile (qué irresponsabilidad fiscal dios mío), sin embargo han tomado estas medidas que implican aún más gasto y que, sin embargo, los tienen con muy bajos niveles de muertes debido al COVID (1667 según clínica John Hopkins). esto disminuiría la caída proyectada en la bolsa porque, sorpresa, buenas políticas públicas y el hecho de que no muera gente ayuda a la economía al parecer. no lo habría sospechado por la actitud de nuestros políticos/empresarios, sinceramente.
  3. mientras la oposición celebra su grandísimo triunfo (sobre un sistema que ellos mismos promovieron y cuidaron durante todos sus años de gobierno) y los partidos oficialistas intentan alejarse lo más posible de esa horrible peste llamada "estar públicamente del lado de sebastián piñera", cuya mayor consecuencia es pérdida de cualquier escaso apoyo popular que tuvieran hasta el momento (en un sistema electoral donde el reconocimiento de nombres es la mayor fuente de éxito, es dificil ganar si eres recordado como ese que defendió al peor presidente de la historia nacional), los empresarios están haciendo su trabajo. y ese trabajo es palear las probables consecuencias de la crisis que traería la devaluación de activos y una tremenda caída de la bolsa a todo nivel, lo que van a hacer a través de acelerar un desconfinamiento para aumentar los niveles de producción a nivel país y así, cuidar su bienamado capital. esto ya está en marcha, como podemos ver en variados titulares de periódicos nacionales. sin embargo, no hay razón para no temer, según los mismos datos del gobierno (extraído de literalmente se nos presenta como un triunfo la disminución de casos a niveles NO-NORMALES en ningún caso. el invierno, el confinamiento y el obvio ciclo de los casos covid activos provocan una mejoría leve, pero eso no significa que tengamos que empezar a planear salir a las calles. sin embargo, a falta de políticas públicas que faciliten la supervivencia de personas que no pueden trabajar a distancia, pareciera ser la única opción: elegir entre morirte de hambre o arriesgarte al contagio de una enfermedad cuyos efectos a largo plazo aún no conocemos por completo y con una alta posibilidad de mortalidad lamentablemente es una decisión que millones de familias tendrán que tomar si no se generan políticas públicas decentes en el corto plazo. el retiro del 10% de la AFP no es una de ellas. el plan de desconfinamiento sería anunciado hoy según: en un contexto donde seguimos, a pesar de las medidas, con un nivel de muertes por día muy sobre el promedio anual (gráfico original de la página, datos del MinCiencia)
  4. además de todo esto, se nos tira públicamente por la prensa el grandísimo voladero de luces que es la esperanza de una vacuna y las pruebas de un candidato en Chile. esto no tiene ningún asidero científico por el momento, al menos en el corto plazo. como se ve acá, ninguna vacuna ha llegado muy lejos en sus pruebas exceptuando 3 candidatos, de los cuales 1 es realmente un estimulador de respuesta inmune no-específica, de otro no logro encontrar datos y en el tercer caso, el equipo de la vacuna de Sinovac (la más promisoria) indica que en el mejor de los casos un PROTOTIPO estaría disponible en FEBRERO 2021, mientras que la producción masiva estaría para el 2022. además, fase 3 (la fase donde se encuentran estas 3 vacunas mencionadas) es la fase para PROBAR SU EFECTIVIDAD, no implica ninguna esperanza fundada en su desarrollo y perfectamente puede pasar que no exista correlación entre la vacuna y una mejora en el tratamiento para el COVID
  5. la mayor esperanza en este momento realmente es el medicamento Remdesivir, que ayuda a palear la enfermedad en sus estados tempranos y podría salvar vidas a gran escala, además de reducir la saturación del sistema de salud. sin embargo, su efecto es menor (algunos estudios implican equivalente al placebo) en casos más graves. no es en ningún caso una solución definitiva en un momento donde se están viviendo peaks en muchos países, además que casi toda la producción está comprometida hacia USA
  6. todo lo horrible que está haciendo el gobierno y las empresas, en una operación que, cada vez más parece conjunta, ha sido recibido por parte de la prensa nacional con reacciones que pasan desde el insincero aplauso hasta una oposición y populismo absurdo en este momento. Piñera ya está muerto, nada lo puede salvar de perder todo el poco apoyo que le quedaba luego de trágicos meses en su gobierno, pero en ningún caso es el momento de patearlo en el suelo cuando AÚN DEPENDEMOS DE UNA BUENA RESPUESTA GUBERNAMENTAL PARA SOBREVIVIR, NO PARA SEGUIR SIENDO EXITOSOS COMO PAÍS, NO PARA UN GRAN FUTURO NACIONAL, NO PARA LA VERDAD, JUSTICIA E IGUALDAD QUE TODOS QUEREMOS ¡PARA SOBREVIVIR! /rant
tl;dr estamos hasta el pico perrito agradecimientos a daniel matamala, su incompetencia como periodista (y el hecho que por alguna razón pareciera competente en comparación) provocó este post
submitted by GavriloPrincip3 to chile [link] [comments]

Carahue, la capital del reino  Chile conectado  Buenos días a todos Como preparar Chili con Carne  La Capital - YouTube Santiago, la capital de Chile Santiago 4K - Driving Downtown - Chile - YouTube Sightseeing in Santiago Chile - YouTube La Capital - YouTube El chile más picante del Mundo  La Capital - YouTube Santiago de Chile, ciudad capital Santiago de Chile - YouTube

Capital of Chile Article about capital of Chile by The ...

  1. Carahue, la capital del reino Chile conectado Buenos días a todos
  2. Como preparar Chili con Carne La Capital - YouTube
  3. Santiago, la capital de Chile
  4. Santiago 4K - Driving Downtown - Chile - YouTube
  5. Sightseeing in Santiago Chile - YouTube
  6. La Capital - YouTube
  7. El chile más picante del Mundo La Capital - YouTube
  8. Santiago de Chile, ciudad capital
  9. Santiago de Chile - YouTube
  10. Santiago: Conoce la bella Capital de Chile - YouTube

In this week's episode we're in the capital of Chile, Santiago. We head out on the town exploring the many hidden corners, we check out some live street perf... Rodeada de montañas, moderna y competitiva. Una de las ciudades con mejor calidad de vida en Sudamérica. Conoce más en: Probando el chile más picante del mundo: Carolina Reaper! Preparé unas costillas de cerdo ahumadas con salsa BBQ de Carolina Reaper tatemado. Esto es lo que más me gusta hacer. Contacto: [email protected] La capital de Chile es una ciudad moderna, segura, con una energía contagiosa y una floreciente escena artística. Considerada por Lonely Planet como una de las 10 mejores ciudades para visitar ... Carahue, Araucanía (2016). La ciudad ha sido mirada con particular atención por los arqueólogos debido a que en 1551 fue levantada como la capital del reino de Chile. Preparación casera y deliciosa del famoso Chili con carne o Chili beans. Botana ideal para cualquier reunión entre amigos y para preparar los clásicos chili ... Santiago, Chile’s capital and largest city, sits in a valley surrounded by the snow-capped Andes and the Chilean Coast Range. Costanera center is the tallest... Friday afternoon drive through Santiago Chile in South America. Video begins in Sanhattan (Santiago + Manhattan), the nickname given to Santiago's high-end f... Santiago es la capital y principal núcleo urbano de Chile. El área metropolitana que forma es denominada también Gran Santiago y corresponde asimismo a la capital de la Región Metropolitana de ...