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2019.12.19 16:10 stefanclimbrunner ONE COLD NIGHT IN NOVEMBER - PART III

The following four-part-article was a collaborative effort. Although I wrote the text, the article and its hypothesis were developed and researched by a fellow German truther, nicknamed “Watson”, and myself as a team. What we present is the result of more than a month of excruciating research. Special thanks to HNBRY, for encouraging us when we thought we couldn’t go on, and to the board of moderators for agreeing to read this in advance.
 
 
5. A Change of Heart: March 7, 2006
 
 
We are now approaching the very heart of our hypothesis:
 
A game –changing day, in early 2006, on which, as we believe, the history of this almost unbelievable case, is taking a different turn with a shocking and very bitter twist.
 
This day starts out, with a pretty busy morning. A Wisconsin attorney named Len Kachinsky, who easily qualifies as the worst defense lawyer in the history of the United States, gets a phone call by the court, informing him, that he is appointed as new public defender of BD – after BD’s first attorney Ralph Sczygelski had to withdraw from the case on March 6, for it was discovered, much to his own surprise, that he happens to be a distant relative of TH.
 
But much more important than what happened in LK’s office, are the events in the Calumet Sheriff’s Department, which we presume, or speculate, took place the same morning.
 
Let us take a look into a certain office: We find MW sitting behind his desk, several photographs of the interior of the RAV-4 are lying scattered in front of him. He is studying them. Closely, in detail. Then his eyes cling to, what will later become Exhibit 302: http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Exhibit-302-RAV4-Battery-Disconnected.jpg
 
After several minutes he is pretty certain what bothers him, a suspicion is growing hold in his mind.
 
He takes off the phone, and dials the number of LE MIEUX TOYOTA in the City of Green Bay. A quick look at the clock shows him, it is around 9.00 am. He notes time on a piece of paper in front of him; it will later end up in a report about this call.
 
On the other end of the line, MW gets referred to a man named CJ, the Parts Manager at LE MIEUX TOYOTA (http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/CASO-Investigative-Report.pdf#page=873).
He questions CJ about something that, as Inspector Columbo would say, is “just a little thing bothering him”:
 
“My purpose for speaking with CURT was to determine what type of battery would have been in the 1999 Toyota RAV4. CURT states the battery would be called a Group 35 battery. The name on it would be True Start. He states the battery is made for TOYOTA by INTERSTATE BATTERIES, however, would not say INTERSTATE on it. I did request that CURT send me the schematics of the battery and its connections. It should be noted I did receive a fax from CURT of those schematics.”
 
After the conversation, MW hangs up. Now he is really bothered.
 
What did he find out? Well, that little report, in our presumed context, leaves no room for doubt that MW understood, probably after studying the pictures that a wrong type battery was inserted into the RAV-4, and nobody had noticed it before. Or wanted to notice it before. The answer Judson gave confirms MW’s suspicion. Since MW thought this information to be case relevant and therefore typed it down into a report, it is reasonable to assume that his investigation regarding the battery did not stop there.
 
If it did not stop there, and taking into account that as a police investigator he had other and more easily accessible resources than KZ, it is reasonable to conclude, that he discovered exactly the same thing she did.
 
And KZ’s twitter Q and A about the case, on December 4, 2018, tells as exactly what that was:
 
KZ: Recent investigation shows the RAV4 battery died, so it was replaced in order to move the RAV4 to the ASY.
[…]
Q: How do you know [the battery] was replaced?
A: We've confirmed that it was replaced with the wrong-sized battery for the RAV4—the same size battery that is used in Crown Victorias.
Q: How do we know the battery died?
A: Because it was replaced with the wrong size battery and it was still under warranty.
[…]
Q: Have your traced who changed the battery or owned the battery that was put in her car?
A: Yes.
 
KZ’s statements there (and since) implicate that the battery was not inserted by SA, and that it did not take place on the Avery Salvage Yard. This means that the false battery is direct evidence that the RAV-4 left the ASY before it was officially re-discovered on November 5, 2005. It is a trail that directly leads to the “Manitowoc Framing” and the illegal transportation of the car in the night from November 4 to November 5.
 
We know how the identification of the battery was probably done, thanks to the description of a former officer brought up by a fellow redditor long time ago (https://old.reddit.com/TickTockManitowoc/comments/a6elmu/fleet_batteries_are_traceable/):
 
“I’m a former police officer and a former criminal investigator (Special Agent) with a federal agency. I have not personally had to trace a battery to its origin, but I have seen it done […] Here’s roughly how it’s done: What you do is obtain information about the brand, group size, model number, serial or identification numbers and contact the battery maker. The maker will be able to tell you which facility made the battery. […] There will exist a detailed paper trail from the day the individual battery left production line to what trucking company delivered it to the distributor, to whom the distributor sold the battery to and when. There will be pricing, dates, identifying numbers, names, stamps, signatures, phone numbers etc. Government records will show the purchase order, the invoice and payment for the battery.”
 
Note: Government records! The back tracing via the serial number of a battery still under warranty, which was also the path that KZ used, is only possible for fleet batteries, mass orders for authorities, government and, possibly very large corporations.
 
The battery type of the replacement on the other hand is usually only found within Ford Crown Victoria cars. The police cars in Wisconsin usually are Ford Crown Victorias. KZ explicitly noted it and there is no doubt, that MW notes it on March 7, 2006.  
Even more, we think that MW that day actually gets a name, during another call.
 
And we are very convinced that this name must by AC.
 
Remember how, at the end of 2018, KZ was practically teasing, provoking the person responsible for the illegal transportation of the RAV-4 from November 4 to 5, 2005, in a series of purposeful tweets? How she was referring that the wrong battery is typically found in police cars, how that person would have had to know, when the flyover took place, and how all that points to LE? Remember that she led everyone to believe, that she would disclose the name of the person who inserted the battery in the appeals brief officially due on December 20, 2018.
 
Did anyone show a reaction to that? Yes, and very publicly. On December 17 nobody else than AC, through Manitowoc prosecutor and full-time guilter MG, filed a frivolous lawsuit (https://gray.ftp.clickability.com/wbaywebftp/documents/Colborn-lawsuit-12172018.pdf) against Netflix and the creators of “Making A Murderer”. The complaint was written very, very hastily. The argumentation was sloppy, and the references to other documents were done so superficially, that many of them led to the wrong pages. The entire thing was compiled in obvious hurry, as if there was no time to write it thoroughly, as if it was to precede something else at any cost….
 
If you remember all that, you may also remember that KZ wrote about that December 17 filing as “an early Christmas present”.
 
This secondary confirmation is reason to believe, that on March 7, 2006, the research of MW spit out the name Colborn.
 
Feel free to imagine the look on MW’s face, when he writes down AC’s name in his notes, then freezes, and, after some seconds, immediately tears the paper into pieces and throws it into his dustbin.
 
Images from one cold night in November take form in front of his inner eye. He sees AC standing there, bent over the hood of TH’s RAV-4, and secretly changing the battery with one out of police stocks, something that he, a trained car mechanic (he worked as an auto transmission mechanic in Las Vegas, 1988-1990; and as a diesel mechanic in Wisconsin at Waupaca Foundry Inc., 1990-1992), can easily accomplish, even in the dark, while his companion, RH, keeps watch for approaching cars on Highway 147. MW may find himself looking about the imaginary AC’s shoulders, asking him “Did you at least have the intelligence to wear gloves?”
 
We speculate MW, that very moment, realizes several shocking truths he never counted in: He and his friend Tom placed information about the hood, under which the wrong battery has been waiting like a ticking time bomb, in an interrogation that is absolutely central to the entire case. They directed attention to what happened under the hood – the disconnecting of the battery. A battery that in all likelihood comes from a police car, a Manitowoc (!) police car, and was probably put in by a Manitowoc officer so that the RAV-4 could be planted on the Avery Salvage Yard. Their questions, MW, realizes, directed attention to the fact (and the proof) that their entire case is a scam.
 
A Manitowocian scam secretly planted into a Calumet investigation.
 
And the March 1 interrogation leads directly to it.
 
If our hypothesis is correct, then this must have been the greatest “Oh Fuck!”- moment in the history of Calumet County. And that exclamation may have been followed by a vulgarism like “those bastards!”
 
MW starts thinking. In his mind the rising disaster takes form. Only about two weeks earlier SA had been forced to accept a settlement in his 36 million dollar civil suit against the Manitowoc Sheriff’s department – now Calumet County’s case against him is going to pulverize, because its very foundation turns out to be fictional. In his palace of thought MW sees the law suit resurrected and approaching Calumet at breakneck speed.
 
He knows it would cost his job and probably the existence of the entire department. It would be a perfect storm with unclear survival status.
 
This must be prevented at any cost. What shall he do? There was a telephone call to Le Mieux Toyata, a fax has been exchanged (https://drive.google.com/file/d/1K1IyTPNYDIKntoUkoM4PVd7D5Uh047ya/view), the original pages still being in the official business files of the car dealership. CJ may remember his name. The call could maybe be traced back. He may have made other calls in following the trail of the battery, emails may exist.
 
Can he simply sweep that conversation under the rug?
 
Or…..he looks upon the fax again. He realizes that CJ used a business format and wrote March 7, like in Europe, as 07-03-2006 - which in US-Format would make it 3rd of July. If he could hold back the thing until July, he and TF would still have time to correct their mistake and to divert the attention they gave the hood (and through it, implicitly, the battery) to Avery.
 
MW makes a decision. He cuts off the upper margin of both pages of the fax very precisely with a paper cutter. Then he copies it, probably destroys his original, and hides the copy. Then he writes a report, worded as vaguely as humanly possible, avoiding any mentioning of his research following it. In early June, when the danger has been banned, he will copy the report into the CASO investigative report.
 
So that nobody can make the connection anymore to the shadow of AC above the engine of the RAV-4 on a deserted highway in a cold November night.
 
He then calls his colleague TF, voicing something along the lines of “Tommy, we’ve got a problem”
 
The very same day TF and MW hastily make an arrangement to visit Kayla Avery at her mother’s house at around half past three that very day. Interestingly she had already testified to the police and by it created the reasons for BD’s first three interrogations on February 27, 2006. After BD was officially arrested KA breaks down crying at school – on March2, that is.
 
Her second interrogation, TF and MW visit her for, is allegedly triggered by that incident, however it takes places no later than full five days after her breakdown and on the very same day, on which, we believe, TF discovered the truth about one cold night in November.
 
In her self-written statement, the chaotic and highly emotional scribbling of a deeply disturbed teenager (https://external-preview.redd.it/gF2dKKqr70BxOOKwjbIja4-A8Ky38SdYyigO5yNMIAg.jpg?auto=webp&s=4116db6e5a427db9b6d25166fd5c189b640ad672), and the interrogation accompanying it, she is manipulated in a completely unforgivable manner, to confirm BD’s March 1 interrogation. However, her statement goes and stays as uncorroborated as BD’s original `confession´ - the logic of the investigators seems to rest on the idea, that minus times minus equals plus.
 
Nobody in his right mind would ever take this mixture of judicial statement and pubertal diary entry seriously and it never finds its way into the evidence of the Avery trial (only into the Dassey trial, which happens later)
 
This second interrogation of KA serves as a first aid measure in the newly discovered emergency: It creates a new reason for the Calumet officials to request and get a fifth interrogation of BD at a later date. The possibility of a fifth interrogation that functions as a life insurance for the Calumet Sheriff’s Department.
 
Naturally such a fifth interrogation cannot take place until the lab results regarding battery cables and the license plates are in, and hopefully fit the narrative or, if not, are made to fit the narrative. SC is known to be very cooperative on these matters.
 
If our hypothesis is correct then, what could be called a “change of heart” moment, the moment in which TF and MW discover the truth about the illegal transportation of the RAV-4 and the person(s) responsible for it, was on March 7, 2006, somewhen between 9.00 am and 3.36 pm.
 
In the range of these six and a half hours TF and MW understood the truth about one cold night in November.
 
And this truth triggered a chain of events that defined the entire ` investigation´ of this case from then on.
 
 
6. All The Sheriff's Men
 
 
6.1. SWABS OF GLORY
 
While we have no doubt that there has possibly been quite some illegal collaboration between Manitowoc and Calumet in “getting Avery” before March 7, 2006, we propose that this specific moment defines when MW and TF discovered the full truth about the illegal transportation of TH’s RAV-4 back onto the Avery Salvage Yard, and especially AC’s direct involvement in it.
 
It is the moment when they came to know, that their case was based on a fundament, which frankly was non-existent. It also marks last possible moment until which they could have believed SA to be actually guilty. After March 7, 2006 this presumption of guilt, which until then had already crossed all professional as well as ethical boundaries, must have ceased to exist.
 
If this hypothesis were true then the investigation from that point on should show one or all of the following reactions:
 
 
As we are going to demonstrate all four reactions happen in the course of the investigation after March 7, and in a most obvious manner, too.
 
Yet March first shows us another hiatus, between the March 7 discovery and later events, and it does so for a clear reason. MW and TF manage to keep their anxiety and growing panic under the lid, because there is something they have to await.
 
On March 2, when BD is arrested and SC sends in her proficiency test, the latter also receives several items from the garage search, that brought Item FL as well, which are to be analyzed for TH’s DNA, in order to “put her in his house or garage”.
And SC is still working on the DNA analysis (and possible extraction) for the license plates.
 
It is obvious that MW and TF cannot engage in any course of action now, when the basis of their case has been surprisingly pulled out under their feet, before they have the smallest clue what SC will or will not find on those plates.
 
On March 29 SC begins her work on Item FL.
On March 31, a Friday, SC issues a report, Exhibit 313, (http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Steven-Avery-Trial-Exhibit-313.pdf#page=2) in which she states, that not a single one of those garage items produced any DNA of the victim, and, even more importantly, that on the license plates DNA has been found, yet not enough for quantification and therefore not enough for identification.
 
Here is the lab timeline from my earlier article “Eternal Sunshine Of The Devious Mind”:
https://imgur.com/55SN6Cc
 
This raises a lot of problems with later findings, because the person who removed the license plates is also very probably the person who changed and disconnected the battery – but there NO DNA will be found during future testing.
Speaks for a pretty inconsequential killer, doesn’t it? One keeps wondering also, why SC, who, when it comes to Item FL, is a real wizard in quantifying and identifying extremely small DNA traces, almost in the realm of low copy DNA, (so small, that they do not even survive the testing) suddenly has such difficulties with tiny samples.
 
One explanation of course would be, if SC did not want to provide the identification of said DNA, since it leads to the very hand of a police colleague.
 
After that report two certain Calumet investigators must have suffered a full blown panic attack.
 
Now, they know that SC cannot (yet?) help them. And so, with their backs against the wall and under the urgent need, to connect the hood, they unknowingly brought into full spotlight during the March 1 interrogation, to SA, to any other person than AC, they resort to their life insurance: The groin swabs taken on November 9, 2005.  
The following Monday,
 
April 3 , 2006,
26 days after the March 1 “confession” and the first work day after the issuing of Exhibit 313, TF and MW have no alternatives left.
 
They instruct Deputy Hawkins and Sergeant Tyson to drive to the storage container in Chilton where they are to photograph and swab the battery, the cables, and the hood latch of the RAV-4. In that order. Interestingly there are two separate reports about one and the same visit, one about the photos (page 887) (http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/CASO-Investigative-Report.pdf#page=887 , photos: https://onedrive.live.com/?authkey=%21AO9RuA1XWnXd70w&id=8F405E002A3D1E98%211531&cid=8F405E002A3D1E98):
 
“At approximately 1925 hours, Sgt. TYSON and I went to the storage units located at Ann and Frontier Streets. We went to Storage Unit 7 where the victim, TERESA HALBACH's, RAV4 was located.
 
At approximately 1941 hours, I took a photograph of the hood latch of the Toyota RAV4. At approximately 1945 hours, I took a photograph of the left battery cable of the Toyota RAV4. At approximately 1947 hours, I took a photograph of the right side battery cable of the Toyota RAV4. After I photographed the right and left battery cable and hood latch, and Sgt. TYSON took DNA swabs of these locations, the storage unit containing the Toyota RAV4 was secured.”
 
And a second one about the swabbing (page 935) http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/CASO-Investigative-Report.pdf#page=935 :
 
“Deputy HAWKINS and I went to the storage shed where TERESA HALBACH's vehicle was being stored. Deputy HAWKINS did unlock the storage shed. Inv. WIEGERT and Special Agent FASSBENDER had informed us they wished for us to do DNA swabs on the interior and exterior of the door handles of TERESA HALBACH's vehicle. They also requested DNA swabs done on the hood latch as well as the battery cables for the vehicle.
 
At 1937 hours, I did a DNA swab on the hood latch to the hood of the vehicle. At 1941hours, a DNA swab was done on the left battery cable. At 1943 hours, a DNA swab was done on the right battery cable.”
 
The latter one, being written by Sergeant Tyson although strangely it names Hawkins as “Reporting Officer”, is the only one that mentions MW’s and TF’s role in this, as well as their concrete instructions.
 
KZ explains sharply in her October 11 appeals brief:
 
“The instructions SA Fassbender and Inv. Wiegert gave Dep. Hawkins and Sgt. Tyson revealed their illegal plan, because they failed to request swabbing of the interior hood release lever and hood prop, which, by necessity, Mr. Avery would have handled when opening the hood to disconnect the battery cable. They knew Mr. Avery was never in the RAV-4, so no additional swabbing was requested.”
 
Those instructions never had the purpose to find or identify any DNA on the hood or the battery, but to create a pretense and, most importantly, a seemingly legitimate swab to introduce and transmit SA’s DNA via the illegal November 9 groin swabs and connect it to the RAV-4 hood. The swab Hawkins and Tyson make is only there to be switched with one of the groin swabs the next morning.
 
After Sgt. Tyson has swabbed the hood latch, he gives the “pretend swab” to Dep. Hawkins for storage.
 
We should not forget, that on the very same day, the “Perry Mason of our time”, LK, allegedly stumbles across Michael O'Kelly by searching for polygraph examiners in Sheboygan on website directories (Superpages), and he happens to be the only one in Green Bay who charges $350 or less (the allocated public defender amount). According to LK, MoK is the only one listed in the area who would work for that rate. LK does not so much as to even lift a finger to check out his background, he just sends him an email to request his services (http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/2010-PC-Hearing-Exhibit-62-Kachinsky-email-to-OKelly-4.3.06_Redacted.pdf)
LK actually fails to realize that MoK is not even a certified polygraph examiner in the State of Wisconsin.
 
This is one possible version of the story, the one LK narrates in the 2010 post conviction hearing (http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/2010-01-15-Post-Conviction-Motion-Hearing-Day-1.pdf#page=188); however, it is not necessarily the truth.
 
You see, MoK’s main office was in Sioux City, Iowa, not Sheboygan, and for this case he drove distances which do not fit in with him being a local (http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/2010-PC-Hearing-Exhibit-56-Crime-Scene-and-Statement-Analysis-invoice_Redacted.pdf )
 
The polygraph expert with ties into law enforcement that LK hires, who later is pretty much going to tell an inexperienced LK what when to do, while being on a first name basis with MW, who he on the other hand is going to give some pretty professional advice how to crack his own (!) client (while MW also happens to be the only officer never mentioned in MoK’s invoicing), may have also have been recommended to LK.
 
By a person or person(s) unknown, who were pretty desperate that time.
 
The next day,
 
April 4, 2006,
Deputy Hawkins signs the hood latch swab over to MW for transport to the Wisconsin Crime Lab in Madison. MW transfers custody of the swab to WSCL personnel, purportedly delivering the same swab collected from the hood latch for analysis.
 
But on the custody transmittal documents we do not find MW’s own name. Deputy Hawkins' name is typed under “submitting officer”. Not only that: Deputy Hawkins' name is also printed by hand as submitting officer on the Wisconsin Department of Justice Evidence Transmittal Form labeled M0S-2467-27. (https://static1.squarespace.com/static/55203379e4b08b1328203a7d/t/593959e0c534a5d8325b9f5b/1496930822077/2017.06.07+-+Mo#page=88 https://www.workwithkz.com/media/filings/35/2019-10-11_brief-of-defendant-appellant-steven-a-avery.pdf#page=91)
 
Through this falsification MW directly and intentionally misidentifies Hawkins as the officer submitting the swab and thereby hides his own identity.
 
The effect of these shenanigans is a forged chain of custody. In documentation the chain of custody appears unbroken and intact: TYSON > HAWKINS >WSCL.
 
Yet the real chain of custody features one additional, hidden, step:
TYSON > HAWKINS > (WIEGERT) > WSCL.
 
During this additional step, for which no innocent explanation exists, MW obviously swapped the swabs. And the only swab available for this obscure procedure, MW had access to, is one of the November 9 groin swabs.
 
More than a decade later scientific examinations will show, that a switching of swabs is the only possible explanation for the existence of that probe, because its anomalies betray its origins:
 
The sample with SA’s DNA allegedly taken from the hood of TH's car is examined by Dr. Christopher Palenik. He proves in experiment that such a high amount of DNA cannot be produced by touching. SA's sample contained 90 times more DNA than 15 comparative samples combined. This means, that it is virtually impossible that this trace was left naturally, by touching.
 
Furthermore, all particles that would have had to adhere, if the sample came from a hood latch, are missing on that swab. In all comparative samples, these adhesions are visible even without a microscope; they are visible to the naked eye.
And yet they are nonexistent on the hood latch sample.
 
Palenik assumes that this sample was swapped with one of the groin swabs. This assumption is supported by the molecular biologist Dr. Reich: A groin swab contains much more DNA (up to 90 times more) than a contact swab and, of course, does not have any adherences from a car hood.
 
The reconstruction of the way these highly illegal and fraudulent proceedings were arranged, illustrates one very telling aspect:  
Hawkins and Tyson were not privy to the actual purpose of their mission on April 3. They actually physically drove down to Chilton, they went into that container, they shot those photos, and they swabbed what they were supposed to. Had they known that they were only play-investigating for appearances, to cover for something completely different, none of those things would have been necessary. They could have just simply typed a report. No swabs would have ever been necessary to switch.
You could do all that just by paperwork.
But that was not how it came to pass.
Now, these were Calumet officers, mind you, working for the same department as TF (for this case) and MW.
And yet they were not let in on it.
 
The only conclusion that can be drawn from it is, that the knowledge about the illegal transportation of the RAV-4, developed from the research immediately following the Judson call, at this stage of the investigation (as improper a word it seems in this instance) must still have been toxic top secret information even within the Calumet Sheriff’s Department. The truth may have never left the four-eyes conversation between TF and MW.
 
The timing is another vital reference: This swapping of swabs could have easily happened after the March1 interrogation, when “the hood” re-entered the stage of this farcical tragedy – but it didn’t. It did not take place until early April.
 
Why?
 
We propose, it could not and did not happen earlier because it was the March 7 discovery that set in motion the chain of events leading towards those desperate measures.
 
6.2 LIAR, LIAR, PANTS ON FIRE.
 
What is the most pathetic, desperate measure any criminal investigator can employ? Exactly: The classic, well- known prison snitch.
 
If law enforcement steeps down so low as to use a prison snitch, then this is a most unambiguous sign, that investigators have a) no or not much of a case and are b) at the very end of their wits and head over heels in a heavy predicament.
 
This case is no exception. While, on the one hand, the month of April, 2006, sees the sending in and returning of more Items and probes to the central storage unit than any other before (53 Items on April 4, 71 Items on April 11, 23 Items on April 24,), on the other brings us this much beloved cliché of the fellow prisoner converted to goodness, who cannot keep the truth he overheard a secret.
 
In our case this man is named Orville Jacobs (https://threader.app/thread/1132233924145369088)
 
And, as luck (?) would have it, he happens to be client of LK.
 
April 12, 2006
Correctional officer Cheryl Mason from the Calumet County Correctional Unit writes a report (http://www.stevenaverycase.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/CASO-Investigative-Report.pdf#page=735) detailing that a fellow prisoner of SA, OJ has probably something to say, about statements that SA allegedly made. Mason writes up a nice little back story about talking to OJ when she guarded him back from his bible studies (don’t they always come straight out of bible studies?) to his cell. The initiative, according to Masons often heard story, comes from OJ himself.
 
OJ, she claims, told her SA spoke about blood found on the headboard of his bed, and that it would have come from his dog.
 
On the same day Mason calls MW.
 
MW does his duty and immediately writes a report. Only that one says" the blood on the headboard from his bed and by the washer would be from his dog"
 
Well, this trigger is one giant problem in and by itself. Not only creates this story of OJ (more exactly: of LE) a preeminent reason for a swabbing of SA’s headboard – which miraculously has already taken place 8 days earlier, on April 3. Cause and effect are reversed. But the story also says, that SA’s girlfriend told him, that they found blood on his headboard which in turn demands this explanation from SA.
 
This is impossible, since the testing of said headboard has not been done yet on April 12. The results will be available not before May 8, and will disclose that NO blood was found anywhere on that headboard.
 
Normally you would expect a chronology like this:
 
Reason for taking a probe – taking of a probe – result of the analysis of that probe
 
What MW and TF with pretty over-dramatic antics present to us, is not only reversed but suffers heavily from circular reasoning:
 
Taking of a probe - reason for taking of a probe (referring to results) - results of analysis of a probe (which fits neither one of the other steps).
 
This strictly a-logical line of events cries for the headline “planned but aborted planting” - blinking like a Las Vegas neon sign.
 
April 14, 2006
MW and TF interrogate OJ about his sensational news.
 
The report about this meeting is such a desperate overkill of wanna-be incriminating information, OJ has obviously not been prepared for giving very well, that it almost appears involuntarily funny, when you read it.
 
Newly introduced by OJ are:
 
This shall supposedly explain the absence of 60% of TH’s bones. However to depose of bones perfectly by this method is technically not possible.
 
This is obviously meant o account for the absence of traces in the bedroom, but is, again, technically not possible to do.
 
This info appears to be introduced in order to document what the flyover video decidedly could not show: The presence of the RAV-4 on the Avery Salvage Yard (MW and TF still working to correct their mistake from March 1)
 
An example, of our dear old character assassination, a technique you employ, when you have nothing else to assassinate.
 
Appears, at least in hindsight, to be an attempt to incriminate SA with knowledge of the BoD computer searches. However there is a problem with that point we could not solve so far: How could LE know about the contents of BoDs computer searches full 12 days b e f o r e the respective laptop was actually seized? How has that magic trick been done?
 
The result of all this is an almost tragicomic half-witted info-overkill to somehow corroborate Brendan's confession, which they must see at this stage, as what it actually is: The manipulated and completely imaginary pseudo-confession of an innocent, not only containing toxic information but simply not adding up. So to somehow tie all their lose ends without revealing the truth, thereby increasing their mathematical skills into Nobel Prize league, MW and TF extend the equation to “minus times minus times minus equals plus”.
 
The fact that MW and TF, via their instructed snitch OJ, try to cover for the presumed absence of the RAV-4 on the November 4 video and the pathetic way in which they approach this, illustrates clearly the importance and existing knowledge of the “Manitowoc framing” at this stage of the investigation. We also deduce because of it, that on April 14 the editing of the flyover video has probably already been done.
 
Orville's enclosed handwritten statement, mentioned in the files, is notably missing from the CASO report.
 
The only thing why the OJ interrogation is of any value is, that it bears testament to TF’s and MW’s utter dilettantism (Come on, they cannot even prep a prison snitch on any level above the Jerry Springer Show?) as well as to the frantic desperation in the Calumet County Sheriff’s department during early April. They cannot simply wait for SC to present her results; they are pressured into something as stupid as this.
 
A desperation pointing back to a drastic change of events in March.
 
 
https://old.reddit.com/TickTockManitowoc/comments/ecucxt/one_cold_night_in_november_part_i/
 
https://old.reddit.com/TickTockManitowoc/comments/ecuf5s/one_cold_night_in_november_part_ii/
 
https://old.reddit.com/TickTockManitowoc/comments/ecug80/one_cold_night_in_november_part_iii/
 
https://old.reddit.com/TickTockManitowoc/comments/ecui53/one_cold_night_in_november_part_iv/
 
 
submitted by stefanclimbrunner to TickTockManitowoc [link] [comments]


2019.07.27 21:28 FaradaySaint Effort Post: Where the 2016 Republicans now? And are these mega-primaries a good idea?

