Edison Chen dating

Who is Edison Chen dating? Edison Chen is currently dating Vincy Yeung. The couple started dating in 2004 and have been together for around 16 years, 6 months, and 21 days. The Hongkonger Movie Actor was born in Hong Kong on October 7, 1980. Actor and musician who appeared in the Japanese film Dead or Alive 2. On 7-10-1980 Edison Chen (nickname: Edison) was born in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. He made his 45 million dollar fortune with Ed Is On, Please Steal This Album, 3 Corners. The actor & musician is currently single, his starsign is Libra and he is now 39 years of age. As of 2020, Edison Chen is dating Vincy Yeung. RELATIONSHIP DETAILS BELOW ⤵ Edison Koon-hei Chen is a Hong Kong Canadian film actor, musician, producer, entrepreneur, and fashion designer. Edison Chen Shows Off Daughter And Supermodel Wife In Hawaii. Looking good sure comes easy for this family. By Weetee Neu. 05 Jan 2018 11:00. Updated 06 Jan 2018 11:42. share tweet send / related stories. You Won’t Believe How Cute Wu Chun’s Son And Edison Chen’s Daughter Are; Edison Chen(陳冠希) was revealed to be dating Chinese supermodel Shupei Qin(秦舒培). The two were even seen returning to The Jervois boutique hotel to spend the night together. Just when everyone thought Shupei and Huayi Brothers Media Corporation(華誼兄弟時尚)'s managing director Leigh Gow(趙磊) were divorced already, it turned ... Is Edison Chen (陳冠希) finally setting down?. According to a Hong Kong netizen, it is highly likely that Edison’s current girlfriend, model Shupei Qin (秦舒培), is pregnant with his child. The netizen said it encountered Shupei in the United States recently, and saw that the model has a swelling belly, like she’s a few months pregnant. Ever since Edison Chen (陳冠希) and a Chinese model, Qin Shupei (秦舒培) get married and have a daughter, he becomes a family man and shares his family photos at times. However based on the news source from Chinese media, Edison is suspected to have an extra-marital affair with a model lately. The tabloids are back with their latest scoop on the controversial star Edison Chen (陳冠希). According to their sources, Edison is currently seeing model Shupei Qin (秦舒培), a 26-year-old married woman from Mainland China. Their relationship came to light when the paparazzi spotted them locking lips in public. Edison Chen has been in relationships with Cecilia Cheung (2003), Bobo Chan, Gillian Chung and Ann Hong. About. Edison Chen is a 39 year old Hong Konger Actor born on 7th October, 1980 in Vancouver, Canada. His zodiac sign is Libra. Edison Chen is a member of the following lists: Canadian film actors, 1980 births and Canadian voice actors. Rumors of Edison Chen(陳冠希) dating Chinese supermodel Shupei Qin(秦舒培) began to trend in September 2015 after a picture emerged of them being very affectionate with each other. In the picture, Shupei is seen sitting on Edison's lap with her arm wrapping around his shoulder. Initially, there was a rumor claiming Edison was dating ...

Netflix’s Space Force Cast Guide: Where You’ve Seen The Actors Before

2020.05.29 15:23 tonnie_taller Netflix’s Space Force Cast Guide: Where You’ve Seen The Actors Before

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Netflix’s _Space Force_ cast consists of several top-tier comedians in television. Not only does Steve Carell serve as co-creator alongside Greg Daniels, with whom he worked with on The Office for seven seasons, but he also portrays the central character. The new comedy series is a spoof on the real-life Space Force, a military branch formed in late 2019.
After the President demands “boots on the moon by 2024,” the Space Force was born. A former member of the Air Force is given the opportunity to lead the operations, and with it comes a lot of uncharted territories. The figures with military-minded viewpoints must learn to work with the science team to further their space missions while appeasing the President’s administration.
Related: Netflix Has Become The Beast It Once Saved Shows From
_Space Force_takes a comedic approach by using satire to present the newest branch of the military, and Carell is joined by several recognizable actors and a few newcomers. Here’s a complete _Space Force_cast and character guide.
Steve Carell plays the lead character, General Mark R. Naird. The 4-star general from the Air Force is put in charge as the Chief of Space Operations of the newest branch of the military called Space Force. He is then forced to relocate his family to Wild Horse, Colorado, which houses the secret base deep in the mountains. Carell is best known for playing Michael Scott on _The Office_in addition to his notable roles in films like Anchorman, The 40-Year-Old Virgin, Little Miss Sunshine, Evan Almighty, and Battle of the Sexes.
John Malkovich portrays Space Force’s head scientist, Dr. Adrian Mallory. Whereas many figures on the base see the branch as a military operation, Adrian views it as an avenue to scientific research. He often disagrees with Mark but the two form an understanding. Malkovich has appeared in nearly six dozen films to date with some notable being Places in the Heart, In the Line of Fire, Empire of the Sun, Con Air, Red, and Bird Box.
Ben Schwartz serves as F. Tony Scarapiducci, the social media director for Space Force. He often follows around Mark and his associates much to their dismay. When matters go awry, F. Tony steps up to clean up the public relations mess. Viewers would best recognize Schwartz for playing Jean-Ralphio Saperstein in Parks and Recreation in addition to his role in _House of Lies_and films like The Walk,This Is Where I Leave You, and Sonic the Hedgehog.
Tawny Newsome portrays Angela Ali, a pilot in the Space Force who gets tasked with flying Mark around in a helicopter for his various engagements. After a time, Angela finds an opportunity with a special rocket launch to the moon. The American singer has also appeared in shows like Superstore, Perfect Harmony, Brockmire, The Comedy Get Down, Nobodies, and Bajillion Dollar Propertie$.
Diana Silvers stars as Erin Naird, Mark’s teenage daughter who isn’t on board with living in small-town Colorado. After spending her entire life in D.C., she finds that she doesn’t fit in with her new surroundings. Before Space Force, Silvers had roles in Into the Dark, Class, Booksmart, and Ma.
Don Lake as Brad Gregory: The 1-star general who serves as Mark’s secretary and personal assistant. Lake is most recognized for his roles in The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, The Bonnie Hunt Show, Police Academy, and Terminator 2: Judgment Day.
Jimmy O. Yang as Dr. Chen Kaifang: A lead scientist on Dr. Mallory’s team. Yang’s most notable roles were seen in _Silicon Valley, Fresh Off the Boat,_ Life of the Party, and Crazy Rich Asians.
Lisa Kudrow as Maggie Naird: Mark’s wife and Erin’s mother who goes to prison shortly after relocating to Colorado. Aside from playing Phoebe Buffay in Friends, Kudrow is known for her work in Romy and Michele’s High School Reunion, Web Therapy, Easy A, and Long Shot.
Noah Emmerich as General Kick Grabaston: The Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force and arch-nemesis of Mark. Emmerich is best known for his role in The Americans as well as work in films like The Truman Show, Miracle, and Super 8.
Jessica St. Clair as Kelly King: The structural engineer of the Space Force base and eventual love interest for Mark. St. Clair’s past TV roles include Arrested Development, American Housewife, The McCarthys, and Review.
Dan Bakkedahl as John Blandsmith: The current Secretary of Defense that passes on orders to Mark that come from the administration. Bakkedahl’s most notable work includes Life in Pieces, Veep,_and _Legit.Kaitlin Olson as Edison Jaymes: A tech guru hired to boost the Space Force’s status in the public eye. Olson is most recognized for playing Dee Reynolds in It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia in addition to roles in Leap Year, The Heat, and The Mick.
Fred Willard as Fred Naird: Mark’s elderly father who often calls with special advice. The legendary actor, with memorable roles in films like Waiting for Guffman, Best in Show, A Mighty Wind, For Your Consideration, and Anchorman,_sadly passed away prior to the release of **_Space Force**.
Next: The Most Anticipated New TV Shows Of 2020
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2017.06.13 07:40 tombstoneshadows28 All of the MPAA/CARA-rated films of 2005 (out of the 4,733 films released worldwide that year.)

G
  1. Bailey’s Billion$ (Director: David Devine)
  2. Chicken Little (Director: Mark Dindal)
  3. Heidi (Director: Alan Simpson)
  4. Herbie: Fully Loaded (Director: Angela Robinson)
  5. Ice Princess (Director: Tim Fywell)
  6. Pooh’s Heffalump Movie (Director: Frank Nissen)
  7. Romeo + Juliet: Sealed With A Kiss (Director: Phil Nibbelink)
  8. Stuart Little III: Call Of The Wild (Director: Audu Paden)
  9. The 12 Dogs Of Christmas (Director: Kieth Merrill)
  10. The Cave Of The Yellow Dog (Director: Byambasuren Davaa)
  11. The Curse Of The Were-Rabbit (Wallace + Gromit in) (Directors: Steve Box + Nick Park)
  12. Valiant (Director: Gary Chapman)
  13. Winky’s Horse (Director: Mischa Kamp)
PG
  1. Angels With Angles (Director: Scott Edmund Lane)
  2. Because Of Winn-Dixie (Director: Wayne Wang)
  3. Bob The Butler (Director: Gary Sinyor)
  4. Booha (Director: Rami Imam)
  5. Charlie + The Chocolate Factory (Director: Tim Burton)
  6. Cheaper By The Dozen II (Director: Adam Shankman)
  7. Come Away Home (Director: Doug McKeon)
  8. The Corpse Bride (Directors: Tim Burton + Mike Johnson)
  9. Down + Derby (Director: Eric Hendershot)
  10. Dreamer: Inspired By A True Story (Director: John Gatins)
  11. Duma (Director: Carroll Ballard)
  12. Elsa + Fred (Director: Marcos Carnevale)
  13. Fated (Directors: Uche Ozoh + Emma Ogugua)
  14. good night, and good luck. (Director: George Clooney)
  15. Harb Atalia (Director: Ahmed Saleh)
  16. Hoodwinked! (Directors: Cory Edwards, Todd Edwards + Tony Leech)
  17. Kicking + Screaming (Director: Jesse Dylan)
  18. Kinky Boots (Director: Julian Jarrold)
  19. Lassie (Director: Charles Sturridge)
  20. Little Manhattan (Director: Mark Levin)
  21. Madagascar (Directors: Eric Darnell + Tom McGrath)
  22. Maxx (Director: Saman Moghadam)
  23. Mee-Shee: The Water Giant (Director: John Henderson)
  24. Meet Me In Miami (Directors: Eric Hannah + Iren Koster)
  25. Miracle At Sage Creek (Director: James Intveld)
  26. Mirrormask (Director: Dave McKean)
  27. Mobsters + Mormons (Director: John E. Moyer)
  28. Mr. Dungbeetle (Director: Thomas Russell)
  29. Nanny McPhee (Director: Kirk Jones)
  30. Once Upon A Wedding (Director: Matia Karrell)
  31. Paradise, Texas (Director: Lorraine Senna)
  32. Popstar (Director: Richard Gabai)
  33. Pride + Prejudice (Director: Joe Wright)
  34. Private Alexandria (Director: Sandra Nashaat)
  35. Racing Stripes (Director: Frederik Du Chau)
  36. Rebound (Director: Steve Carr)
  37. Renart The Fox (Director: Thierry Schiel)
  38. Riding Alone For Thousands Of Miles (Director: Yimou Zhang)
  39. Robots (Director: Chris Wedge + Carlos Saldanha)
  40. Sky High (Director: Mike Mitchell)
  41. Snow White (Director: Samir)
  42. Son Of The Mask (Director: Lawrence Guterman)
  43. Suits On The Loose (Director: Rodney Henson)
  44. Sweet Land (Director: Ali Selim)
  45. Tara Road (Director: Gillies MacKinnon)
  46. The Adventures Of Greyfriars Bobby (Director: John Henderson)
  47. The Adventures Of Sharkboy + Lavagirl in 3-D (Director: Robert Rodriguez)
  48. The Bike Squad (Director: Richard Gabai)
  49. The Californians (Director: Jonathan Parker)