Seeing how many Democrats are running for President with slim chances of winning, I wondered what happens to all those who don’t make it. When I went back to see where the 2016 Republican candidates are, I was surprised to find only this short Business Insider article.
So, I’ve written a summary of all the 16 GOP candidates who weren’t elected President: what they did before the campaign, and where they are now. Afterwards, I discuss the comparisons between this primary and the 2020 Democrats, followed by an analysis of whether these mega-primaries are beneficial to the candidates and to the voters. (I had to include this in the comments, since the many links were pushing this post over the character limit)
If you’d like to skip to the analysis at the end, the TL;DR of these 16 bios is this:
10 of them were holding elected office at the time, and only 4 (all Senators) remain. The other 6 (all governors) have moved on to other pursuits, and only Rick Perry (Secretary of Energy) is still in public office. Of the 6 who were not in public office during the campaign, only Ben Carson (HUD secretary) is now in a government position.
Ted Cruz
Cruz assisted in the 2000 Bush Presidential campaign, helping draft legal strategy for the Florida recount. He served as U.S. Associate Deputy Attorney General until 2003, and as Texas Solicitor General from 2003-2008. He returned to private practice until he was elected Senator in 2012. He became famous for his role in the 2013 government shutdown, where his main goal was to defund the Affordable Care Act. He was seen as the most conservative candidate in the primary, and he had little support from GOP leadership. After winning the Iowa caucus, he maintained his position as the second-most popular candidate behind Donald Trump, winning 11 states and over 7.8 million votes (compared to Trump’s 14 million). He and Donald Trump repeatedly attacked each other personally. In a last-ditch effort to gain support, he chose Carly Fiorina to be his running mate as vice president and had several of the other failed primary candidates endorsing him. He dropped out of the race in early May 2016, when there was no longer a path to victory.
Cruz eventually endorsed Donald Trump for president, and the two have since been very supportive of each other. He has been one of the most visible Republicans in the Senate, playing Jimmy Kimmel in a charity basketball game and winning reelection in a closely fought race against Congressman Beto O’Rourke. He has also grown a widely-discussed beard.
John Kasich
Kasich served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1983-2001, where he was a “hawkish” member of the Armed Forces Committee and chair of the House Budget Committee, focused on reducing tax loopholes and balancing the budget. After a brief campaign for president in 2000 he worked for Fox News and Lehman Brothers. He won a close election for Ohio governor in 2010 with Tea Party support. His popularity grew as he went on to win 86 of 88 counties in his 2014 reelection. In the 2016 campaign, he appealed to many moderates as a voice of reason, but he was seen as too liberal by most Republicans and too conservative by Democrats. Despite his lack of support, he stayed in the race long enough to win over 4 million votes, buy only won the state of Ohio.
He refused to endorse Donald Trump, writing in John McCain as his vote and publishing a book on rising above Trump’s divisive rhetoric. He finished his term as governor with many assuming he would run for president again, either as a Republican or Independent. He continues to be outspoken on political events as a senior political commentator for CNN.
Marco Rubio
Rubio moved from state politics to the U.S. Senate in 2010 when Tea Party support allowed him to defeat former governor Charlie Crist for the republican nomination and in the general election when Crist ran as an independent. Rubio was part of several major Senate bills, most notably the bipartisan gang of eight immigration reform. Rubio was vetted as a possible running mate for Mitt Romney in 2012. He was also well-known for his awkward "water-bottle" moment" during his 2013 response to President Obama’s State of the Union speech. Despite his name recognition and charisma, his campaign never resonated enough to make him anyone’s first choice. He received 3.5 million votes but dropped out of the race after failing to win his home state of Florida.
Marco Rubio eventually endorsed Donald Trump, despite their numerous personal attacks during the campaign. He has since been an enthusiastic supporter of the President. He won reelection to the Senate in 2016, but has maintained a lower profile this term. One prominent moment was a CNN town hall following the school shooting in Parkland, where Rubio was repeatedly booed for refusing to denounce the NRA and his past gun positions.
Ben Carson
Dr. Carson was appointed chief of neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1984, rising to fame in 1987 with a 70-member surgery that separated conjoined twins. He then became a well-known motivational speaker and author, and his biography was made into a movie. His journey into the conservative movement began in 2013, when he was chosen as the keynote speaker of the National Prayer Breakfast, and he used the opportunity to criticize Barack Obama’s healthcare agenda. Ben Carson was well-liked by primary voters, and was even ahead of Donald Trump in some November 2015 polls, but he made several strange statements, leading many (including Donald Trump) to question the credibility of his autobiography and his competence in understanding political issues. His "super-low energy" campaign ended in early March with 850,000 votes and only 7 delegates.
Carson almost immediately endorsed Donald Trump, asserting that Trump was much wiser more willing to listen than people assumed. He became chair of a group encouraging Christians to vote and was closely involved with the Trump campaign. After making the perplexing statement that he wouldn’t be qualified to run a government agency, he accepted a position as secretary of Housing and Urban Development. He has been a committed supporter of the President, despite $6.2 billion in cuts to HUD. He made the news recently when he seemed to be unfamiliar with the term REO, mistaking it for the Oreo cookie.
Jeb Bush
Bush, the son and brother of former presidents, had a successful business career in Venezuela and Miami until he decided to run for governor of Florida in 1994. He was unsuccessful in that first attempt, but his pragmatic policies allowed him to win the following two elections. He returned to private business until declaring his candidacy in June 2015. While Bush was initially a well-connected frontrunner who raised a lot of cash, it was clear that he never generated much enthusiasm from the public. Donald Trump attacked him the most on Twitter, and his campaign never found a way to respond. He believed the party had shifted too far to the right, but seemed to lose moderate support to John Kasich. With only 280,000 votes, he never made it above 4th in any state primary. The most enduring part of his campaign may have been his sad request that an audience would "Please clap."
Bush supported Cruz during the primaries, but refused to vote for either candidate in the general election. He has stated that he will not seek another elected office but continue being involved in business. He became President of the Foundation for Excellence in Education, where current Education Secretary Betsy DeVos had been a board member. He hopes that a Republican will challenge Donald Trump in the 2020 primary.
Rand Paul
Rand Paul is the son of libertarian congressman Ron Paul, and he assisted each of his father’s three presidential campaigns. He was an opthamologist from 1993 until 2010, when he decided to run for Senate, after Jim Bunning declined to seek reelection. Paul’s policies aligned well with the Tea Party, and he defeated the attorney general by 12 percentage points. During his time in the Senate, he has called for many drastic budget cuts, privacy protections from the government, and limiting military intervention, including a 13-hour filibuster to protest the Obama administration’s drone program. Paul was a presidential frontrunner in CPAC straw polls. He used humorous social media and university visits to try and win support from younger voters, but as voters became more concerned about solving foreign crises, Paul’s isolationist views prevented him from breaking into the upper ranks. He dropped out after only receiving 10,000 votes in the Iowa primary.
Kentucky had experienced controversy about Paul being a candidate for President and Senate since 2014, but he dropped out of the presidential race before that became an issue, easily winning reelection. Paul endorsed Donald Trump in 2016 and they have had a friendly working relationship. In 2017, a neighbor attacked him and broke five of his ribs. He continues to be a staunch proponent of limiting spending, most recently drawing the ire of many public figures when he blocked Kirsten Gillibrand’s motion for unanimous consent on compensation for 9/11 victims and first responders.
Chris Christie
Christie became an attorney in 1987, a partner at his law firm in 1993, and the U.S. attorney for New Jersey in 2002. He won a close gubernatorial election in 2009. He focused on cutting spending, and his popularity continued to grow after his response to Hurricane Sandy, allowing him to be elected head of the Republican Governors Association. He quickly became one of the least popular governors after several controversies, such as "Bridgegate." His low approval ratings did not improve nationwide, where many voters saw him as the most liberal candidate in the primary. He received less than 60,000 votes and won no delegates.
Christie was eager to stand behind Donald Trump. He did not receive a position in the administration, though he claims he was offered multiple cabinet-level positions, but refused any except VP or attorney general. After finishing his term as governor, he joined ABC News as a contributor and wrote a book about his strong relationship with the President, which criticized the Kushners and others in the administration.
Mike Huckabee
Mike Huckabee was a Southern Baptist pastor for 12 years. In 1992, his self-funded campaign lost by 20% to incumbent U.S. Senator from Arkansas, Dale Bumpers. When Governor Bill Clinton was elected President, Lt. Gov. Jim Guy Tucker became Governor, and Huckabee won a special election to become Lieutenant Governor. Huckabee assumed the position of Governor when Tucker was convicted for involvement in the Whitewater scandal. Huckabee was popular enough to win reelection as Governor twice. He came in 3rd in the 2008 Republican Presidential Primary, and hosted an eponymous Fox News show until attempting to run for President in 2016. Despite his name recognition, his base never grew beyond southern Evangelicals, and he began to support Donald Trump during the televised debates.
Huckabee was offered a position in Trump’s cabinet but claimed to turn it down. His daughter, Sarah Huckabee Sanders, was the President’s press secretary for 2 ½ years. Mike Huckabee’s TV show is the highest rated on the Christian channel TBN, and he remains a vocal supporter of President Trump.
Carly Fiorina
Carly Fiorina became AT&T’s first female vice president in 1990. She then led its spinoff, Lucent Technologies, to rapid growth, increasing its stock price by ten times. In 1999, Hewlett-Packard chose her to be the first female CEO of a Dow 30 company. Her time at HP was tumultuous, with controversial mergers and unwelcome changes to company culture. She was forced to resign in 2005 and has been called one of the worst CEOs of her time. She worked with several businesses before deciding to focus on philanthropic work. She was an economic advisor to the 2008 McCain campaign and chairman of the CIA External Advisory board. She was the Republican nominee for U.S. Senate in 2010, despite her embarrassing "Demon Sheep" ad about rival Tom Campbell. She lost to incumbent Barbara Boxer by 10%. In the 2016 Presidential campaign, her speaking ability and sharp criticism of Hillary Clinton made her the star of the "undercard" debate. She made headlines again when rebuking Donald Trump for insulting her face, but her lack of government experience and controversial business legacy kept voters from supporting her. Ted Cruz’s attempt to use her as a running mate for 7 days was the shortest VP Candidacy in history.
Fiorina called for Donald Trump to resign after the vulgar Access Hollywood tape was released, but she supported his inauguration. She believes that he sees women as something to be used, but also is willing to give them important jobs. She is currently leadership consultant, running Carly Fiorina Enterprises and promoting her new book.
Jim Gilmore
Jim Gilmore was a military veteran who served as Virginia’s attorney general from 1993-1997, until he was elected governor. He cut taxes and spending on everything except education. He created the Secretary of Technology position, advised the White House on weapons of mass destruction, and signed restrictions on abortion. Virginia does not allow governors to serve consecutive terms, but he did serve as chair of the Republican National Committee after leaving office in 2001. Gilmore attempted to run for president in 2008, but failed to raise funds and quickly dropped out. Instead, he was nominated as the Republican candidate for Senator by a slim margin of 66 votes and lost the general election by over 30% of the vote. In 2016, he was consistently the lowest-polling GOP candidate, often not even appearing in polls. He appeared in some debates with little impact, and he believed the media was conspiring against him.
Gilmore believed the party should unite behind Donald Trump to stop Hillary Clinton. He is now the CEO of the American Opportunity Foundation and U.S. Ambassador to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
Rick Santorum
Rick Santorum was elected it to the House of Representatives by Democratic-leaning Pittsburgh in 1991, supporting labor unions and opposing NAFTA. He won a close election to the U.S. Senate in 1994. During his two terms, he championed welfare reform and a failed amendment to NCLB act that allowed for the teaching of intelligent design and questioning evolution in school. He was in favor of strong foreign intervention in the middle east to fight radical Islamists. When John McCain opposed the use of torture against terrorists, Santorum accused McCain of not understanding enhanced interrogation. He lost his Senate race in 2006 by one of the widest margins for a sitting Senator. In his 2012 presidential campaign, he received strong conservative support in southern states, but fell short of Mitt Romney before the end of the primaries. With Mike Huckabee taking most of the early evangelical support in 2016, Santorum performed poorly in all polls, and dropped out of the race after the first caucuses.
Rick Santorum endorsed Marco Rubio, then Donald Trump. He was hired by CNN as a senior political commentator. He is a firm supporter of the President, frequently speaking out on his support for conservative causes.
George Pataki
George Pataki repeatedly defeated incumbent Democrats for New York state offices during the 1980’s. In the 1994 “Republican Revolution,” He upset longtime governor Mario Cuomo by just 3%. As a fiscal conservative and a social liberal, Pataki had broad appeal and was easily reelected to a second and third term. He worked well with Mayor Giuliani to help rebuild New York City following the September 11th attacks. After leaving office, he formed an environmental consulting firm and a temporary non-profit to support repealing Obamacare. He became a board member of the American Security Council Foundation. After considering Presidential runs in ‘08 and ‘12, he decided to run in 2016. His liberal views were not a good fit for the party, and his campaign barely reached any voters.
Pataki endorsed Rubio, then Kasich, and called on Donald Trump to resign after the Access Hollywood tape. He continues to work with the same firms as before the election and seems to be involved in New York Politics.
Lindsey Graham
Lindsey Graham was a member of the Air Force from 1982 to 2015, mostly serving in reserve capacity as an attorney. He was the first Republican elected to the House of Representatives from the 3rd Congressional District of South Carolina since 1877, and won several reelections with overwhelming support. He was opposed to Newt Gingrich’s leadership and Bill Clinton's impeachment. He won the 2002 Senate race when Strom Thurmond retired. He had a reputation for being moderate on issues such as environmentalism and immigration, yet he has been reelected twice, even during the Tea Party insurgence. He was a co-chairman of his friend John McCain's 2008 campaign, and Donald Trump’s 2015 comments about McCain prompted Graham to call him a “jackass.” Trump responded by giving out Graham's phone number on CNN and urging people to call it. During his presidential campaign, Senator Graham was only known for his aggressive foreign policy, and when other candidates had similar positions, he was never able to gather significant support.
Graham endorsed Bush and Cruz, finally voting for CIA officer Evan McMullin in the general election. In 2018 he derided Senate Democrats for turning Brett Kavanaugh’s hearing into an "unethical sham". He has surprised many by becoming a vocal supporter of President Trump, despite their policy disagreements. Some have suggested that his reversal is meant to prevent a conservative primary challenger. He is, unfortunately, not the host of a history podcast you should all be listening to.
Bobby Jindal
Bobby Jindal is a health policy expert, whose financial "genius", led him to quickly rise from Secretary of the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals (1993) to President of the University of Louisiana System (1999) to Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services (2001) in the Bush Administration. He lost the 2003 gubernatorial election, but won two landslide elections to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2004 and 2006. Jindal became the country’s first Indian American governor in 2008, and was viewed favorably after successfully responding to Hurricane Gustav. He gave the Republican response to Barack Obama’s first State of the Union. His popularity began to decline in his second term due to his budget cuts and refusal to raise taxes. With little support at home and poor national name recognition, Jindal’s 2016 Presidential Campaign ended after only four months, leading some to say that he should have run in 2012.
Bobby Jindal reluctantly voted for Donald Trump, which he called the second worst thing the nation could do, besides electing Hillary Clinton. He now works in global investment for Ares Management and writes columns for the Wall Street Journal that support President Trump’s policies, but push for a better Republican party in the future.
Scott Walker
In 2004, at age 36, Scott Walker became the only Republican and youngest person to be elected Milwaukee County executive. He reduced county employees by 20% and cut over $40 million in spending. After a short, unsuccessful campaign in 2006, he was elected governor in 2010. When he tried to limit collective bargaining, a recall election was held. Despite millions spent from outside sources, Walker won by an even bigger margin than the general election. He rejected federal funds for Medicaid expansion and a high-speed railway. Walker’s hardline conservative ideals initially appealed to voters in the 2016 primary, but lackluster debates and low polling numbers led him to suspend his campaign. He urged other candidates to do so as well, to unite behind a true conservative candidate like Ted Cruz that could stop Donald Trump.
Scott Walker was reluctant to support Donald Trump after his racist comments about a federal judge. He did help his friend Mike Pence, and eventually endorsed Trump. After losing the 2018 gubernatorial election, he attempted to remove powers from the incoming administration. He is now president of a conservative youth foundation and was appointed by Donald Trump to be a member of a think tank at the Smithsonian.
Rick Perry
Rick Perry was a Democrat in the Texas House of Representatives from 1984-1990, pushing for fiscal responsibility. He switched to be a Republican to defeat incumbent Jim Hightower for Agriculture Commissioner, an office that had been seen as corrupt. He supported President Clinton’s healthcare reform, and was elected to be lieutenant governor in 1999. Perry was a hardline conservative on social issues, though his position was bit more nuanced on education and immigration. Despite controversies about his donors receiving state contracts, high use of vetoes, and apparent support of secession, Perry was popular enough to win three reelections, making him the longest-serving governor of Texas. He was a frontrunner in the 2012 presidential election, but with "spectacular failures" at the debates and questions about his record on racial issues, he suspended his campaign early in the primary season. His 2016 campaign struggled with fundraising, endorsements, and polling, forcing him to be the first candidate to leave the race.
Rick Perry endorsed Ted Cruz and then Donald Trump. That summer, Perry lasted three weeks on the reality show Dancing with the Stars. In one of politics’ greatest ironies, Trump chose Perry to head the Department of Energy, which he had famously forgotten in a 2012 debate. Perry does not believe humans are causing climate change, and wants to focus on making fossil fuels cleaner. Some sources say he is planning to leave soon, a claim he has refuted.
submitted by FaradaySaint to tuesday [link] [comments]


2019.02.24 10:27 Henbury Know Your Rav: Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly (SAC)

Know Your Rav: Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly (SAC)

Know Your Rav: Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly

Know Your Rav is a series of posts about Sam William Henry, Teresa Halbach's RAV4. These posts aim to be evidence-based, and consider and build upon previous posts from various sources and combine new and original analysis. In Part I, I confirmed that there was no second/decoy RAV4. In Part II, I impeached the testimony of John Ertl. Now, I'll impeach Mr Ertl's testimony again, break the chain of custody of Sam William Henry, and reveal further perjury. The wheels of justice turn slowly...

Know Your Rav Series:

Part I - Sam William Henry (VIN: JT3HP10V5X7113044)
Part II - Retrieving Sam William Henry: How Ertl Gave Avery the Shaft
Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly

Summary:

  • Mr Ertl did not report his activities on 5 November 2005, leaving only his testimony as evidence
  • Mr Ertl perjured himself and his testimony can be impeached
  • A 1999 Toyota RAV4 does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted
  • There is evidence the transmission shift select was shifted out of Park
  • There is evidence supporting Sam William Henry was unlocked and entered at the Avery Salvage Yard
  • Mr Ertl is a broken link in a broken chain of custody
  • Sam William Henry, and all evidence therein, is evidence that was exposed to contamination and known to be manipulated, and that the opportunity did exist for the planting and tampering of evidence
  • Unfortunately, the defence did not produce an expert witness to refute Mr Ertl's testimony, nor did they recognise or question Mr Ertl about the big problems Sam William Henry exposed about his testimony
  • Any automotive expert, the wrecker at Avery Salvage Yard, the local wrecker at the WSCL, and all witnesses to the towing of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard, would be able to assist with any inquiries into this matter.

Contents

Summary
Materials Relied Upon
Introduction
Findings
- Witness Testimony
- Testimony of Pam & Nikole Sturm
- Testimony of John Ertl
- Testimony of Ronald Groffy
- Sam William Henry - Vehicle Specifications
- The State's Case
- The Wheels of Justice
Discussion
- Testing the Testimony of John Ertl
- Additional Observations
Conclusion
Epilogue
Edit Log


Materials Relied Upon

Testimony of Pam Sturm, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 13 Feb 2007 (Day 2)
Testimony of Nikole Sturm, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 14 Feb 2007 (Day 3)
Testimony of John Ertl, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6)
Testimony of Ronald Groffy, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 23 February 2007 (Day 10)
Steven Avery Trial Transcripts and Documents website
Official Toyota 1999 RAV4 Owner's manual

Introduction

These exhibit photographs of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard and the WSCL garage present another huge problem for John Ertl and the State of Wisconsin:
(01) TOP - Exhibits 32 & 33, RAV4 at Avery Salvage Yard (5 November 2005); BOTTOM - Exhibits 289, 290 & 292, RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005)

In Part I of this series, I demonstrated that there was no second/decoy RAV4 because Exhibit 192 clearly shows VIN JT3HP10V5X7113044, confirming the RAV4 in the possession of the WSCL was Sam William Henry.
In Part II of this series, I impeached the testimony of Mr Ertl, who perjured himself, because I demonstrated that a 1999 Toyota RAV4 does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted, and that Sam William Henry came to rest in the WSCL garage facing the wrong way.
The State of Wisconsin presented a case, and witnesses testified, that Sam William Henry was never opened or entered before it was processed at the WSCL. I will now demonstrate that between Pam & Nicole Sturm finding Sam William Henry on 5 November 2005, and Sam William Henry coming to rest at the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005, Sam William Henry was unlocked and entered.

Findings

WITNESS TESTIMONY
First, it is important to establish that the following witnesses who testified at trial did have proximity to Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005:
  1. Pam Sturm (Civilian) Day 2, 13 Feb 2007 (pg197)
  2. Nikole Sturm (Civilian) Day 3, 14 Feb 2007 (pg4)
  3. Sergeant Jason Orth (MTSO) Day 4, 15 Feb 2007 (pg139)
  4. Deputy Inspector Todd Hermann (MTSO) Day 4, 15 Feb 2007 (pg166)
  5. Julie Cramer (Dog Handler) Day 5, 16 Feb 2007 (pg5)
  6. Thomas Fassbender (DCI) Day 5, 16 Feb 2007 (pg63)
  7. John Ertl (WSCL) Day 6, 19 Feb 2007 (pg4)
  8. Sergeant William Tyson (CASO) Day 7, 20 Feb 2007 (pg167)
  9. Detective Dave Remiker (MTSO) Day 8, 21 Feb 2007 (pg121)
  10. Ronald Groffy (WSCL) Day 10, 23 February 2007 (Pg50)

In total, 9 of these 10 witnesses all testified to the same narrative: that Sam William Henry was always locked, or they did not attempt to open any doors, and/or that to their knowledge neither they nor any other person entered Sam William Henry. Only Mr Groffy disagreed.
The bookends of these witnesses are important: Sam William Henry transitioned sometime from being locked at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005 under Pam and Nikole Sturm to unlocked at the WSCL garage under Ronald Groffy on 6 November 2005; specifically the driver's door.
There is a break somewhere in the chain of custody of Sam William Henry; and at a minimum, one of these witnesses has committed perjury.

TESTIMONY OF PAM & NIKOLE STURM
Pam and Nikole Sturm both testified that Sam William Henry was locked when they found it at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005:
(02) Exhibit 33

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 13 February 2007 (Day 2), Page 224:
Kratz: Did you or your daughter, Nikki, attempt to determine whether or not this vehicle was open or locked?
Pam Sturm: Nikole attempted to open the doors.
Kratz: Did she do so with a bare hand, or did you see her doing this?
P. Sturm: I told her to use the sleeve of her sweatshirt, but evidently she used tissue. You know, I saw her reach in, but I'm not sure if it was – you know, I didn't exactly see the tissue. So, yes, she did try the doors, but you will have to ask her which specific doors.
Kratz: I will do that, but if you -- did you or your daughter determine whether or not the doors were opened or locked.
P. Sturm: They were all locked.
Kratz: Did you or your daughter ever otherwise enter that vehicle?
P. Sturm: No.

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 14 February 2007 (Day 3), Page 4:
Kratz: And, other than taking the photographs, can you tell the jury what else you did around that vehicle?
Nikole Sturm: With a tissue, I checked all four doors to see if any of the doors were open. They were all locked. So, none of the four doors were open.

N. Sturm: I did check all four doors to see if anything was open. They were all locked.

Kratz: Ms. Sturm, you mentioned that you had checked the four doors. What four doors are you talking about?
N. Sturm: The driver's side, front and passenger doors, and the actual passenger, front and back.
Kratz: All four were locked?
N. Sturm: All four were locked.

Both Pam and Nikole Sturm repeatedly testified that Nikole Sturm attempted to open all four doors on Sam William Henry, which included the driver’s door, and they were locked.

TESTIMONY OF JOHN ERTL
Consistent with the repeated testimony of all those before him, Mr Ertl also testified that Sam William Henry was always locked and no person entered the vehicle:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6), Page 17:
Ertl: ...We couldn't get into the vehicle, all the doors were locked.

Mr Ertl also testified in elaborate detail that even when when Sam William Henry was towed, and despite the best efforts of the wrecker, it was never opened:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6), Page 30:
Ertl: ...So the wrecker operator determined that the RAV4 wasn't just going to roll; it was either in gear, or it had a parking break on. For whatever reason, it wouldn't roll on its own wheels. So he wanted to try to put the vehicle in neutral and it was locked; he couldn't get in. So he crawled underneath and tried to reach the linkage for the transmission; he couldn't reach that. Then he tried to access that from under the hood, but the hood release and everything was also inside. Couldn't pop the hood. So what he ended up doing was crawling underneath and unbolting one of the drive shafts. It was a four wheel drive vehicle. He unbolted the drive shaft to the front end. He then used his lifter from the wrecker to pick up the back wheels and then rolled it on the front wheels and he pulled it out from around the pond, into that flattened area where the trailer was waiting. And then he rolled it up into the trailer and then we strapped it down into the trailer.

After transporting Sam William Henry to the WSCL garage in Madison, consistent with his elaborate testimony that only the front wheels rolled, Mr Ertl added to his testimony that the rear wheels remained locked:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6), Page 33:
Ertl: When we arrived in Madison, I called the local wrecker company to come and do the opposite of what the wrecker had done at the scene in Manitowoc, to lift up the back end, pull the vehicle out of the trailer, and then put it into the garage, because the back wheels were still locked.

Following a long line of witnesses who all testified that Sam William Henry was always locked and not entered at the Avery Salvage Yard, Mr Ertl is the last link in Sam William Henry's chain of custody before Mr Groffy found the vehicle unlocked.

TESTIMONY OF RONALD GROFFY
As it was in Part II, it is important to establish that Mr Groffy testified that Sam William Henry was found in the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005 as depicted in his photographs, particularly Exhibits 289, 290 and 293.
(03) Exhibits 289, 290 & 293: the RAV4 at the WSCL garage (6 November 2005)

Exhibit 289 demonstrates the direction Sam William Henry was facing at the WSCL garage, and Exhibits 290 & 293 demonstrate that the transmission shift select is in Park and the handbrake is off.
Notwithstanding the repeated testimony of all those before him that Sam William Henry was always locked and no person entered the vehicle, Mr Groffy testified that the driver's door of Sam William Henry was unlocked when he found it at the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 23 February 2007 (Day 10), Page 63:
Buting: Okay. And did you, with your gloved hands, try the driver's door handle?
Groffy: Yes, I did.
Buting: It was locked or unlocked?
Groffy: The driver's door was unlocked when I got there.
Buting: Okay. The other doors were locked?
Groffy: Yes, the other doors were locked.
Buting: And that would be actually four more doors, correct, including the rear?
Groffy: That's correct, four doors.
Buting: Now, if I understand, what you did was, by opening the driver's side door, you were able to sort of reach over and, with your gloves, unlock the front passenger side door first, right?
Groffy: That's correct, I did that.
Buting: And then from that location, that position on either side, front and passenger, you were able to easily reach around and unlock the rear driver and passenger side doors.
Groffy: That's correct, I unlocked those doors.
Buting: And then you were able to open all four of those doors, wide open, for taking pictures and what not?
Groffy: That is absolutely correct.

SAM WILLIAM HENRY - VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS
In the event there was no key to turn the ignition which enables powered-drive and steering (which also requires using that key to at first open and enter the vehicle), there are a number of factors dictating how Sam William Henry could have been moved from the Avery Salvage Yard to the WSCL garage. These include opening and entering the vehicle (by other means), the Automatic Transmission, the driveshafts connecting the wheels to the transmission/engine, and the handbrake.
The interplay between drivetrains, Automatic Transmission and handbrake all affect the locking or turning of wheels.
From Part I, it is known the Vehicle Specifications of Sam William Henry (VIN: JT3HP10V5X7113044) dictate that it is an AWD, because it is a 1999 Toyota RAV4 with:
  • 2.0L 4-CYLINDER DOHC ENGINE (Engine Number 3S2-546853)
  • 4-SPEED ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
  • FULL TIME FOUR WHEEL DRIVE
The vehicle also has a handbrake, which is a cable brake that locks the rear wheels. Mr Groffy's testimony, and Exhibits 290 and 293, dictate that the handbrake was always off (since apparently Sam William Henry was always locked and never entered).
Without the engine running, an Automatic Transmission is effectively in neutral in any gear except Park. In an Automatic Transmission there is a ring with teeth on the output shaft of the transmission. When the transmission is shifted into Park a lever called the parking pawl is lowered against the ring. If the parking pawl does not land squarely into an opening in the ring the car will roll slightly and there will usually be an audible click as it engages - the parking pawl then holds the output shaft from turning. Therefore if the transmission shift select is in Park, no wheel(s) connected to the transmission/engine can turn freely. Mr Groffy's testimony dictates that the transmission shift select was always in Park.
In the case of an AWD like Sam William Henry, there can be considered three driveshafts: front left halfshaft, front right halfshaft, and the rear driveshaft. Each of these three shafts are independent of one other; although the rear driveshaft does apply torque to both rear wheels. The only way to disengage a wheel from the transmission/engine so that it may turn freely is to either take the transmission shift select out of Park, or in the event the vehicle is locked and the shift select cannot be accessed, disengaging the wheel from the transmission/engine by disconnecting its driveshaft.
In the case of Sam William Henry:
  • Each front halfshaft (which applies torque to one front wheel only) cannot simply be unbolted from the transmission/engine. Disengaging one front wheel from the transmission/engine requires complete removal of its halfshaft. This task requires raising the vehicle, removing the wheel/rotocalipeaxle nut, unbolting the lower ball joints, using a ball joint separator to free the ballpoint from the hub carrier, unbolting the hub from the hub carrier and then pulling out the halfshaft. The hubs, ballpoints and wheels all then need to be reinstalled. Removing one halfshaft does not allow the opposite front wheel to turn freely, so the whole process has to be repeated if both wheels are to turn freely. This process can take hours.
  • The rear driveshaft (which applies torque to both rear wheels) can be unbolted, which disengages both rear wheels from the transmission/engine allowing them to turn freely.
As provided in the Official 1999 Toyota RAV4 Owner's Manual (pgs169-170), the correct towing procedure for Sam William Henry, in order to avoid damaging any components of the AWD Automatic Transmission drivetrains, is to permit no turning of the wheels:
(04) Figure 01: Official 1999 Toyota RAV4 Owner's Manual (pgs169-170)
However, and not recommended, an AWD vehicle can be towed on two or all four wheels for a short distance only if the automatic transmission is in neutral.
If a wheel is disengaged from the transmission/engine, the transmission does not affect it (and vice versa) and the wheel can turn freely without causing any damage.
As explained in Part II:
To safely tow any vehicle, it is necessary to disengage the relevant wheels from the transmission/engine; otherwise they are locked, and attempting a tow will result in skull-dragging and damage to the transmission/engine.
Towing a vehicle with locked wheels, such as an Automatic Transmission in Park or with a brake applied, results in skull-dragging. Skull-dragging can apply torque backwards through the drivetrain by forcing a wheel to turn, leading to damage to the components of that drivetrain. It is in the best interests of towing companies, car owners, and law enforcement agencies seizing cars as evidence, that no damage be caused to a vehicle.
A video of locked wheels being skull-dragged can be seen here. Note that when a towing force applies torque to any wheels locked by the transmission, and the wheels turn, the resistance in the drivetrain will drive the wheels to return to their original position once the towing force is relaxed. The unwinding of the drivetrain is strong enough to drive the vehicle and cause any unlocked wheels to turn freely. Exceeding the resistance of the drivetrain will cause (irreversible) damage to a component or components of that drivetrain.
Conversely, a wheel locked by a brake (ie a handbrake) rather than the transmission will slip if enough torque is applied to it, at which point the friction of the brake will resume a grip on the wheel in its current position, rather than the wheel returning to its original position.
A lifting-type wrecker truck that lifts a set of wheels will apply a negligible amount of torque to the lifted wheels, due to the pendulum effect of the vehicle. Once the vehicle is set back down on flat ground, the torque in the lifted wheels is relaxed and the lifted wheels are returned to their original position: so there will be no resistance in the drivetrain needing to be released.

THE STATE'S CASE
In summary, the State of Wisconsin presented a case that:
  • Sam William Henry was always locked and never entered (as claimed by every witness except Mr Groffy);
  • One front driveshaft was unbolted which allowed both front wheels to roll (as claimed by Mr Ertl);
  • The rear wheels were always lifted during towing and remained locked (as claimed by Mr Ertl);
  • The transmission shift select was always in Park (as found by Mr Groffy);
  • The handbrake was always off (as found by Mr Groffy).
In Part II I demonstrated that Mr Ertl perjured himself when he testified how Sam William Henry was retrieved because (1) Sam William Henry does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted and (2) Sam William Henry came to rest in the WSCL garage facing the wrong way.
For brevity, the case presented by the State of Wisconsin dictates that:
  • The front wheels did rotate, because they were disengaged from the transmission/engine by unbolting one front driveshaft, and during towing they did turn freely; and
  • The rear wheels did not rotate, because the transmission select was always in Park, the rear wheels were always engaged to the transmission/engine, and the rear wheels were always lifted during towing.

THE WHEELS OF JUSTICE
There is in fact a way to measure the rotation of the wheels of Sam William Henry.
The tire valve stem of each wheel is a unique and reliable reference demonstrating the position of each wheel at a given point in time.
Exhibit 32 and Exhibit 33 demonstrate the position of the left-side wheels of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005:
(05) Exhibit 32: Left rear wheel of RAV4 at Avery Salvage Yard, 5 November 2005 (added - reference tire valve stem)

(06) Exhibit 33: Left front wheel of RAV4 at Avery Salvage Yard, 5 November 2005 (added - reference tire valve stem)

In accordance with the case presented by the State of Wisconsin, photos of Sam William Henry at the WCSL garage should reflect that the front wheels did rotate but the rear wheels did not rotate.

Exhibit 289 depicts Sam William Henry at the WSCL on 6 November 2005:
(07) Exhibit 289: Left front and rear wheels of RAV4 at WSCL garage, 6 November 2005 (added - reference tire valve stems)

A comparison of the Tire Valve Stem positions at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005 and at the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005 is provided:
(08) Figure 1: Comparison of Tire Valve Stem positions

Discussion

All four wheels have rotated.
This is absolutely inconsistent with Mr Ertl's testimony and the case presented by the State of Wisconsin.
The rotation of the rear wheels, which are supposed to be locked, cannot be attributed to any artefact as a result of towing, because:
  • There was no resistance in the drivetrain to the rear wheels needing to be released as the car sat at the Avery Salvage Yard;
  • The transmission select was allegedly always in Park;
  • The rear wheels were allegedly always engaged to the transmission/engine;
  • The rear wheels were allegedly always lifted during towing;
  • There was no resistance in the drivetrain to the rear wheels needing to be released once Sam William Henry was set down in the WSCL garage, because the negligible amount of torque applied to the lifted back wheels is relaxed once the wheels are returned to their original position;
  • Any resistance in the drivetrain created during the towing process (through winching/skull-dragging/pushing/pulling etc) would have returned the rear wheels to their resting position seen at the Avery Salvage Yard;
  • Even allowing for small sustained movements of a locked drivetrain, the rear wheels have rotated through more than 90o;
  • Mr Ertl did not testify that all three driveshafts were disengaged.
Disengaging only the front wheels from the transmission/engine by disconnecting their respective driveshaft(s) does not automatically allow the rear wheels to turn freely. So in this scenario, it in fact does not matter whether it was a driveshaft to the front or the back wheels that was disengaged at the Avery Salvage Yard: both the front and back wheels show evidence that they have both turned freely.
It is also not necessary, in the event that all four wheels have turned freely, for all four wheels to demonstrate the exact same degree of rotation. The differentials for the front and back wheels are independent, and allow for the wheels to turn at different speeds/distances. Towing Sam William Henry from where it was located at the Avery Salvage Yard to where it was loaded into the enclosed trailer required at least one sweeping 90o turn and some manoeuvring; and some further manoeuvring was also required at the WSCL garage. If the rear wheels of Sam William Henry were lifted even once off the ground, at the Avery Salvage Yard or the WSCL garage, the front and back wheels then certainly covered different distances.

TESTING THE TESTIMONY OF JOHN ERTL
Mr Ertl's Field Response Report (dated 23 November 2005) only documents his activities from 6-8 November 2005. Mr Ertl's activities on 5 November 2005, including the retrieval and delivery of Sam William Henry, are omitted from that Report. The only evidence available of how Mr Ertl moved Sam William Henry is his impeached testimony.
The evidence does not support that Sam William Henry was moved, twice, by a wrecker truck lifting the rear wheels off the ground because they are locked, and rolling Sam William Henry on its front wheels away from where it was found at the Avery Salvage Yard, into and out of a covered trailer, and into the WSCL garage.
There is no possible way that Mr Ertl's testimony, that one front driveshaft was unbolted to allow the front wheels to turn freely, and that the rear wheels were always locked and lifted during towing, results in evidence that the rear wheels turned freely; or in fact that both the front and back wheels turned freely.
As explained in Part II, Mr Ertl testified that the wrecker disengaged the front wheels from the transmission/engine because one front driveshaft was unbolted; even though Sam William Henry does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted, the wrecker was operating in conditions of darkness/rain/mud, and had neither the time (58 minutes - pg107) nor the ground clearance to remove both front halfshafts. Notwithstanding the fact that Mr Ertl did not testify to it, the wrecker had neither the time, conditions nor the ground clearance to disengage all four wheels from the transmission/engine.
Therefore there is only one possible way to explain how all four wheels could have been disengaged from the transmission/engine, so that all four wheels could roll freely and rotate:
(09) RAV4 interior (source: Making a Murderer s02e10) (added - reference)

It is well established that the driver's door of Sam William Henry was opened at some stage. The position of the wheels as they came to rest in the WSCL garage predates any key that may have been made by the WSCL for the purpose of opening the drivers door before Mr Groffy found the vehicle on 6 November 2005.
Therefore, it can be established that Sam William Henry was unlocked and entered sometime before it came to rest at the WCSL garage (approx. 02:00hrs on 6 November 2005) for the purpose (at a minimum) of shifting the transmission shift select out of Park so that all four wheels could turn freely.

ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS
If Sam William Henry was opened and entered, and the transmission shift select put into neutral, there is absolutely no reason to unbolt any driveshaft(s) in order to tow Sam William Henry either the short distance from its found location to the enclosed trailer at the Avery Salvage Yard, or the short distance from the enclosed trailer to the inside of the WCSL garage.
Regarding whether Sam William Henry was opened and entered at the Avery Salvage Yard, the WCSL garage, or both; the following is considered:
  • All witnesses who testified as to approaching Sam William Henry from the car crusher did so by using the gravel road on the Eastern side of the nearby pond (eg. Exhibit 161 to 162) and Mr Ertl testified the wrecker's tow truck took the same route in reverse (see Exhibit 96 from Part II) - there is much less room for a tow truck to manoeuvre via the opposite or Western side of the pond. Exhibit 130 demonstrates established saplings immediately in front of Sam William Henry, obstructing its retrieval from the front. There is not enough room for a tow truck to snatch Sam William Henry out from behind those saplings - the angle required to avoid the front left of the vehicle colliding with the saplings results in the significant risk of the tow truck colliding with wrecks on the opposite side of the gravel path or even falling into the pond. Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that if the front wheels were not disengaged from the transmission/engine (Mr Ertl's testimony to such is impeached), then the only way Sam William Henry can be towed along the gravel path on the Eastern side of the pond towards the car crusher, without damaging any of the drivetrain components, is to shift the transmission shift select into neutral and tow Sam William Henry on two or four wheels for the short distance to the covered trailer. The locked steering to the right in this scenario is of little consequence as Sam William Henry is being pulled in reverse (Sam William Henry merely acts as a trailer and follows the tow truck).
(10) Exhibit 130: RAV4 at the Avery Salvage Yard (5 November 2005)

(11) Exhibit 96: Animation Photos (Added: wrecker direction of travel according to Ertl testimony)

  • Exhibits 290, 292 and 293 (Exhibit 293 Culhane Version) show evidence of vegetation and debris that may originate from the Avery Salvage Yard, more specifically the debris that was used to conceal Sam William Henry. Vegetation and debris - in both sides of the vehicle indicates activity in/out of the car by one person on both sides, or at least two people on respective sides; on and under the seats is unlikely to have been carried into the vehicle from a source such as a shoes; does not find its way into open doors from an overhead source unless the doors are open for a prolonged period of time, and/or there is a concentration of an overhead source and a reason for it to be falling into those open doors (ie the weight of a tarp hanging over and breaking off pieces of concealment debris); removed from Sam William Henry (as with all items) should have been stored as evidence - it can be tested and traced to its source in some circumstances.
(12) Exhibit 290: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)

(13) Exhibit 292: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)

(14) Exhibit 293: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)

(15) Exhibit 293 (Culhane Version): RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)

  • In Exhibit 289, there is an anomaly in the mud pattern on the drivers door, consistent with a person stepping into, or rubbing their leg against the chassis, from a narrow space between two cars reaching across to access the transmission shift select (unfortunately this area of the mud pattern can't be seen in Exhibit 33 for comparison).
(16) Exhibit 289: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - reference)

  • If the transmission shift select was ever shifted into neutral, it had to be shifted back into Park before Mr Groffy photographed it on 6 November 2006.
  • The only known potential witnesses to the delivery of Sam William Henry at the WSCL garage are Mr Ertl, Mr Zhang, Mr Mirsberger (covered trailer) and the local wrecker. Only Mr Ertl gave testimony.
Of the ten witnesses listed at the start of this post, only Mr Ertl (who was responsible for Sam William Henry at the relevant time) had a reason to unlock and enter Sam William Henry in order to shift the transmission shift select into neutral. It is unknown whether Sam William Henry was already unlocked before Mr Ertl had a reason to enter the vehicle; although it is noted that of the 8 witnesses who had proximity to Sam William Henry before Mr Ertl, all 8 testified that Sam William Henry was always locked, or they did not attempt to open any doors, and/or that to their knowledge neither they nor any other person entered Sam William Henry.
Regarding how the drivers door of Sam William Henry was opened, by a key or other means, the following is considered:
  • In Part I I established that the Vehicle Specifications of Sam William Henry dictate that the vehicle has Key Power Locks
  • A key unlocking the drivers door with a connected battery will unlock all four doors and the rear cargo door
  • If the battery is disconnected, then a key opening the drivers door will not unlock all other doors
  • A slim-jim or equivalent device used on the driver's door will only unlock that door
  • Police and wreckers are taught how to, and carry tools for, opening locked vehicles without a key
  • If planters held the master key in their possession, that is the key that would have been found on Steven Avery's bedroom floor. When and how the sub-key came into the possession of planters, and whether they or someone they knew had access to Sam William Henry on 5 November 2005, is not known.

Conclusion

Mr Ertl is a demonstrable broken link in a broken chain of custody, who perjured himself when he testified about Sam William Henry. Whether or not other witnesses, or someone they know, opened and entered Sam William Henry before Mr Ertl, is not yet known. That is a line of inquiry that Mr Ertl can assist with.
Unfortunately, the defence did not produce an expert witness to refute Mr Ertl's testimony, nor did they recognise or question Mr Ertl about the big problems Sam William Henry exposed about his testimony. Accordingly, the findings in this post support a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel.
Any automotive expert, the wrecker at Avery Salvage Yard, the local wrecker at the WSCL, and all witnesses to the towing of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard, would be able to assist with any inquiries into this matter.
This post demonstrates that Sam William Henry, and all evidence therein, is evidence that was exposed to contamination and known to be manipulated, and that the opportunity did exist for the planting and tampering of evidence.
The State of Wisconsin and its witnesses deliberately withheld or obfuscated potentially exculpatory evidence for Steven Avery. Locating Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard led to the execution of search warrants that led to the collection of further evidence that was used for the prosecution of Steven Avery. Sam William Henry may yet prove to be a poisoned chalice.
The wheels of justice turn slowly... but grind exceedingly fine.

To be continued...

Epilogue

https://preview.redd.it/qyvfqxj7ghi21.png?width=600&format=png&auto=webp&s=8851cfaab5c1ac62ce8343e6c69b6bb95e40ca9f
Tom Breaker: Look, Bill, if this is about reliving the 60's, you can forget about it, buddy. The movement is dead.
William Strannix: Yes, of course! Hence the name: movement. It moves a certain distance, then it stops, you see? A revolution gets its name by always coming back around in your face. You tried to kill frame me you son of a bitch... so welcome to the revolution.

Edit Log

submitted by Henbury to StevenAveryCase [link] [comments]


2019.02.21 03:06 Henbury Know Your Rav: Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly (MAM)

Know Your Rav: Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly (MAM)

Know Your Rav: Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly

Know Your Rav is a series of posts about Sam William Henry, Teresa Halbach's RAV4. These posts aim to be evidence-based, and consider and build upon previous posts from various sources and combine new and original analysis. In Part I, I confirmed that there was no second/decoy RAV4. In Part II, I impeached the testimony of John Ertl. Now, I'll impeach Mr Ertl's testimony again, break the chain of custody of Sam William Henry, and reveal further perjury. The wheels of justice turn slowly...

Know Your Rav Series:

Part I - Sam William Henry (VIN: JT3HP10V5X7113044)
Part II - Retrieving Sam William Henry: How Ertl Gave Avery the Shaft
Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly

Summary:

  • Mr Ertl did not report his activities on 5 November 2005, leaving only his testimony as evidence
  • Mr Ertl perjured himself and his testimony can be impeached
  • A 1999 Toyota RAV4 does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted
  • There is evidence the transmission shift select was shifted out of Park
  • There is evidence supporting Sam William Henry was unlocked and entered at the Avery Salvage Yard
  • Mr Ertl is a broken link in a broken chain of custody
  • Sam William Henry, and all evidence therein, is evidence that was exposed to contamination and known to be manipulated, and that the opportunity did exist for the planting and tampering of evidence
  • Unfortunately, the defence did not produce an expert witness to refute Mr Ertl's testimony, nor did they recognise or question Mr Ertl about the big problems Sam William Henry exposed about his testimony
  • Any automotive expert, the wrecker at Avery Salvage Yard, the local wrecker at the WSCL, and all witnesses to the towing of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard, would be able to assist with any inquiries into this matter.

Contents

Summary
Materials Relied Upon
Introduction
Findings
- Witness Testimony
- Testimony of Pam & Nikole Sturm
- Testimony of John Ertl
- Testimony of Ronald Groffy
- Sam William Henry - Vehicle Specifications
- The State's Case
- The Wheels of Justice
Discussion
- Testing the Testimony of John Ertl
- Additional Observations
Conclusion
Epilogue
Edit Log


Materials Relied Upon

Testimony of Pam Sturm, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 13 Feb 2007 (Day 2)
Testimony of Nikole Sturm, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 14 Feb 2007 (Day 3)
Testimony of John Ertl, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6)
Testimony of Ronald Groffy, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 23 February 2007 (Day 10)
Steven Avery Trial Transcripts and Documents website
Official Toyota 1999 RAV4 Owner's manual

Introduction

These exhibit photographs of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard and the WSCL garage present another huge problem for John Ertl and the State of Wisconsin:
(01) TOP - Exhibits 32 & 33, RAV4 at Avery Salvage Yard (5 November 2005); BOTTOM - Exhibits 289, 290 & 292, RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005)

In Part I of this series, I demonstrated that there was no second/decoy RAV4 because Exhibit 192 clearly shows VIN JT3HP10V5X7113044, confirming the RAV4 in the possession of the WSCL was Sam William Henry.
In Part II of this series, I impeached the testimony of Mr Ertl, who perjured himself, because I demonstrated that a 1999 Toyota RAV4 does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted, and that Sam William Henry came to rest in the WSCL garage facing the wrong way.
The State of Wisconsin presented a case, and witnesses testified, that Sam William Henry was never opened or entered before it was processed at the WSCL. I will now demonstrate that between Pam & Nicole Sturm finding Sam William Henry on 5 November 2005, and Sam William Henry coming to rest at the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005, Sam William Henry was unlocked and entered.

Findings

WITNESS TESTIMONY
First, it is important to establish that the following witnesses who testified at trial did have proximity to Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005:
  1. Pam Sturm (Civilian) Day 2, 13 Feb 2007 (pg197)
  2. Nikole Sturm (Civilian) Day 3, 14 Feb 2007 (pg4)
  3. Sergeant Jason Orth (MTSO) Day 4, 15 Feb 2007 (pg139)
  4. Deputy Inspector Todd Hermann (MTSO) Day 4, 15 Feb 2007 (pg166)
  5. Julie Cramer (Dog Handler) Day 5, 16 Feb 2007 (pg5)
  6. Thomas Fassbender (DCI) Day 5, 16 Feb 2007 (pg63)
  7. John Ertl (WSCL) Day 6, 19 Feb 2007 (pg4)
  8. Sergeant William Tyson (CASO) Day 7, 20 Feb 2007 (pg167)
  9. Detective Dave Remiker (MTSO) Day 8, 21 Feb 2007 (pg121)
  10. Ronald Groffy (WSCL) Day 10, 23 February 2007 (Pg50)

In total, 9 of these 10 witnesses all testified to the same narrative: that Sam William Henry was always locked, or they did not attempt to open any doors, and/or that to their knowledge neither they nor any other person entered Sam William Henry. Only Mr Groffy disagreed.
The bookends of these witnesses are important: Sam William Henry transitioned sometime from being locked at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005 under Pam and Nikole Sturm to unlocked at the WSCL garage under Ronald Groffy on 6 November 2005; specifically the driver's door.
There is a break somewhere in the chain of custody of Sam William Henry; and at a minimum, one of these witnesses has committed perjury.

TESTIMONY OF PAM & NIKOLE STURM
Pam and Nikole Sturm both testified that Sam William Henry was locked when they found it at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005:
(02) Exhibit 33

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 13 February 2007 (Day 2), Page 224:
Kratz: Did you or your daughter, Nikki, attempt to determine whether or not this vehicle was open or locked?
Pam Sturm: Nikole attempted to open the doors.
Kratz: Did she do so with a bare hand, or did you see her doing this?
P. Sturm: I told her to use the sleeve of her sweatshirt, but evidently she used tissue. You know, I saw her reach in, but I'm not sure if it was – you know, I didn't exactly see the tissue. So, yes, she did try the doors, but you will have to ask her which specific doors.
Kratz: I will do that, but if you -- did you or your daughter determine whether or not the doors were opened or locked.
P. Sturm: They were all locked.
Kratz: Did you or your daughter ever otherwise enter that vehicle?
P. Sturm: No.

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 14 February 2007 (Day 3), Page 4:
Kratz: And, other than taking the photographs, can you tell the jury what else you did around that vehicle?
Nikole Sturm: With a tissue, I checked all four doors to see if any of the doors were open. They were all locked. So, none of the four doors were open.

N. Sturm: I did check all four doors to see if anything was open. They were all locked.

Kratz: Ms. Sturm, you mentioned that you had checked the four doors. What four doors are you talking about?
N. Sturm: The driver's side, front and passenger doors, and the actual passenger, front and back.
Kratz: All four were locked?
N. Sturm: All four were locked.

Both Pam and Nikole Sturm repeatedly testified that Nikole Sturm attempted to open all four doors on Sam William Henry, which included the driver’s door, and they were locked.

TESTIMONY OF JOHN ERTL
Consistent with the repeated testimony of all those before him, Mr Ertl also testified that Sam William Henry was always locked and no person entered the vehicle:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6), Page 17:
Ertl: ...We couldn't get into the vehicle, all the doors were locked.

Mr Ertl also testified in elaborate detail that even when when Sam William Henry was towed, and despite the best efforts of the wrecker, it was never opened:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6), Page 30:
Ertl: ...So the wrecker operator determined that the RAV4 wasn't just going to roll; it was either in gear, or it had a parking break on. For whatever reason, it wouldn't roll on its own wheels. So he wanted to try to put the vehicle in neutral and it was locked; he couldn't get in. So he crawled underneath and tried to reach the linkage for the transmission; he couldn't reach that. Then he tried to access that from under the hood, but the hood release and everything was also inside. Couldn't pop the hood. So what he ended up doing was crawling underneath and unbolting one of the drive shafts. It was a four wheel drive vehicle. He unbolted the drive shaft to the front end. He then used his lifter from the wrecker to pick up the back wheels and then rolled it on the front wheels and he pulled it out from around the pond, into that flattened area where the trailer was waiting. And then he rolled it up into the trailer and then we strapped it down into the trailer.

After transporting Sam William Henry to the WSCL garage in Madison, consistent with his elaborate testimony that only the front wheels rolled, Mr Ertl added to his testimony that the rear wheels remained locked:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6), Page 33:
Ertl: When we arrived in Madison, I called the local wrecker company to come and do the opposite of what the wrecker had done at the scene in Manitowoc, to lift up the back end, pull the vehicle out of the trailer, and then put it into the garage, because the back wheels were still locked.

Following a long line of witnesses who all testified that Sam William Henry was always locked and not entered at the Avery Salvage Yard, Mr Ertl is the last link in Sam William Henry's chain of custody before Mr Groffy found the vehicle unlocked.

TESTIMONY OF RONALD GROFFY
As it was in Part II, it is important to establish that Mr Groffy testified that Sam William Henry was found in the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005 as depicted in his photographs, particularly Exhibits 289, 290 and 293.
(03) Exhibits 289, 290 & 293: the RAV4 at the WSCL garage (6 November 2005)
Exhibit 289 demonstrates the direction Sam William Henry was facing at the WSCL garage, and Exhibits 290 & 293 demonstrate that the transmission shift select is in Park and the handbrake is off.
Notwithstanding the repeated testimony of all those before him that Sam William Henry was always locked and no person entered the vehicle, Mr Groffy testified that the driver's door of Sam William Henry was unlocked when he found it at the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 23 February 2007 (Day 10), Page 63:
Buting: Okay. And did you, with your gloved hands, try the driver's door handle?
Groffy: Yes, I did.
Buting: It was locked or unlocked?
Groffy: The driver's door was unlocked when I got there.
Buting: Okay. The other doors were locked?
Groffy: Yes, the other doors were locked.
Buting: And that would be actually four more doors, correct, including the rear?
Groffy: That's correct, four doors.
Buting: Now, if I understand, what you did was, by opening the driver's side door, you were able to sort of reach over and, with your gloves, unlock the front passenger side door first, right?
Groffy: That's correct, I did that.
Buting: And then from that location, that position on either side, front and passenger, you were able to easily reach around and unlock the rear driver and passenger side doors.
Groffy: That's correct, I unlocked those doors.
Buting: And then you were able to open all four of those doors, wide open, for taking pictures and what not?
Groffy: That is absolutely correct.

SAM WILLIAM HENRY - VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS
In the event there was no key to turn the ignition which enables powered-drive and steering (which also requires using that key to at first open and enter the vehicle), there are a number of factors dictating how Sam William Henry could have been moved from the Avery Salvage Yard to the WSCL garage. These include opening and entering the vehicle (by other means), the Automatic Transmission, the driveshafts connecting the wheels to the transmission/engine, and the handbrake.
The interplay between drivetrains, Automatic Transmission and handbrake all affect the locking or turning of wheels.
From Part I, it is known the Vehicle Specifications of Sam William Henry (VIN: JT3HP10V5X7113044) dictate that it is an AWD, because it is a 1999 Toyota RAV4 with:
  • 2.0L 4-CYLINDER DOHC ENGINE (Engine Number 3S2-546853)
  • 4-SPEED ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
  • FULL TIME FOUR WHEEL DRIVE
The vehicle also has a handbrake, which is a cable brake that locks the rear wheels. Mr Groffy's testimony, and Exhibits 290 and 293, dictate that the handbrake was always off (since apparently Sam William Henry was always locked and never entered).
Without the engine running, an Automatic Transmission is effectively in neutral in any gear except Park. In an Automatic Transmission there is a ring with teeth on the output shaft of the transmission. When the transmission is shifted into Park a lever called the parking pawl is lowered against the ring. If the parking pawl does not land squarely into an opening in the ring the car will roll slightly and there will usually be an audible click as it engages - the parking pawl then holds the output shaft from turning. Therefore if the transmission shift select is in Park, no wheel(s) connected to the transmission/engine can turn freely. Mr Groffy's testimony dictates that the transmission shift select was always in Park.
In the case of an AWD like Sam William Henry, there can be considered three driveshafts: front left halfshaft, front right halfshaft, and the rear driveshaft. Each of these three shafts are independent of one other; although the rear driveshaft does apply torque to both rear wheels. The only way to disengage a wheel from the transmission/engine so that it may turn freely is to either take the transmission shift select out of Park, or in the event the vehicle is locked and the shift select cannot be accessed, disengaging the wheel from the transmission/engine by disconnecting its driveshaft.
In the case of Sam William Henry:
  • Each front halfshaft (which applies torque to one front wheel only) cannot simply be unbolted from the transmission/engine. Disengaging one front wheel from the transmission/engine requires complete removal of its halfshaft. This task requires raising the vehicle, removing the wheel/rotocalipeaxle nut, unbolting the lower ball joints, using a ball joint separator to free the ballpoint from the hub carrier, unbolting the hub from the hub carrier and then pulling out the halfshaft. The hubs, ballpoints and wheels all then need to be reinstalled. Removing one halfshaft does not allow the opposite front wheel to turn freely, so the whole process has to be repeated if both wheels are to turn freely. This process can take hours.
  • The rear driveshaft (which applies torque to both rear wheels) can be unbolted, which disengages both rear wheels from the transmission/engine allowing them to turn freely.
As provided in the Official 1999 Toyota RAV4 Owner's Manual (pgs169-170), the correct towing procedure for Sam William Henry, in order to avoid damaging any components of the AWD Automatic Transmission drivetrains, is to permit no turning of the wheels:
(04) Figure 01: Official 1999 Toyota RAV4 Owner's Manual (pgs169-170)

However, and not recommended, an AWD vehicle can be towed on two or all four wheels for a short distance only if the automatic transmission is in neutral.
If a wheel is disengaged from the transmission/engine, the transmission does not affect it (and vice versa) and the wheel can turn freely without causing any damage.
As explained in Part II:
To safely tow any vehicle, it is necessary to disengage the relevant wheels from the transmission/engine; otherwise they are locked, and attempting a tow will result in skull-dragging and damage to the transmission/engine.
Towing a vehicle with locked wheels, such as an Automatic Transmission in Park or with a brake applied, results in skull-dragging. Skull-dragging can apply torque backwards through the drivetrain by forcing a wheel to turn, leading to damage to the components of that drivetrain. It is in the best interests of towing companies, car owners, and law enforcement agencies seizing cars as evidence, that no damage be caused to a vehicle.
A video of locked wheels being skull-dragged can be seen here. Note that when a towing force applies torque to any wheels locked by the transmission, and the wheels turn, the resistance in the drivetrain will drive the wheels to return to their original position once the towing force is relaxed. The unwinding of the drivetrain is strong enough to drive the vehicle and cause any unlocked wheels to turn freely. Exceeding the resistance of the drivetrain will cause (irreversible) damage to a component or components of that drivetrain.
Conversely, a wheel locked by a brake (ie a handbrake) rather than the transmission will slip if enough torque is applied to it, at which point the friction of the brake will resume a grip on the wheel in its current position, rather than the wheel returning to its original position.
A lifting-type wrecker truck that lifts a set of wheels will apply a negligible amount of torque to the lifted wheels, due to the pendulum effect of the vehicle. Once the vehicle is set back down on flat ground, the torque in the lifted wheels is relaxed and the lifted wheels are returned to their original position: so there will be no resistance in the drivetrain needing to be released.

THE STATE'S CASE
In summary, the State of Wisconsin presented a case that:
  • Sam William Henry was always locked and never entered (as claimed by every witness except Mr Groffy);
  • One front driveshaft was unbolted which allowed both front wheels to roll (as claimed by Mr Ertl);
  • The rear wheels were always lifted during towing and remained locked (as claimed by Mr Ertl);
  • The transmission shift select was always in Park (as found by Mr Groffy);
  • The handbrake was always off (as found by Mr Groffy).
In Part II I demonstrated that Mr Ertl perjured himself when he testified how Sam William Henry was retrieved because (1) Sam William Henry does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted and (2) Sam William Henry came to rest in the WSCL garage facing the wrong way.
For brevity, the case presented by the State of Wisconsin dictates that:
  • The front wheels did rotate, because they were disengaged from the transmission/engine by unbolting one front driveshaft, and during towing they did turn freely; and
  • The rear wheels did not rotate, because the transmission select was always in Park, the rear wheels were always engaged to the transmission/engine, and the rear wheels were always lifted during towing.