  50. The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (Director: Andrew Adamson)
  51. The Derby Stallion (Director: Craig Clyde)
  52. The Game Of Their Lives (Director: David Anspaugh)
  53. The Gospel (Director: Rob Hardy)
  54. The Greatest Game Ever Played (Director: Bill Paxton)
  55. The Hitchhiker’s Guide To The Galaxy (Director: Garth Jennings)
  56. The Indie Pendant (Director: Kelly Schwarze)
  57. The Keeper: The Legend of Omar Khayyam (Director: Kayvan Mashayekh)
  58. The Legend Of Zorro (Director: Martin Campbell)
  59. The Pacifier (Director: Adam Shankman)
  60. The Perfect Man (Director: Mark Rosman)
  61. The Rocket (Director: Charles Binamé)
  62. The Sisterhood Of The Traveling Pants (Director: Ken Kwapis)
  63. The Third Wish (Director: Shelly Jensen)
  64. Ya ana ya khalty (Director: Said Hamed)
  65. Yours, Mine + Ours (Director: Raja Gosnell)
  66. Zathura: A Space Adventure (Director: Jon Favreau)
PG-13
  1. ...en fin, el mar (Director: Jorge Dyszel)
  2. 7 días (Director: Fernando Kalife)
  3. Æon Flux (Director: Karyn Kusama)
  4. A Lot Like Love (Director: Nigel Cole)
  5. A Sound Of Thunder (Director: Peter Hyams)
  6. Alchemy (Director: Evan Oppenheimer)
  7. Alien Abduction (Director: Eric Forsberg)
  8. All Babes Want To Kill Me (Director: Colin Miller)
  9. American Fusion (Director: Frank Lin)
  10. An American Haunting (Director: Jiri Strach)
  11. An Unfinished Life (Director: Lasse Hallström)
  12. At Last (Director: Tom Anton)
  13. Bad News Bears (Director: Richard Linklater)
  14. Batman Begins (Director: Christopher Nolan)
  15. Be Cool (Director: F. Gary Gray)
  16. Beauty Shop (Director: Bille Woodruff)
  17. Bee Season (Directors: Scott McGehee + David Siegel)
  18. Before It Had A Name (Director: Giada Colagrande)
  19. Bewitched (Director: Nora Ephron)
  20. Bigger Than The Sky (Director: Al Corley)
  21. Blood Of Beasts (Director: David Lister)
  22. Boogeyman (Director Stephen Kay)
  23. Buckaroo: The Movie (Director: James A. Brooks)
  24. Carpool Guy (Director: Corbin Bernsen)
  25. Checking Out (Director: Jeff Hare)
  26. Cinderella Man (Director: Ron Howard)
  27. Club eutanasia (Director: Agustin Tapia)
  28. Coach Carter (Director: Thomas Carter)
  29. Complete Guide To Guys (Director: Jeff Arch)
  30. Constellation (Director: Jordan Walker-Pearlman)
  31. Cry_Wolf (Director: Jeff Wadlow)
  32. Cursed (Director: Wes Craven)
  33. Daltry Calhoun (Director: Katrina Holden Bronston)
  34. Dancing In Twilight (Director: Bob Roe)
  35. Dark Water (Director: Walter Salles)
  36. Diary Of A Mad Black Woman (Director: Darren Grant)
  37. Dirty Deeds (Director: David Kendall)
  38. Dishdogz (Director: Mikey Hilb)
  39. Duck (Director: Nicole Bettauer)
  40. Echoes Of Innocence (Director: Nathan Todd Sims)
  41. Elektra (Director Rob Bowman)
  42. Elizabethtown (Director: Cameron Crowe)
  43. End Of The Spear (Director: Jim Hanon)
  44. Everything Is Illuminated (Director: Liev Schreiber)
  45. Fantastic Four (Director: Tim Story)
  46. Fat Cats (Director: Adam Salazar)
  47. Fever Pitch (Directors: Bobby Farrelly + Peter Farrelly)
  48. Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children (Directors: Tetsuya Nomura + Takeshi Nozue)
  49. Flightplan (Director: Robert Schwentke)
  50. Forbidden Warrior (Director: Jimmy Nickerson)
  51. Fragile (Director: Jaume Balagueró)
  52. Freedom Flight (Director: Frank Quetglas)
  53. Fugitives Run (Director: Philip Spink)
  54. Fullmetal Alchemist the Movie: Conqueror of Shamballa (Director: Seiji Mizushima)
  55. Fun With Dick + Jane (Director: Dean Parisot)
  56. Glass Trap (Director: Fred Olen Ray)
  57. Goal! The Dream Begins (Director: Danny Cannon)
  58. Going Shopping (Director: Henry Jaglom)
  59. Grodmin (Director: Jim Horwitz)
  60. Guess Who (Director: Kevin Rodney Sullivan)
  61. Harry Potter + The Goblet Of Fire (Director: Mike Newell)
  62. Her Minor Thing (Director: Charles Matthau)
  63. Hitch (Director: Andy Tennant)
  64. In The Mix (Director: Ron Underwood)
  65. Into The Blue (Director: John Stockwell)
  66. It’s About Time (Director: Kevin Shinick)
  67. Jesus, Mary + Joey (Director: James Quattrochi)
  68. Joyeux Noel (Director: Christian Carion)
  69. Just Friends (Director: Roger Kumble)
  70. Just Like Heaven (Director: Mark Waters)
  71. Keson (Directors: Lou Angeli + Bill Lewis)
  72. Kids In America (Director: Josh Stolberg)
  73. King Kong (Director: Peter Jackson)
  74. King’s Ransom (Director: Jeffrey W. Byrd)
  75. La rebelle (Director: Sacha Parisot)
  76. Left Behind III: World At War (Director: Craig R. Baxley)
  77. Loggerheads (Director: Tim Kirkman)
  78. Look Both Ways (Director: Sarah Watt)
  79. Looking For Comedy In The Muslim World (Director: Albert Brooks)
  80. Lords Of Dogtown (Director: Catherine Hardwicke)
  81. Lost In Love (Director: Udayan Prasad)
  82. Lovewrecked (Director: Randal Kleiser)
  83. Makin’ A Mess With Jackamoe (Director: Robert David Cochrane)
  84. Man Of The House (Director: Stephen Herek)
  85. Marilyn Hotchkiss' Ballroom Dancing & Charm School (Director: Randall Miller)
  86. Memoirs Of A Geisha (Director: Rob Marshall)
  87. Miss Congeniality II: Armed + Fabulous (Director: John Pasquin)
  88. Missing In America (Director: Gabrielle Savage Dockterman)
  89. Monster-In Law (Director: Robert Luketic)
  90. Mort (Director: Kyle B. Thompson)
  91. Mozart + The Whale (Director: Petter Næss)
  92. Mr. + Mrs. Smith (Director: Doug Liman)
  93. Must Love Dogs (Director: Gary David Goldberg)
  94. Neverwas (Director: Joshua Michael Stern)
  95. Oliver Twist (Director: Roman Polanski)
  96. On A Clear Day (Director: Gaby Dellal)
  97. Paradise Now (Director: Hany Abu-Assad)
  98. Preaching To The Choir (Director: Charles Randolph-Wright)
  99. Prime (Director: Ben Younger)
  100. Proof (Director: John Madden)
  101. Red Eye (Director: Wes Craven)
  102. Rent (Director: Chris Columbus)
  103. Roll Bounce (Director: Malcolm D. Lee)
  104. Rumor Has It... (Director: Rob Reiner)
  105. Sahara (Director: Breck Eisner)
  106. Serenity (Director: Joss Whedon)
  107. Smile (Director: Jeffrey Kramer)
  108. Star Wars - Episode III: Revenge Of The Sith (Director: George Lucas)
  109. States Of Grace (Director: Richard Dutcher)
  110. Stealth (Director: Rob Cohen)
  111. Sueño (Director: Renée Chabria)
  112. Supercross (Director: Steve Boyum)
  113. Taking Your Life (Director: Eric Beetner)
  114. The Accident (Director: Marc Dube)
  115. The Baxter (Director: Michael Showalter)
  116. The Brothers Grimm (Director: Terry Gilliam)
  117. The Cave (Director: Bruce Hunt)
  118. The Dukes Of Hazzard (Director: Jay Chandrasekhar)
  119. The Exorcism Of Emily Rose (Director: Scott Derrickson)
  120. The Eye III (Director: Danny Pang + Oxide Chun Pang)
  121. The Family Stone (Director: Thomas Bezucha)
  122. The Film (Director: Junaid Memon)
  123. The Fog (Director: Rupert Wainwright)
  124. The Gazelle’s Blood (Director: Mohamed Yassin)
  125. The Great Yokai War (Director: Takashi Miike)
  126. The Honeymooners (Director: John Schultz)
  127. The Interpreter (Director: Sydney Pollack)
  128. The Iris Effect (Director: Nikolay Lebedev)
  129. The Island (Director: Michael Bay)
  130. The Italian (Director: Andrey Kravchuk)
  131. The Kid + I (Director: Penelope Spheeris)
  132. The Last Sign (Director: Douglas Law)
  133. The Longest Yard (Director: Peter Segal)
  134. The Man (Director: Les Mayfield)
  135. The Mistress Of Spices (Director: Paul Mayeda Berges)
  136. The Myth (Director: Stanley Tong)
  137. The New World (Director: Terrence Malick)
  138. The Pearl (Director: Will Wallace)
  139. The Pirate’s Curse (Director: Mark Roper)
  140. The Prize Winner Of Defiance, Ohio (Director: Jane Anderson)
  141. The Producers (Director: Susan Stroman)
  142. The Promise (Director: Kaige Chen)
  143. The Ring Two (Director: Hideo Nakata)
  144. The Ringer (Director: Barry W. Blaustein)
  145. The Salon (Director: Mark Brown)
  146. The Skeleton Key (Director: Iain Softley)
  147. The Thing About My Folks (Director: Raymond De Felitta)
  148. The Vault (Director: Ric Moxley)
  149. The Wedding Date (Director: Clare Kilner)
  150. The Wendell Baker Story (Directors: Andrew Wilson + Luke Wilson)
  151. The White Countess (Director: James Ivory)
  152. The Work + The Glory II: American Zion (Director: Sterling Van Wagenen)
  153. The World’s Fastest Indian (Director: Roger Donaldson)
  154. Three Bad Man (Director: Jeff Hathcock)
  155. Transporter II (Director: Louis Leterrier)
  156. Underclassman (Director: Marcos Siega)
  157. Undiscovered (Director: Meiert Avis)
  158. Walk The Line (Director: James Mangold)
  159. War Of The Worlds (Director: Steven Spielberg)
  160. Water (Director: Deepa Mehta)
  161. White Noise (Director: Geoffrey Sax)
  162. xXx: State Of The Union (Director: Lee Tamahori)
R
  1. 12 + Holding (Director: Michael Cuesta)
  2. 2001 Maniacs (Director: Tim Sullivan)
  3. 9th Company (Director: Fedor Bondarchuk)
  4. A Catastrophe Of Men (Director: Benjamin Mennell)
  5. A History Of Violence (Director: David Cronenberg)
  6. A Little Trip To Heaven (Director: Baltasar Kormákur)
  7. A Perfect Fit (Director: Ron Brown)
  8. A Year Without Love (Director: Anahi Berneri)
  9. Aconite (Director: Ben Dixon)
  10. Adam + Steve (Director: Craig Chester)
  11. Adam + Eve (Director: Jeff Kanew)
  12. Adam’s Apples (Director: Anders Thomas Jensen)
  13. All That I Need (Director: James Hergott)
  14. Alone In The Dark (Director: Uwe Boll)
  15. American Gun (Director: Aric Avelino)
  16. American Soldiers (Director: Sidney J. Furie)
  17. American Visa (Director: Juan Carlos Valdivia)
  18. Americano (Director: Kevin Nolan)
  19. An Uzi At The Alamo (Director: Raymond Lepre + Chris Sparling)
  20. Angel-A (Director: Luc Besson)
  21. Another Public Enemy (Director: Woo-Suk Kang)
  22. Are We There Yet? (Director Brian Levant)
  23. Assault On Precinct 13 (Director: Jean-François Richet)
  24. Asylum (Director: David Mackenzie)
  25. Aunt Rose (Director: James Tucker)
  26. Aurora Borealis (Director: James C.E. Burke)
  27. Back In The Day (Director: James Hunter)
  28. Bad Girls From Valley High (Director: John T. Kretchmer)
  29. Bad Reputation (Director: Jim Hemphill)
  30. Beneath Still Waters (Director: Brian Yuzna)
  31. Beowulf + Grendel (Director: Sturla Gunnarsson)
  32. Berkeley (Director: Bobby Roth)
  33. Beyond The Gates (Director: Michael Caton-Jones)
  34. Black Wine (Director: Ryan Rossell)
  35. BloodRayne (Director: Uwe Bolle)
  36. Bloodline (Director: Antwan Smith)
  37. Boardwalk Poets (Director: John Bevilacqua)
  38. Boo (Director: Anthony C. Ferrante)
  39. Born Killers (Director: Morgan J. Freeman)
  40. Boy Eats Girl (Director: Stephen Bradley)
  41. Boynton Beach Club (Director: Susan Seidelman)
  42. Break A Leg (Director: Monika Mitchell)
  43. Breakfast On Pluto (Director: Neil Jordan)
  44. Brick (Director: Rian Johnson)
  45. Brokeback Mountain (Director: Ang Lee)
  46. Broken Flowers (Director: Jim Jarmusch)
  47. Brooklyn Lobster (Director: Kevin Jordan)
  48. Brothers In Arms (Director: Jean-Claude La Marre)
  49. Brothers Of The Head (Director: Keith Fulton + Louis Pepe)
  50. Bubble (Director: Steven Soderbergh)
  51. Caché (Hidden) (Director: Michael Haneke)
  52. Cake (Director Nisha Ganatra)
  53. Capote (Director: Bennett Miller)
  54. Casanova (Director: Lasse Hallström)
  55. Chaos (Director: Tony Giglio)
  56. Chasing Erections (Directors: Hedley Turk)
  57. Che Guevara (Director: Josh Evans)
  58. Chicago Poems (Director: Gerard Jamroz + Thomas Jamroz)
  59. Choker (Director: Nick Vallelonga)
  60. Cold + Dark (Director: Andrew Goth)
  61. Comatose (Director: Michael Merrill)