THE WHEELS OF JUSTICE
There is in fact a way to measure the rotation of the wheels of Sam William Henry.
The tire valve stem of each wheel is a unique and reliable reference demonstrating the position of each wheel at a given point in time.
Exhibit 32 and Exhibit 33 demonstrate the position of the left-side wheels of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005:
(05) Exhibit 32: Left rear wheel of RAV4 at Avery Salvage Yard, 5 November 2005 (added - reference tire valve stem)

(06) Exhibit 33: Left front wheel of RAV4 at Avery Salvage Yard, 5 November 2005 (added - reference tire valve stem)

In accordance with the case presented by the State of Wisconsin, photos of Sam William Henry at the WCSL garage should reflect that the front wheels did rotate but the rear wheels did not rotate.

Exhibit 289 depicts Sam William Henry at the WSCL on 6 November 2005:
(07) Exhibit 289: Left front and rear wheels of RAV4 at WSCL garage, 6 November 2005 (added - reference tire valve stems)

A comparison of the Tire Valve Stem positions at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005 and at the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005 is provided:
(08) Figure 1: Comparison of Tire Valve Stem positions

Discussion

All four wheels have rotated.
This is absolutely inconsistent with Mr Ertl's testimony and the case presented by the State of Wisconsin.
The rotation of the rear wheels, which are supposed to be locked, cannot be attributed to any artefact as a result of towing, because:
  • There was no resistance in the drivetrain to the rear wheels needing to be released as the car sat at the Avery Salvage Yard;
  • The transmission select was allegedly always in Park;
  • The rear wheels were allegedly always engaged to the transmission/engine;
  • The rear wheels were allegedly always lifted during towing;
  • There was no resistance in the drivetrain to the rear wheels needing to be released once Sam William Henry was set down in the WSCL garage, because the negligible amount of torque applied to the lifted back wheels is relaxed once the wheels are returned to their original position;
  • Any resistance in the drivetrain created during the towing process (through winching/skull-dragging/pushing/pulling etc) would have returned the rear wheels to their resting position seen at the Avery Salvage Yard;
  • Even allowing for small sustained movements of a locked drivetrain, the rear wheels have rotated through more than 90o;
  • Mr Ertl did not testify that all three driveshafts were disengaged.
Disengaging only the front wheels from the transmission/engine by disconnecting their respective driveshaft(s) does not automatically allow the rear wheels to turn freely. So in this scenario, it in fact does not matter whether it was a driveshaft to the front or the back wheels that was disengaged at the Avery Salvage Yard: both the front and back wheels show evidence that they have both turned freely.
It is also not necessary, in the event that all four wheels have turned freely, for all four wheels to demonstrate the exact same degree of rotation. The differentials for the front and back wheels are independent, and allow for the wheels to turn at different speeds/distances. Towing Sam William Henry from where it was located at the Avery Salvage Yard to where it was loaded into the enclosed trailer required at least one sweeping 90o turn and some manoeuvring; and some further manoeuvring was also required at the WSCL garage. If the rear wheels of Sam William Henry were lifted even once off the ground, at the Avery Salvage Yard or the WSCL garage, the front and back wheels then certainly covered different distances.

TESTING THE TESTIMONY OF JOHN ERTL
Mr Ertl's Field Response Report (dated 23 November 2005) only documents his activities from 6-8 November 2005. Mr Ertl's activities on 5 November 2005, including the retrieval and delivery of Sam William Henry, are omitted from that Report. The only evidence available of how Mr Ertl moved Sam William Henry is his impeached testimony.
The evidence does not support that Sam William Henry was moved, twice, by a wrecker truck lifting the rear wheels off the ground because they are locked, and rolling Sam William Henry on its front wheels away from where it was found at the Avery Salvage Yard, into and out of a covered trailer, and into the WSCL garage.
There is no possible way that Mr Ertl's testimony, that one front driveshaft was unbolted to allow the front wheels to turn freely, and that the rear wheels were always locked and lifted during towing, results in evidence that the rear wheels turned freely; or in fact that both the front and back wheels turned freely.
As explained in Part II, Mr Ertl testified that the wrecker disengaged the front wheels from the transmission/engine because one front driveshaft was unbolted; even though Sam William Henry does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted, the wrecker was operating in conditions of darkness/rain/mud, and had neither the time (58 minutes - pg107) nor the ground clearance to remove both front halfshafts. Notwithstanding the fact that Mr Ertl did not testify to it, the wrecker had neither the time, conditions nor the ground clearance to disengage all four wheels from the transmission/engine.
Therefore there is only one possible way to explain how all four wheels could have been disengaged from the transmission/engine, so that all four wheels could roll freely and rotate:
(09) RAV4 interior (source: Making a Murderer s02e10) (added - reference)

It is well established that the driver's door of Sam William Henry was opened at some stage. The position of the wheels as they came to rest in the WSCL garage predates any key that may have been made by the WSCL for the purpose of opening the drivers door before Mr Groffy found the vehicle on 6 November 2005.
Therefore, it can be established that Sam William Henry was unlocked and entered sometime before it came to rest at the WCSL garage (approx. 02:00hrs on 6 November 2005) for the purpose (at a minimum) of shifting the transmission shift select out of Park so that all four wheels could turn freely.

ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS
If Sam William Henry was opened and entered, and the transmission shift select put into neutral, there is absolutely no reason to unbolt any driveshaft(s) in order to tow Sam William Henry either the short distance from its found location to the enclosed trailer at the Avery Salvage Yard, or the short distance from the enclosed trailer to the inside of the WCSL garage.
Regarding whether Sam William Henry was opened and entered at the Avery Salvage Yard, the WCSL garage, or both; the following is considered:
  • All witnesses who testified as to approaching Sam William Henry from the car crusher did so by using the gravel road on the Eastern side of the nearby pond (eg. Exhibit 161 to 162) and Mr Ertl testified the wrecker's tow truck took the same route in reverse (see Exhibit 96 from Part II) - there is much less room for a tow truck to manoeuvre via the opposite or Western side of the pond. Exhibit 130 demonstrates established saplings immediately in front of Sam William Henry, obstructing its retrieval from the front. There is not enough room for a tow truck to snatch Sam William Henry out from behind those saplings - the angle required to avoid the front left of the vehicle colliding with the saplings results in the significant risk of the tow truck colliding with wrecks on the opposite side of the gravel path or even falling into the pond. Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that if the front wheels were not disengaged from the transmission/engine (Mr Ertl's testimony to such is impeached), then the only way Sam William Henry can be towed along the gravel path on the Eastern side of the pond towards the car crusher, without damaging any of the drivetrain components, is to shift the transmission shift select into neutral and tow Sam William Henry on two or four wheels for the short distance to the covered trailer. The locked steering to the right in this scenario is of little consequence as Sam William Henry is being pulled in reverse (Sam William Henry merely acts as a trailer and follows the tow truck).
(10) Exhibit 130: RAV4 at the Avery Salvage Yard (5 November 2005)

(11) Exhibit 96: Animation Photos (Added: wrecker direction of travel according to Ertl testimony)

  • Exhibits 290, 292 and 293 (Exhibit 293 Culhane Version) show evidence of vegetation and debris that may originate from the Avery Salvage Yard, more specifically the debris that was used to conceal Sam William Henry. Vegetation and debris - in both sides of the vehicle indicates activity in/out of the car by one person on both sides, or at least two people on respective sides; on and under the seats is unlikely to have been carried into the vehicle from a source such as a shoes; does not find its way into open doors from an overhead source unless the doors are open for a prolonged period of time, and/or there is a concentration of an overhead source and a reason for it to be falling into those open doors (ie the weight of a tarp hanging over and breaking off pieces of concealment debris); removed from Sam William Henry (as with all items) should have been stored as evidence - it can be tested and traced to its source in some circumstances.
(12) Exhibit 290: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)
(13) Exhibit 292: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)

(14) Exhibit 293: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)

(15) Exhibit 293 (Culhane Version): RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)

  • In Exhibit 289, there is an anomaly in the mud pattern on the drivers door, consistent with a person stepping into, or rubbing their leg against the chassis, from a narrow space between two cars reaching across to access the transmission shift select (unfortunately this area of the mud pattern can't be seen in Exhibit 33 for comparison).
(16) Exhibit 289: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - reference)

  • If the transmission shift select was ever shifted into neutral, it had to be shifted back into Park before Mr Groffy photographed it on 6 November 2006.
  • The only known potential witnesses to the delivery of Sam William Henry at the WSCL garage are Mr Ertl, Mr Zhang, Mr Mirsberger (covered trailer) and the local wrecker. Only Mr Ertl gave testimony.
Of the ten witnesses listed at the start of this post, only Mr Ertl (who was responsible for Sam William Henry at the relevant time) had a reason to unlock and enter Sam William Henry in order to shift the transmission shift select into neutral. It is unknown whether Sam William Henry was already unlocked before Mr Ertl had a reason to enter the vehicle; although it is noted that of the 8 witnesses who had proximity to Sam William Henry before Mr Ertl, all 8 testified that Sam William Henry was always locked, or they did not attempt to open any doors, and/or that to their knowledge neither they nor any other person entered Sam William Henry.
Regarding how the drivers door of Sam William Henry was opened, by a key or other means, the following is considered:
  • In Part I I established that the Vehicle Specifications of Sam William Henry dictate that the vehicle has Key Power Locks
  • A key unlocking the drivers door with a connected battery will unlock all four doors and the rear cargo door
  • If the battery is disconnected, then a key opening the drivers door will not unlock all other doors
  • A slim-jim or equivalent device used on the driver's door will only unlock that door
  • Police and wreckers are taught how to, and carry tools for, opening locked vehicles without a key
  • If planters held the master key in their possession, that is the key that would have been found on Steven Avery's bedroom floor. When and how the sub-key came into the possession of planters, and whether they or someone they knew had access to Sam William Henry on 5 November 2005, is not known.

Conclusion

Mr Ertl is a demonstrable broken link in a broken chain of custody, who perjured himself when he testified about Sam William Henry. Whether or not other witnesses, or someone they know, opened and entered Sam William Henry before Mr Ertl, is not yet known. That is a line of inquiry that Mr Ertl can assist with.
Unfortunately, the defence did not produce an expert witness to refute Mr Ertl's testimony, nor did they recognise or question Mr Ertl about the big problems Sam William Henry exposed about his testimony. Accordingly, the findings in this post support a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel.
Any automotive expert, the wrecker at Avery Salvage Yard, the local wrecker at the WSCL, and all witnesses to the towing of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard, would be able to assist with any inquiries into this matter.
This post demonstrates that Sam William Henry, and all evidence therein, is evidence that was exposed to contamination and known to be manipulated, and that the opportunity did exist for the planting and tampering of evidence.
The State of Wisconsin and its witnesses deliberately withheld or obfuscated potentially exculpatory evidence for Steven Avery. Locating Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard led to the execution of search warrants that led to the collection of further evidence that was used for the prosecution of Steven Avery. Sam William Henry may yet prove to be a poisoned chalice.
The wheels of justice turn slowly... but grind exceedingly fine.

To be continued...

Epilogue


https://preview.redd.it/qxz02tposth21.png?width=600&format=png&auto=webp&s=91db0441e61342d2efcd917d7c48f711a60aecfd
Tom Breaker: Look, Bill, if this is about reliving the 60's, you can forget about it, buddy. The movement is dead.
William Strannix: Yes, of course! Hence the name: movement. It moves a certain distance, then it stops, you see? A revolution gets its name by always coming back around in your face. You tried to kill frame me you son of a bitch... so welcome to the revolution.

Edit Log

submitted by Henbury to MakingaMurderer [link] [comments]


2019.02.14 22:52 NotJ3st3r Friday, February 15th

Today are:

National Gumdrop Day is dedicated to a cone-shaped, gelatin-based candy, the gumdrop. They are fruit or spice flavored, and sugar coated. Common flavors include cherry, orange, grape, lemon, clove, cinnamon, mint, and licorice.
It is not exactly known how or when gumdrops were first created, but they were popular by the late 1800s. The name "gum drop" first appeared in print in 1860. Some were soft and pliable and made of gelatin, but some were potato-based and cheaper. By the 1890s, "gumdrop" had become a slang term for a sweetheart.
Modern gumdrops were created by Percy Truesdell in 1915. After experimenting at The Ohio State University, he was able to enhance their texture by making them softer. He became known as "the gumdrop king."
Gumdrops continued to enter the cultural lexicon. In the late 1940s, the board game Candy Land made its debut, and featured the Gumdrop Mountains. In the 1950s, the phrase "Goody gumdrops" was invented. The Apollo 9 Command module was named Gumdrop because of its shape.

Hippopotamuses, known as hippos, are celebrated today. Their name stems from Ancient Greece and means "water horse" or "river horse." However, their closest relatives are actually whales, porpoises, dolphins, and pigs. They are the third largest land mammal, only being surpassed by elephants and white rhinoceroses. On average, females weigh 3,000 pounds and males weigh 3,500 to 9,920 pounds. They range from 10.8 to 16.5 feet in length and stand about 5.2 feet in height at their shoulders.
Hippos live in Sub-Saharan Africa, by lakes, rivers, and mangrove swamps. They spend about sixteen hours of their day in the water. As they can't swim or float, they spend most of their time in shallower water on the shoreline. When they are in deeper water, they need to push off the bottom to propel themselves up in order to stay above the waterline. However, they can stay underneath the water for three to five minutes. They can even sleep underneath the water, and automatically resurface without having to wake up. No matter where in water they are, in order to move without touching the bottom, they need to push off other objects and glide. At dusk, they come out of the water and feed on grass. They sometimes also eat fruit. Hippos may travel over five miles to graze and may eat 80 to 150 pounds of grass in a night.
Water is both where hippos reproduce and give birth. They can have one calf every two years, which weighs between 50 and 100 pounds at birth. They become fully mature between the ages of five and seven, and their life expectancy is about 36 years. Hippos often travel together in groups of 10 to 30, and may even travel in groups as large as 200. They can run at speeds of almost 20 miles per hour. They also secrete a red mucous known as "blood sweat" that protects them from the sun.
Hippos are one of the most aggressive animals in the world. They sometimes attack humans and are seen by some as being the most deadly large land animal. They kill about 500 people each year in Africa. But, humans are a threat to them as well. They are poached for their meat and their canine teeth which are made of ivory. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has said they are vulnerable, but not endangered. In the late 1990s and early '00s, their population was declining on account of habitat loss and poaching. Their numbers have now stabilized because of increased law enforcement. There are now between 125,000 and 148,000 wild hippos in the wild.

Today we celebrate butterscotch, which is a confection made of butter and brown sugar. Butterscotch may also refer to a flavor made with similar ingredients. When made into a confection, other ingredients like lemon juice, cream, corn syrup, vanilla, salt, and water are added to the butter and brown sugar, and it is boiled to between 270°F to 289°F, which is the "soft crack" stage. It is similar to caramel, but caramel usually uses white sugar and does not have butter. It is also similar to toffee, but toffee is boiled longer so it reaches a higher temperature, and also does not usually have butter. Butterscotch flavor is used in butterscotch topping or sauce, which is used on sundaes and pound cakes. The flavor is also used in fudge, brownies, icings, pudding, and cookies.
It is not known what butterscotch's connection to Scotland is, if any. The name may come from the act of scotching. By some accounts, it was invented by Samuel Parkinson in 1817 in Doncaster, England, who went on to supply it to the British royal family. An early recipe to make butterscotch confections appears in an 1848 issue of Liverpool Mercury, where butter, sugar, and treacle are boiled together.

Singles Awareness Day, also known as Singles Appreciation Day, takes place on the day after Valentine's Day. It was created by Dustin Barnes, who at the time was attending high school, and was single. February 15th was chosen because there were large discounts on Valentines-themed items, making it easy for Dustin and his single friends to buy candy and other items to give to each other. Besides being popular in the United States, it is also celebrated by many in the United Kingdom.
By placing Singles Awareness Day on the day after Valentine's Day, the undertone of self-pity and sadness was removed from it, and it instead became more of a celebration and a day of pride. It became an alternative day to Valentine's Day for single people who may have felt left out, and it reminds everyone that being single is okay. It celebrates the love between friends and family, and love for oneself.
Single people often get together with other singles on the day and then exchange gifts. Sometimes singles events are held. Celebrants also spend the day volunteering, traveling, and treating themselves to things they enjoy. The holiday is both for those who like being single and for those who wish they weren't. Those who are sick of being alone get to spend the day with others, while those who enjoy being single get to celebrate that fact with others. Although the day is meant to be celebrated with others, if someone wants to celebrate it alone, they can do that as well.

St. Skeletor's Day is a day for single people; it's a day for all those who didn't have a date or get any flowers yesterday on Valentine's Day, and is basically the antithesis of that day. It was created in 1998 by British comedian Richard Herring. He has said it is "a day for all the lost souls who don't have anyone to love," and that it is "devoted to the destruction of love." He asked, "Do we need a day for lovers? Isn't every day their day?" Besides being dedicated to the destruction of love, the day is for the destruction of greeting cards, and of people with boyfriends and girlfriends. It's not a day for buying gifts for people or doing anything special; that's what people do on Valentine's Day! The day takes its name from Skeletor, the villain from the Masters of the Universe. It's certain that he never celebrated Valentine's Day.
Susan B. Anthony Day
Today we celebrate Susan B. Anthony, who was born on today's date in 1820. Susan B. Anthony Day is not officially celebrated nationally. In 2011, Representative Carolyn Maloney introduced the Susan B. Anthony Birthday Act, which would have designated the third Monday in February as Susan B. Anthony Day, but the bill did not become law. The holiday is celebrated in some capacities on the state level. As of 2019, Florida is the only state where Susan B. Anthony Day is an official holiday on February 15. In Wisconsin and California, the holiday is celebrated in public schools. In West Virginia, the holiday is celebrated on election day on even-numbered years. Anthony's birthday is celebrated each August in Massachusetts. Additionally, Susan B. Anthony Day is celebrated unofficially across the country, as the birthdays of prominent historical figures often are.
Susan B. Anthony was born in Adams, Massachusetts. Her Aunt Susan, whom she had been named after, married a man named Brownell, and that is where Anthony got her middle initial from. Her family was made up of Quakers and activists, and in 1845 they moved to Rochester, New York, where they became part of the abolitionist movement. Anthony became a teacher, where she pushed for educational reforms, such as for more inclusion for girls and African Americans.
Anthony became involved in the temperance movement, and became a member of the Daughters of Temperance; she became head of the Rochester branch in 1849. Because she was a woman, there were many times she was not allowed to speak at temperance rallies. For example, she was not allowed to speak at the state convention of the Sons of Temperance in 1853. This issue helped spur her to become involved in the women's rights movement. That same year, she formed the Women's State Temperance Society with Elizabeth Cady Stanton. They petitioned the legislature to pass a law limiting alcohol sales—the petition was not accepted because it was mostly signed by women and children. It was at this time that Anthony began thinking that in order for women to be listened to by politicians, they needed the right to vote. What incentive did politicians have to listen to women if they didn't need their votes? The right to vote, known as suffrage, became the biggest issue that Anthony became involved with throughout her career.
In 1852, Anthony attended her first women's rights convention, the National Women's Rights Convention in Syracuse, New York. She began giving speeches around the country for women's suffrage and continued to do so for more than a half century. She also fought for other rights for women, such as for their right to retain their own property and earnings. She fought for the New York State Married Women's Property Bill; it was passed in 1860 and guaranteed that women could own property, keep their wages, and have custody of their children.
Anthony also spoke out against slavery and was a member of the American Anti-Slavery Society. In 1863, Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized the Women's Loyal National League, the first national political women's organization in the United States. They collected 400,000 signatures to include with petitions to Congress that demanded the end of slavery. The American Equal Rights Association, also founded by Anthony and Stanton in 1866, fought for full citizenship, including the right to vote, for all people, regardless of race or sex. Anthony and Stanton thought the work they had done fighting for the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery, would help them secure the right to vote. However, when the Fifteenth Amendment was passed, which expanded voting rights, women were not included. Still, Anthony's profile continued to rise, and at this time she became a prominent national female leader, the first of her kind in US history.
Once again working with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Anthony created a weekly publication for women's rights called The Revolution. Later, along with others, they put together three volumes of History of Woman Suffrage. In 1869, there was a split in the women's movement, and Anthony and Stanton formed the National Woman Suffrage Association. They continued the strategy of fighting for a constitutional amendment, while the American Suffrage Association fought for the vote on the state level. Between 1869 and 1906, Anthony went before each Congress and appealed for an amendment for suffrage. In 1872, Anthony illegally voted in the presidential election in Rochester. She was arrested, along with three of her sisters and other women, and was fined $100. She never paid the fine.
By the 1880s, Susan B. Anthony was one of the top leaders in the country, and she continued her work as she reached old age. In 1887, the two women's suffrage associations came together to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Anthony was its president from 1892 to 1900.
On March 13, 1906, Susan B. Anthony died of heart disease and pneumonia while at her home on Madison Street in Rochester, New York. Fourteen years later, in 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment was passed, giving women in all states the right to vote. Because of Anthony's tireless efforts on behalf of women's suffrage, it became known as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment. In 1979, Anthony became the first woman to have her likeness on a coin in the United States. In the twenty-first century, Anthony's work continues to inspire, and today we remember and celebrate her legacy.

Happy Celebrating
submitted by NotJ3st3r to nationalsomethingday [link] [comments]


2019.02.08 18:26 User-name-alreadyoof First time build. Trying to Ascend from the dirt of the console peasantry. Any help/advice will be greatly appreciated!

>**What will you be doing with this PC? Be as specific as possible, and include specific games or programs you will be using.**
Gaming mostly with the occasional YouTube/Netflix video thrown in. More single player and strategy games a-la The Witcher 3, Total War, Divinity Original Sin 1+2, etc. I am looking into playing more multiplayer games, but nothing competitive.
>**What is your maximum budget before rebates/shipping/taxes?**
~$1700
>**When do you plan on building/buying the PC? Note: beyond a week or two from today means any build you receive will be out of date when you want to buy.**
ASAP
>**What, exactly, do you need included in the budget? (ToweOS/monitokeyboard/mouse/etc\)**
Tower, Keyboard, and Monitor
>**Which country (and state/province) will you be purchasing the parts in? If you're in US, do you have access to a Microcenter location?**
Madison, Wisconsin
>**If reusing any parts (including monitor(s)/keyboard/mouse/etc), what parts will you be reusing? Brands and models are appreciated.**
First time build
>**Will you be overclocking? If yes, are you interested in overclocking right away, or down the line? CPU and/or GPU?**
I do not plan on overclocking
>**Are there any specific features or items you want/need in the build? (ex: SSD, large amount of storage or a RAID setup, CUDA or OpenCL support, etc)**
In the very limited research I have done, I have always heard that SSDs are faster which is important to me, however I'm open to anything
>**Do you have any specific case preferences (Size like ITX/microATX/mid-towefull-tower, styles, colors, window or not, LED lighting, etc), or a particular color theme preference for the components?**
Nothing too fancy, preferably something all white or all black.
>**Do you need a copy of Windows included in the budget? If you do need one included, do you have a preference?**
I do not, plan on using windows 10
>**Extra info or particulars:**
I'm fairly impatient so speed is probably the most important. However coming from the peasantry, I am extremely interested in 2k gaming and 60+ FPS
submitted by User-name-alreadyoof to buildapcforme [link] [comments]


2018.12.05 13:43 Henbury Know Your Rav: Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly

Know Your Rav: Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly

Know Your Rav: Part III - The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly

Know Your Rav is a series of posts about Sam William Henry, Teresa Halbach's RAV4. These posts aim to be evidence-based, and consider and build upon previous posts from various sources and combine new and original analysis. In Part I, I confirmed that there was no second/decoy RAV4. In Part II, I impeached the testimony of John Ertl. Now, I'll impeach Mr Ertl's testimony again, break the chain of custody of Sam William Henry, and reveal further perjury. The wheels of justice turn slowly...

Know Your Rav Series:

Part I Sam William Henry (VIN: JT3HP10V5X7113044)
Part II Retrieving Sam William Henry: How Ertl Gave Avery the Shaft
Part III The Wheels of Justice Turn Slowly
Part IV Key Evidence
Part V The Bolts are Nuts
Part VI Wisconsin Gets A Broken Shaft In The Rear

Summary:

  • Mr Ertl did not report his activities on 5 November 2005, leaving only his testimony as evidence
  • Mr Ertl perjured himself and his testimony can be impeached
  • A 1999 Toyota RAV4 does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted
  • There is evidence the transmission shift select was shifted out of Park
  • There is evidence supporting Sam William Henry was unlocked and entered at the Avery Salvage Yard
  • Mr Ertl is a broken link in a broken chain of custody
  • Sam William Henry, and all evidence therein, is evidence that was exposed to contamination and known to be manipulated, and that the opportunity did exist for the planting and tampering of evidence
  • Unfortunately, the defence did not produce an expert witness to refute Mr Ertl's testimony, nor did they recognise or question Mr Ertl about the big problems Sam William Henry exposed about his testimony
  • Any automotive expert, the wrecker at Avery Salvage Yard, the local wrecker at the WSCL, and all witnesses to the towing of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard, would be able to assist with any inquiries into this matter.

Contents

Summary
Materials Relied Upon
Introduction
Findings
- Witness Testimony
- Testimony of Pam & Nikole Sturm
- Testimony of John Ertl
- Testimony of Ronald Groffy
- Sam William Henry - Vehicle Specifications
- The State's Case
- The Wheels of Justice
Discussion
- Testing the Testimony of John Ertl
- Additional Observations
Conclusion
Epilogue
Edit Log


Materials Relied Upon

Testimony of Pam Sturm, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 13 Feb 2007 (Day 2)
Testimony of Nikole Sturm, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 14 Feb 2007 (Day 3)
Testimony of John Ertl, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6)
Testimony of Ronald Groffy, Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 23 February 2007 (Day 10)
Steven Avery Trial Transcripts and Documents website
Official Toyota 1999 RAV4 Owner's manual

Introduction

These exhibit photographs of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard and the WSCL garage present another huge problem for John Ertl and the State of Wisconsin:
(01) TOP - Exhibits 32 & 33, RAV4 at Avery Salvage Yard (5 November 2005); BOTTOM - Exhibits 289, 290 & 292, RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005)

In Part I of this series, I demonstrated that there was no second/decoy RAV4 because Exhibit 192 clearly shows VIN JT3HP10V5X7113044, confirming the RAV4 in the possession of the WSCL was Sam William Henry.
In Part II of this series, I impeached the testimony of Mr Ertl, who perjured himself, because I demonstrated that a 1999 Toyota RAV4 does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted, and that Sam William Henry came to rest in the WSCL garage facing the wrong way.
The State of Wisconsin presented a case, and witnesses testified, that Sam William Henry was never opened or entered before it was processed at the WSCL. I will now demonstrate that between Pam & Nicole Sturm finding Sam William Henry on 5 November 2005, and Sam William Henry coming to rest at the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005, Sam William Henry was unlocked and entered.

Findings

WITNESS TESTIMONY
First, it is important to establish that the following witnesses who testified at trial did have proximity to Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005:
  1. Pam Sturm (Civilian) Day 2, 13 Feb 2007 (pg197)
  2. Nikole Sturm (Civilian) Day 3, 14 Feb 2007 (pg4)
  3. Sergeant Jason Orth (MTSO) Day 4, 15 Feb 2007 (pg139)
  4. Deputy Inspector Todd Hermann (MTSO) Day 4, 15 Feb 2007 (pg166)
  5. Julie Cramer (Dog Handler) Day 5, 16 Feb 2007 (pg5)
  6. Thomas Fassbender (DCI) Day 5, 16 Feb 2007 (pg63)
  7. John Ertl (WSCL) Day 6, 19 Feb 2007 (pg4)
  8. Sergeant William Tyson (CASO) Day 7, 20 Feb 2007 (pg167)
  9. Detective Dave Remiker (MTSO) Day 8, 21 Feb 2007 (pg121)
  10. Ronald Groffy (WSCL) Day 10, 23 February 2007 (Pg50)
In total, 9 of these 10 witnesses all testified to the same narrative: that Sam William Henry was always locked, or they did not attempt to open any doors, and/or that to their knowledge neither they nor any other person entered Sam William Henry. Only Mr Groffy disagreed.
The bookends of these witnesses are important: Sam William Henry transitioned sometime from being locked at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005 under Pam and Nikole Sturm to unlocked at the WSCL garage under Ronald Groffy on 6 November 2005; specifically the driver's door.
There is a break somewhere in the chain of custody of Sam William Henry; and at a minimum, one of these witnesses has committed perjury.

TESTIMONY OF PAM & NIKOLE STURM
Pam and Nikole Sturm both testified that Sam William Henry was locked when they found it at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 13 February 2007 (Day 2), Page 224:
Kratz: Did you or your daughter, Nikki, attempt to determine whether or not this vehicle was open or locked?
Pam Sturm: Nikole attempted to open the doors.
Kratz: Did she do so with a bare hand, or did you see her doing this?
P. Sturm: I told her to use the sleeve of her sweatshirt, but evidently she used tissue. You know, I saw her reach in, but I'm not sure if it was – you know, I didn't exactly see the tissue. So, yes, she did try the doors, but you will have to ask her which specific doors.
Kratz: I will do that, but if you -- did you or your daughter determine whether or not the doors were opened or locked.
P. Sturm: They were all locked.
Kratz: Did you or your daughter ever otherwise enter that vehicle?
P. Sturm: No.

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 14 February 2007 (Day 3), Page 4:
Kratz: And, other than taking the photographs, can you tell the jury what else you did around that vehicle?
Nikole Sturm: With a tissue, I checked all four doors to see if any of the doors were open. They were all locked. So, none of the four doors were open.

N. Sturm: I did check all four doors to see if anything was open. They were all locked.

Kratz: Ms. Sturm, you mentioned that you had checked the four doors. What four doors are you talking about?
N. Sturm: The driver's side, front and passenger doors, and the actual passenger, front and back.
Kratz: All four were locked?
N. Sturm: All four were locked.

Both Pam and Nikole Sturm repeatedly testified that Nikole Sturm attempted to open all four doors on Sam William Henry, which included the driver’s door, and they were locked.

TESTIMONY OF JOHN ERTL
Consistent with the repeated testimony of all those before him, Mr Ertl also testified that Sam William Henry was always locked and no person entered the vehicle:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6), Page 17:
Ertl: ...We couldn't get into the vehicle, all the doors were locked.

Mr Ertl also testified in elaborate detail that even when when Sam William Henry was towed, and despite the best efforts of the wrecker, it was never opened:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6), Page 30:
Ertl: ...So the wrecker operator determined that the RAV4 wasn't just going to roll; it was either in gear, or it had a parking break on. For whatever reason, it wouldn't roll on its own wheels. So he wanted to try to put the vehicle in neutral and it was locked; he couldn't get in. So he crawled underneath and tried to reach the linkage for the transmission; he couldn't reach that. Then he tried to access that from under the hood, but the hood release and everything was also inside. Couldn't pop the hood. So what he ended up doing was crawling underneath and unbolting one of the drive shafts. It was a four wheel drive vehicle. He unbolted the drive shaft to the front end. He then used his lifter from the wrecker to pick up the back wheels and then rolled it on the front wheels and he pulled it out from around the pond, into that flattened area where the trailer was waiting. And then he rolled it up into the trailer and then we strapped it down into the trailer.

After transporting Sam William Henry to the WSCL garage in Madison, consistent with his elaborate testimony that only the front wheels rolled, Mr Ertl added to his testimony that the rear wheels remained locked:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 19 February 2007 (Day 6), Page 33:
Ertl: When we arrived in Madison, I called the local wrecker company to come and do the opposite of what the wrecker had done at the scene in Manitowoc, to lift up the back end, pull the vehicle out of the trailer, and then put it into the garage, because the back wheels were still locked.

Following a long line of witnesses who all testified that Sam William Henry was always locked and not entered at the Avery Salvage Yard, Mr Ertl is the last link in Sam William Henry's chain of custody before Mr Groffy found the vehicle unlocked.

TESTIMONY OF RONALD GROFFY
As it was in Part II, it is important to establish that Mr Groffy testified that Sam William Henry was found in the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005 as depicted in his photographs, particularly Exh. 289, 290 and 293.
(03) Exhibits 289, 290 & 293: the RAV4 at the WSCL garage (6 November 2005)

Exh. 289 demonstrates the direction Sam William Henry was facing at the WSCL garage, and Exhibits 290 & 293 demonstrate that the transmission shift select is in Park and the handbrake is off.
Notwithstanding the repeated testimony of all those before him that Sam William Henry was always locked and no person entered the vehicle, Mr Groffy testified that the driver's door of Sam William Henry was unlocked when he found it at the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005:

From Steven Avery Trial Transcript, 23 February 2007 (Day 10), Page 63:
Buting: Okay. And did you, with your gloved hands, try the driver's door handle?
Groffy: Yes, I did.
Buting: It was locked or unlocked?
Groffy: The driver's door was unlocked when I got there.
Buting: Okay. The other doors were locked?
Groffy: Yes, the other doors were locked.
Buting: And that would be actually four more doors, correct, including the rear?
Groffy: That's correct, four doors.
Buting: Now, if I understand, what you did was, by opening the driver's side door, you were able to sort of reach over and, with your gloves, unlock the front passenger side door first, right?
Groffy: That's correct, I did that.
Buting: And then from that location, that position on either side, front and passenger, you were able to easily reach around and unlock the rear driver and passenger side doors.
Groffy: That's correct, I unlocked those doors.
Buting: And then you were able to open all four of those doors, wide open, for taking pictures and what not?
Groffy: That is absolutely correct.

SAM WILLIAM HENRY - VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS
In the event there was no key to turn the ignition which enables powered-drive and steering (which also requires using that key to at first open and enter the vehicle), there are a number of factors dictating how Sam William Henry could have been moved from the Avery Salvage Yard to the WSCL garage. These include opening and entering the vehicle (by other means), the Automatic Transmission, the driveshafts connecting the wheels to the transmission/engine, and the handbrake.
The interplay between drivetrains, Automatic Transmission and handbrake all affect the locking or turning of wheels.
From Part I, it is known the Vehicle Specifications of Sam William Henry (VIN: JT3HP10V5X7113044) dictate that it is an AWD, because it is a 1999 Toyota RAV4 with:
  • 2.0L 4-CYLINDER DOHC ENGINE (Engine Number 3S2-546853)
  • 4-SPEED ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
  • FULL TIME FOUR WHEEL DRIVE
The vehicle also has a handbrake, which is a cable brake that locks the rear wheels. Mr Groffy's testimony, and Exhibits 290 and 293, dictate that the handbrake was always off (since apparently Sam William Henry was always locked and never entered).
Without the engine running, an Automatic Transmission is effectively in neutral in any gear except Park. In an Automatic Transmission there is a ring with teeth on the output shaft of the transmission. When the transmission is shifted into Park a lever called the parking pawl is lowered against the ring. If the parking pawl does not land squarely into an opening in the ring the car will roll slightly and there will usually be an audible click as it engages - the parking pawl then holds the output shaft from turning. Therefore if the transmission shift select is in Park, no wheel(s) connected to the transmission/engine can turn freely. Mr Groffy's testimony dictates that the transmission shift select was always in Park.
In the case of an AWD like Sam William Henry, there can be considered three driveshafts: front left halfshaft, front right halfshaft, and the rear driveshaft. Each of these three shafts are independent of one other; although the rear driveshaft does apply torque to both rear wheels. The only way to disengage a wheel from the transmission/engine so that it may turn freely is to either take the transmission shift select out of Park, or in the event the vehicle is locked and the shift select cannot be accessed, disengaging the wheel from the transmission/engine by disconnecting its driveshaft.
In the case of Sam William Henry:
  • Each front halfshaft (which applies torque to one front wheel only) cannot simply be unbolted from the transmission/engine. Disengaging one front wheel from the transmission/engine requires complete removal of its halfshaft. This task requires raising the vehicle, removing the wheel/rotocalipeaxle nut, unbolting the lower ball joints, using a ball joint separator to free the ballpoint from the hub carrier, unbolting the hub from the hub carrier and then pulling out the halfshaft. The hubs, ballpoints and wheels all then need to be reinstalled. Removing one halfshaft does not allow the opposite front wheel to turn freely, so the whole process has to be repeated if both wheels are to turn freely. This process can take hours.
  • The rear driveshaft (which applies torque to both rear wheels) can be unbolted, which disengages both rear wheels from the transmission/engine allowing them to turn freely.
As provided in the Official 1999 Toyota RAV4 Owner's Manual (pgs169-170), the correct towing procedure for Sam William Henry, in order to avoid damaging any components of the AWD Automatic Transmission drivetrains, is to permit no turning of the wheels:
(04) Figure 01: Official 1999 Toyota RAV4 Owner's Manual (pgs169-170)

However, and not recommended, an AWD vehicle can be towed on two or all four wheels for a short distance only if the automatic transmission is in neutral.
If a wheel is disengaged from the transmission/engine, the transmission does not affect it (and vice versa) and the wheel can turn freely without causing any damage.
As explained in Part II:
To safely tow any vehicle, it is necessary to disengage the relevant wheels from the transmission/engine; otherwise they are locked, and attempting a tow will result in skull-dragging and damage to the transmission/engine.
Towing a vehicle with locked wheels, such as an Automatic Transmission in Park or with a brake applied, results in skull-dragging. Skull-dragging can apply torque backwards through the drivetrain by forcing a wheel to turn, leading to damage to the components of that drivetrain. It is in the best interests of towing companies, car owners, and law enforcement agencies seizing cars as evidence, that no damage be caused to a vehicle.
A video of locked wheels being skull-dragged can be seen here. Note that when a towing force applies torque to any wheels locked by the transmission, and the wheels turn, the resistance in the drivetrain will drive the wheels to return to their original position once the towing force is relaxed. The unwinding of the drivetrain is strong enough to drive the vehicle and cause any unlocked wheels to turn freely. Exceeding the resistance of the drivetrain will cause (irreversible) damage to a component or components of that drivetrain.
Conversely, a wheel locked by a brake (ie a handbrake) rather than the transmission will slip if enough torque is applied to it, at which point the friction of the brake will resume a grip on the wheel in its current position, rather than the wheel returning to its original position.
A lifting-type wrecker truck that lifts a set of wheels will apply a negligible amount of torque to the lifted wheels, due to the pendulum effect of the vehicle. Once the vehicle is set back down on flat ground, the torque in the lifted wheels is relaxed and the lifted wheels are returned to their original position: so there will be no resistance in the drivetrain needing to be released.

THE STATE'S CASE
In summary, the State of Wisconsin presented a case that:
  • Sam William Henry was always locked and never entered (as claimed by every witness except Mr Groffy);
  • One front driveshaft was unbolted which allowed both front wheels to roll (as claimed by Mr Ertl);
  • The rear wheels were always lifted during towing and remained locked (as claimed by Mr Ertl);
  • The transmission shift select was always in Park (as found by Mr Groffy);
  • The handbrake was always off (as found by Mr Groffy).
In Part II I demonstrated that Mr Ertl perjured himself when he testified how Sam William Henry was retrieved because (1) Sam William Henry does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted and (2) Sam William Henry came to rest in the WSCL garage facing the wrong way.
For brevity, the case presented by the State of Wisconsin dictates that:
  • The front wheels did rotate, because they were disengaged from the transmission/engine by unbolting one front driveshaft, and during towing they did turn freely; and
  • The rear wheels did not rotate, because the transmission select was always in Park, the rear wheels were always engaged to the transmission/engine, and the rear wheels were always lifted during towing.

THE WHEELS OF JUSTICE
There is in fact a way to measure the rotation of the wheels of Sam William Henry.
The tire valve stem of each wheel is a unique and reliable reference demonstrating the position of each wheel at a given point in time.
Exhibit 32 and Exhibit 33 demonstrate the position of the left-side wheels of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005:
(05) Exhibit 32: Left rear wheel of RAV4 at Avery Salvage Yard, 5 November 2005 (added - reference tire valve stem)

(06) Exhibit 33: Left front wheel of RAV4 at Avery Salvage Yard, 5 November 2005 (added - reference tire valve stem)

In accordance with the case presented by the State of Wisconsin, photos of Sam William Henry at the WCSL garage should reflect that the front wheels did rotate but the rear wheels did not rotate.

Exhibit 289 depicts Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard on 6 November 2005:
(07) Exhibit 289: Left front and rear wheels of RAV4 at WSCL garage, 6 November 2005 (added - reference tire valve stems)

A comparison of the Tire Valve Stem positions at the Avery Salvage Yard on 5 November 2005 and at the WSCL garage on 6 November 2005 is provided:
(08) Figure 1: Comparison of Tire Valve Stem positions

Discussion

All four wheels have rotated.
This is absolutely inconsistent with Mr Ertl's testimony and the case presented by the State of Wisconsin.
The rotation of the rear wheels, which are supposed to be locked, cannot be attributed to any artefact as a result of towing, because:
  • There was no resistance in the drivetrain to the rear wheels needing to be released as the car sat at the Avery Salvage Yard;
  • The transmission select was allegedly always in Park;
  • The rear wheels were allegedly always engaged to the transmission/engine;
  • The rear wheels were allegedly always lifted during towing;
  • There was no resistance in the drivetrain to the rear wheels needing to be released once Sam William Henry was set down in the WSCL garage, because the negligible amount of torque applied to the lifted back wheels is relaxed once the wheels are returned to their original position;
  • Any resistance in the drivetrain created during the towing process (through winching/skull-dragging/pushing/pulling etc) would have returned the rear wheels to their resting position seen at the Avery Salvage Yard;
  • Even allowing for small sustained movements of a locked drivetrain, the rear wheels have rotated through more than 90o;
  • Mr Ertl did not testify that all three driveshafts were disengaged.
Disengaging only the front wheels from the transmission/engine by disconnecting their respective driveshaft(s) does not automatically allow the rear wheels to turn freely. So in this scenario, it in fact does not matter whether it was a driveshaft to the front or the back wheels that was disengaged at the Avery Salvage Yard: both the front and back wheels show evidence that they have both turned freely.
It is also not necessary, in the event that all four wheels have turned freely, for all four wheels to demonstrate the exact same degree of rotation. The differentials for the front and back wheels are independent, and allow for the wheels to turn at different speeds/distances. Towing Sam William Henry from where it was located at the Avery Salvage Yard to where it was loaded into the enclosed trailer required at least one sweeping 90o turn and some manoeuvring; and some further manoeuvring was also required at the WSCL garage. If the rear wheels of Sam William Henry were lifted even once off the ground, at the Avery Salvage Yard or the WSCL garage, the front and back wheels then certainly covered different distances.

TESTING THE TESTIMONY OF JOHN ERTL
Mr Ertl's Field Response Report (dated 23 November 2005) only documents his activities from 6-8 November 2005. Mr Ertl's activities on 5 November 2005, including the retrieval and delivery of Sam William Henry, are omitted from that Report. The only evidence available of how Mr Ertl moved Sam William Henry is his impeached testimony.
The evidence does not support that Sam William Henry was moved, twice, by a wrecker truck lifting the rear wheels off the ground because they are locked, and rolling Sam William Henry on its front wheels away from where it was found at the Avery Salvage Yard, into and out of a covered trailer, and into the WSCL garage.
There is no possible way that Mr Ertl's testimony, that one front driveshaft was unbolted to allow the front wheels to turn freely, and that the rear wheels were always locked and lifted during towing, results in evidence that the rear wheels turned freely; or in fact that both the front and back wheels turned freely.
As explained in Part II, Mr Ertl testified that the wrecker disengaged the front wheels from the transmission/engine because one front driveshaft was unbolted; even though Sam William Henry does not have one front driveshaft that can be unbolted, the wrecker was operating in conditions of darkness/rain/mud, and had neither the time (58 minutes - pg107) nor the ground clearance to remove both front halfshafts. Notwithstanding the fact that Mr Ertl did not testify to it, the wrecker had neither the time, conditions nor the ground clearance to disengage all four wheels from the transmission/engine.
Therefore there is only one possible way to explain how all four wheels could have been disengaged from the transmission/engine, so that all four wheels could roll freely and rotate:
(09) RAV4 interior (source: Making a Murderer s02e10) (added - reference)

It is well established that the driver's door of Sam William Henry was opened at some stage. The position of the wheels as they came to rest in the WSCL garage predates any key that may have been made by the WSCL for the purpose of opening the drivers door before Mr Groffy found the vehicle on 6 November 2005.
Therefore, it can be established that Sam William Henry was unlocked and entered sometime before it came to rest at the WCSL garage (approx. 02:00hrs on 6 November 2005) for the purpose (at a minimum) of shifting the transmission shift select out of Park so that all four wheels could turn freely.

ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS
If Sam William Henry was opened and entered, and the transmission shift select put into neutral, there is absolutely no reason to unbolt any driveshaft(s) in order to tow Sam William Henry either the short distance from its found location to the enclosed trailer at the Avery Salvage Yard, or the short distance from the enclosed trailer to the inside of the WCSL garage.
Regarding whether Sam William Henry was opened and entered at the Avery Salvage Yard, the WCSL garage, or both; the following is considered:
  • All witnesses who testified as to approaching Sam William Henry from the car crusher did so by using the gravel road on the Eastern side of the nearby pond (eg. Exh. 161 to 162) and Mr Ertl testified the wrecker's tow truck took the same route in reverse (see Exh.96 from Part II) - there is much less room for a tow truck to manoeuvre via the opposite or Western side of the pond. Exh.130 demonstrates established saplings immediately in front of Sam William Henry, obstructing its retrieval from the front. There is not enough room for a tow truck to snatch Sam William Henry out from behind those saplings - the angle required to avoid the front left of the vehicle colliding with the saplings results in the significant risk of the tow truck colliding with wrecks on the opposite side of the gravel path or even falling into the pond. Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that if the front wheels were not disengaged from the transmission/engine (Mr Ertl's testimony to suchis impeached), then the only way Sam William Henry can be towed along the gravel path on the Eastern side of the pond towards the car crusher, without damaging any of the drivetrain components, is to shift the transmission shift select into neutral and tow Sam William Henry on two or four wheels for the short distance to the covered trailer. The locked steering to the right in this scenario is of little consequence as Sam William Henry is being pulled in reverse (Sam William Henry merely acts as a trailer and follows the tow truck).
(10) Exhibit 130: RAV4 at the Avery Salvage Yard (5 November 2005)

(11) Exhibit 96: Animation Photos (Added: wrecker direction of travel according to Ertl testimony)
  • Exhibits 290, 292 and 293 (Exh.293 Culhane Version) show evidence of vegetation and debris that may originate from the Avery Salvage Yard, more specifically the debris that was used to conceal Sam William Henry. Vegetation and debris - in both sides of the vehicle indicates activity in/out of the car by one person on both sides, or at least two people on respective sides; on and under the seats is unlikely to have been carried into the vehicle from a source such as a shoes; does not find its way into open doors from an overhead source unless the doors are open for a prolonged period of time, and/or there is a concentration of an overhead source and a reason for it to be falling into those open doors (ie the weight of a tarp hanging over and breaking off pieces of concealment debris); removed from Sam William Henry (as with all items) should have been stored as evidence - it can be tested and traced to its source in some circumstances.
(12) Exhibit 290: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)

(13) Exhibit 292: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)

(14) Exhibit 293: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)

(15) Exhibit 293 (Culhane Version): RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - references)
  • In Exh.289, there is an anomaly in the mud pattern on the drivers door, consistent with a person stepping into, or rubbing their leg against the chassis, from a narrow space between two cars reaching across to access the transmission shift select (unfortunately this area of the mud pattern can't be seen in Exh.33 for comparison).
(16) Exhibit 289: RAV4 at WSCL garage (6 November 2005) (added - reference)
  • If the transmission shift select was ever shifted into neutral, it had to be shifted back into Park before Mr Groffy photographed it on 6 November 2006.
  • The only known potential witnesses to the delivery of Sam William Henry at the WSCL garage are Mr Ertl, Mr Zhang, Mr Mirsberger (covered trailer) and the local wrecker. Only Mr Ertl gave testimony.
Of the ten witnesses listed at the start of this post, only Mr Ertl (who was responsible for Sam William Henry at the relevant time) had a reason to unlock and enter Sam William Henry in order to shift the transmission shift select into neutral. It is unknown whether Sam William Henry was already unlocked before Mr Ertl had a reason to enter the vehicle; although it is noted that of the 8 witnesses who had proximity to Sam William Henry before Mr Ertl, all 8 testified that Sam William Henry was always locked, or they did not attempt to open any doors, and/or that to their knowledge neither they nor any other person entered Sam William Henry.
Regarding how the drivers door of Sam William Henry was opened, by a key or other means, the following is considered:
  • In Part I I established that the Vehicle Specifications of Sam William Henry dictate that the vehicle has Key Power Locks
  • A key unlocking the drivers door with a connected battery will unlock all four doors and the rear cargo door
  • If the battery is disconnected, then a key opening the drivers door will not unlock all other doors
  • A slim-jim or equivalent device used on the driver's door will only unlock that door
  • Police and wreckers are taught how to, and carry tools for, opening locked vehicles without a key
  • If planters held the master key in their possession, that is the key that would have been found on Steven Avery's bedroom floor. When and how the sub-key came into the possession of planters, and whether they or someone they knew had access to Sam William Henry on 5 November 2005, is not known.

Conclusion

Mr Ertl is a demonstrable broken link in a broken chain of custody, who perjured himself when he testified about Sam William Henry. Whether or not other witnesses, or someone they know, opened and entered Sam William Henry before Mr Ertl, is not yet known. That is a line of inquiry that Mr Ertl can assist with.
Unfortunately, the defence did not produce an expert witness to refute Mr Ertl's testimony, nor did they recognise or question Mr Ertl about the big problems Sam William Henry exposed about his testimony. Accordingly, the findings in this post support a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel.
Any automotive expert, the wrecker at Avery Salvage Yard, the local wrecker at the WSCL, and all witnesses to the towing of Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard, would be able to assist with any inquiries into this matter.
Sam William Henry, and all evidence therein, is evidence that was exposed to contamination and known to be manipulated, and that the opportunity did exist for the planting and tampering of evidence.
The State of Wisconsin and its witnesses deliberately withheld or obfuscated potentially exculpatory evidence for Steven Avery. Locating Sam William Henry at the Avery Salvage Yard led to the execution of search warrants that led to the collection of further evidence that was used for the prosecution of Steven Avery. Sam William Henry may yet prove to be a poisoned chalice.
The wheels of justice turn slowly... but grind exceedingly fine.
To be continued...

Epilogue

https://preview.redd.it/zl9ad1gg9g221.png?width=600&format=png&auto=webp&s=f9bede270dfa4513c1b81c249333a88cbc7f6c74
Tom Breaker: Look, Bill, if this is about reliving the 60's, you can forget about it, buddy. The movement is dead.
William Strannix: Yes, of course! Hence the name: movement. It moves a certain distance, then it stops, you see? A revolution gets its name by always coming back around in your face. You tried to kill frame me you son of a bitch... so welcome to the revolution.
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2018.10.11 20:47 Jakefiz [OC] Roasting Every Single NBA Team


Atlanta: Honestly the only compliment I can give you guys is your astounding ability to be consistently mediocre. But at least your fans got to experience the feeling of being dark horse contenders before Lebron shattered your hopes and dreams and sent you back to basketball hell. Where you have been for your entire existence in Atlanta. Don't lose hope now, Trading down for Trae Young because you saw the name “Curry” in the scouting report when you could have gotten Doncic certainly won't come back to bite you… right?

Boston: Bill Russell won you 11 championships and your city STILL treated him like shit. Russell beating the same nine teams during the stone age of basketball is the only reason you get to hold a candle to the Lakers in the “best franchise” debate. Honestly if your city wasn't so god damn racist you might have been able to attract free agents and have more than one championship in 30 years.

Brooklyn: Oh man. I could go the easy route but I’m not gonna. You guys are paying 18 million dollars a year to a shooter that doesn't even shoot the ball. And another 18 million for 10 seconds of Dwight Howard. How do you exist in the same city as the Knicks and still be the 2nd place team. I honestly don't know or care for what future your team has. Maybe you'll make the playoffs in the next 10 years? Next.

Charlotte: The only NBA record you've ever broken is the lowest winning percentage. Not even getting your old name back and a slick rebrand can save your team. Your team is a factory of suck that MJ uses to pad real contenders against Lebron to protect his own legacy. Seriously. When you cant put together a playoff team with Kemba Walker in the fucking East you might as well start tanking. But even if you do tank, MJ has an eye for talent like I have an eye for women’s hygiene products.

Chicago: Your last championship was over 20 years ago. No really, it's actually been that long. I don't even know what your team is. Your roster requires a PhD to fully explain it. For a team that's been crushed by Derrick Rose's ACL problems, its interesting to bank your future in two players with ACL problems. Enjoy the lottery for the foreseeable future.

Cleveland: Honestly basketball is the least of your concerns. Lebron James was your entire economy, what the fuck are you gonna do now? My advice, move the fuck out of Cleveland before it all comes crashing down and be a Laker fan until Lebron retires. At least you have the up and coming Browns to distract from your city hitting bankruptcy, im sure investing your happiness in that will turn out nicely.

Dallas: If it wasn't for Dirk you’d be a bottom feeding team with the Hornets and the Clippers. Male Mavs fans, good luck justifying your fandom to your date after she finds about about what went on in the front office for years…

Denver: Denver, Denver, Denver… I don't think anyone hates your team more than your own fans. Every year you look poised to make the playoffs and every year you leave them in crushing disappointment. But things will be different this year! You added IT, and you're gonna average 120 points a night. But averaging 120 points doesn't really matter when youre gonna be giving up 140. Not a single person on your roster plays defense outside of Will Barton. Don't place your bets on making the playoffs this year, or next year.

Detroit: Oh yeah, the Pistons. I forgot about your team. And so did everyone else. Gotta admit trading your only young asset for Blake Griffin's ludacris contract in a hail mary attempt to sell tickets in your unnecessary new stadium is a ballsy move that, shocker, did not pay off. On top of that you have to live with taking Luke Kennard right before Donovan Mitchell for the rest of your lives. Enjoy NBA no man's land. Maybe you'll crack an 8 seed if you get more than 20 healthy games of Blake Griffin.

Houston: I can think of 27 reasons why I hate your team. All your memorable playoff moments this decade ended in you losing. Lillard, Ginobili, and now the beautiful chaos that was Game 7 of the conference finals this year. Nice offseason by the way. Because everyone in America was definitely thinking the same thing after you lost game 7. “If only the Rockets had Carmelo”

Indiana: Ok be honest. Does the phrase “Defending champion Indiana Pacers” sound weird to you? Your team was never meant to be. You may have had an overachieving season but hold on to that happiness as long as you can because you have a long long loooooooong ways to go before you can say your team has a chance of becoming contenders. Your most memorable moment in franchise history is Ron Artest decking an out of shape Detroit fan, which I still watch weekly. So thank you for bringing us that masterpiece.

LA Clippers: It's not everyday you get to call yourself a fan of the worst franchise in sports. Seriously, how do you live in a market like LA and still suck this bad for so long. I would feel bad for your fans but you don't have any. Who in the city of Los Angeles with half a brain cell would even consider being a Clippers fan over the Lakers? That's like choosing between having a glass of top shelf, high class pinot noir and having donald sterling piss in your mouth. Why would anyone want to do that to themselves? Your franchise is a joke and doesn't deserve to call themselves a team. Just please for the love of god move to Seattle.

LA Lakers: Welcome back to relevancy. No one missed you. I cant imagine what its like to be a Lakers fan. To have instant claim to every big free agent. To have super teams handed to you on a silver platter. All while having to sit through this nightmare of a decade. You better hope lebron is actually a cyborg because when he declines, you dont have much else to fall back on. But for now, put away your warriors jersey, cuz lake show is finally back.

Memphis: Remember when you were good? That came and went faster than Mike Conley's all-star campaign. But hey, best case scenario you might luck out with those ping pong balls and get the 11th pick. Better hope JJ Jr is a superstar or you're gonna be stuck in purgatory for the foreseeable future. Also. Chandler Parsons. That is all.

Miami: Oof. Imagine having all your cap space tied up to Hassan Whiteside, Goran Dragic, and Tyler Johnson. No disrespect to Goran, but if he's the best player on your team then I'm not sure what you do now. But if you’re a heat fan you don't really care about your future because you now get to endure a whole season of the Dwayne Wade farewell tour. Enjoy many many years of reminiscing and living in the past because you certainly don't have a future to look forward to.

Milwaukee: You managed to fool a foreign superstar into staying in your god forsaken city so you at least did that right. Good luck getting talent around Giannis after Sterling Brown got the ol’ Wisconsin welcome from the Milwaukee police department. Not a good look Bucks, not a good look at all. Also, kids that were born the last time you won a playoff series are graduating high school this year. Don't forget to wish them congratulations.

Minnesota: Ahh, remember when your team was up and coming with a bright future? Those were the days. Too bad Thibs had to come and ruin everything. How you managed to even have a future in Siberia is beyond me. All I know now is your one opportunity per 20 years of maybe being a contender has now been squandered by a sweaty angry bald man that really likes Gorgei Dieng. And now, breaking news, the best player that has suited up for your team since KG just went on a practice tirade completely destroying the very fabric of your team’s existence. That’s always a good sign of a well run franchise. I feel genuinely sorry for your fans that not only have to live in Minnesota, but root for this team.

New Orleans: Another team that had a future at one point. AD/Boogie was the opportunity of a lifetime. And last year was the best basketball your team had ever played. But hope you enjoyed it because these next few years are going to be Anthony Davis stat pads so he can get paid by a loooong list of teams. One of those teams being the Golden State Warriors.

OKC: You guys drafted 3 MVPS in three straight seasons and somehow managed to keep the one that got cooked by a rookie. Sure you may have convinced Paul George to stay, but as long as Joe Ingles is in the league, “Playoff P” will disappear faster than this team’s title hopes.

New York: This franchise is an enigma. I have come to the conclusion that there is a basketball curse set on the city of New York. How do you have two franchises in the second biggest market and have them both suck? The only guy that was rumored to have an interest in signing there also believed the earth was flat. Why on this flat earth would anyone want the burden of saving this pathetic franchise? I think we found a way to beat the Warriors this year. Have them all wear Knicks jerseys and play at Madison Square Garden for 40 games out of the year.

Orlando: Oh boy. Nobody’s favorite team. Honestly though, your existence is appreciated because you’re pretty much a firesale of young talent that needs to get the fuck out of your organization to succeed. I will always put money on players breaking out the second they leave the largest tourist trap in the world. If I were entering the draft and my choices were the Orlando Magic and signing in Europe with BBB, I’d learn Lithuanian faster than your team’s hopes for a winning season.

Philadelphia: Please tell me how much is hurts to be a Sixers fan. To tank for years only to have Boston do it way better without the embarrassment. To have your GM be the laughing stock of the entire NBA. To use your number one pick in one of the most stacked drafts in the past decade on a guy that forgot how to shoot. Things might be looking up right now sure, but you got dismantled by Boston who were missing 2 all-stars. But that’s okay, you gotta trust the process of losing to Boston every year for the next ten years.