  62. Confess (Director: Stefan C. Schaefer)
  63. Confession (Director: Jonathan Meyers)
  64. Confessions Of A Pit Fighter (Director: Art Camacho)
  65. Constantine (Director: Francis Lawrence)
  66. Conversations With Other Women (Director: Hans Canosa)
  67. Cruel World (Director: Kelsey T. Howard)
  68. Cup Of My Blood (Director: Lance Catania)
  69. Curandero (Director: Eduardo Rodriguez)
  70. Dark Assassin (Director: Jason Yee)
  71. Dark Remains (Director: Brian Avenet-Bradley)
  72. Dating Games People Play (Director: Stefan Marc)
  73. David + Layla (Director: J.J. Alani)
  74. Dead Fish (Director: Charley Stadler)
  75. Dead Men Walking (Director: Peter Mervis)
  76. Dead In Texas (Director: Michael Anton)
  77. Death Trance (Directors: Yûji Shimomura + Alexander Von David)
  78. Death Tunnel (Director: Philip Adrian Booth)
  79. Deepwater (Director: David S. Marfield)
  80. Demon Hunter (Director: Scott Ziehl)
  81. Derailed (Director: Mikael Håfström)
  82. Desolation Sound (Director: Scott Weber)
  83. Deuce Bigalow: European Gigolo (Director: Mike Bigelow)
  84. Diamond Zero (Director: David Gaz + Annelie Wilder)
  85. Dot.kill (Director: John Irvin)
  86. Dinner With An Assassin (Director: Bobby Guions)
  87. Dirty (Director: Chris Fisher)
  88. Dirty Love (Director: John Asher)
  89. Disaster! (Director: Roy T. Wood)
  90. Divergence (Director: Benny Chan)
  91. Dominion: Prequel To The Exorcist (Director: Paul Schrader)
  92. Domino (Director: Tony Scott)
  93. Don’t Come Knocking (Director: Wim Wenders)
  94. Don’t Tell (Director: Cristina Comencini)
  95. Doom (Director: Andrzej Bartkowiak)
  96. Down In The Valley (Director: David Jacobson)
  97. Drop Dead Sexy (Director: Michael Philip)
  98. Duane Hopwood (Director: Matt Mulhern)
  99. Edison (Director: David J. Burke)
  100. Edmond (Director: Stuart Gordon)
  101. El vacilón: The Movie (Director: Agustin)
  102. Eleven Men Out (Director: Róbert I. Douglas)
  103. Ellie Parker (Director: Scott Coffey)
  104. Empire Of The Wolves (Director: Chris Nahon)
  105. English As A Second Language (Director: Youssef Delara)
  106. Evil (Director: Giorgos Nousias)
  107. Evil Aliens (Director: Jake West)
  108. Experiment (Director: Dan Turner)
  109. Extreme Dating (Director: Lorena David)
  110. Factotum (Director: Bent Hamer)
  111. Fastback (Director: Francis Kilduff)
  112. Fateless (Director: Lajos Koltai)
  113. Façade (Director: Brian Bedard)
  114. Feast (Director: John Gulager)
  115. Fierce People (Director: Griffin Dunne)
  116. Forest Of The Damned (Director: Johannes Roberts)
  117. Fortunes (Director: Parker Cross)
  118. Forty Shades Of Blue (Director: Ira Sachs)
  119. Four Brothers (Director: John Singleton)
  120. Frankenstein Reborn (Director: Leigh Scott)
  121. Freezerburn (Director: Melissa Balin)
  122. Fugitive Hunter (Director: John Alexander Jimenez)
  123. Funny Valentine (Director: Jeff Oppenheim)
  124. Game 6 (Director: Michael Hoffman)
  125. Get Rich Or Die Tryin’ (Director: Jim Sheridan)
  126. Ghetto Dawg II (Directors: Jeff Crook + Josh Crook)
  127. Ghosts Never Sleep (Director: Steve Freedman)
  128. Green Street Hooligans (Director: Lexi Alexander)
  129. Guy X (Director: Saul Metzstein)
  130. Hallowed (Director: Rocky Costanzo)
  131. Happy Endings (Director: Don Roos)
  132. Hard Candy (Director: David Slade)
  133. Harder They Fall (Director: Lee Cipolla)
  134. Harsh Times (Director: David Ayer)
  135. Hate Crime (Director: Tommy Stovall)
  136. Haunted Boat (Director: Olga Levens)
  137. Havoc (Director: Barbara Kopple)
  138. Heads Or Tales (Directors: Clark Kline + Joey McAdams)
  139. Headspace (Director: Andrew van den Houten)
  140. Heart Of The Beholder (Director: Ken Tipton)
  141. Heights (Director: Chris Terrio)
  142. Her Name Is Carla (Director: Jay Anania)
  143. Hide + Seek (Director: John Polson)
  144. Hit Me (Director: Michael Kinney)
  145. Hollywood Files (Director: Fabio Segatori)
  146. Hostage (Director: Florent-Emilio Siri)
  147. Hostel (Director: Eli Roth)
  148. House Of 9 (Director: Steven R. Monroe)
  149. House Of Sand (Director: Andrucha Waddington)
  150. House Of Wax (Director: Jaume Collet-Serra)
  151. How You Look To Me (Director: J. Miller Tobin)
  152. How The Garcia Girls Spent Their Summer (Director: Georgina Garcia Riedel)
  153. Hustle + Flow (Director: Craig Brewer)
  154. Imagine Me + You (Director: Ol Parker)
  155. In Her Shoes (Director: Curtis Hanson)
  156. Infection (Director: Albert Pyun)
  157. Insecticidal (Director: Jeffery Scott Lando)
  158. Intermedio (Director: Andrew Lauer)
  159. Into The Sun (Director: mink)
  160. Isolation (Director: Billy O’Brien)
  161. Jarhead (Director: Sam Mendes)
  162. Jolly Roger: Massacre At Cutter’s Cove (Director: Gary Jones)
  163. Junebug (Director: Phil Morrison)
  164. Keep Your Distance (Director: Stu Pollard)
  165. Keeping Mum (Director: Niall Johnson)
  166. King Of The Lost World (Director: Leigh Scott)
  167. Kingdom Of Heaven (Director: Ridley Scott)
  168. Kiss Kiss Bang Bang (Director: Shane Black)
  169. Kissed By Winter (Director: Sara Johnsen)
  170. L’enfant (Directors: Jean-Pierre Dardenne + Luc Dardenne)
  171. La caja (Director: Craig McMahon)
  172. La mujer de mi Hermano (Director: Ricardo de Montreuil)
  173. Lady Vengeance (Director: Chan-wook Park)
  174. Land Of The Dead (Director: George A. Romero)
  175. Last Days (Director: Gus Van Sant)
  176. Laura Smiles (Director: Jason Ruscio)
  177. Lethal (Director: Dustin Rikert)
  178. Lethal Eviction (Director: Michael Feifer)
  179. Lie Still (Director: Sean Hogan)
  180. Life Of The Party (Director: Barra Grant)
  181. Little Athens (Director: Tom Zuber)
  182. Little Fish (Director: Rowan Woods)
  183. London (Director: Hunter Richards)
  184. Lonesome Jim (Director: Steve Buscemi)
  185. Long Distance (Director: Marcus Stern)
  186. Looking For Cheyenne (Director: Valérie Minetto)
  187. Lord Of War (Director: Andrew Niccol)
  188. Lost In Plainview (Director: Eric Chambers)
  189. Love + Suicide (Director: Lisa France)
  190. Love Thy Neighbor (Director: Nick Gregory)
  191. Love For Rent (Director: Shane Edelman)
  192. Love, Ludlow (Director: Adrienne Weiss)
  193. Loverboy (Director: Kevin Bacon)
  194. Lower City (Director: Sérgio Machado)
  195. Lucky 13 (Director: Chris Hall)
  196. Man-Thing (Director: Brett Leonard)
  197. Mark 8:36 (Directors: Justin Charles + Michael Brian hart)
  198. Match Point (Director: Woody Allen)
  199. Me and You and Everyone We Know (Director: Miranda July)
  200. Meet The Family (Director: Stan Lerner)
  201. Meet The Family: Dinner With The Rumps (Director: Stan Lerner)
  202. Mortuary (Director: Tobe Hooper)
  203. Mrs. Henderson Presents (Director: Stephen Frears)
  204. Munich (Director: Steven Spielberg)
  205. Mutual Appreciation (Director: Andrew Bujalski)
  206. My Big Fat Independent (Director: Philip Zlotorynski)
  207. Nearing Grace (Director: Rick Rosenthal)
  208. Neighbour No. 13 (Director: Yasuo Inoue)
  209. Never Been Thawed (Director: Sean Anders)
  210. Niagara Motel (Director: Gary Yates)
  211. Night Fangs (Director: Ricardo Islas)
  212. Night Watch (Director: Edgardo Cozarinsky)
  213. Nightmare (Director: Dylan Bank)
  214. Nine Lives (Director: Rodrigo Garcia)
  215. No Rules (Director: Gerry Anderson)
  216. Nomad: The Warrior (Directors: Sergei Bodrov + Ivan Passer)
  217. North Country (Director: Niki Caro)
  218. Occupation: Hollywood (Director: Marques T. Owens)
  219. One Last Thing... (Director: Alex Steyermark)
  220. One Missed Call II (Director: Renpei Tsukamoto)
  221. Partners (Director: David Diamond)
  222. Pieces Of A Dream (Director: Skee Skinner)
  223. Pierrepoint: The Last Hangman (Director: Adrian Shergold)
  224. Pit Fighter (Director: Jesse V. Johnston)
  225. Pontianak harum sundal malam 2 (Directors: Shuhaimi Baba, Aida Fitri Buyung + Ibrahim Elias)
  226. Pray (Director: Yûichi Satô)
  227. Pretty Persuasion (Director: Marcos Siega)
  228. Private Moments (Director: Jag Mundhra)
  229. Pros + Ex-Cons (Director: Timothy Boyle)
  230. Pure (Director: Susan Karrie Braun)
  231. Queens (Director: Manuel Gómez Pereira)
  232. Race You To The Bottom (Director: Russell Brown)
  233. Red Doors (Director: Georgia Lee)
  234. Red Mercury (Director: Roy Battersby)
  235. Reincarnation (Director: Takashi Shimizu)
  236. Remedy (Director: Christian Maelen)
  237. Return of the Living Dead, Part IV: Necropolis (Director: Ellory Elkayem)
  238. Return of the Living Dead, Part V: Rave to the Grave (Director: Ellory Elkayem)
  239. Reversal Of Misfortune (Director: Tim Riel)
  240. Revolver (Director: Guy Ritchie)
  241. River Queen (Director: Vincent Ward)
  242. Rock The Paint (Director: Phil Bertelsen)
  243. Romance + Cigarettes (Director: John Turturro)
  244. Rosario Tijeras (Director: Emilio Maillé)
  245. Rx (Director: Ariel Vromen)
  246. Santa’s Slay (Director: David Steiman)
  247. Saw II (Director: Darren Lynn Bousman)
  248. Say Uncle (Director: Peter Paige)
  249. Scar (Director: Rahil Bhorania)
  250. Searching For Bobby D (Director: Paul Borghese)
  251. Secuestro express (Director: Jonathan Jakubowicz)
  252. Self-Medicated (Director: Monty Lapica)
  253. Separate Lies (Director: Julian Fellowes)
  254. Severed (Director: Carl Bessai)
  255. Sex Sells: The Making of 'Touché' (Director: Jonathan Liebert)
  256. Shadow Of The Sword (The Headsman) (Director: Simon Aeby)
  257. Shadowboxer (Director: Lee Daniels)
  258. Shadowless Sword (Director: Young-jun Kim)
  259. Shapeshifter (Director: Gregory Lemkin)
  260. Sharkskin 6 (Director: Trevor King)
  261. Shinobi: Heart Under Blade (Director: Ten Shimoyama)
  262. Shopgirl (Director: Anand Tucker)
  263. Side Effects (Director: Kathleen Slattery-Moschkau)
  264. Silence Becomes You (Director: Stephanie Sinclaire)
  265. Silent Scream (Director: Matt Cantu + Lance Kawas)
  266. Sin City (Directors: Frank Miller, Robert Rodriguez + Quentin Tarantino)
  267. Slaughterhouse Of The Rising Sun (Director: Vin Crease)
  268. Slingshot (Director: Jay Alaimo)
  269. Slipstream (Director: David van Eyssen)
  270. Slow Burn (Director: Wayne Beach)
  271. Snuff-Movie (Director: Bernard Rose)
  272. Southern Belles (Directors: Paul S. Myers + Brennan Shroff)
  273. Spirit Trap (Director: David Smith)
  274. Standing Still (Director: Matthew Cole Weiss)
  275. State Property: Blood On The Streets (Director: Damon Dash)
  276. Stay (Director: Marc Forster)
  277. Stoned (Director: Stephen Woolley)
  278. Strange As Angels (Director: Steven Foley)
  279. Strangers With Candy (Director: Paul Dinello)
  280. Syriana (Director: Stephen Gaghan)
  281. Tamara (Director: Jeremy Haft)
  282. Target Of Opportunity (Director: Danny Lerner)
  283. Thank You For Smoking (Director: Jason Reitman)
  284. The 40-Year-Old Virgin (Director: Judd Apatow)
  285. The Amateurs (Director: Michael Traeger)
  286. The Amityville Horror (Director: Andrew Douglas)
  287. The Ballad Of Jack + Rose (Director: Rebecca Miller)
  288. The Beast Of Bray Road (Director: Leigh Scott)
  289. The Best Man (Director: Stefan Schwartz)
  290. The Big White (Director: Mark Mylod)
  291. The Business (Director: Nick Love)
  292. The Cavern (Director: Olatunde Osunsanmi)
  293. The Chumscrubber (Director: Arie Posin)
  294. The Civilization Of Maxwell Bright (Director: David Beaird)
  295. The Coat Room (Director: Jason F. Gilbert)
  296. The Constant Gardener (Director: Fernando Meirelles)
  297. The Crow: Wicked Prayer (Director: Lance Mungia)
  298. The Cutter (Director: William Tannen)
  299. The Dark (Director: John Fawcett)
  300. The Dark Hours (Director: Paul Fox)
  301. The Deal (Director: Harvey Kahn)