Phoenix: Honestly the biggest accomplishment you have had in the past 5 years is losing by 48 instead of 50 on your 50th home opener. But hey, at least you got better this season. I predict you win 26 games this year instead of 21. Your team hasn’t been fun to watch since the D’Antoni era. And that was 10 years ago now. You snuck a nice season in there in 2014 but somehow missed the playoffs with 48 wins. Now you’re stuck believing that since Booker is the only player that can put a ball in a basket, he’s suddenly the second coming of Kobe. Well get ready to feel like you did when you found out Santa wasn’t real, because you are in for a very, very rude awakening. Have fun being the 4th, maybe 5th best young core in the league.

Portland: You think I’m going easy on my hometown team? You thought wrong. There needs to be some changes to this organization. Firstly, include blood pressure meds with every season ticket package. They’re gonna need them if they are going to be watching this team all season. Also, make Damian Lillard mayor, dictator, and emperor of Portland. Because there is no reason for him to be this loyal to us, unless he is trying to conquer us. Speaking of players, what the fuck are we trying to do here. Evan Turner might be the worst rotation player in the NBA. And his contract is worth 14 Demarcus Cousins. Everyone’s asshole in the city of Portland collectively clenches whenever Aminu dribbles the ball. And Harkless is only serviceable when he “feels like it”. Speaking of feelings, what better representation of the city of Portland than a 7ft jacked white guy with the emotional fragility of a teenage they/them tumblr girl. Imagine letting Ed Davis go for a quarter of the worth of one year of Meyers Leonard. That is the reality us Blazer fans live with every day. But that’s okay. At least we have our first round picks that Neil will continue to use on project white guys that I wouldn’t even let take my daughter to prom let alone trust with the future of my franchise. This team is single handedly responsible for my heart attack that I will have at age 50.

Sacramento: Kings fans, real question, why do you watch this team? I mean, even if you somehow put together a championship team, not even the NBA will let you win. So what's the point? Are you all masochists? Do you find some sick enjoyment watching your media team and announcers have to sell you this horrible product night in and night out? How many poor decisions will it take for your owner to be like, “You know, maybe Vlade doesn’t really know what he’s doing.” I could write a book on all the mistakes he has made. But it’s 3AM and I need to get through the rest of this. If you are interested in the dumpster fire of a franchise that is the Sacramento Kings, there are plenty, PLENTY of youtube videos on it.
San Antonio: You feel that? That feeling in the pit of your stomach? That dark depressing feeling that is permanently there? That’s mediocrity. Most of you aren’t even old enough to remember a time when the Spurs were mediocre. So welcome to humanity, Spurs fans. I hope you enjoy telling your grandkids about Tim Duncan, because there won't be anything near as happy to talk about for the remainder of your meaningless existence on this planet. You smashed the “Small market success” piggy bank and used up all your happiness for multiple lifetimes. Soak in these last few Pop years while you can.
Toronto: Imagine winning almost 60 games and having zero credibility as even a finals contender, let alone championship contender. This is the story of the Lebronto Raptors. “But, But Lebrons gone now! And we have Kawhi! Things will be different this year!” Well unless there’s a massive shift in tectonic plates, or global warming speeds up 10000% and Hollywood packs up and moves to fucking Canada, I don't expect your reign of being a good regular season team to last much longer. Your only conceivable hope of a championship this year is for Brad Stevens to turn into a vegetable, KD to get suspended for fighting a high schooler, and Draymond to snap his two-tone Malone to a minor. Maybe then you’ll have a chance. Most likely scenario? Crushing playoff disappointment and Kawhi to leave your shitty country for LA. Have fun this year while you can.
Utah: Honestly I don't have a lot of bad things to say about you. Other than the biggest moment in your franchise is the Michael Jordan shot. Yeah, you know what one I’m talking about. You’ve got a fun team. All you need is a superstar free agent to come to your team and maybe you’ll have a chance at a championship. That’s not too bad! All you have to do is convince them to live in Utah! It’s so easy!
Washington: What a lame team you are. I haven’t seen a perennial playoff team have as little confidence in themselves as yours. But this year will be different. I see an exciting year for you guys. I see a 6, maybe 5 seed. And a respectable second round sweep to Toronto or Boston. That’s about as exciting of a year as you can hope. Keep dreaming KD will come one day. He’s sure got a looooot of reasons to.

You may have realized I left one out. Why would I even waste my time? You pompous pricks wouldn’t be offended by anything because you can just point to the eventual championship you have wrapped up at your doorstep already. I don’t think I could hate a team more honestly. You ruined the best league in sports and it seems like you almost feel numb to winning. I just spent 4 hours going through every NBA team and I realized how absolutely hopeless almost every team in the league is aside from fucking Boston and probably the Lakers. Why does the best sport have to have the shittiest league?
Anyways, this is all in good fun. If you’re butthurt about what I said, congrats. You’re feeling exactly what I want you to feel. If you don’t care at all because no matter what I said it wont take away from your inevitable success this year, you’re probably a Warriors fan. And I hate you.
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2018.06.24 16:48 Scientist34again Better Know a State: Wisconsin – discuss Wisconsin politics and candidates – Part II (Governor's race)

Welcome to our 61st Better Know a State (BKAS), which will again focus on WISCONSIN. As I indicated before, the plan is to do these state-by-state, highlighting upcoming elections, progressive candidates in those states and major issues being fought (with an emphasis on Democratic, Independent and third party candidates). State residents can let me know if I’ve missed anything important or mistakenly described some of these issues. In my previous post, I described candidates for US Senate and US House in Wisconsin. In this post, I focus on the Governor’s race, where there are many candidates running.
NOTE: The date of the primary election in Wisconsin is August 14, 2018. Wisconsin has open primaries, which means that voters can choose which primary they want to vote in. You can register at the polls on the day of the election if you have not already registered to vote.

Governor:

The governor of Wisconsin is Scott Walker. There are a large number of (15) candidates running against him. He is facing a primary challenge by Republican Robert Meyer. There are ten Democrats competing, Tony Evers, Matt Flynn, Andy Gronik, Mike McCabe, Mahlon Mitchell, Joshua Pade, Kelda Roys, Paul Soglin, Kathleen Vinehout and Dana Wachs. There is also one Libertarian, Phillip Anderson, one Green Party candidate, Michael White, and two independents, Maggie Turnbull and Arnie Enz. There were even more candidates, but some have dropped out. Here’s a description of the Democratic candidates, the independents and the third-party candidates. Note that there is a wealth of great candidates running in Wisconsin. Because of this, progressives will have quite a choice to make on which candidate to vote for.

Democrats:

Tony Evers is a teacher and the Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction (overseeing Wisconsin public schools). Given his background, you probably won’t be surprised to know that he has a big focus on supporting and strengthening public education and public universities in Wisconsin, including restoring funding cut by the Walker administration. He also wants to allow students to refinance college loans at lower interest rates. He supports spending on infrastructure (roads, bridges, public transit, ports, airports and railways), expanding Medicaid in Wisconsin, reducing costs for health insurance and drugs, protecting the environment, fighting climate change, providing universal high-speed broadband access, reversing the decision to defund Planned Parenthood, criminal justice reform (ending mandatory minimum sentences, ending solitary confinement, increased transparency and accountability of police, working on re-integrating parolees into society), marijuana legalization, non-partisan redistricting and campaign finance reform. He would also disband the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation (WEDC) and return those dollars to local and regional economic development organizations. He opposes Right-to-Work laws and would repeal legislation that eliminates the opportunity for local communities to pass living wages and other pro-worker protection policies. He supports a $15/hr minimum wage implemented over several years. He seems like a strong candidate to me. Here is his webpage.
Matt Flynn is a retired lawyer, a writer and a former state Democratic Party Chairman in Wisconsin. The Republicans have attacked him on the fact that when he was a lawyer he represented the Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee in cases involving allegations of sexual abuse. He has a statement on his webpage addressing those allegations and he says he was representing the church as a whole when they were sued, not defending pedophile priests. He supports raising the minimum wage to $15/hr, reversing Right-to-Work laws, implementing a fairer and more progressive tax structure, accepting Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, restoring an independent Department of Natural Resources, increasing public education funding (schools and universities), providing 2 years free tuition at Wisconsin public colleges and universities to Wisconsin residents, allowing student loan refinancing, fixing roads and infrastructure, automatic voter registration, nonpartisan redistricting, marijuana legalization and enforcing net neutrality. He also wants to reform the WEDC. He would move to stop the Foxconn deal in Wisconsin. He also has strong positions, similar to Evers, but with a couple of additional points (2 years free college tuition, net neutrality and ending the Foxconn deal).
Andy Gronik is founder, president and CEO of GroBiz, a business consulting firm. He supports criminal justice reform, legalizing marijuana, strengthening public schools and restoring collective bargaining rights, better funding public universities, free college for Wisconsin students (though he says they have to have the grades – not sure what the grade cutoff would be), helping current college graduates pay off school loans, combatting climate change, keeping public lands and parks public, restoring the Department of Natural Resources, improving the Foxconn deal to make it better for Wisconsin, increased gun regulations, accepting Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, instituting a state program to increase competition in healthcare (and lower costs), paid family leave, legislation that penalizes drug companies for price gouging, taking action against drug companies driving the opioid epidemic and addressing lead in water supplies. He also talks of $15/hr minimum wage, but only on the page about healthcare, where he is specifically referring to healthcare workers. It is unclear to me if he supports a general increase in minimum wage to $15/hr. Here is his website.
Mike McCabe is the founder and president of Blue Jean Nation, a grassroots group dedicated to getting regular people in the driver's seat of government. He supports restoring independence to the Department of Natural Resources, fighting climate change, incentivizing small, sustainable agriculture over large industrialized farms, replacing lead water pipes in Wisconsin, returning decision making on many issues to local communities (ending state pre-emption laws), providing high speed internet access throughout Wisconsin and bringing back automatic adjustments in the gas tax for inflation to keep revenue in line with road expenses and to fix the roads and bridges in the state. He also supports legalizing marijuana, pardoning non-violent drug offenders in prisons, reducing the state sales tax rate by 10% while applying the tax to certain now-exempt purchases and ending the Manufacturers and Agriculture tax credit (MAC) tax loophole that mainly benefits the wealthy. He is also in favor of running a test of universal basic income in Wisconsin, increasing minimum wage to eventually reach $15/hr (with regional flexibility so that some areas will have higher minimum wages) and tying minimum wage to inflation, ending school vouchers, ending the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation because it has not been effective, making state government less corrupt and more transparent, making BadgerCare a public option to the ACA and making all Wisconsin residents eligible for the state pension plan. He is funding his campaign with donations of only $200 or less. Here is his website and here is an article about him. I think he is one of the best candidates running for governor.
Mahlon Mitchell is a firefighter and the President of the Professional Fire Fighters of Wisconsin, a union representing firefighters. He is also a former Bernie Sanders delegate. He supports raising the minimum wage to $15/hr, expanding the child care tax credit, ending the Manufacturers and Agriculture tax credit (MAC) that benefits the wealthy, paying down the state debt, sharing more state revenue with local communities, strengthening food assistance programs and expanding eligibility for rental assistance. He also supports investing more money in public education, better support public universities and technical colleges, allowing refinancing of student loans at lower interest and creating a loan forgiveness program with commitment to public service. He would expand Medicaid in Wisconsin, allow BadgerCare as a public option to the ACA, expand SeniorCare services, lower prescription drug costs (though he didn’t really say how he’d do that) and fight the opioid epidemic. He also supports ending truth-in-sentencing laws (read about that here if you’re not sure what it is), expanding early release programs, legalizing marijuana, reforming juvenile detention, investing in infrastructure including fixing roads and bridges, investing in green energy, protecting family farms and voting rights and fair elections. Here is his website and here is an article about him. I think he is also a strong candidate.
Joshua Pade is a lawyer who works at J. Crew as an executive for business continuity. He previously did a fellowship in 2011 Legislative and Communications with Senator Dianne Feinstein. His website talks about building roads and bridges, fighting the opioid epidemic, not failing students and teachers and the government governing our bodies (is he talking about availability of abortion here?). Other than that, there is no information on his policies on his website. He comes across as a fairly conservative, neoliberal type of candidate.
Kelda Roys is a lawyer and a former State Representative and Democratic Caucus Chair. She is founder and CEO of OpenHomes, a virtual real estate agency that helps homeowners sell their homes. She supports increased gun regulations, expanding Medicaid in Wisconsin, making BadgerCare a public option, improving access to mental health care, helping small and family-owned businesses, repairing infrastructure, increasing spending on clean energy, collective bargaining, increasing minimum wage to $15/hr, universal paid family and medical leave, opening the Wisconsin Retirement system to all Wisconsinites, equal pay for women, fully funding the DNR and returning science to its decision-making, criminal justice reform, fighting the opioid epidemic, lowering prescription drug prices and legalizing marijuana. Here is her website. She’s also a good candidate.
Paul Soglin is a lifetime activist (he participated in the Civil Rights movement as a young man), a lawyer and the Mayor of Madison, a position he’s held 3 separate times from 1973-1979, from 1989-1997 and again from 2011-the present. He supports instituting a housing program, building more affordable housing and eliminating homelessness, expanding Medicaid, more education and job training, increasing the minimum wage to $12-15/hr, high-speed broadband for all parts of Wisconsin, stopping bankrupting financial packages to foreign companies, investing in public coops, increased state income taxes on the most wealthy, increased public school spending, lower tuition at state universities and colleges, loan repayment for students who stay in Wisconsin, restoring tenure at universities, depoliticizing the DNR, further supports for agriculture, increased gun regulations and LGBT rights. He opposes Act 10, that destroys public sector unions. Here is his website. He is also a very strong candidate.
Kathleen Vinehout is a former college professor, a dairy farmer and current State Senator in Wisconsin. As a State Senator, she wrote alternative budgets each year that proposed to spend dollars on more public services than Scott Walker’s budgets. Of course, none of those budgets got passed, but she’d like to implement some of her ideas if she is elected governor. She has a very detailed and complete list of her policies on her website. Here is some of things she supports: reducing high-stakes testing in schools, spending more on public education, restoring funding to the University of Wisconsin, accepting the Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, offering BadgerCare as a public option to the ACA, having the DNR run by an independent Secretary appointed by the Natural Resources Board and protecting the environment and investing in green energy. She also supports free tuition at technical colleges and 2 year colleges, $15/hr minimum wage, ending truth-in-sentencing laws for jail time, creating a private public partnership to renovate inner city abandoned houses and turn them into owner-occupied homes and LGBT rights. She opposes Act 10 (to destroy public sector unions). She has a fairly nuanced position on guns. Here’s an excerpt from her website “I support a person’s defense of their home under clear threat but not Florida style – “Stand Your Ground” legislation. I support conceal and carry but not Constitutional – or Permit-less – Carry. I don’t support expanding Conceal and Carry to schools or universities. I oppose arming teachers in schools. I support universal background checks including for private sales.” Here is her website. Vinehout also comes across as a very strong candidate.
Dana Wachs is an attorney and current State Representative. He supports expanding eligibility to BadgerCare and allowing people to buy into the program as a public option, increasing job training assistance, increasing the minimum wage to $15/hr, providing paid family and medical leave, ending corporate handouts, extending high speed broadband to every region of Wisconsin, fixing roads and bridges, investing in public universities, allowing refinancing of student loans, increased funding and support for housing, increased public school funding, freeing the Department of Natural Resources from political influence, increasing green energy spending, and working to replace lead pipes in water supplies. Here is his website. He is a good candidate as well.

Libertarian:

Phillip Anderson is a realtor and the current Chairman of the Libertarian Party of Wisconsin and running as a Libertarian Party candidate for governor. He supports state and local rights of government, reducing regulations, free markets, free trade between countries, promoting private services over government ones, ending the war on drugs, legalizing marijuana, criminal justice reform, repealing the state income tax and ending military interventions. He wants to end Wisconsin involvement in the Federal Healthcare Marketplace (for the ACA). He opposes the Foxconn deal in Wisconsin. He supports ranked choice voting. Here is his website.

Green Party:

Michael White is a Green Party candidate for governor. I was not able to figure out his occupation and he may be retired. He supports urgently fighting climate change and ending the use of fossil fuels, government for the people not the rich, getting money out of politics and ending corporate personhood, government for the public good and a higher minimum wage. He also supports the Green Party New Deal that involves campaign finance reform, a job guarantee at a living wage, rights to organize a union, tuition-free college and forgiving student loan debt, the right to decent housing for everyone, the right to affordable utilities, fair taxation of corporations and rich, emphasizing small and locally-owned companies, nationalizing the Federal Reserve, breaking up too-big-to-fail banks, restoring Glass-Stegall, repealing the Patriot Act, reducing military spending, etc. He opposes torture. He believes automatic weapons should not be covered by the 2nd Amendment. Here is his website. He is another great candidate.

Independents:

Maggie Turnbull is an astronomer for NASA and a former Antigo Town Councillor and an independent candidate for governor. I couldn’t find a formal campaign website for her, but here is her Facebook page. The posts there suggest that she supports getting money out of politics, but I couldn’t tell what her other positions were in a quick perusal.
Arnie Enz is the founder of A.J. Enz & Company, which seems to be a business consulting service as far as I could tell. Enz is running as an independent candidate for governor (though he also lists himself as a candidate of the Wisconsin Party). Here is his website, which doesn’t have a lot of detail, but says both Democrats and Republicans suck and we need to vote outside the 2-party paradigm. He is not taking donations from anyone and pledges to spend less than $1000 of his own money on this campaign. He also says he would support “rebuilding our core infrastructure while being fiscally responsible and protecting our environment and natural resources for future generations”. And he says that would be kind and treat others with respect.
Let me know in the comments if I’ve missed any important candidates or issues.
In case you missed the previous BKAS posts, here they are:
In case you missed the previous BKAS posts, they are all posted in the new subreddit we made to hold all of these BetterKnowAState. These are the states we’ve done so far that are listed in that subreddit – Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming. The remaining states (New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Louisiana) are a work in progress.
NEXT STATE UP – New Hampshire
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2018.06.24 16:48 Scientist34again Better Know a State: Wisconsin – discuss Wisconsin politics and candidates – Part II (Governor's race)

Welcome to our 61st Better Know a State (BKAS), which will again focus on WISCONSIN. As I indicated before, the plan is to do these state-by-state, highlighting upcoming elections, progressive candidates in those states and major issues being fought (with an emphasis on Democratic, Independent and third party candidates). State residents can let me know if I’ve missed anything important or mistakenly described some of these issues. In my previous post, I described candidates for US Senate and US House in Wisconsin. In this post, I focus on the Governor’s race, where there are many candidates running.
NOTE: The date of the primary election in Wisconsin is August 14, 2018. Wisconsin has open primaries, which means that voters can choose which primary they want to vote in. You can register at the polls on the day of the election if you have not already registered to vote.

Governor:

The governor of Wisconsin is Scott Walker. There are a large number of (15) candidates running against him. He is facing a primary challenge by Republican Robert Meyer. There are ten Democrats competing, Tony Evers, Matt Flynn, Andy Gronik, Mike McCabe, Mahlon Mitchell, Joshua Pade, Kelda Roys, Paul Soglin, Kathleen Vinehout and Dana Wachs. There is also one Libertarian, Phillip Anderson, one Green Party candidate, Michael White, and two independents, Maggie Turnbull and Arnie Enz. There were even more candidates, but some have dropped out. Here’s a description of the Democratic candidates, the independents and the third-party candidates. Note that there is a wealth of great candidates running in Wisconsin. Because of this, progressives will have quite a choice to make on which candidate to vote for.

Democrats:

Tony Evers is a teacher and the Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction (overseeing Wisconsin public schools). Given his background, you probably won’t be surprised to know that he has a big focus on supporting and strengthening public education and public universities in Wisconsin, including restoring funding cut by the Walker administration. He also wants to allow students to refinance college loans at lower interest rates. He supports spending on infrastructure (roads, bridges, public transit, ports, airports and railways), expanding Medicaid in Wisconsin, reducing costs for health insurance and drugs, protecting the environment, fighting climate change, providing universal high-speed broadband access, reversing the decision to defund Planned Parenthood, criminal justice reform (ending mandatory minimum sentences, ending solitary confinement, increased transparency and accountability of police, working on re-integrating parolees into society), marijuana legalization, non-partisan redistricting and campaign finance reform. He would also disband the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation (WEDC) and return those dollars to local and regional economic development organizations. He opposes Right-to-Work laws and would repeal legislation that eliminates the opportunity for local communities to pass living wages and other pro-worker protection policies. He supports a $15/hr minimum wage implemented over several years. He seems like a strong candidate to me. Here is his webpage.
Matt Flynn is a retired lawyer, a writer and a former state Democratic Party Chairman in Wisconsin. The Republicans have attacked him on the fact that when he was a lawyer he represented the Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee in cases involving allegations of sexual abuse. He has a statement on his webpage addressing those allegations and he says he was representing the church as a whole when they were sued, not defending pedophile priests. He supports raising the minimum wage to $15/hr, reversing Right-to-Work laws, implementing a fairer and more progressive tax structure, accepting Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, restoring an independent Department of Natural Resources, increasing public education funding (schools and universities), providing 2 years free tuition at Wisconsin public colleges and universities to Wisconsin residents, allowing student loan refinancing, fixing roads and infrastructure, automatic voter registration, nonpartisan redistricting, marijuana legalization and enforcing net neutrality. He also wants to reform the WEDC. He would move to stop the Foxconn deal in Wisconsin. He also has strong positions, similar to Evers, but with a couple of additional points (2 years free college tuition, net neutrality and ending the Foxconn deal).
Andy Gronik is founder, president and CEO of GroBiz, a business consulting firm. He supports criminal justice reform, legalizing marijuana, strengthening public schools and restoring collective bargaining rights, better funding public universities, free college for Wisconsin students (though he says they have to have the grades – not sure what the grade cutoff would be), helping current college graduates pay off school loans, combatting climate change, keeping public lands and parks public, restoring the Department of Natural Resources, improving the Foxconn deal to make it better for Wisconsin, increased gun regulations, accepting Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, instituting a state program to increase competition in healthcare (and lower costs), paid family leave, legislation that penalizes drug companies for price gouging, taking action against drug companies driving the opioid epidemic and addressing lead in water supplies. He also talks of $15/hr minimum wage, but only on the page about healthcare, where he is specifically referring to healthcare workers. It is unclear to me if he supports a general increase in minimum wage to $15/hr. Here is his website.
Mike McCabe is the founder and president of Blue Jean Nation, a grassroots group dedicated to getting regular people in the driver's seat of government. He supports restoring independence to the Department of Natural Resources, fighting climate change, incentivizing small, sustainable agriculture over large industrialized farms, replacing lead water pipes in Wisconsin, returning decision making on many issues to local communities (ending state pre-emption laws), providing high speed internet access throughout Wisconsin and bringing back automatic adjustments in the gas tax for inflation to keep revenue in line with road expenses and to fix the roads and bridges in the state. He also supports legalizing marijuana, pardoning non-violent drug offenders in prisons, reducing the state sales tax rate by 10% while applying the tax to certain now-exempt purchases and ending the Manufacturers and Agriculture tax credit (MAC) tax loophole that mainly benefits the wealthy. He is also in favor of running a test of universal basic income in Wisconsin, increasing minimum wage to eventually reach $15/hr (with regional flexibility so that some areas will have higher minimum wages) and tying minimum wage to inflation, ending school vouchers, ending the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation because it has not been effective, making state government less corrupt and more transparent, making BadgerCare a public option to the ACA and making all Wisconsin residents eligible for the state pension plan. He is funding his campaign with donations of only $200 or less. Here is his website and here is an article about him. I think he is one of the best candidates running for governor.
Mahlon Mitchell is a firefighter and the President of the Professional Fire Fighters of Wisconsin, a union representing firefighters. He is also a former Bernie Sanders delegate. He supports raising the minimum wage to $15/hr, expanding the child care tax credit, ending the Manufacturers and Agriculture tax credit (MAC) that benefits the wealthy, paying down the state debt, sharing more state revenue with local communities, strengthening food assistance programs and expanding eligibility for rental assistance. He also supports investing more money in public education, better support public universities and technical colleges, allowing refinancing of student loans at lower interest and creating a loan forgiveness program with commitment to public service. He would expand Medicaid in Wisconsin, allow BadgerCare as a public option to the ACA, expand SeniorCare services, lower prescription drug costs (though he didn’t really say how he’d do that) and fight the opioid epidemic. He also supports ending truth-in-sentencing laws (read about that here if you’re not sure what it is), expanding early release programs, legalizing marijuana, reforming juvenile detention, investing in infrastructure including fixing roads and bridges, investing in green energy, protecting family farms and voting rights and fair elections. Here is his website and here is an article about him. I think he is also a strong candidate.
Joshua Pade is a lawyer who works at J. Crew as an executive for business continuity. He previously did a fellowship in 2011 Legislative and Communications with Senator Dianne Feinstein. His website talks about building roads and bridges, fighting the opioid epidemic, not failing students and teachers and the government governing our bodies (is he talking about availability of abortion here?). Other than that, there is no information on his policies on his website. He comes across as a fairly conservative, neoliberal type of candidate.
Kelda Roys is a lawyer and a former State Representative and Democratic Caucus Chair. She is founder and CEO of OpenHomes, a virtual real estate agency that helps homeowners sell their homes. She supports increased gun regulations, expanding Medicaid in Wisconsin, making BadgerCare a public option, improving access to mental health care, helping small and family-owned businesses, repairing infrastructure, increasing spending on clean energy, collective bargaining, increasing minimum wage to $15/hr, universal paid family and medical leave, opening the Wisconsin Retirement system to all Wisconsinites, equal pay for women, fully funding the DNR and returning science to its decision-making, criminal justice reform, fighting the opioid epidemic, lowering prescription drug prices and legalizing marijuana. Here is her website. She’s also a good candidate.
Paul Soglin is a lifetime activist (he participated in the Civil Rights movement as a young man), a lawyer and the Mayor of Madison, a position he’s held 3 separate times from 1973-1979, from 1989-1997 and again from 2011-the present. He supports instituting a housing program, building more affordable housing and eliminating homelessness, expanding Medicaid, more education and job training, increasing the minimum wage to $12-15/hr, high-speed broadband for all parts of Wisconsin, stopping bankrupting financial packages to foreign companies, investing in public coops, increased state income taxes on the most wealthy, increased public school spending, lower tuition at state universities and colleges, loan repayment for students who stay in Wisconsin, restoring tenure at universities, depoliticizing the DNR, further supports for agriculture, increased gun regulations and LGBT rights. He opposes Act 10, that destroys public sector unions. Here is his website. He is also a very strong candidate.
Kathleen Vinehout is a former college professor, a dairy farmer and current State Senator in Wisconsin. As a State Senator, she wrote alternative budgets each year that proposed to spend dollars on more public services than Scott Walker’s budgets. Of course, none of those budgets got passed, but she’d like to implement some of her ideas if she is elected governor. She has a very detailed and complete list of her policies on her website. Here is some of things she supports: reducing high-stakes testing in schools, spending more on public education, restoring funding to the University of Wisconsin, accepting the Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, offering BadgerCare as a public option to the ACA, having the DNR run by an independent Secretary appointed by the Natural Resources Board and protecting the environment and investing in green energy. She also supports free tuition at technical colleges and 2 year colleges, $15/hr minimum wage, ending truth-in-sentencing laws for jail time, creating a private public partnership to renovate inner city abandoned houses and turn them into owner-occupied homes and LGBT rights. She opposes Act 10 (to destroy public sector unions). She has a fairly nuanced position on guns. Here’s an excerpt from her website “I support a person’s defense of their home under clear threat but not Florida style – “Stand Your Ground” legislation. I support conceal and carry but not Constitutional – or Permit-less – Carry. I don’t support expanding Conceal and Carry to schools or universities. I oppose arming teachers in schools. I support universal background checks including for private sales.” Here is her website. Vinehout also comes across as a very strong candidate.
Dana Wachs is an attorney and current State Representative. He supports expanding eligibility to BadgerCare and allowing people to buy into the program as a public option, increasing job training assistance, increasing the minimum wage to $15/hr, providing paid family and medical leave, ending corporate handouts, extending high speed broadband to every region of Wisconsin, fixing roads and bridges, investing in public universities, allowing refinancing of student loans, increased funding and support for housing, increased public school funding, freeing the Department of Natural Resources from political influence, increasing green energy spending, and working to replace lead pipes in water supplies. Here is his website. He is a good candidate as well.

Libertarian:

Phillip Anderson is a realtor and the current Chairman of the Libertarian Party of Wisconsin and running as a Libertarian Party candidate for governor. He supports state and local rights of government, reducing regulations, free markets, free trade between countries, promoting private services over government ones, ending the war on drugs, legalizing marijuana, criminal justice reform, repealing the state income tax and ending military interventions. He wants to end Wisconsin involvement in the Federal Healthcare Marketplace (for the ACA). He opposes the Foxconn deal in Wisconsin. He supports ranked choice voting. Here is his website.

Green Party:

Michael White is a Green Party candidate for governor. I was not able to figure out his occupation and he may be retired. He supports urgently fighting climate change and ending the use of fossil fuels, government for the people not the rich, getting money out of politics and ending corporate personhood, government for the public good and a higher minimum wage. He also supports the Green Party New Deal that involves campaign finance reform, a job guarantee at a living wage, rights to organize a union, tuition-free college and forgiving student loan debt, the right to decent housing for everyone, the right to affordable utilities, fair taxation of corporations and rich, emphasizing small and locally-owned companies, nationalizing the Federal Reserve, breaking up too-big-to-fail banks, restoring Glass-Stegall, repealing the Patriot Act, reducing military spending, etc. He opposes torture. He believes automatic weapons should not be covered by the 2nd Amendment. Here is his website. He is another great candidate.

Independents:

Maggie Turnbull is an astronomer for NASA and a former Antigo Town Councillor and an independent candidate for governor. I couldn’t find a formal campaign website for her, but here is her Facebook page. The posts there suggest that she supports getting money out of politics, but I couldn’t tell what her other positions were in a quick perusal.
Arnie Enz is the founder of A.J. Enz & Company, which seems to be a business consulting service as far as I could tell. Enz is running as an independent candidate for governor (though he also lists himself as a candidate of the Wisconsin Party). Here is his website, which doesn’t have a lot of detail, but says both Democrats and Republicans suck and we need to vote outside the 2-party paradigm. He is not taking donations from anyone and pledges to spend less than $1000 of his own money on this campaign. He also says he would support “rebuilding our core infrastructure while being fiscally responsible and protecting our environment and natural resources for future generations”. And he says that would be kind and treat others with respect.
Let me know in the comments if I’ve missed any important candidates or issues.
In case you missed the previous BKAS posts, here they are:
In case you missed the previous BKAS posts, they are all posted in the new subreddit we made to hold all of these BetterKnowAState. These are the states we’ve done so far that are listed in that subreddit – Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming. The remaining states (New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Louisiana) are a work in progress.
NEXT STATE UP – New Hampshire
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2018.06.24 16:48 Scientist34again Better Know a State: Wisconsin – discuss Wisconsin politics and candidates – Part II (Governor's race)

Welcome to our 61st Better Know a State (BKAS), which will again focus on WISCONSIN. As I indicated before, the plan is to do these state-by-state, highlighting upcoming elections, progressive candidates in those states and major issues being fought (with an emphasis on Democratic, Independent and third party candidates). State residents can let me know if I’ve missed anything important or mistakenly described some of these issues. In my previous post, I described candidates for US Senate and US House in Wisconsin. In this post, I focus on the Governor’s race, where there are many candidates running.
NOTE: The date of the primary election in Wisconsin is August 14, 2018. Wisconsin has open primaries, which means that voters can choose which primary they want to vote in. You can register at the polls on the day of the election if you have not already registered to vote.

Governor:

The governor of Wisconsin is Scott Walker. There are a large number of (15) candidates running against him. He is facing a primary challenge by Republican Robert Meyer. There are ten Democrats competing, Tony Evers, Matt Flynn, Andy Gronik, Mike McCabe, Mahlon Mitchell, Joshua Pade, Kelda Roys, Paul Soglin, Kathleen Vinehout and Dana Wachs. There is also one Libertarian, Phillip Anderson, one Green Party candidate, Michael White, and two independents, Maggie Turnbull and Arnie Enz. There were even more candidates, but some have dropped out. Here’s a description of the Democratic candidates, the independents and the third-party candidates. Note that there is a wealth of great candidates running in Wisconsin. Because of this, progressives will have quite a choice to make on which candidate to vote for.

Democrats:

Tony Evers is a teacher and the Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction (overseeing Wisconsin public schools). Given his background, you probably won’t be surprised to know that he has a big focus on supporting and strengthening public education and public universities in Wisconsin, including restoring funding cut by the Walker administration. He also wants to allow students to refinance college loans at lower interest rates. He supports spending on infrastructure (roads, bridges, public transit, ports, airports and railways), expanding Medicaid in Wisconsin, reducing costs for health insurance and drugs, protecting the environment, fighting climate change, providing universal high-speed broadband access, reversing the decision to defund Planned Parenthood, criminal justice reform (ending mandatory minimum sentences, ending solitary confinement, increased transparency and accountability of police, working on re-integrating parolees into society), marijuana legalization, non-partisan redistricting and campaign finance reform. He would also disband the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation (WEDC) and return those dollars to local and regional economic development organizations. He opposes Right-to-Work laws and would repeal legislation that eliminates the opportunity for local communities to pass living wages and other pro-worker protection policies. He supports a $15/hr minimum wage implemented over several years. He seems like a strong candidate to me. Here is his webpage.
Matt Flynn is a retired lawyer, a writer and a former state Democratic Party Chairman in Wisconsin. The Republicans have attacked him on the fact that when he was a lawyer he represented the Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee in cases involving allegations of sexual abuse. He has a statement on his webpage addressing those allegations and he says he was representing the church as a whole when they were sued, not defending pedophile priests. He supports raising the minimum wage to $15/hr, reversing Right-to-Work laws, implementing a fairer and more progressive tax structure, accepting Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, restoring an independent Department of Natural Resources, increasing public education funding (schools and universities), providing 2 years free tuition at Wisconsin public colleges and universities to Wisconsin residents, allowing student loan refinancing, fixing roads and infrastructure, automatic voter registration, nonpartisan redistricting, marijuana legalization and enforcing net neutrality. He also wants to reform the WEDC. He would move to stop the Foxconn deal in Wisconsin. He also has strong positions, similar to Evers, but with a couple of additional points (2 years free college tuition, net neutrality and ending the Foxconn deal).
Andy Gronik is founder, president and CEO of GroBiz, a business consulting firm. He supports criminal justice reform, legalizing marijuana, strengthening public schools and restoring collective bargaining rights, better funding public universities, free college for Wisconsin students (though he says they have to have the grades – not sure what the grade cutoff would be), helping current college graduates pay off school loans, combatting climate change, keeping public lands and parks public, restoring the Department of Natural Resources, improving the Foxconn deal to make it better for Wisconsin, increased gun regulations, accepting Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, instituting a state program to increase competition in healthcare (and lower costs), paid family leave, legislation that penalizes drug companies for price gouging, taking action against drug companies driving the opioid epidemic and addressing lead in water supplies. He also talks of $15/hr minimum wage, but only on the page about healthcare, where he is specifically referring to healthcare workers. It is unclear to me if he supports a general increase in minimum wage to $15/hr. Here is his website.
Mike McCabe is the founder and president of Blue Jean Nation, a grassroots group dedicated to getting regular people in the driver's seat of government. He supports restoring independence to the Department of Natural Resources, fighting climate change, incentivizing small, sustainable agriculture over large industrialized farms, replacing lead water pipes in Wisconsin, returning decision making on many issues to local communities (ending state pre-emption laws), providing high speed internet access throughout Wisconsin and bringing back automatic adjustments in the gas tax for inflation to keep revenue in line with road expenses and to fix the roads and bridges in the state. He also supports legalizing marijuana, pardoning non-violent drug offenders in prisons, reducing the state sales tax rate by 10% while applying the tax to certain now-exempt purchases and ending the Manufacturers and Agriculture tax credit (MAC) tax loophole that mainly benefits the wealthy. He is also in favor of running a test of universal basic income in Wisconsin, increasing minimum wage to eventually reach $15/hr (with regional flexibility so that some areas will have higher minimum wages) and tying minimum wage to inflation, ending school vouchers, ending the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation because it has not been effective, making state government less corrupt and more transparent, making BadgerCare a public option to the ACA and making all Wisconsin residents eligible for the state pension plan. He is funding his campaign with donations of only $200 or less. Here is his website and here is an article about him. I think he is one of the best candidates running for governor.
Mahlon Mitchell is a firefighter and the President of the Professional Fire Fighters of Wisconsin, a union representing firefighters. He is also a former Bernie Sanders delegate. He supports raising the minimum wage to $15/hr, expanding the child care tax credit, ending the Manufacturers and Agriculture tax credit (MAC) that benefits the wealthy, paying down the state debt, sharing more state revenue with local communities, strengthening food assistance programs and expanding eligibility for rental assistance. He also supports investing more money in public education, better support public universities and technical colleges, allowing refinancing of student loans at lower interest and creating a loan forgiveness program with commitment to public service. He would expand Medicaid in Wisconsin, allow BadgerCare as a public option to the ACA, expand SeniorCare services, lower prescription drug costs (though he didn’t really say how he’d do that) and fight the opioid epidemic. He also supports ending truth-in-sentencing laws (read about that here if you’re not sure what it is), expanding early release programs, legalizing marijuana, reforming juvenile detention, investing in infrastructure including fixing roads and bridges, investing in green energy, protecting family farms and voting rights and fair elections. Here is his website and here is an article about him. I think he is also a strong candidate.
Joshua Pade is a lawyer who works at J. Crew as an executive for business continuity. He previously did a fellowship in 2011 Legislative and Communications with Senator Dianne Feinstein. His website talks about building roads and bridges, fighting the opioid epidemic, not failing students and teachers and the government governing our bodies (is he talking about availability of abortion here?). Other than that, there is no information on his policies on his website. He comes across as a fairly conservative, neoliberal type of candidate.
Kelda Roys is a lawyer and a former State Representative and Democratic Caucus Chair. She is founder and CEO of OpenHomes, a virtual real estate agency that helps homeowners sell their homes. She supports increased gun regulations, expanding Medicaid in Wisconsin, making BadgerCare a public option, improving access to mental health care, helping small and family-owned businesses, repairing infrastructure, increasing spending on clean energy, collective bargaining, increasing minimum wage to $15/hr, universal paid family and medical leave, opening the Wisconsin Retirement system to all Wisconsinites, equal pay for women, fully funding the DNR and returning science to its decision-making, criminal justice reform, fighting the opioid epidemic, lowering prescription drug prices and legalizing marijuana. Here is her website. She’s also a good candidate.
Paul Soglin is a lifetime activist (he participated in the Civil Rights movement as a young man), a lawyer and the Mayor of Madison, a position he’s held 3 separate times from 1973-1979, from 1989-1997 and again from 2011-the present. He supports instituting a housing program, building more affordable housing and eliminating homelessness, expanding Medicaid, more education and job training, increasing the minimum wage to $12-15/hr, high-speed broadband for all parts of Wisconsin, stopping bankrupting financial packages to foreign companies, investing in public coops, increased state income taxes on the most wealthy, increased public school spending, lower tuition at state universities and colleges, loan repayment for students who stay in Wisconsin, restoring tenure at universities, depoliticizing the DNR, further supports for agriculture, increased gun regulations and LGBT rights. He opposes Act 10, that destroys public sector unions. Here is his website. He is also a very strong candidate.
Kathleen Vinehout is a former college professor, a dairy farmer and current State Senator in Wisconsin. As a State Senator, she wrote alternative budgets each year that proposed to spend dollars on more public services than Scott Walker’s budgets. Of course, none of those budgets got passed, but she’d like to implement some of her ideas if she is elected governor. She has a very detailed and complete list of her policies on her website. Here is some of things she supports: reducing high-stakes testing in schools, spending more on public education, restoring funding to the University of Wisconsin, accepting the Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, offering BadgerCare as a public option to the ACA, having the DNR run by an independent Secretary appointed by the Natural Resources Board and protecting the environment and investing in green energy. She also supports free tuition at technical colleges and 2 year colleges, $15/hr minimum wage, ending truth-in-sentencing laws for jail time, creating a private public partnership to renovate inner city abandoned houses and turn them into owner-occupied homes and LGBT rights. She opposes Act 10 (to destroy public sector unions). She has a fairly nuanced position on guns. Here’s an excerpt from her website “I support a person’s defense of their home under clear threat but not Florida style – “Stand Your Ground” legislation. I support conceal and carry but not Constitutional – or Permit-less – Carry. I don’t support expanding Conceal and Carry to schools or universities. I oppose arming teachers in schools. I support universal background checks including for private sales.” Here is her website. Vinehout also comes across as a very strong candidate.
Dana Wachs is an attorney and current State Representative. He supports expanding eligibility to BadgerCare and allowing people to buy into the program as a public option, increasing job training assistance, increasing the minimum wage to $15/hr, providing paid family and medical leave, ending corporate handouts, extending high speed broadband to every region of Wisconsin, fixing roads and bridges, investing in public universities, allowing refinancing of student loans, increased funding and support for housing, increased public school funding, freeing the Department of Natural Resources from political influence, increasing green energy spending, and working to replace lead pipes in water supplies. Here is his website. He is a good candidate as well.

Libertarian:

Phillip Anderson is a realtor and the current Chairman of the Libertarian Party of Wisconsin and running as a Libertarian Party candidate for governor. He supports state and local rights of government, reducing regulations, free markets, free trade between countries, promoting private services over government ones, ending the war on drugs, legalizing marijuana, criminal justice reform, repealing the state income tax and ending military interventions. He wants to end Wisconsin involvement in the Federal Healthcare Marketplace (for the ACA). He opposes the Foxconn deal in Wisconsin. He supports ranked choice voting. Here is his website.

Green Party:

Michael White is a Green Party candidate for governor. I was not able to figure out his occupation and he may be retired. He supports urgently fighting climate change and ending the use of fossil fuels, government for the people not the rich, getting money out of politics and ending corporate personhood, government for the public good and a higher minimum wage. He also supports the Green Party New Deal that involves campaign finance reform, a job guarantee at a living wage, rights to organize a union, tuition-free college and forgiving student loan debt, the right to decent housing for everyone, the right to affordable utilities, fair taxation of corporations and rich, emphasizing small and locally-owned companies, nationalizing the Federal Reserve, breaking up too-big-to-fail banks, restoring Glass-Stegall, repealing the Patriot Act, reducing military spending, etc. He opposes torture. He believes automatic weapons should not be covered by the 2nd Amendment. Here is his website. He is another great candidate.

Independents:

Maggie Turnbull is an astronomer for NASA and a former Antigo Town Councillor and an independent candidate for governor. I couldn’t find a formal campaign website for her, but here is her Facebook page. The posts there suggest that she supports getting money out of politics, but I couldn’t tell what her other positions were in a quick perusal.
Arnie Enz is the founder of A.J. Enz & Company, which seems to be a business consulting service as far as I could tell. Enz is running as an independent candidate for governor (though he also lists himself as a candidate of the Wisconsin Party). Here is his website, which doesn’t have a lot of detail, but says both Democrats and Republicans suck and we need to vote outside the 2-party paradigm. He is not taking donations from anyone and pledges to spend less than $1000 of his own money on this campaign. He also says he would support “rebuilding our core infrastructure while being fiscally responsible and protecting our environment and natural resources for future generations”. And he says that would be kind and treat others with respect.
Let me know in the comments if I’ve missed any important candidates or issues.
In case you missed the previous BKAS posts, here they are:
In case you missed the previous BKAS posts, they are all posted in the new subreddit we made to hold all of these BetterKnowAState. These are the states we’ve done so far that are listed in that subreddit – Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming. The remaining states (New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Louisiana) are a work in progress.
NEXT STATE UP – New Hampshire
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2018.06.24 16:46 Scientist34again Better Know a State: Wisconsin – discuss Wisconsin politics and candidates – Part II (Governor's race)

Welcome to our 61st Better Know a State (BKAS), which will again focus on WISCONSIN. As I indicated before, the plan is to do these state-by-state, highlighting upcoming elections, progressive candidates in those states and major issues being fought (with an emphasis on Democratic, Independent and third party candidates). State residents can let me know if I’ve missed anything important or mistakenly described some of these issues. In my previous post, I described candidates for US Senate and US House in Wisconsin. In this post, I focus on the Governor’s race, where there are many candidates running.
NOTE: The date of the primary election in Wisconsin is August 14, 2018. Wisconsin has open primaries, which means that voters can choose which primary they want to vote in. You can register at the polls on the day of the election if you have not already registered to vote.

Governor:

The governor of Wisconsin is Scott Walker. There are a large number of (15) candidates running against him. He is facing a primary challenge by Republican Robert Meyer. There are ten Democrats competing, Tony Evers, Matt Flynn, Andy Gronik, Mike McCabe, Mahlon Mitchell, Joshua Pade, Kelda Roys, Paul Soglin, Kathleen Vinehout and Dana Wachs. There is also one Libertarian, Phillip Anderson, one Green Party candidate, Michael White, and two independents, Maggie Turnbull and Arnie Enz. There were even more candidates, but some have dropped out. Here’s a description of the Democratic candidates, the independents and the third-party candidates. Note that there is a wealth of great candidates running in Wisconsin. Because of this, progressives will have quite a choice to make on which candidate to vote for.

Democrats:

Tony Evers is a teacher and the Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction (overseeing Wisconsin public schools). Given his background, you probably won’t be surprised to know that he has a big focus on supporting and strengthening public education and public universities in Wisconsin, including restoring funding cut by the Walker administration. He also wants to allow students to refinance college loans at lower interest rates. He supports spending on infrastructure (roads, bridges, public transit, ports, airports and railways), expanding Medicaid in Wisconsin, reducing costs for health insurance and drugs, protecting the environment, fighting climate change, providing universal high-speed broadband access, reversing the decision to defund Planned Parenthood, criminal justice reform (ending mandatory minimum sentences, ending solitary confinement, increased transparency and accountability of police, working on re-integrating parolees into society), marijuana legalization, non-partisan redistricting and campaign finance reform. He would also disband the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation (WEDC) and return those dollars to local and regional economic development organizations. He opposes Right-to-Work laws and would repeal legislation that eliminates the opportunity for local communities to pass living wages and other pro-worker protection policies. He supports a $15/hr minimum wage implemented over several years. He seems like a strong candidate to me. Here is his webpage.
Matt Flynn is a retired lawyer, a writer and a former state Democratic Party Chairman in Wisconsin. The Republicans have attacked him on the fact that when he was a lawyer he represented the Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee in cases involving allegations of sexual abuse. He has a statement on his webpage addressing those allegations and he says he was representing the church as a whole when they were sued, not defending pedophile priests. He supports raising the minimum wage to $15/hr, reversing Right-to-Work laws, implementing a fairer and more progressive tax structure, accepting Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, restoring an independent Department of Natural Resources, increasing public education funding (schools and universities), providing 2 years free tuition at Wisconsin public colleges and universities to Wisconsin residents, allowing student loan refinancing, fixing roads and infrastructure, automatic voter registration, nonpartisan redistricting, marijuana legalization and enforcing net neutrality. He also wants to reform the WEDC. He would move to stop the Foxconn deal in Wisconsin. He also has strong positions, similar to Evers, but with a couple of additional points (2 years free college tuition, net neutrality and ending the Foxconn deal).
Andy Gronik is founder, president and CEO of GroBiz, a business consulting firm. He supports criminal justice reform, legalizing marijuana, strengthening public schools and restoring collective bargaining rights, better funding public universities, free college for Wisconsin students (though he says they have to have the grades – not sure what the grade cutoff would be), helping current college graduates pay off school loans, combatting climate change, keeping public lands and parks public, restoring the Department of Natural Resources, improving the Foxconn deal to make it better for Wisconsin, increased gun regulations, accepting Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, instituting a state program to increase competition in healthcare (and lower costs), paid family leave, legislation that penalizes drug companies for price gouging, taking action against drug companies driving the opioid epidemic and addressing lead in water supplies. He also talks of $15/hr minimum wage, but only on the page about healthcare, where he is specifically referring to healthcare workers. It is unclear to me if he supports a general increase in minimum wage to $15/hr. Here is his website.
Mike McCabe is the founder and president of Blue Jean Nation, a grassroots group dedicated to getting regular people in the driver's seat of government. He supports restoring independence to the Department of Natural Resources, fighting climate change, incentivizing small, sustainable agriculture over large industrialized farms, replacing lead water pipes in Wisconsin, returning decision making on many issues to local communities (ending state pre-emption laws), providing high speed internet access throughout Wisconsin and bringing back automatic adjustments in the gas tax for inflation to keep revenue in line with road expenses and to fix the roads and bridges in the state. He also supports legalizing marijuana, pardoning non-violent drug offenders in prisons, reducing the state sales tax rate by 10% while applying the tax to certain now-exempt purchases and ending the Manufacturers and Agriculture tax credit (MAC) tax loophole that mainly benefits the wealthy. He is also in favor of running a test of universal basic income in Wisconsin, increasing minimum wage to eventually reach $15/hr (with regional flexibility so that some areas will have higher minimum wages) and tying minimum wage to inflation, ending school vouchers, ending the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation because it has not been effective, making state government less corrupt and more transparent, making BadgerCare a public option to the ACA and making all Wisconsin residents eligible for the state pension plan. He is funding his campaign with donations of only $200 or less. Here is his website and here is an article about him. I think he is one of the best candidates running for governor.
Mahlon Mitchell is a firefighter and the President of the Professional Fire Fighters of Wisconsin, a union representing firefighters. He is also a former Bernie Sanders delegate. He supports raising the minimum wage to $15/hr, expanding the child care tax credit, ending the Manufacturers and Agriculture tax credit (MAC) that benefits the wealthy, paying down the state debt, sharing more state revenue with local communities, strengthening food assistance programs and expanding eligibility for rental assistance. He also supports investing more money in public education, better support public universities and technical colleges, allowing refinancing of student loans at lower interest and creating a loan forgiveness program with commitment to public service. He would expand Medicaid in Wisconsin, allow BadgerCare as a public option to the ACA, expand SeniorCare services, lower prescription drug costs (though he didn’t really say how he’d do that) and fight the opioid epidemic. He also supports ending truth-in-sentencing laws (read about that here if you’re not sure what it is), expanding early release programs, legalizing marijuana, reforming juvenile detention, investing in infrastructure including fixing roads and bridges, investing in green energy, protecting family farms and voting rights and fair elections. Here is his website and here is an article about him. I think he is also a strong candidate.
Joshua Pade is a lawyer who works at J. Crew as an executive for business continuity. He previously did a fellowship in 2011 Legislative and Communications with Senator Dianne Feinstein. His website talks about building roads and bridges, fighting the opioid epidemic, not failing students and teachers and the government governing our bodies (is he talking about availability of abortion here?). Other than that, there is no information on his policies on his website. He comes across as a fairly conservative, neoliberal type of candidate.
Kelda Roys is a lawyer and a former State Representative and Democratic Caucus Chair. She is founder and CEO of OpenHomes, a virtual real estate agency that helps homeowners sell their homes. She supports increased gun regulations, expanding Medicaid in Wisconsin, making BadgerCare a public option, improving access to mental health care, helping small and family-owned businesses, repairing infrastructure, increasing spending on clean energy, collective bargaining, increasing minimum wage to $15/hr, universal paid family and medical leave, opening the Wisconsin Retirement system to all Wisconsinites, equal pay for women, fully funding the DNR and returning science to its decision-making, criminal justice reform, fighting the opioid epidemic, lowering prescription drug prices and legalizing marijuana. Here is her website. She’s also a good candidate.
Paul Soglin is a lifetime activist (he participated in the Civil Rights movement as a young man), a lawyer and the Mayor of Madison, a position he’s held 3 separate times from 1973-1979, from 1989-1997 and again from 2011-the present. He supports instituting a housing program, building more affordable housing and eliminating homelessness, expanding Medicaid, more education and job training, increasing the minimum wage to $12-15/hr, high-speed broadband for all parts of Wisconsin, stopping bankrupting financial packages to foreign companies, investing in public coops, increased state income taxes on the most wealthy, increased public school spending, lower tuition at state universities and colleges, loan repayment for students who stay in Wisconsin, restoring tenure at universities, depoliticizing the DNR, further supports for agriculture, increased gun regulations and LGBT rights. He opposes Act 10, that destroys public sector unions. Here is his website. He is also a very strong candidate.
Kathleen Vinehout is a former college professor, a dairy farmer and current State Senator in Wisconsin. As a State Senator, she wrote alternative budgets each year that proposed to spend dollars on more public services than Scott Walker’s budgets. Of course, none of those budgets got passed, but she’d like to implement some of her ideas if she is elected governor. She has a very detailed and complete list of her policies on her website. Here is some of things she supports: reducing high-stakes testing in schools, spending more on public education, restoring funding to the University of Wisconsin, accepting the Medicaid expansion in Wisconsin, offering BadgerCare as a public option to the ACA, having the DNR run by an independent Secretary appointed by the Natural Resources Board and protecting the environment and investing in green energy. She also supports free tuition at technical colleges and 2 year colleges, $15/hr minimum wage, ending truth-in-sentencing laws for jail time, creating a private public partnership to renovate inner city abandoned houses and turn them into owner-occupied homes and LGBT rights. She opposes Act 10 (to destroy public sector unions). She has a fairly nuanced position on guns. Here’s an excerpt from her website “I support a person’s defense of their home under clear threat but not Florida style – “Stand Your Ground” legislation. I support conceal and carry but not Constitutional – or Permit-less – Carry. I don’t support expanding Conceal and Carry to schools or universities. I oppose arming teachers in schools. I support universal background checks including for private sales.” Here is her website. Vinehout also comes across as a very strong candidate.
Dana Wachs is an attorney and current State Representative. He supports expanding eligibility to BadgerCare and allowing people to buy into the program as a public option, increasing job training assistance, increasing the minimum wage to $15/hr, providing paid family and medical leave, ending corporate handouts, extending high speed broadband to every region of Wisconsin, fixing roads and bridges, investing in public universities, allowing refinancing of student loans, increased funding and support for housing, increased public school funding, freeing the Department of Natural Resources from political influence, increasing green energy spending, and working to replace lead pipes in water supplies. Here is his website. He is a good candidate as well.

Libertarian:

Phillip Anderson is a realtor and the current Chairman of the Libertarian Party of Wisconsin and running as a Libertarian Party candidate for governor. He supports state and local rights of government, reducing regulations, free markets, free trade between countries, promoting private services over government ones, ending the war on drugs, legalizing marijuana, criminal justice reform, repealing the state income tax and ending military interventions. He wants to end Wisconsin involvement in the Federal Healthcare Marketplace (for the ACA). He opposes the Foxconn deal in Wisconsin. He supports ranked choice voting. Here is his website.

Green Party:

Michael White is a Green Party candidate for governor. I was not able to figure out his occupation and he may be retired. He supports urgently fighting climate change and ending the use of fossil fuels, government for the people not the rich, getting money out of politics and ending corporate personhood, government for the public good and a higher minimum wage. He also supports the Green Party New Deal that involves campaign finance reform, a job guarantee at a living wage, rights to organize a union, tuition-free college and forgiving student loan debt, the right to decent housing for everyone, the right to affordable utilities, fair taxation of corporations and rich, emphasizing small and locally-owned companies, nationalizing the Federal Reserve, breaking up too-big-to-fail banks, restoring Glass-Stegall, repealing the Patriot Act, reducing military spending, etc. He opposes torture. He believes automatic weapons should not be covered by the 2nd Amendment. Here is his website. He is another great candidate.