  302. The Death Of Mr. Lazarescu (Director: Cristi Puiu)
  303. The Descent (Director: Neil Marshall)
  304. The Devil’s Rejects (Director: Rob Zombie)
  305. The Dying Gaul (Director: Craig Lucas)
  306. The Girl From Monday (Director: Hal Hartley)
  307. The Godfather Of Green Bay (Director: Pete Schwaba)
  308. The Good Humor Man (Director: Tenney Fairchild)
  309. The Great New Wonderful (Director: Danny Leiner)
  310. The Great Raid (Director: John Dahl)
  311. The Heirloom (Director: Leste Chen)
  312. The Helix...Loaded (Director: A. Raven Cruz)
  313. The Ice Harvest (Director: Harold Ramis)
  314. The Jacket (Director: John Maybury)
  315. The King (Director: James Marsh)
  316. The King Maker (Director: Lek Kitaparaporn)
  317. The L.A. Riot Spectacular (Director: Marc Klasfeld)
  318. The Last Confederate: The Story of Robert Adams (Directors: Julian Adams, A. Blaine Miller + Blaine Miller)
  319. The Legend Of Lucy Keyes (Director: John Stimpson)
  320. The Life and Hard Times of Guy Terrifico (Michael Mabbott)
  321. The Long Weekend (Director: Pat Holden)
  322. The Lost Angel (Director: Dimitri Logothetis)
  323. The Lost City (Director: Andy Garcia)
  324. The Luau (Director: Barry Bowles)
  325. The Matador (Director: Richard Shepard)
  326. The Mostly Unfabulous Social Life of Ethan Green (Director: George Bamber)
  327. The Notorious Bettie Page (Director: Mary Harron)
  328. The Nun (Director: Luis de la Madrid)
  329. The Path Of Evil (Director: Brad Goodman)
  330. The Proposition (Director: John Hillcoat)
  331. The Protector (Director: Prachya Pinkaew)
  332. The Prototype (Director: Christopher Cantwell)
  333. The Puffy Chair (Directors: Jay Duplass + Mark Duplass)
  334. The Quiet (Director: Jamie Babbit)
  335. The Rain Makers (Director: Ray Ellingsen)
  336. The River King (Director: Nick Willing)
  337. The Russian Specialist (Director: Dolph Lundgren)
  338. The Second Front (Director: Dmitriy Fiks)
  339. The Sisters (Director: Arthur Allan Seidelman)
  340. The Squid + The Whale (Director: Noah Baumbach)
  341. The Tenants (Director: Danny Green)
  342. The Three Burials Of Of Melquiades Estrada (Director: Tommy Lee Jones)
  343. The Trouble With Dee Dee (Director: Mike Meiners)
  344. The Truth About Love (Director: John Hay)
  345. The Unknown (Director: Karl Kozak)
  346. The Upside Of Anger (Director: Mike Binder)
  347. The War Within (Director: Joseph Castelo)
  348. The Weather Man (Director: Gore Verbinski)
  349. The Witch’s Sabbath (Director: Jeff Leroy)
  350. The Zodiac (Director: Alexander Bulkley)
  351. These Girls (Director: John Hazlett)
  352. This Revolution (Director: Stephen Marshall)
  353. Thralls (Director: Ron Oliver)
  354. Three Dollars (Director: Robert Connolly)
  355. Throttle (Director: James Seale)
  356. Thumbsucker (Director: Mike Mills)
  357. Tideland (Director: Terry Gilliam)
  358. Touched (Director: Timothy Scott Bogart)
  359. Touching Down (Director: Chris King)
  360. Tracks (Director: Peter Wade)
  361. Transamerica (Director: Duncan Tucker)
  362. Trip Out (Director: James M. Hausler)
  363. Tristram Shandy: A Cock + Bull Story (Director: Michael Winterbottom)
  364. Trust The Man (Director: Bart Freundlich)
  365. Tryst (Director: John Ashmore)
  366. Tsotsi (Director: Gavin Hood)
  367. Turning Green (Directors: Michael Aimette + John G. Hofmann)
  368. Two For The Money (Director: D.J. Caruso)
  369. Typhoon (Director: Kyung-taek Kwak)
  370. Unleashed (Director: Louis Leterrier)
  371. V For Vendetta (Director: James McTeigue)
  372. Venice Underground (Director: Eric DelaBarre)
  373. Venom (Director: Jim Gillespie)
  374. View In Black + White (Director: Irwin Miller)
  375. Vinsanity (Director: Kaan Tulgar)
  376. Wah-Wah (Director: Richard E. Grant)
  377. Waiting... (Director: Rob McKittrick)
  378. Wassup Rockers (Director: Larry Clark)
  379. Waterborne (Director: Ben Rekhi)
  380. Way Of The Vampire (Directors: Sarah Nean Bruce + Eduardo Durão)
  381. Wedding Crashers (Director: David Dobkin)
  382. Wheelmen (Director: Dirk Hagen)
  383. When Do We Eat? (Director: Salvador Litvak)
  384. Where The Truth Lies (Director: Atom Egoyan)
  385. Wild Country (Director: Craig Strachan)
  386. Window Theory (Director: Andrew Putschoegl)
  387. Winter Passing (Director: Adam Rapp)
  388. Within (Directors: John A. Curtis + Merlin Ward)
  389. Wolf Creek (Director: Greg McLean)
  390. You Are Alone (Director: Gorman Bechard)
  391. You + Your Stupid Mate (Director: Marc Gracie)
NC-17
(None)
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2016.01.26 04:47 pandaahatesreddit My report on BRUCE LEE

Bruce Lee (Chinese: 李小龍; born Lee Jun-fan, Chinese: 李振藩; November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973) was a Hong Kong American martial artist, Hong Kong action film actor, martial arts instructor, philosopher, filmmaker,[3] and the founder of Jeet Kune Do. Lee was the son of Cantonese opera star Lee Hoi-Chuen. He is widely considered by commentators, critics, media and other martial artists to be one of the most influential martial artists of all time,[4] and a pop culture icon of the 20th century.[5][6] He is often credited with helping to change the way Asians were presented in American films.[7]
Lee was born in Chinatown, San Francisco on November 27, 1940 to parents from Hong Kong and was raised in Kowloon with his family until his late teens. He was introduced to the film industry by his father and appeared in several films as a child actor. Lee moved to the United States at the age of 18 to receive his higher education, at the University of Washington, at Seattle[8] and it was during this time that he began teaching martial arts. His Hong Kong and Hollywood-produced films elevated the traditional Hong Kong martial arts film to a new level of popularity and acclaim, sparking a surge of interest in Chinese martial arts in the West in the 1970s. The direction and tone of his films changed and influenced martial arts and martial arts films in the United States, Hong Kong and the rest of the world.[9]
He is noted for his roles in five feature-length films: Lo Wei's The Big Boss (1971) and Fist of Fury (1972); Golden Harvest's Way of the Dragon (1972), directed and written by Lee; Golden Harvest and Warner Brothers' Enter the Dragon (1973) and The Game of Death (1978), both directed by Robert Clouse.[10] Lee became an iconic figure known throughout the world, particularly among the Chinese, as he portrayed Chinese nationalism in his films.[11] He trained in the art of Wing Chun and later combined his other influences from various sources, in the spirit of his personal martial arts philosophy, which he dubbed Jeet Kune Do (The Way of the Intercepting Fist). Lee held dual nationality of Britain (Hong Kong was then a British enclave) and the United States.[12] He died in Kowloon Tong on July 20, 1973 at the age of 32.Bruce Lee was born on November 27, 1940, at the Chinese Hospital, in San Francisco's Chinatown. According to the Chinese zodiac, Lee was born in both the hour and the year of the Dragon, which according to tradition is a strong and fortuitous omen.[13]
Bruce's father, Lee Hoi-chuen, (李海泉) was Han Chinese, and his mother, Grace Ho (何愛瑜), was half-Chinese and half-Caucasian.[14] Specifically, Grace Ho was a half-German Catholic.[15] Grace Ho was the adopted daughter of Ho Kom-tong (Ho Gumtong, 何甘棠) and the niece of Sir Robert Ho-tung, both notable Hong Kong businessmen and philanthropists.[16] Bruce was the fourth child of five children: Phoebe Lee (李秋源), Agnes Lee (李秋鳳), Peter Lee (李忠琛), and Robert Lee (李振輝). Lee and his parents returned to Hong Kong when he was three months old.[17] Names Bruce Lee and his family, when he was a child.
Lee's Cantonese birth name was Lee Jun-fan (李振藩).[18] The name homophonically means "return again", and was given to Lee by his mother, who felt he would return to the United States once he came of age.[15] Because of his mother's superstitious nature, she had originally named him Sai-fon (細鳳), which is a feminine name meaning "small phoenix".[19] The English name "Bruce" is thought to have been given by the hospital attending physician, Dr. Mary Glover.[20]
Lee had three other Chinese names: Li Yuanxin (李源鑫), a family/clan name; Li Yuanjian (李元鑒), which he used as a student name while he was attending La Salle College, and his Chinese screen name Li Xiaolong (李小龍; Xiaolong means "little dragon"). Lee's given name Jun-fan was originally written in Chinese as 震藩, however, the Jun (震) Chinese character was identical to part of his grandfather's name, Lee Jun-biu (李震彪). Hence, the Chinese character for Jun in Lee's name was changed to the homonym 振 instead, to avoid naming taboo in Chinese tradition. Family
Lee's father, Lee Hoi-chuen, was one of the leading Cantonese opera and film actors at the time, and was embarking on a year-long opera tour with his family on the eve of the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong. Lee Hoi-chuen had been touring the United States for many years and performing at numerous Chinese communities there.
Although many of his peers decided to stay in the United States, Lee Hoi-chuen returned to Hong Kong after Bruce's birth. Within months, Hong Kong was invaded and the Lees lived for three years and eight months under Japanese occupation. After the war ended, Lee Hoi-chuen resumed his acting career and became a more popular actor during Hong Kong's rebuilding years.Lee's mother, Grace Ho, was from one of the wealthiest and most powerful clans in Hong Kong, the Ho-tungs. She was the niece of Sir Robert Ho-tung,[16][21] the Eurasian patriarch of the clan. As such, the young Bruce Lee grew up in an affluent and privileged environment. Despite the advantage of his family's status, the neighborhood in which Lee grew up became overcrowded, dangerous, and full of gang rivalries due to an influx of refugees fleeing communist China for Hong Kong, at that time a British Crown colony.[19]
After Lee was involved in several street fights, his parents decided that he needed to be trained in the martial arts. Lee's first introduction to martial arts was through his father, from whom he learned the fundamentals of Wu-style t'ai chi ch'uan.[22] Wing Chun See also: History of Wing Chun Lee, before the age of 18.
The largest influence on Lee's martial arts development was his study of Wing Chun. Lee began training in Wing Chun when he was 16 years old under the Wing Chun teacher Yip Man in 1957, after losing several fights with rival gang members. Yip's regular classes generally consisted of the forms practice, chi sao (sticking hands) drills, wooden dummy techniques, and free-sparring.[23] There was no set pattern to the classes.[23] Yip tried to keep his students from fighting in the street gangs of Hong Kong by encouraging them to fight in organized competitions.[24]
After a year into his Wing Chun training, most of Yip Man's other students refused to train with Lee after they learned of his mixed ancestry, as the Chinese were generally against teaching their martial arts techniques to non-Asians.[25][26] Lee's sparring partner, Hawkins Cheung states, "Probably fewer than six people in the whole Wing Chun clan were personally taught, or even partly taught, by Yip Man".[27] However, Lee showed a keen interest in Wing Chun, and continued to train privately with Yip Man and Wong Shun Leung in 1955.[28] Wan Kam Leung, a student of Wong's, witnessed a sparring bout between Wong and Lee, and noted the speed and precision with which Lee was able to deliver his kicks. Lee continued to train with Wong Shun Leung after later returning to Hong Kong from America. Leaving Hong Kong Lee and his teacher Yip Man.
After attending Tak Sun School (德信學校) (several blocks from his home at 218 Nathan Road, Kowloon), Lee entered the primary school division of La Salle College at the age of 12. In around 1956, due to poor academic performance (or possibly poor conduct as well), he was transferred to St. Francis Xavier's College (high school) where he would be mentored by Brother Edward, a teacher and coach of the school boxing team. Lee in 1958, dancing Cha-cha.
In the spring of 1959, Lee got into yet another street fight and the police were called.[29] Until his late teens, Lee's street fights became more frequent and included beating the son of a feared triad family.[citation needed] Eventually, Lee's father decided his son should leave Hong Kong to pursue a safer and healthier life in the United States. His parents confirmed the police's fear that this time Lee's opponent had an organised crime background, and there was the possibility that a contract was out for his life.
The police detective came and he says "Excuse me Mr. Lee, your son is really fighting bad in school. If he gets into just one more fight I might have to put him in jail". — Robert Lee[19] 
In April 1959, Lee's parents decided to send him to the United States to stay with his older sister, Agnes Lee (李秋鳳), who was already living with family friends in San Francisco. New life in America With son Brandon in 1966
At the age of 18, Lee returned to the United States with $100 in his pocket. After living in San Francisco for several months, he moved to Seattle in 1959, to continue his high school education, where he also worked for Ruby Chow as a live-in waiter at her restaurant.
Chow's husband was a co-worker and friend of Lee's father. Lee's elder brother Peter Lee (李忠琛) would also join him in Seattle for a short stay before moving on to Minnesota to attend college. In December 1960, Lee completed his high school education and received his diploma from Edison Technical School (now Seattle Central Community College, located on Capitol Hill in Seattle).
In March 1961, Lee enrolled at the University of Washington, majoring in drama according to a 1999 article in the university's alumni magazine,[30] not in philosophy as stated by Lee himself and many others. Lee also studied philosophy, psychology, and various other subjects.[31][32] It was at the University of Washington that he met his future wife Linda Emery, a fellow student studying to become a teacher, whom he married in August 1964.
Lee had two children with Linda Emery, Brandon Lee (1965–93) and Shannon Lee (born 1969). Martial arts career Jun Fan Gung Fu
Lee began teaching martial arts in the United States in 1959. He called what he taught Jun Fan Gung Fu (literally Bruce Lee's Kung Fu). It was basically his approach to Wing Chun.[33] Lee taught friends he met in Seattle, starting with Judo practitioner Jesse Glover, who continued to teach some of Lee's early techniques. Taky Kimura became Lee's first Assistant Instructor and continued to teach his art and philosophy after Lee's death.[34] Lee opened his first martial arts school, named the Lee Jun Fan Gung Fu Institute, in Seattle.
Lee dropped out of college in the spring of 1964 and moved to Oakland to live with James Yimm Lee (嚴鏡海). James Lee was twenty years senior to Bruce Lee and a well known Chinese martial artist in the area. Together, they founded the second Jun Fan martial art studio in Oakland. James Lee was also responsible for introducing Bruce Lee to Ed Parker, American martial artist, and organizer of the Long Beach International Karate Championships at which Bruce Lee was later "discovered" by Hollywood. Long Beach International Karate Championships
At the invitation of Ed Parker, Lee appeared in the 1964 Long Beach International Karate Championships[35] and performed repetitions of two-finger push-ups (using the thumb and the index finger of one hand) with feet at approximately a shoulder-width apart. In the same Long Beach event he also performed the "One inch punch."[36] Lee stood upright, his right foot forward with knees bent slightly, in front of a standing, stationary partner. Lee's right arm was partly extended and his right fist approximately one inch (2.5 cm) away from the partner's chest. Without retracting his right arm, Lee then forcibly delivered the punch to his partner while largely maintaining his posture, sending the partner backwards and falling into a chair said to be placed behind the partner to prevent injury, though his partner's momentum soon caused him to fall to the floor. His volunteer was Bob Baker of Stockton, California. "I told Bruce not to do this type of demonstration again", Baker recalled. "When he punched me that last time, I had to stay home from work because the pain in my chest was unbearable".[37]
It was at the 1964 championships where Lee first met Taekwondo master Jhoon Goo Rhee. The two developed a friendship – a relationship from which they benefited as martial artists. Rhee taught Lee the side kick in detail, and Lee taught Rhee the "non-telegraphic" punch.[38]
Lee appeared at the 1967 Long Beach International Karate Championships and performed various demonstrations, including the famous "unstoppable punch" against USKA world Karate champion Vic Moore.[35] Lee allegedly told Moore that he was going to throw a straight punch to the face, and all he had to do was to try to block it. Lee took several steps back and asked if Moore was ready. When Moore nodded in affirmation, Lee glided towards him until he was within striking range. He then threw a straight punch directly at Moore's face, and stopped before impact. In eight attempts, Moore failed to block any of the punches.[39][40] However, Moore and grandmaster Steve Mohammed claim that Lee had first told Moore that he was going to throw a straight punch to the body, which Moore blocked. Lee attempted another punch, and Moore blocked it as well. The third punch, which Lee threw to Moore's face, did not come nearly within striking distance. Moore, as well as many in the room that day, says Lee never successfully struck Moore but Moore was able to strike Lee after trying on his own. Moore claims that Bruce Lee said he was the fastest American he's ever seen and that Lee's media crew repeatedly played the one punch towards Moore's face that did not come within striking range, allegedly in an attempt to preserve Lee's superstar image.[41] Fight with Wong Jack Man
In Oakland, California in 1964 at Chinatown, Lee had a controversial private match with Wong Jack Man, a direct student of Ma Kin Fung known for his mastery of Xingyiquan, Northern Shaolin, and T'ai chi ch'uan. According to Lee, the Chinese community issued an ultimatum to him to stop teaching non-Chinese. When he refused to comply, he was challenged to a combat match with Wong. The arrangement was that if Lee lost, he would have to shut down his school; while if he won, then Lee would be free to teach Caucasians or anyone else.[42] Wong denied this, stating that he requested to fight Lee after Lee boasted during one of his demonstrations at a Chinatown theatre that he could beat anyone in San Francisco, and that Wong himself did not discriminate against Caucasians or other non-Chinese.[43] Lee commented, "That paper had all the names of the sifu from Chinatown, but they don't scare me".[44]
Individuals known to have witnessed the match include Cadwell, James Lee (Bruce Lee's associate, no relation), and William Chen, a teacher of T'ai chi ch'uan. Wong and William Chen stated that the fight lasted an unusually long 20–25 minutes.[43] Wong claims that he had originally expected a serious but polite bout; however Lee had attacked him very aggressively with intent to kill, straight from the beginning of the bout when he had replied to Wong's traditional handshake offer by "pretending to extend a friendly hand only to suddenly transform the hand into a four-pronged spear aimed at Wong's eyes". Forced to defend his life, he had nonetheless refrained from striking Lee with killing force when the opportunity presented itself because it could earn him a prison sentence. The fight ended due to Lee's "unusually winded" condition, as opposed to a decisive blow by either fighter.[43] According to Bruce Lee, Linda Lee Cadwell, and James Yimm Lee however, the fight lasted a mere 3 minutes with a decisive victory for Lee. In Cadwell's account, "The fight ensued, it was a no-holds-barred fight, it took three minutes. Bruce got this guy down to the ground and said 'do you give up?' and the man said he gave up".[42]
A couple of weeks after the bout, Lee gave an interview claiming that he had defeated an unnamed challenger, which Wong says was an obvious reference to him.[43] In response, Wong published his own account of the fight in the Chinese Pacific Weekly, a Chinese-language newspaper in San Francisco, with an invitation to a public rematch if Lee was not satisfied with the account. Lee did not respond to the invitation "despite his reputation for responding with fists of fury to the slightest provocation",[43] and there were no further public announcements by either, though Lee continued to teach Caucasians. Jeet Kune Do The Jeet Kune Do emblem is a registered trademark held by the Bruce Lee Estate. The Chinese characters around the Taijitu symbol read: "Using no way as way" and "Having no limitation as limitation" The arrows represent the endless interaction between yang and yin.[45] Main article: Jeet Kune Do
Jeet Kune Do originated in 1967. After filming one season of The Green Hornet, Lee found himself out of work and opened The Jun Fan Institute of Gung Fu. The controversial match with Wong Jack Man influenced Lee's philosophy about martial arts. Lee concluded that the fight had lasted too long and that he had failed to live up to his potential using his Wing Chun techniques. He took the view that traditional martial arts techniques were too rigid and formalistic to be practical in scenarios of chaotic street fighting. Lee decided to develop a system with an emphasis on "practicality, flexibility, speed, and efficiency". He started to use different methods of training such as weight training for strength, running for endurance, stretching for flexibility, and many others which he constantly adapted, including fencing and basic boxing techniques.
Lee emphasised what he called "the style of no style". This consisted of getting rid of the formalised approach which Lee claimed was indicative of traditional styles. Lee felt the system he now called Jun Fan Gung Fu was even too restrictive, and eventually evolved into a philosophy and martial art he would come to call Jeet Kune Do or the Way of the Intercepting Fist. It is a term he would later regret, because Jeet Kune Do implied specific parameters that styles connote; whereas the idea of his martial art was to exist outside of parameters and limitations.[46] Fitness and nutrition
At 173 cm (5 ft 8 in) and 64 kg (141 lb),[47] Lee was renowned for his physical fitness and vigor, achieved by using a dedicated fitness regimen to become as strong as possible. After his match with Wong Jack Man in 1965, Lee changed his approach toward martial arts training. Lee felt that many martial artists of his time did not spend enough time on physical conditioning. Lee included all elements of total fitness—muscular strength, muscular endurance, cardiovascular endurance, and flexibility. He used traditional bodybuilding techniques to build some muscle mass, not overdone that could decrease speed or flexibility. At the same time in balance, Lee was careful to admonish that mental and spiritual preparation are fundamental to the success of physical training in martial arts skills. In Tao of Jeet Kune Do he wrote,
Training is one of the most neglected phases of athletics. Too much time is given to the development of skill and too little to the development of the individual for participation. ... JKD, ultimately is not a matter of petty techniques but of highly developed spirituality and physique.[48] 
According to Linda Lee Cadwell, soon after he moved to the United States, Lee started to take nutrition seriously and developed an interest in health foods, high-protein drinks and vitamin and mineral supplements. He later concluded that in order to achieve a high-performance body, one could not fuel it with a diet of junk food, and with "the wrong fuel" one's body would perform sluggishly or sloppily.[49] Lee also avoided baked goods and refined flour, describing them as providing calories which did nothing for his body.[50] Acting career Main article: Bruce Lee filmography Bruce Lee in The Kid.
Lee's father Lee Hoi-chuen was a famous Cantonese opera star. Because of this, Lee was introduced into films at a very young age and appeared in several films as a child. Lee had his first role as a baby who was carried onto the stage in the film Golden Gate Girl. By the time he was 18, he had appeared in twenty films.[13]
While in the United States from 1959 to 1964, Lee abandoned thoughts of a film career in favour of pursuing martial arts. However, a martial arts exhibition on Long Beach in 1964 eventually led to the invitation by William Dozier for an audition for a part in the pilot for "Number One Son". The show never aired, but Lee was invited for the role of Kato alongside Van Williams in the TV series The Green Hornet. The show lasted just one season, from 1966 to 1967. Lee also played Kato in three crossover episodes of Batman. This was followed by guest appearances in three television series: Ironside (1967), Here Come the Brides (1969), and Blondie (1969).
At the time, two of Lee's martial arts students were Hollywood script writer Stirling Silliphant and actor James Coburn. In 1969 the three worked on a script for a film called The Silent Flute, and went together on a location hunt to India. The project was not realised at the time; but the 1978 film Circle of Iron, starring David Carradine, was based on the same plot. In 2010, producer Paul Maslansky was reported to plan and receive fundings for a film based on the original script for The Silent Flute.[51] In 1969, Lee made a brief appearance in the Silliphant-penned film Marlowe where he played a henchman hired to intimidate private detective Philip Marlowe, (played by James Garner), by smashing up his office with leaping kicks and flashing punches, only to later accidentally jump off a tall building while trying to kick Marlowe off. The same year he also choreographed fight scenes for The Wrecking Crew starring Dean Martin, Sharon Tate, and featuring Chuck Norris in his first role. In 1970, he was responsible for fight choreography for A Walk in the Spring Rain starring Ingrid Bergman and Anthony Quinn, again written by Silliphant. In 1971, Lee appeared in four episodes of the television series Longstreet, written by Silliphant. Lee played the martial arts instructor of the title character Mike Longstreet (played by James Franciscus), and important aspects of his martial arts philosophy were written into the script. Publicity photo of Williams and Lee for The Green Hornet.
According to statements made by Lee, and also by Linda Lee Cadwell after Lee's death, in 1971 Lee pitched a television series of his own tentatively titled The Warrior, discussions which were also confirmed by Warner Bros. In a December 9, 1971 television interview on The Pierre Berton Show, Lee stated that both Paramount and Warner Brothers wanted him "to be in a modernized type of a thing, and that they think the Western idea is out, whereas I want to do the Western".[52] According to Cadwell, however, Lee's concept was retooled and renamed Kung Fu, but Warner Bros. gave Lee no credit.[53] Warner Brothers states that they had for some time been developing an identical concept,[54] created by two writers and producers, Ed Spielman and Howard Friedlander. According to these sources, the reason Lee was not cast was in part because of his ethnicity, but more so because he had a thick accent.[55] The role of the Shaolin monk in the Wild West, was eventually awarded to then-non-martial-artist David Carradine. In The Pierre Berton Show interview, Lee stated he understood Warner Brothers' attitudes towards casting in the series: "They think that business wise it is a risk. I don't blame them. If the situation were reversed, and an American star were to come to Hong Kong, and I was the man with the money, I would have my own concerns as to whether the acceptance would be there".[56]
Producer Fred Weintraub had advised Lee to return to Hong Kong and make a feature film which he could showcase to executives in Hollywood.[57] Not happy with his supporting roles in the United States, Lee returned to Hong Kong. Unaware that The Green Hornet had been played to success in Hong Kong and was unofficially referred to as "The Kato Show", he was surprised to be recognised on the street as the star of the show. After negotiating with both Shaw Brothers Studio and Golden Harvest, Lee signed a film contract to star in two films produced by Golden Harvest. Lee played his first leading role in The Big Boss (1971) which proved to be an enormous box office success across Asia and catapulted him to stardom. He soon followed up with Fist of Fury (1972) which broke the box office records set previously by The Big Boss. Having finished his initial two-year contract, Lee negotiated a new deal with Golden Harvest. Lee later formed his own company, Concord Production Inc. (協和電影公司), with Chow. For his third film, Way of the Dragon (1972), he was given complete control of the film's production as the writer, director, star, and choreographer of the fight scenes.
In 1964, at a demonstration in Long Beach, California, Lee had met Karate champion Chuck Norris. In Way of the Dragon Lee introduced Norris to movie-goers as his opponent in the final death fight at the Colosseum in Rome, today considered one of Lee's most legendary fight scenes and one of the most memorable fight scenes in martial arts film history.[58] The role was originally offered to American Karate champion Joe Lewis.[59] Bruce Lee's star at the Avenue of Stars, Hong Kong.
In late 1972, Lee began work on his fourth Golden Harvest Film, Game of Death. He began filming some scenes including his fight sequence with 7 ft 2 in (218 cm) American Basketball star Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, a former student. Production was stopped when Warner Brothers offered Lee the opportunity to star in Enter the Dragon, the first film to be produced jointly by Golden Harvest and Warner Bros. Filming commenced in Hong Kong in February 1973. One month into the filming, another production company, Starseas Motion Pictures, promoted Bruce Lee as a leading actor in Fist of Unicorn, although he had merely agreed to choreograph the fight sequences in the film as a favour to his long-time friend Unicorn Chan. Lee planned to sue the production company, but retained his friendship with Chan.[60] However, only a few months after the completion of Enter the Dragon, and six days before its July 26, 1973 release,[61] Lee died. Enter the Dragon would go on to become one of the year's highest grossing films and cement Lee as a martial arts legend. It was made for US$850,000 in 1973 (equivalent to $4 million adjusted for inflation as of 2007).[62] To date, Enter the Dragon has grossed over $200 million worldwide.[63] The film sparked a brief fad in martial arts, epitomised in songs such as "Kung Fu Fighting" and TV shows like Kung Fu.
Robert Clouse, the director of Enter the Dragon and Golden Harvest revived Lee's unfinished film Game of Death. Lee had shot over 100 minutes of footage, including out-takes, for Game of Death before shooting was stopped to allow him to work on Enter the Dragon. In addition to Abdul-Jabbar, George Lazenby, Hapkido master Ji Han-Jae and another of Lee's students, Dan Inosanto, were also to appear in the film, which was to culminate in Lee's character, Hai Tien (clad in the now-famous yellow track suit[64][65]) taking on a series of different challengers on each floor as they make their way through a five-level pagoda. In a controversial move, Robert Clouse finished the film using a look-alike and archive footage of Lee from his other films with a new storyline and cast, which was released in 1978. However, the cobbled-together film contained only fifteen minutes of actual footage of Lee (he had printed many unsuccessful takes)[66] while the rest had a Lee look-alike, Kim Tai Chung, and Yuen Biao as stunt double. The unused footage Lee had filmed was recovered 22 years later and included in the documentary Bruce Lee: A Warrior's Journey.[67] Bruce Lee's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Apart from Game of Death, other future film projects were planned to feature Lee at the time. In 1972, after the success of The Big Boss and Fist of Fury, a third film was planned by Raymond Chow at Golden Harvest to be directed by Lo Wei, titled Yellow-Faced Tiger. However, at the time, Lee decided to direct and produce his own script for Way of the Dragon instead. Although Lee had formed a production company with Raymond Chow, a period film was also planned from September–November 1973 with the competing Shaw Brothers Studio, to be directed by either Chor Yuen or Cheng Kang, and written by Yi Kang and Chang Cheh, titled The Seven Sons of the Jade Dragon.[68] Lee had also worked on several scripts himself. A tape containing a recording of Lee narrating the basic storyline to a film tentatively titled Southern Fist/Northern Leg exists, showing some similarities with the canned script for The Silent Flute (Circle of Iron).[69] Another script had the title Green Bamboo Warrior, set in San Francisco, planned to co-star Bolo Yeung and to be produced by Andrew Vajna who later went on to produce First Blood.[60] Photo shoot costume tests were also organized for some of these planned film projects. Artistry Philosophy
Lee is best known as a martial artist, but he also studied drama and philosophy while a student at the University of Washington. He was well-read and had an extensive library. His own books on martial arts and fighting philosophy are known for their philosophical assertions, both inside and outside of martial arts circles. His eclectic philosophy often mirrored his fighting beliefs, though he was quick to claim that his martial arts were solely a metaphor for such teachings. He believed that any knowledge ultimately led to self-knowledge, and said that his chosen method of self-expression was martial arts.[70] His influences include Taoism, Jiddu Krishnamurti, and Buddhism.[71] On the other hand, Lee's philosophy was very much in opposition to the conservative worldview advocated by Confucianism.[72] John Little states that Lee was an atheist. When asked in 1972 about his religious affiliation, he replied, "none whatsoever".[73] In 1972, he was asked if he believed in God, and responded, "To be perfectly frank, I really do not".[70] Poetry
Aside from martial arts and philosophy which focus on the physical aspect and self-consciousness for truths and principles,[74] Lee also wrote poetry that reflected his emotion and a stage in his life collectively.[75] Many forms of art remain concordant with the artist creating them. Lee's principal of self-expression was applied to his poetry as well. His daughter Shannon Lee said "He did write poetry, he was really the consummate artist".[76] His poetic works originally handwritten on paper, later on edited and published. John Little being the major author (editor), for Bruce Lee's works. Linda Lee Cadwell (Bruce Lee's wife) shared her husbands notes, poems and experiences with followers. She mentioned "Lee's poems are, by American standards, rather dark-reflecting the deeper, less exposed recesses of the human psyche".[77] Most of Bruce Lee's poems are categorized as anti-poetry or fall into a paradox. The mood in his poems show the side of the man that can be compared with other poets such as Robert Frost, one of many well-known poets expressing himself with dark poetic works. The paradox taken from the Yin and Yang symbol in martial arts, also integrated in his poetry. His martial arts, and philosophy contribute a great part to his poetry. The free verse form of Lee's poetry reflect his famous quote "Be formless ... shapeless, like water."[78] Death Bruce Lee is buried next to his son Brandon in Lakeview Cemetery, Seattle.
On May 10, 1973, Lee collapsed during an ADR session for Enter the Dragon at Golden Harvest in Hong Kong. Suffering from seizures and headaches, he was immediately rushed to Hong Kong Baptist Hospital where doctors diagnosed cerebral edema. They were able to reduce the swelling through the administration of mannitol. The headache and cerebral edema that occurred in his first collapse were later repeated on the day of his death.[79]
On July 20, 1973, Lee was in Hong Kong, to have dinner with James Bond star George Lazenby, with whom he intended to make a film. According to Lee's wife Linda, Lee met producer Raymond Chow at 2 p.m. at home to discuss the making of the film Game of Death. They worked until 4 p.m. and then drove together to the home of Lee's colleague Betty Ting Pei, a Taiwanese actress. The three went over the script at Ting's home, and then Chow left to attend a dinner meeting.[80][81]
Later Lee complained of a headache, and Ting gave him an analgesic (painkiller), Equagesic, which contained both aspirin and the tranquilizer meprobamate. Around 7:30 p.m., he went to lie down for a nap. When Lee did not turn up for dinner, producer Raymond Chow came to the apartment, but was unable to wake Lee up. A doctor was summoned, who spent ten minutes attempting to revive Lee before sending him by ambulance to Queen Elizabeth Hospital. By the time the ambulance reached the hospital he was dead. He was 32 years old.
There was no visible external injury; however, according to autopsy reports, Lee's brain had swollen considerably, from 1,400 to 1,575 grams (a 13% increase). The autopsy found Equagesic in his system. On October 15, 2005, Chow stated in an interview that Lee died from an allergic reaction to the tranquilizer meprobamate, the main ingredient in Equagesic, which Chow described as an ingredient commonly used in painkillers. When the doctors announced Lee's death officially, it was ruled a "death by misadventure".[82][83]
Lee's wife Linda returned to her hometown of Seattle, and had him buried at lot 276 of Lakeview Cemetery.[84] Pallbearers at his funeral on July 31, 1973 included Taky Kimura, Steve McQueen, James Coburn, Chuck Norris, George Lazenby, Dan Inosanto, Peter Chin, and Lee's brother Robert. Controversy surrounding Lee's death
Around the time of Lee's death, numerous rumors appeared in the media.[85] Lee's iconic status and untimely demise fed many wild rumors and theories. These included murder involving the Triads and a supposed curse on him and his family.[86]
Donald Teare, a forensic scientist recommended by Scotland Yard who had overseen over 1,000 autopsies, was assigned to the Lee case. His conclusion was "death by misadventure" caused by an acute cerebral edema due to a reaction to compounds present in the combination medication Equagesic.[87]
Dr. Donald Langford, a Baptist missionary and Lee’s doctor in Hong Kong, has said, "Nobody dies from one tablet of Equagesic. No analgesic killed Bruce."[85] He added: "[P]eople weren't about to step up and say Bruce Lee had died from eating cannabis [which was found in his stomach, and which he had consumed regularly for some time due to the stress of his fame] or some related product. At the beginning of the inquest proceedings, Dr. Wu and a couple of other doctors and I were pulled to the side and asked to play down the role of cannabis in Bruce’s death."[85]
The preliminary opinion of Dr. Peter Wu, the neurosurgeon who treated Lee during his first seizure in May 1973, was that the cause of death should have been attributed to either a reaction to cannabis or Equagesic. He has stated that "We removed quite a lot of hashish from his stomach [in May]. In Nepal there have been all kinds of neurological problems associated with hashish, especially cerebral edema."[85] However, Wu officially backed off from his position, officially stating that:
Professor Teare was a forensic scientist recommended by Scotland Yard; he was brought in as an expert on cannabis and we can't contradict his testimony. The dosage of cannabis is neither precise nor predictable, but I've never known of anyone dying simply from taking it.[88] 
At the 1975 San Diego Comic-Con convention, Bruce Lee's friend Chuck Norris attributed his death to a reaction between the muscle-relaxant medication he had been taking since 1968 for a ruptured disc in his back, and an "antibiotic" he was given for his headache on the night of his death.[89]
The book The Death of Bruce Lee: A Clinical Investigation presents the belief that Bruce Lee was already "sensitized" to the use of Equagesic by the time of his first "acute hypersensitivity reaction" on May 10, 1973. Lee refrained from using the drug again until that fateful evening of July 20, 1973, when he took Equagesic and later died of cerebral edema.[90] Legacy Certified instructors
Bruce Lee personally certified only three instructors: Taky Kimura, James Yimm Lee, and Dan Inosanto. Inosanto holds the 3rd rank (Instructor) directly from Bruce Lee in Jeet Kune Do, Jun Fan Gung Fu, and Bruce Lee's Tao of Chinese Gung Fu. Taky Kimura holds a 5th rank in Jun Fan Gung Fu. James Yimm Lee held a 3rd rank in Jun Fan Gung Fu. Ted Wong holds 2nd rank in Jeet Kune Do certified directly by Bruce Lee and was later promoted to Instructor under Dan Inosanto, who felt that Bruce would have wanted to promote him. Other Jeet Kune Do instructors since Lee's death have been certified directly by Dan Inosanto, some with remaining Bruce Lee signed certificates.
James Yimm Lee, a close friend of Lee, certified a few students including Gary Dill who studied Jeet Kune Do under James and received permission via a personal letter from him in 1972 to pass on his learning of Jun Fan Gung Fu to others. Taky Kimura, to date, has certified only one person in Jun Fan Gung Fu: his son Andy Kimura. Dan Inosanto continued to teach and certify select students in Jeet Kune Do for over 30 years, making it possible for thousands of martial arts practitioners to trace their training lineage back to Bruce Lee. Prior to his death, Lee told his then only two living instructors Kimura and Inosanto (James Yimm Lee had died in 1972) to dismantle his schools.
Both Taky Kimura and Dan Inosanto were allowed to teach small classes thereafter, under the guideline "keep the numbers low, but the quality high". Bruce also instructed several World Karate Champions including Chuck Norris, Joe Lewis, and Mike Stone. Between the three of them, during their training with Bruce, they won every karate championship in the United States.[91]
In Japan, Junichi Okada is a certified Japanese instructor in Jeet Kune Do.[92] Hong Kong legacy Bruce Lee statue in Hong Kong
There are a number of stories (perhaps apocryphal) surrounding Lee that are still repeated in Hong Kong culture. One is that his early 1970s interview on the TVB show Enjoy Yourself Tonight cleared the busy streets of Hong Kong as everyone was watching the interview at home.
On January 6, 2009, it was announced that Bruce's Hong Kong home (41 Cumberland Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong) will be preserved and transformed into a tourist site by philanthropist Yu Pang-lin.[93][94] Awards and honours Main article: List of awards and honors received by Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee was named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.[7]
In April 2013, he was posthumously awarded the prestigious Founders Award at The Asian Awards.[95]
A Bruce Lee statue was unveiled in Los Angeles' Chinatown on June 15, 2013. It stands at 7-foot (210 cm) tall and was made in Guangzhou, China.[96]
In April 2014, it was announced that Lee would be a featured character in the video game EA Sports UFC, and will be playable in multiple weight classes.[97]
Bruce Lee was voted as the Greatest Movie Fighter Ever in 2014 by the Houston Boxing Hall Of Fame. The HBHOF is a combat sports voting body composed exclusively of current and former fighters and Martial Artists. Martial arts lineage
Lee was trained in Wu Tai Chi Chuan (also known as Ng-ga) and Jing Mo Tam Tui for the twelve sets. Lee was trained in the martial arts Choy Li Fut, Western Boxing, Épée fencing, Judo, Praying Mantis kung fu, Hsing-I, and Jujitsu.
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2015.12.23 16:27 vena-cava BWW Bias Wrecker Wednesday #9 Tao Appreciation Post

Name/nickname : Huang Zitao, 黄子韬 (黄 yellow, 子 child, 韬 to sheath/to conceal), peach (韬 sounds like 桃, the chinese character for peach), Edison (after his rapper idol), T-A-O, Kungfu Panda.
Birth date/place: May 2, 1994, Qingdao, Shandong, China.
Family: Mom & dad and one lil' white dog.
Notable predebut achievements:
Notable predebut netizen Tao moments:
Some excerpts (source):
Training: casted by SM Entertainment’s Global Casting System in 2010 and trained for less than a year.
EXO power: time control.
General Appreciation: Predebut Tao, since debut, many shades of Tao's hair & Tao aesthetics.
Body Appreciation: guns, abs, eyes & cross dressing.
Talent Appreciation:
Fan Art: a compilation.
Misc: A connoisseur of luxury goods, leopard print is ultimate print, I used to whine a lot, not scared of ghosts, actor Tao, live bugs not ok but dead bugs are ok.
Bonus: crack vid, fail accompilation.
Have a good holiday everyone! Next BWW the ultimate sassy maknae!
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2013.08.02 18:07 tabledresser [Table] IamAn editor at the Chinese government's official news agency. AMA!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2013-08-02
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
How does Xinhua come up with ideas for slideshows? They are a little different than slideshows you might expect from Reuters or AP. HAHAHA dude. The Xinhua slideshows are a running joke in my department. If enough people bother me to do so, I'll post some of the more ridiculous ones. I want to meet the guy who's responsible for those so badly. But there is little to no communication between departments here, so I don't even know whodunit. I'm only responsible for editing stories, photo stuff is an entirely different unit. Edit: "embarrassed by tight sport pants" has some gnarly cameltoe action, maybe NSFW. Unless you work for a porn company. Or Xinhua, evidently.
Please post more ridiculous slide shows! "Terrible! Women get too drunk"
Link to news.xinhuanet.com
"Funny photos of people who got stuck"
Link to news.xinhuanet.com
Isn't it risky to do an AMA like this, especially after calling your workplace "Orwellian"? The "Orwellian" bit only applies to the news that comes through my office, not the websites I use during my personal time.
I would've imagined they don't like employees talking about censorship or "insider" information. Oh they don't, you're right about that. But they're also painfully oblivious to anything that is published or written outside of their sphere. Most of them don't even pay attention to major foreign news outlets, let alone Reddit.
You are naive. it is easy to find out who you are I'm aware of how easy it is to find out who I am. Still not fussed about it.
So are you still alive? Dr. Mantis Toboggan?? I'm VERY alive.
I heard you have a monster dong.
You get Its Always Sunny in China? Do you guys have netflix? No Netflix, but torrents work most of the time.
Is there any mention about the pollution there? I mean, is the govt actively doing something, perhaps finding what cause it? Link to blogs.wsj.com
Link to www.bbc.co.uk
Link to www.theguardian.com
Basically the Chinese public have started to focus more on the importance of protecting the environment and have therefore forced the government to pay attention to the issue.
Nothing scares the Chinese government more than social unrest - their greatest priority is ensuring that the general public won't flip out en masse and kick them out of power. Their efforts to reduce pollution are really just token efforts - Chinese industry is massive and produces ridiculous amounts of pollutants. But at this point they have to do something.
Is "Silent Spring" available in a Chinese edition? I don't know, but it should be. The Chinese need their own "Silent Spring".
Edit: since you mentioned a Chinese version of a controversial book, I'd like to note that I've purchased an English-language copy of "1984" right here in Beijing, from some dude on the street with a cart full of books. A Chinese friend of mine has the same book - in Chinese. Wacky, no? Like how/where did that ever get printed?
How 'free' is Sina Weio? Is anything ever censored on it? Sina Weibo is technically a private company, but they are still subject to Chinese law. To that end, they engage in a fair amount of self-censoring. I believe they've gone on record as saying that they employ a number of people who comb through posts for anything sensitive.
That being said, the vast majority of muckraking done by the Chinese public over the last year or so has been done via Sina Weibo.
Why so much fear of social unrest? It's not like a populist revolution is brewing. No seriously. There are so many folks here that if some kind of social movement caught on and a lot of people started protesting, the government would be literally overrun. There was an environmental protest in south China last year (I think?) where local residents actually swarmed a government office building.
I thought more people would use QQ or 人人 more then Sina Weibo? More people almost certainly use QQ, although I'm actually not sure about the precise figures. I just know Weibo has blown up the last couple years.
When I lived in China people used "中国人太多了!" as an excuse for everything! Precisely.
Is there any sense that China is overpopulated? Every time I get on the subway.
What is the largest story that you've had to 'ignore' due to government pressure or interests? I haven't had to "ignore" a story, per se, since I'm not actually a reporter on the front lines. Most of our stories are handed to us anyway via press releases or statements from government spokesmen.
I do recall one particularly troubling day. July 24, 2011 was a Sunday. I was working the weekend shift - it's usually a slow shift, with only one foreign editor on duty (me).
On the night of July 23rd, two high-speed trains collided on a railway in Wenzhou, a city in east China's Zhejiang Province. A few dozen people were killed and a couple hundred were injured.
There were so many stories about the train crash the next day, and I had to edit all of them. The stories I edited seemed to clash with accounts written by foreign media - it wasn't long before the Chinese government was caught red-handed trying to downplay the incident.
Domestic media were instructed not to send reporters to the scene of the crash, and stories about it were intentionally suppressed or relegated to the back pages of newspapers. But between eyewitness accounts and reports from foreign media, many Chinese quickly came to realize that the government was trying to keep the whole thing under wraps.
The backlash was almost immediate. The crash came at a time when Sina Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of Twitter, was first becoming popular. People were posting photos from the crash, citing their own theories for what happened...I suppose it was not unlike what happened after 9/11 or the Boston Marathon bombings.
In the end, former Railway Minster Liu Zhijun took the fall for the crash. He'd been previously accused of corruption anyway, and this incident was the last straw. Other high-level officials were sacrificed as well.
I didn't have to ignore that story, but it stayed with me for a long time. I was dating a Chinese woman at the time, and she was in tears when I came home after work. She couldn't believe that her own government would try to hide the facts behind something so horrific, although I know she knows it's not the first time China's government has done so. I told her that governments do that all the time. Didn't really make much of a difference though.
Your role there does sound positively Orwellian. Do you really notice specific correlations between your situation and that of 1984? Heh. I went into journalism because I realized I could write my way out of a wet paper bag but I didn't want to become a novelist and starve and/or become an English professor.
I don't mean to put you down, but doesn't this job bring up any internal ethical conflicts for you? Is this really what you went into journalism to do? I do have conflicts about what I do. I have conflicts about what I do at work, what I do in my personal life. I contradict my own beliefs and attitudes all the time. I'm a huge hypocrite. Constantly. But I pay my rent and pay my taxes and have enough left over to get me through the day. Ask any journalist who works for a major news organization and see what they have to say about ethical conflicts.
China's surveillance, censorship, human rights, food quality, pollution and other issues make it seem like a dark and orwellian place to live. But what is it really like there? It's actually pretty chill here for the most part. Food safety issues have become more visible in recent years, but some say that's actually because food inspectors are getting more strict, which is obviously a good thing. The air quality does suck ass, but unless you're living here for years and years or have some kind of medical condition, it's not actually that dangerous.
Do people speak freely amongst themselves about the government, if not publicly? Surveillance...ya know, there's a camera on every corner. And no one is watching it. I say and do shit that would probably get me in trouble all the time, but no one ever comes knocking. So to answer your third question, people bitch about the government all the time - publicly, no less. Chinese social media is full of people complaining about the government.
I don't think your ethical conflict is similar to those faced by actual journalists. That's true - they have greater flexibility in terms of being able to "take the high road" or not. I can keep working for the Chinese government...or quit.
That's a very strange and unexpected story. Things really aren't as bleak or grim over here as you'd be led to believe. Naturally I can only speak for my own experience as a foreigner living in the capital - there is certainly some dark shit that goes down elsewhere in the country - but my own experience has been largely decent.
On the other hand, many young Chinese I speak to seem eager to leave the country. Some have the aforementioned food and pollution concerns, others want to do business and develop themselves in an environment that rewards their creativity and integrity.
Chinese office culture - one could say Chinese culture in general - is very much about forming relationships with people more powerful than yourself and leveraging those relationships. Lots of ass-kissing and gift-giving. I've met several Chinese who don't care to do things this way.
What is your responsibility in terms of censoring? My company, like most state-owned media, does not engage in a lot of investigative journalism. In fact, most of the information our reporters use to write their stories is spoon-fed in the form of press releases, statements from government spokesmen and public notices issued by various government departments. Naturally, any kind of controversial or damaging content is omitted from that information before our reporters even receive it.
Chinese state media do not use what I would call "active" censorship, where they're actually removing information or otherwise deliberately altering content. It's more passive - the information just isn't provided in the first place. There have been many times when I've tried to clarify a story, only to be told by the writer and/or translator: "we don't have that information."
So would you regard it as a bit like the scene in "Good Morning Vietnam" where the news comes over a telex and then the military censors cross out what can and can't be mentioned on the radio? Hahaha I wish I worked with Robin Williams. I don't know if it's really like that, but it's conceivable. It's more like there's just a lack of transparency and accountability - for instance, government officials are not required to provide their names to journalists.
Did the Chinese govt censor anything on Edward Snowden? Who?
No, of course I know who he is. But if you ask the Chinese government, that's the answer you'll get. The Chinese media doesn't actively censor - it just ignores everything the government doesn't like. Edward Snowden doesn't exist, as far as Xinhua is concerned.
Link to news.xinhuanet.com
Link to www.cbsnews.com
Link to www.huffingtonpost.com
Link to shanghaiist.com
Link to www.channelnewsasia.com
Wait, seriously? I've been in China for the past few weeks on vacation, and everybody here seems to love Snowden, if they know who he is. Yep - it was my own bias, I never read anything about Snowden because I work in the domestic department. See my reply below.
I'm confused, I'm looking at Link to www.xinhuanet.com right now and snowden is mentioned in one of the articles. Yeah I fucked that up - working in domestic news will do that to you. Check my reply below.
What are your responsibilities at Xinhua? Are you a foreigner working as an editor for their English material or a Mainland Chinese editor? I'm a foreigner working in the English department, yes. I edit domestic news exclusively, but we publish both domestic and international news in multiple languages.
Thanks. So how did you end up working at Xinhua? Why did you want to work there? Journalism background or just looking for work that builds on your English expertise? Well, I came to China as an economic refugee from the United States, basically. I graduated with a journalism degree at a time when the journalism industry was (still is? I'm pretty sure?) looking pretty grim in the U.S. and elsewhere. A couple friends recommended that I do an internship at a Chinese English-language newspaper and I worked my way up from there.
I don't even really refer to myself as a journalist anymore, not when I'm working for Xinhua. It's a weird and kind of depressing place to work sometimes, but it's also fairly laid-back and pays decently for the amount of work I'm required to do. I don't love it but it pays the bills and doesn't make me want to kill myself. Maybe I'm setting my sights too low, but I feel like that's pretty okay for a hack like me.
Interesting. Do you work closely with any of the Mainland reporters or is it mostly foreigners in your department? I work with a few foreign copy editors and dozens of Chinese reporters/translators/editors.
Anyone else have a palpable taste of WTF after reading that?... someone left American journalism to work in Chinese journalism. America is unfortunately extremely unsafe for true journalism, just ask Michael Hastings... wait, nvm. To be clear, I didn't decide to work in Chinese journalism because I disliked the U.S. journalism industry (although I do). It was more that there just weren't any jobs at that time. The industry is still in rough shape and I'm not even sure if I'll continue to do journalism when I move back home.
I find it sounds quite cool what you're doing, given the opportunity I'd do it, but I still get paid too well to become an economic refugee ;-). 你的中文好吗? 我中文说的就是一般般.
Have you joined the communist party yet? Can't and wouldn't want to. Well, maybe. Some of those folks do reaaal well for themselves.
Do you feel like you have more freedoms than the average Chinese citizen? Did you have any connections to China or any asian countries before the move? Are you a visible minority over there, if so do you experience xenophobia/racism? No connections to China or any other Asian countries beforehand, although I always thought Japan was awesome because video games and porn. In some ways I guess I am more free than the average Chinese citizen - for one thing, I make a better salary than most Chinese who have the same experience/educational background as me, and I probably work less hours than a lot of them. But this comes at an expense - there is no way I will ever be promoted or gain any kind of seniority at my company. Only Chinese can do that at state-owned companies. In Beijing, I'm certainly a visible minority, but not that visible. There are tons of foreigners in this city - the only racism I've experienced has been from Chinese who've migrated here from elsewhere or from other foreigners.
If you made the same salary in America as you do in China would you have moved/consider going back? If I made the same salary in the States, it'd really depend where I was living. I don't think I make enough now to live in LA or Chicago or somewhere like that.
你是牛屄! COW VAGINA YO.
Seriously how did they even decide that that means "badass." The fuck, China. The fuck. It's an Oriental Mystery.
你有没有觉得一些人有一点儿二在你的单位? As a kid born in Canada I never understood why they referred to weird/eccentric people as "two" lol. Hahahaha I have an 二锅头 shirt that is a play on the "Absolut" ads, it says "约对二" in Chinese (obviously) and "Absolut 2" in English. The Chinese think it's hysterical.
Do people discuss politics in the office ? All the time. One of my Chinese bosses loves to ask me about American rights and laws. My favorite quote?
"If I were an American politician, I would make it mandatory to own a gun."
I'd like to hear a little more about this. What kind of stuff does your boss ask/want to know? Are they surprised by what you tell them. What do they think about rights/laws in America? Most of the Chinese I discuss politics with are either in their early 20s early to mid 30s. They're all fairly well-educated and are familiar with western history and media. They're rarely, if ever, surprised with what I tell them about the States - although it depends on the question, I suppose. They just like comparing and contrasting U.S./China policy. They mirror each other in strange ways sometimes.
I think a lot of Chinese do envy some of the laws and rights we have in the States, but at the same time, they are intensely defensive of China's policies, as backward as some of them may seem to us.
Why did you decide to move to China? Pros and Cons vs living in the US? Pros: living costs are low, the language/culture are interesting, dating can be fun and the food is delicious.
Cons: salaries are low, the language/culture are hard to understand and deal with, dating is hellish and the food can kill you.
Elaborate on the dating? I was always under the impression Chinese girls were very conservative and didnt like to mix much with westerners. Depends on which ones you meet. Many Chinese women are curious about foreigners, but these are often the ones you don't want to date because their understanding of foreign culture is almost entirely informed by American Idol, Big Bang Theory, Friends and other shitty TV shows. Finding a Chinese woman who is liberal, opinionated, smart and all that other good stuff is hard to do. Although it's admittedly easier in the bigger Chinese cities.
Is Chinese celebrity news as highly reported as in America? Depends on what you mean by highly reported. China doesn't have trashy tabloid-esque "news" shows like there are in the States (as far as I know), but they do like to dig up dirt on celebrities. My employers don't run stories like that, but the Chinese do like to gossip about celebs on Sina Weibo (the Chinese equivalent of Twitter) and other social media sites.
One interesting difference is that some U.S. celebrities embrace the fame they gain from unflattering reports/revelations - Kim Kardashian became famous for fucking some shitty DJ - while Chinese celebrities try to avoid those kind of exposures. Chinese society is considerably more conservative than that of the U.S., so any kind of sex/gambling/etc. scandal is much more damaging for a Chinese celeb.
Edison Chen ftw. Aw man. Chen's my boy. Seriously I need to make some famous Chinese friends.
China doesn't have trashy tabloid-esque "news" shows like there are in the States. In exchange you guys have a bazillion talent competition and matchmaking shows. Yeesh. Hahaha true. God those are ridiculous and cheesy.
So what REALLY happened at Tienanmen Square? Well, I probably shouldn't talk about this. But if you really want to know...
First, a bunch of students showed up. Like a huge bunch. And they were calling for democracy and human rights and all this crazy stuff. And then the military showed up with tanks and guns and shit and then the protesters' lives got flipped-turned upside down and I'd like to take a minute just sit right there I'll tell you how I became the prince of a town called Bel-Air.
That's what really happened.
On the one hand, DPRK is entirely reliant on PRC for its continued existence, so I can imagine it would be some kind of glorious brothers in struggle sort of thing, but I get the impression Beijing is getting kinda tired of Pyongyang's shit. Beijing is so tired of Pyongyang's shit, but it's in a tough spot. Things have been quiet in recent months, but when the DPRK nuclear launch stuff was going down, Beijing was just like...fffuuu wat do.
As an editor, how do you feel when people discredit your news agency? Do you feel like they are justified and do you compare yourself to a BBC or another news company? People who discredit Xinhua are somewhat in the right - but our lack of journalistic integrity isn't actually our fault, if you can believe that. We just don't do investigative reporting - we're essentially another arm of the government. We're more akin to the White House PR department than the BBC or Reuters. So I can't really take their criticism too harshly.
Are you a foreigner? How many times a day do you hear "laowai"? I mostly just hear HALLOOO.
How would you define China's relationship with the United States? Mutually beneficial win-win cooperation that features interdependent co-supportive friendly relations.
Just kidding. We're pretty different but we have to get our shit together - together - otherwise both sides will just be fucked.
Would it be possible for an average chinese citizen to access this AMA? Meant to reply to this earlier. ggandthecrew is absolutely right - fear of anti-communist ideas is only half the picture. Most of China's web censorship is done to boost domestic consumption - block Twitter, so Chinese have to use Sina Weibo. Block YouTube so Chinese have to use Youku. Block Facebook so they have to use Renren. It's just as much an economic tool as a social one.
Is part of the reason they block those large sites so that Chinese companies can fill the void and reap the profits? I mean, even a half a billion new Facebook accounts would really generate a lot of money. Exactly. It's partly driven by the need to expand domestic consumption.
I'm trying to imagine a Chinese version of Reddit. Is there anything that comes close? Sort of, actually. There are message boards (Tianya and Mop) that are basically news portals that Chinese can comment on. If you check out www.chinasmack.com, you can find a lot of stories that are lifted from these message boards, along with translated versions of netizens' comments. It's actually a really interesting and informative window into Chinese beliefs and attitudes.
Do they also block foreign sites like Facebook, Twitter, Gmail etc. in order to prevent NSA spying or is that just a new excuse that they've come up with post-Snowden? All the sites you mentioned were blocked or messed with well before Snowden's revelation. The blocking is done to keep "harmful information" hidden, but also to boost use of domestic sites that provide similar services.
Are you familiar with Bitcoin? If so, do you know what the government's stance on it is? I remember there was a pretty positive article about them by Xinhua not too long ago. Thanks! You know what, I haven't actually seen any stories about Bitcoin come through Xinhua. I'm not all that familiar with it myself. But if the article you mention was indeed positive, that's as good as a stamp of approval from the government itself, more or less.
I believe decentralization is key to keeping markets honest, including journalism. Do you support a government-owned news agency and how do you feel about private agencies? And are private agencies allowed to go by different rules or are they heavily regulated by the Chinese government? Chinese media was, for a long time, almost exclusively state-owned. However, this has changed in recent years, as the government is seeking to wean state-owned companies off of the government's tit and expand private industry in order to stimulate consumption. Private media is still heavily regulated and relatively scarce in terms of size and influence, but it will likely grow in the years to come.
I don't support government-owned news because it flies in the face of what I believe "news" should be. But then, U.S. media has very much been in the lap of the government for years.
Also a current journalism undergrad considering living abroad after I graduate in May. I'm not necessarily looking for journalism work, either, though, as the job market is still crap unless you're creme-de-la-creme and have tons of legit experience under your belt. I am curious, though, what motivated you to move to Asia? Were you serious about wanting to find work in journalism abroad, or did you just want to leave America in general, and this job made the most sense once you got there? I honestly didn't care what kind of work I found - at that point, I was just grasping at straws. I had journalist friends who had much more extensive and impressive resumes than I did - and these people were working the counter at American Eagle, shit like that. No jobs to be found for anyone, qualified or not. So no. I wasn't necessarily interested in working in Asia, or working as a reporter in Asia, or even working as a reporter. I just needed a fucking job. Everything else unfolded after I arrived.
You said that you moved from abroad for the work...did you have any connection to China at all, beforehand? Little to no connection to China beforehand. A couple of my good friends had done internships at the same newspaper I ended up interning at, they kind of goaded me into it and I ended up living here along with them.
Also, are there more foreigners like you in your department? There are other foreigners in my department, yes. Foreigners like me? Son, they don't make foreigners like me anymore.
Do you think the Wang Qishan and the Xi Jinping regime are actually making inroads against corruption, or are they mining stories to satisfy a witch-hunting lust for public show? They're making a token effort. I won't pretend to be an expert on the inner workings of the Standing Committee, but from what I know, corruption is what greases the gears of the CPC. Too many government-corporate relationships would dissolve if they truly wanted to get rid of corruption. The economy would be a shambles. Not unlike that of the U.S., really. Too big to fail? China is too big to fail in so many ways.
How overt is the censorship? Does it ever get brought up in meetings, or is it all kinda hush-hush? I live in Shanghai, and I've had to deal with censorship in one way or another, and it seems like there is no official criteria. Since you actually work for the government, do you have an official list of topics the government thinks is not promoting harmonious society? Hahaha. Yeah, it's not overt at all. It happens before it even hits my desk - no official criteria or anything. Although I've had several occasions where an editor will come over and say "hey. This article is sensitive. Don't change anything other than the spelling and grammar."
How is it like living in China? I have a friend who goes to university there, and he uses Facebook, so either it isn't blocked there (or he got through the filter, I dunno). What sites are blocked there, actually? What Craigox27 said - proxy/VPN services are cheap and easy to purchase. Most young Chinese have them as well. Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, NY Times and Blogspot are blocked, among many, many others.
Then one wonders what's the point of blocking sites if they can be bypassed so easily. A lot of the things the Chinese government does make little to no sense. And as Dr. Ian Malcolm once said, "life finds a way." AKA Male Chinese adolescents find a way (to look at porn).
You can't say most young Chinese have proxy and VPN. Maybe amongst educated white collar in the media industry, but not in the general population. True, young rural Chinese likely aren't aware of or do not have such software, as most of them don't have computers either. But young Chinese who have computer access are generally aware of them, I would argue.
What news website would you recommend for non-Chinese speakers to read about daily news in China (like Chinasmack)? You picked my favorite already. I would also recommend BeijingCream, the Shanghaiist and Ministry of Tofu.
Late to the party- what's your opinion of the Epoch Times? Of course it can't be gotten in China, but it's quite available in N. America and Europe- any thoughts? To be honest, I'm not that familiar with them, although I realize I really ought to be. I should read up!
What do you believe is the responsibility of the news media in Chinese society? Are you able to talk about how China is different from other countries' media in that respect? Edit: sorry, I feel like I didn't fully answer your question. News media in China largely has no responsibility other than to its sponsor - the government. But there is so much new media content in the form of microblogs and videos that is really heartening. Citizen journalism is blowing up in China and it's awesome.
Is it true that you guys have a plan to take over the whole world? It's the same thing I do every night, Pinky.
What is your future prospect in the agency as a foreigner? do you want to transfer to a different department? I see that you typed some Chinese characters, so how good is your Chinese now? Future prospects? Few exist for foreigners at state-owned companies. I've heard of foreigners with excellent Chinese and networking skills getting promotions, but those are few and far between and I have neither the patience nor skill to go that route. I am transferring to a different department where I will get to learn some new things, but I'm probably headed back to the States in a couple years. There is little to no room for upward movement here, career-wise.
Last updated: 2013-08-06 15:38 UTC
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