Independents:

Maggie Turnbull is an astronomer for NASA and a former Antigo Town Councillor and an independent candidate for governor. I couldn’t find a formal campaign website for her, but here is her Facebook page. The posts there suggest that she supports getting money out of politics, but I couldn’t tell what her other positions were in a quick perusal.
Arnie Enz is the founder of A.J. Enz & Company, which seems to be a business consulting service as far as I could tell. Enz is running as an independent candidate for governor (though he also lists himself as a candidate of the Wisconsin Party). Here is his website, which doesn’t have a lot of detail, but says both Democrats and Republicans suck and we need to vote outside the 2-party paradigm. He is not taking donations from anyone and pledges to spend less than $1000 of his own money on this campaign. He also says he would support “rebuilding our core infrastructure while being fiscally responsible and protecting our environment and natural resources for future generations”. And he says that would be kind and treat others with respect.
Let me know in the comments if I’ve missed any important candidates or issues.
In case you missed the previous BKAS posts, here they are:
In case you missed the previous BKAS posts, they are all posted in the new subreddit we made to hold all of these BetterKnowAState. These are the states we’ve done so far that are listed in that subreddit – Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming. The remaining states (New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Louisiana) are a work in progress.
NEXT STATE UP – New Hampshire
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2018.03.24 00:34 N64_Controller Part 1: WFRV Courtroom blogs Avery and Dassey trials

Here are the requested courtblogs from WFRV as requested by the one whose username starts with 4 letters and ends with 2 numbers. Reddit character limit forces me to split the blogs in two posts. This is only a partial archive, going back in time 11 years does have it's limitations :). Enjoy.   How Long Will Jury Selection Take? "You’d have to live in a cave not to have heard about this case."
Last summer, when the defense and the prosecution in this case announced that they had reached a stipulation (agreement) on a defense motion for a change of venue (meaning, the defense contemplated asking the court to possibly move the trial or get a jury from another area due to pre-trial publicity) that Steven Avery’s trial would be held at the Calumet County Courthouse, I was really excited!! The most shocking thing that came out of that announcement of a stipulation on the change of venue motion, was that the jury would be selected from Manitowoc County. "How on earth are they going to get a jury from Manitowoc County?" was the question that we all asked ourselves. I think that we expected a jury to be brought in from a far-reaching part of the state. Avery’s attorneys told us that it was Avery’s constitutional right to a trial by jury from the county in which the alleged crime was committed.   It’s about 1:55 p.m. on Tuesday right now, and there are 12 potential jurors in the pool. 30 potential jurors need to be placed in the pool, then the defense and prosecution will be allowed to strike 7 each. That would whittle it down to the final 16 jurors who will decide Steven Avery’s guilt or innocence – 4 of those jurors would be alternates.   The State has asked jurors questions such as: "Have you ever seen the movie "The Thin Blue Line?" "Are you a big picture person or a detail-oriented person?" "Do you play puzzles?" "If so, what kind of puzzles do you play?" "Do you have any family or friends who work in the media?" "Where do you get your news? Radio, newspaper, television, internet, etc?" "Is the criminal justice system too harsh or too lenient?" "Have you heard of the Innocence Project?" "How likely is it that law enforcement would tamper with evidence?" "Do you think the Manitowoc County Sheriff's Department is doing a good job, fair job, bad job?"
Defense Questions: "Do you know who Brendan Dassey is?" "Did you ever see Ken Kratz talk about Brendan Dassey on television?" "Do you think a police officer would lie?" "Have you heard of someone confessing to a crime that he didn't commit?" "Do you feel like the defense has to prove anything?"
We've only heard from one juror who had never heard of Brendan Dassey. He was a young guy, maybe 20 or 21 years of age. During voir dire, following questioning from both sides, Judge Willis often asks questions of the potential jurors.   It's 6:00 p.m. on Tuesday and we are still here! The 16th potential juror was added to the pool. She is an elderly woman, a widow. She seemed very sweet.
This process seems to be taking a while, and there is one big reason. To quote one of the jurors, "you’d have to live in a cave not to have heard about this case." 9:00 p.m. -- Court ended around 6:30 p.m. Seven potential jurors were selected today for a total of 16. 14 more to go.
Angenette Levy at Feb 6, 2007 10:30 pm   One Question To Answer: Why? A life isn't suppose to end at the young age of 25. A family shouldn't have to mourn the loss of a daughter, or sister, cut down at a time when she is building a career, establishing her independence and creating a world of her own. Yet that's what happened to Teresa Halbach on October 31st, 2005 when she was allegedly murdered by Steven Avery. Ever since then the legal process has been slowly building speed as we reach the peak of this tragedy and descend into at 6-week trial, that will hopefully assign guilt or innocence, while answering so many questions. The one everyone wants answered is why?
Over my 17 year career in Wisconsin I've covered many murder cases that eventually are instantly recognizable by one name; Maloney, Monfils, Dahmer, Spanbauer, Rickman, Cadigan, Greybuffalo, and now Avery. What I've learned is that the question of why is sometimes never answered. While that is what families of the victim's yearn for, in court emotions are set aside and lawyers simply deal with the evidence.
In the Avery case, we will soon learn, in often gruesome detail, all the facts that prosecutors have as they attempt to prove Steven Avery murdered Teresa Halbach that Halloween and afterwards brutally tried to dispose of her body. The defense will then lay out it's evidence, of an alleged plot to frame Avery, in response to his filing of a multi-million dollar federal lawsuit for a wrongful rape conviction over two decades ago. In the end guilt will be assigned by a jury based on the testimony that will come from the witness stand in Calumet County.
Will it be emotional? Without question. But will we learn why? Perhaps.
In this case, like many other murder trials I've covered, the accused has made a claim of innocence. Without a confession of guilt, the reasons behind the alleged crime will only come from the court proceedings themselves. The evidence will either prove guilt, or set Mr. Avery free. And while I pray for the Halbach family... that they find all the answers they are searching for... the possibility exists they may never truly know.
Kris Schuller at Feb 7, 2007 8:20 am   How Long Is 'Long?' I've heard some people around the courthouse complain that the voir dire process is going slowly, when in all actuality, attorneys on both sides say they feel it’s going about as quickly as they expected. And Special Prosecutor Ken Kratz said he felt it was going well. I know that some people feel like it's been long, and the days have been long, but this process is incredibly important for both the defense and the prosecution.
I have not been involved in the jury selection process of a trial of this magnitude before this case. We all knew that selecting the jury for this case would be a long process, due to the publicity the case has received and the seriousness of the charges.
Jurors can have knowledge about a case and still sit on the jury. But both sides have to be meticulous in determining whether a prospective juror has a bias against the defendant, or the prosecution.
The judge admonished the lawyers for asking questions that he felt weren't relevant. However, Assistant Attorney General Tom Fallon said one reason they ask so-called "chit-chat" questions is to relax the jurors. Avery's attorney Dean Strang said that not every juror is created equal, and that sometimes important information is gleaned from the answers jurors give to a question that seems insignificant. Strang argued that this was too important to place a rigid time limit. Strang said "The rest of his [Avery's] life hangs in the balance." Strang also said that he feared the buzzer from the timer would impact the juror's candor. Judge Willis said that is the reason that he would keep the timer under his bench, so the sound from it would be muffled, as to not disturb the jurors.
The defense and the State have worked together to strike nearly 50 jurors from the list who are clearly not suitable candidates to sit on the jury. It's clear these men realize that they have an important job, and they don't want their time wasted and they don't want to waste the Court's time, either.
We’ve seen many potential jurors come into the courtroom in the last couple of days. They all have different backgrounds - one’s a mechanic, another an elderly homemaker, a retired retail store manager and right now a plumber. I believe a total of four jurors were stricken today because they said they believed that Steven Avery was guilty and that there was no changing their minds.
We've posted the RAW interviews with Kratz and Buting on our site. You can watch them in the video player on the right side of this page.
I'll have more later, and if you're reading, thanks for checking out our page, and for watching.
Angenette Levy at Feb 8, 2007 4:14 pm   Number 30 Thursday, 8:30 a.m. – We are here and we are waiting for court to start. It’s scheduled for 8:30 a.m., but it never starts on time. The attorneys were asked to report to Judge Willis’ chambers.
Judge Jerome Fox is sitting in court today with the rest of the public and the media. Judge Fox will oversee jury selection for Brendan Dassey’s trial, which is scheduled to start in April. Maybe he just wants to see what he’s in for.
Tom from the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel is sitting next to me. John Lee from the Post-Crescent was sitting with me until yesterday, but he decided to move (maybe I drove him crazy!!) Colleen Henry from WISN-TV in Milwaukee is sitting at the next table. She’s a really interesting lady. She has a law degree.
8:53 – We’ve started. This woman will be dismissed. She thinks Steven Avery is guilty and has seen recent media coverage. Judge Willis sent out a letter a few weeks ago telling prospective jurors to avoid media coverage. She says that she has not been able to avoid the coverage.
Some of these jurors have retained a great deal from the media coverage. The woman who was just dismissed said she knows that Teresa Halbach’s RAV 4 was found hidden under car parts and brush in the Avery Salvage Yard. She knows that Avery’s blood was found in the RAV 4, she knows about the burn barrel.
One of the jurors from whom we heard today was very interesting. He was a barber for many years, and he got a lot of laughs and smiles from many people in the room. This gentleman likes to play cards and he has a hearing aid. Dean Strang asked him whether he wanted to sit on the jury or not. He said that he would if selected. This man was so eloquent and quite touching. He said that during the Korean War, he was drafted. However, he wasn't allowed in combat because his C.O. feared that he would endanger the lives of his fellow servicemen since he had a hearing problem. He said that he always wanted to serve his country, and couldn't back then. But, right now, he could serve his community, county and country by sitting on this jury. I will try to get the direct quote another time, because I am not doing it justice.
5:08 -- The 30th juror is in. We all raced to get it on the air.
Each side strikes seven jurors Friday morning leaving 16. 12 will decide Avery's guilt or innocence, the remaining 4 are alternates. Then we have a motion hearing in Chilton at 1:00 p.m. The defense wants to exclude a virtual tour of the Avery property that the State wishes to present, along with some other animations. A State Trooper created the virtual tour using crime scene photos. The State created this so it wouldn't have to take the jurors to the Avery property in the middle of February, since the weather can be nasty. Dean Strang says he fears the animations won't accurately depict the scene.
Angenette Levy at Feb 8, 2007 9:46 pm   Friday Motions Will Help Media Prep For Trial Coverage Jury was chosen this morning in Manitowoc after nearly 5 days. Eight men and eight women who have long 6-weeks ahead of them. This afternoon a courtroom in Chilton that’s been wired to accommodate media from all over the state is now getting its first real test. One final motion will be argued concerning computer animation that Special Prosecutor Ken Kratz wants to use during opening statement and trial next week.
This is the technical rehearsal for everyone involved and it starts in about 5 minutes. Three cameras are in the courtroom and we’re in the media room in the basement. Reporters, photographers and technicians from TV, Radio and Newspapers are trying to quickly get acquainted with their individual workstations. It’s a bit frantic for everyone, but I’m sure we’ll all get the kinks worked out before Monday.
Kris Schuller at Feb 9, 2007 1:59 pm   Probably Not The First Time We'll Hear 'Mistrial' Dean Strang did what lawyers often do. It’s what he’s paid to do; defend his client. And this morning he asked Judge Willis to declare a mistrial.
Strang made that request after Bobby Dassey, Avery’s nephew testified that on November 3rd, before Halbach was reported missing, Avery jokingly asked him and a friend if “they wanted to help him get rid of a body.” Strong stuff from a blood relative. The kind of testimony a defense attorney does not want to come from the witness stand.
Strang told the judge he had information that this alleged statement was made on November 10th and that Avery made it to Dassey’s friend, not Bobby. By that time Avery had already been arrested for murder. So when was this comment made and who said what to whom? Good question. But Strang claimed he had no idea it was coming. The judge after some consideration said witnesses are often wrong about dates and the defense can clear it up in cross examination. Motion denied.
But you have to give Dean Strang credit for trying and I’ll bet we’ll hear the cry of “mistrial” once again.
Kris Schuller at Feb 14, 2007 2:09 pm   I've Got Mail I’ve been getting some emails from readers and thought I’d take the time to answer a few. Here goes!
Kevin from Kiel wrote “You've been in the Green Bay market a long time. Do you see a similarity to this case in terms of the coverage it's received in the media (both TV and print) related to trials like the Thomas Monfils case and other high-profile cases the areas seen?"
Most definitely Kevin! But I have to say for the Monfils case the coverage lasted much longer. But that was simply because of the fact that a civil suit was filed long before the criminal. Police at the time weren’t saying very much, so we all grabbed onto the civil suit to advance the story. If my memory is correct in the Monfils case arrests came a year or two after the murder. In this case Avery was arrested shortly after Halbachs disappearance. So the press has been intense right from the get go, but the duration has been shorter.
Mac wrote “What's the capacity of the Calumet County Court House; how many seats are available to the general public (with the exception of the families); and are they generally filled each day?" and "Do you have the opportunity to talk with the prosecutor or defense lawyers about the case?"
First I’ll talk about the lawyers. We see them everyday walking around the building before, after and during the trial. Very nice people who I speak to occasionally. But while they will talk about issues that happen in the courtroom, they do not talk about their strategies. As for the courtroom I believe the capacity is around 60 people. Space is reserved for family members and they will always get a seat. Whatever is left goes to the general public.
Thanks for the questions and keep them coming! Kris Schuller at Feb 15, 2007 8:43 am   Cross Examining Bobby Dassey Thursday, 8:30 a.m. -- Bobby Dassey will take the stand for cross examination very shortly.
Yesterday, Bobby caused quite the stir when Special Prosecutor Ken Kratz asked him about a comment Steven Avery made to him, one of his brothers and his friend Mike on November 3, 2005, the day Teresa Halbach was reported missing.
Bobby said Steven asked him, “Do you want to help me get rid of the body?” Strang asked for a mistrial, because he said he was unaware that Bobby was going to testify to this, and that he was only aware that Bobby’s friend Mike had told law enforcement about this statement, and that Mike had told the cops that Steven made the comment on November 10, 2005, but Kratz said that was impossible, because Steven was in custody at that time. Kratz said that he clarified this with Bobby, during an interview for witness prep. Dean Strang said he was caught off guard, “completely unaware,” and asked to have time to interview Bobby.
CBS 5 legal analyst Jeff Oswald said he thought that Kratz should have told the defense about this, in a supplemental discovery document.
9:17 – Bobby is on the stand.
I realize that I wrote the wrong information about Bobby yesterday. Bryan is the oldest son of Barb Janda, not Bobby. The order is Bryan, Bobby, Blaine and Brendan. So many “B’s” I guess that I got confused!! Bryan was not living with Barb, he was out of the house on Halloween 2005. Angenette Levy at Feb 15, 2007 9:43 am     Bobby Dassey: "It was a joke" Bobby Dassey took the stand and his uncle’s attorney, Dean Strang, started his meticulous cross examination.
Yesterday, Bobby said that Steven asked him and his friend Mike, on November 3, 2005, whether they wanted to help him “get rid of the body.” That was the day that Teresa Halbach was reported missing. This did not hit the news until that night’s 10 p.m. newscast. This caught the defense and the media by surprise.
Today, under questioning from Strang, Bobby said that a deer had been hit on the highway on the night of November 3, 2005, and that he put it in his truck, took it to his garage, and hanged it from the ceiling. Bobby wanted to hang it there to cure the meat, and he couldn’t skin it until the next day, because he didn’t have it tagged. His mom, Barb, called and asked for a tag, Bobby took the deer down from the garage and put it in his truck, the next day, Friday November 4, 2005. He took it to a gas station, and had the deer tagged. Bobby took the deer home, put it back up and started to skin it. His friend Mike was there, and it was between 6:30 p.m. and 7:00 p.m. that this happened, according to Bobby. Strang had a copy of the receipt for the deer tag, dated November 4.
Bobby said Steven came into his mother’s garage, and started talking with his friend Mike. Bobby didn’t hear the first part of the conversation, but heard Steven ask whether they wanted to help him “bury the body.” Bobby testified that they all laughed and that it was a joke. Bobby then said that it was accurate that Steven said something about people go missing all the time and maybe she was in Mexico.
The defense and prosecution agreed to a stipulation about Mike’s testimony. This was read to the jury, so Mike would not have to testify. The law enforcement report reads "Michael and Bobby were in the Dassey garage when Steven came over. Michael indicated he was aware Steven was one of the last people to see the missing girl and jokingly asked Steven if Steven had her (the missing girl) in a closet. At this point Steven asked Michael if Michael wanted to “help bury the body” and they laughed about this together. Mich a el once again indicated he thought that Steven might have been the last one to see the missing girl."
So, it would appear that this comment was made on November 4, after they would have all seen that Steven had been on the news, telling reporters that Teresa had been there and left on Halloween, not the night before.
Also, today Bobby testified that he had awakened that day by 2:00 p.m., but before 2:30 p.m. Bobby said today that he heard a car pull up around 2:30, looked out the window and saw Teresa Halbach’s car pull in and that she got out and photographed the van. Bobby said he then took a shower, and returned a few minutes later and looked out the window again, and saw Teresa walking toward Steven Avery’s trailer door. Bobby then left around 2:45 p.m., walked straight to his car, and which was outside the front door, saw Teresa Halbach’s car, and drove away, to go bow hunting. Bobby said that he did not see or hear Teresa Halbach, and did not see Steven Avery, but he said that he was not looking for either one. Yesterday, Bobby said that he saw Teresa walking to the trailer door, before taking his 3 or 4 minute shower.
Steven Avery told me last year that he met Teresa Halbach at her vehicle, which was parked “along side” of the maroon minivan, paid her $40.00 and she left. However, Steven did not get a receipt.
Dean Strang also used this opportunity to cast seeds of reasonable doubt in the jurors’ minds. The prosecution says Teresa Halbach was shot in Steven Avery’s garage with a .22 rifle, owned by Steven Avery. They say the crime lab matched the bullets found in Halbach’s body, to Avery’s gun. Today, Bobby said that on Halloween 2005, he owned a .22 caliber semi-automatic rifle and his mother had one, too.
Strang has said in court documents, that anyone could have had access to Steven’s garage, especially between Halloween 2005 and the time that Brendan Dassey confessed on March 1, 2006. During a search of Avery’s garage on March 1 and 2, 2006, the State says a bullet fragment was found in Avery’s garage, and that it contained Teresa’s DNA. Strang has referred to it as a “magic bullet.”
Also, it sounds like someone got something wrong when talking to the cops. Dean asked Bobby whether it would have been true that Blaine came home from school at 3:45 p.m. on Halloween, and found Bobby sleeping and awakened him. Bobby said that would be incorrect, because he had left his house either by 2:45 or at 2:45 p.m. Bobby said his mother's friend Scott saw him driving down the highway at that time.
Who will the jury believe? Angenette Levy at Feb 15, 2007 12:54 pm     Brutus Julie Cramer just took the stand. She is the handler for Brutus, the Belgian Shepherd who “alerted” or “hit” on Teresa’s vehicle when it was found in the Avery Salvage Yard.
Brutus also searched many areas of the Salvage Yard. Julie Cramer said Brutus has never falsely alerted, that is, he has not barked when human remains were not present, or when human remains were present in a certain location. Brutus can smell gasses emitted from a decomposing body, through water.
Brutus is a cadaver dog. He will bark when he detects the scent of a dead body. Julie Cramer is talking about how Brutus was trained.
I remember Brutus and Julie Cramer’s husband Bob. Last year, a boy named Adam Federwitz was missing in the Kewaunee River. Adam had just gotten his driver’s license, and it was raining on a Friday. Adam was driving to a friend’s house, and he lost control of his car, crashing into the Kewaunee River. Adam couldn’t swim, it was very, very sad. Brutus helped in the search for Adam. They put him on the boat and he alerted over a certain area, aiding the divers from the Manitowoc County Sheriff’s Department. At the time, I interviewed Julie’s husband Bob about Brutus.
Julie says she and Brutus arrived at the salvage yard between 2:30 p.m. and 3:00 p.m. on November 5, 2005 when Teresa’s RAV 4 was found. She was asked to search the car crusher first, Brutus did not alert. He did “hit” on Teresa’s vehicle, and on a bathroom in Steven Avery’s trailer. Brutus also hit on two of the four burn barrels behind Barb Janda’s trailer, which is next door to Steven Avery’s. On Monday, we learned that presumptive human remains were found in those burn barrels. Brutus alerted on the barrels with great agitation and excitement. Julie said Brutus is trained to detect human remains which have been cremated.
On cross examination, Dean Strang tried to say that Brutus could not tell the difference between one set of human remains, versus another. Dean Strang seemed to question why Brutus had not inspected the burn pit behind Steven Avery’s garage that night. Julie Cramer said weather was a factor. It was sleeting that afternoon, and I remember that night that it was pouring down rain. If you had told me that it was literally raining cats and dogs, I would have believed you. It was an incredible storm. Angenette Levy at Feb 16, 2007 10:33 am     SA Kevin Heimerl – Department of Criminal Investigation Kevin Heimerl is an arson investigator for DCI. I met him while working on an arson case in Brillion, last September.
Heimerl took custody of Steven Avery’s burn barrel after a Manitowoc County deputy found Teresa Halbach’s cell phone under a tire, on November 7, 2005.
Heimerl said that he and SA Rodney Pevytoe and lead investigator Mark Wiegert sifted through the remnants of Steven’s burn pit at the crime lab in Madison for four days. Heimerl said he found many items, including a zipper and a rivet believed to come from a pair of jeans, marked “Daisy Fuentes.” When Teresa Halbach was last seen, the cops say that she was wearing a pair of jeans, white shirt and a spring jacket.
The criminal complaint states Brendan Dassey told the cops that he and Steven Avery put Teresa’s clothes on the fire in the burn pit, after they placed her body on it.
Heimerl also photographed the garage on March 1 and 2, after Brendan Dassey confessed. He also found a bullet fragment. Det. Dave Remiker of Manitowoc County found the other bullet fragment. Gary Steier then logged and collected the evidence.
On cross examination, Jerry Buting questioned why Heimerl wasn’t used to search the property in November 2005. Angenette Levy at Feb 22, 2007 5:41 pm     Who's Winning? Dean Strang said something that struck me in the daily post-trial news conferences on Thursday. Earlier in the day while in court, he told the Judge “we are at the half-way point in this trial.” So during the news conference in the media room I asked him to expound on that comment and what it meant in terms of when the Defense will begin presenting there case. Strang answered “We’re in the process of deciding right now how, or if, we will do that.”
Let me just say, that’s not an exact quote. At the time I was getting ready for a live shot for the 6pm news and didn’t have a notepad in hand. But his response got me thinking. Remember, in this trial, the defense doesn’t have to prove anything. It all comes down to the prosecution. They have to convince the jury the defendant is guilty, beyond a reasonable doubt. Mr. Avery doesn’t have to testify. In fact the defense doesn’t have to call a single witness.
During the trial so far, the defense has spent a great deal of time cross examining every prosecution witness. Ken Kratz throws a right hook. Dean Strang and Jerome Buting answer with a left upper cut. So far, I can’t tell who's winning. But it’s not what I think, rather what the jury thinks. And it sounds like that’s a question the Defense is starting to weigh as the weeks roll by. Kris Schuller at Feb 23, 2007 9:35 am     Katie Halbach – Teresa’s younger sister Katie is 15 years old. Katie is describing how Teresa lived next door to her in St. John. Teresa would go over to her parents house, to hang out with the family. And she and her younger sister Kelly would go over to Teresa’s house.
Katie is talking about how they would watch TV, play card games, hang out. Katie and Teresa would talk about Teresa’s clothes, particularly her blue jeans. Teresa had a lot of jeans, and a pair of Daisy Fuentes jeans. One day she showed those Daisy Fuentes jeans to Katie. Katie said she told Teresa was wearing old-person’s jeans, because Daisy Fuentes is “old.”
After Teresa died, she tried to find the Daisy Fuentes jeans at Teresa’s home, and couldn’t. Katie went to Kohl’s with SA Tom Fassbender to pick out a pair of Daisy Fuentes jeans, and picked out a pair that looked like something Teresa would wear. They bought a pair. They have a rivet on them marked “Daisy Fuentes.”
Katie can’t remember when she last saw Teresa wearing the Daisy Fuentes jeans. Teresa would wear between a 5 and an 8 in this brand.
Now, Katie is handling a blue lanyard marked Army National Guard. Katie was at EAA a few years ago, and she got a free lanyard there. Katie says there was a key chain attached to that lanyard, and she gave it to Teresa.
Mark Wiegert brought the key portion of the lanyard over to Katie. Katie snapped the lanyard and key fob together, and they fit. That is the key chain part with Teresa’s key on it, found in Avery’s bedroom. She identified this as the lanyard that she gave to Teresa.
Dean Strang Cross Examination Dean Strang told Katie that he would call her Ms. Halbach, because they don’t know one another, and they’re in a formal setting.
Strang is asking whether Teresa wore a short, regular or long length. Katie said that Teresa would wear a regular. Dean is asking Katie how you would close these, and Katie said “with a button.”
Yesterday, Jerry Buting questioned why a button wasn’t found in the burn pit, but a rivet was found there.
Strang is asking whether he saw Teresa wear the lanyard. Katie said that she had seen Teresa wear it, but didn’t know whether Teresa kept a key on it. She said Teresa carried a purse.
Katie said that she was not with Teresa when she bought the jeans. Angenette Levy at Feb 23, 2007 11:19 am     Motion to Suppress Evidence: Renewed It’s been a busy day today!! Witness testimony started late due to arguments over an oral motion.
Dean Strang has renewed the Motion to Suppress all of the evidence found on the Avery property. He and Jerry Buting filed that last summer. They say the cops used one warrant to enter Avery’s garage and trailer several times, when they should have obtained a warrant each time they entered. A second search warrant was not obtained until four days later, on November 9.
Avery’s attorneys say all evidence seized should be tossed, since officers failed to search the burn pit on the first night of the search, saying that Avery’s dog Bear was too mean to approach it. Strang says that was no excuse, there was an army of cops out there, and they could have removed the dog.
There was a two-day motion hearing about this last summer. SA Tom Fassbender explained then that the size of the property and poor weather conditions that first night, made it impossible to search everything listed in the search warrant that night. He said that he knew that the property would be held for several days. Also, Fassbender said that he was short on evidence techs.
Fallon says anything found in the burn pit is “abandoned property” and should not be suppressed.
Judge Willis did not issue a decision. Angenette Levy at Feb 23, 2007 11:31 am     Sherry Culhane – Forensic Scientist 11:25 a.m. -- This is going to be great! Sherry Culhane is a forensic scientist with the State Crime Lab. Culhane does the DNA work for the lab. She has worked at the lab for 23 years.
Sherry Culhane is a rock star. I say that for the following reasons:
Culhane was a serologist with the lab back in 1985, and did the blood work on Steven Avery’s wrongful rape conviction case, then in 2003, she performed the DNA analysis and tests which led to Avery’s exoneration. Now, she’s doing all of the DNA work on this case.
She has great credibility.
Right now, she is going through her Curriculum Vitae (resume). She is accredited. Also, she is explaining DNA. You get your DNA from each biological parent, 50-50. Each person’s DNA profile is unique, except in the case of identical twins.
This will be interesting. Angenette Levy at Feb 23, 2007 3:47 pm     A Brother's Pride Kind words come easy for Mike Halbach. It’s amazing when you consider what his family has been going through for nearly a year and a half. But since day one, he has always been cordial, but reserved, when it comes to talking about his sister Teresa’s death. But on Tuesday he was beaming as he talked about another sister, 15-year old Katie.
She took the witness stand last week and talked about a pair of jeans her sister Teresa owned. Daisy Fuentes was the brand and a rivet from jeans like those was found in Steven Avery’s burn pit. Bone fragment experts say Teresa’s remains were recovered from that same pit. He said his parents were more nervous than Katie before she got up to testify. Mike said Katie was more scared about tripping on the way to the witness stand than anything else.
In the large scheme of things, Katie’s testimony was just one small piece of the “huge puzzle” that the prosecution has called this case. But she was articulate and credible, and she did what she could to help the big sister who used to hang out with her, take her shopping, and played games with her. And as Mike Halbach spoke about Katie's contribution to this trial, you could tell he was very proud. But this time those words weren’t hard to find, or carefully considered, before spoken. They came easy. They came because of Katie. Kris Schuller at Feb 28, 2007 9:17 am     Special Sundays I will always remember Sunday afternoons at my house while growing up as a kid. Coming from a large family of seven brothers, it was the one day we would all get together. It was a day to reconnect, often around the dinner table. A special time to take a breath and count our blessings. While we didn’t say it in so many words, those times made us a stronger family, and we were all grateful for it.
Sunday’s were also special at the home of Karen and Tom Halbach. “It seems all the kids were always over on Sunday afternoons and we’d talk, sit around the island in our kitchen and talk a lot,” Karen Halbach said Wednesday from the witness stand. “Teresa was very close to both sisters, they spent a lot of time laughing, picking on each other. Teresa would come over on Sunday and they’d all watch their three favorite TV shows. They’d watch them together, laugh and have a good time.”
Listening to Karen Halbach talk about those sacred Sundays made it very easy for me to understand how they’ve found the strength to deal with this horrible tragedy, with tremendous dignity. Up until yesterday, I’ve been watching them enter court each day, quietly filling their seats in the courtroom, and inside have said to myself, “how do they do this?”
But now it is very clear. This family is extremely close with an incredible, special bond that Mr.and Mrs.Halbach have nurtured on Sunday afternoons. And next time they gather, to sit and talk around the kitchen island about the week that’s gone by, I have no doubt Teresa will be right there in the middle of it all. Just as she’s always been all those Sunday’s before. Kris Schuller at Mar 1, 2007 9:41 am     Curtis Thomas, FBI Curtis Thomas is an electronics engineer with the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Quantico, Virginia. Thomas examines electronic devices such as cell phones, PDA's (Palm Pilot), etc. that may have been involved in a crime.
Thomas was asked by the local field office to examine some electronics, found in Steven Avery's burn barrel.
Thomas identified a Motorola Razor cell phone, a Canon sure shot camera and a palm pilot, all found in Steven Avery's burn barrel. Yesterday, Mrs. Halbach showed the court receipts for the cell phone and PDA, purchased at Target. We heard testimony earlier from Auto Trader employees who said that Teresa was given a Canon Sure Shot.
Cross Examination by Jerome Buting
Jerome Buting asked Thomas whether people working the FBI lab, were all as young has he (OUCH)! Buting asked Thomas whether he had tried to retrieve any digital files from the devices. He said that he hadn't. Angenette Levy at Mar 1, 2007 1:21 pm     EDTA Results It sounds like the EDTA results on the vial of blood are complete. You may recall, the vial of Steven Avery’s blood was contained in a purple-topped tube. Purple-topped tubes contain EDTA, a preservative that keeps blood from coagulating.
The State sent its half of the blood vial to the FBI, along with swabs of the blood stains from Teresa Halbach’s SUV. The State says the FBI can test the blood for EDTA levels, and the tests should show that the blood from the vial was not planted in Avery’s SUV to frame him. The Defense has said the results are unreliable, since EDTA is contained in so many products, i.e. soaps, Armor-all, etc. Jerry Buting has said this testing has not been done since the O.J. Simpson case, and that the FBI only recently developed a scientific protocol for the testing, on February 15. Special Prosecutor Norm Gahn has said the testing is not often requested, and that labs do not perform it, because there’s no money in it.
Judge Willis should rule today on whether these test results will be admissible. Meanwhile, the defense has filed a motion for Sequential Independent Testing and Funding. The defense is requesting a mistrial or continuance of several months, to allow the defense to test the blood. The defense also wants Judge Willis to order public funding to pay for the testing, since they don’t have to money to pay for the testing.
Dr. Marc LeBeau is on the stand. He’s from the FBI, and he’s testifying about the EDTA testing process.
This will be interesting. Angenette Levy at Mar 5, 2007 9:45 am     Dr. Marc LeBeau, FBI Dr. LeBeau is giving us quite the science lesson. This is riveting. LeBeau said EDTA is everywhere. It’s used in all kinds of products.
First, LeBeau told the court about the testing for EDTA. It’s not done routinely. He’s also explaining how he developed the protocol for the testing.
He said that he used peer review journals when developing the protocol. He said that he or anybody at a university lab could develop a protocol.
LeBeau just testified that his testing showed that the blood stains in Halbach’s SUV that he examined (ignition area, CD case and door frame) did NOT contain EDTA. He said it was his opinion that the blood in the RAV 4 did NOT come from the blood in the vial.
Direct Examination is over. Get ready for fireworks from the defense team. Angenette Levy at Mar 5, 2007 10:15 am     Motions To Supress, Motion For Directed Verdict The State and the prosecution argued over several defense motions to throw out evidence and the case against Steven Avery.
Dean Strang wants the evidence found in the burn pit and the burn barrel, suppressed. Strang said the cops should have obtained a new search warrant before searching those areas, and did not. He said Avery had a right to privacy in those areas, under the Fourth Amendment. Special Prosecutor Tom Fallon said the items found there were abandoned property. Strang said the cops have used Avery’s dog, Bear, as the reason for not searching those areas more thoroughly before November 8, three days after the search of the property started. Fallon said searching the pit – where Halbach’s bone fragments were found – was not the first priority in the first couple of days of the search.
Jerome Buting then asked to have the so-called “magic bullet” that contained Teresa Halbach’s DNA suppressed. Buting said that since the control sample for the test was contaminated, the test should have been ruled inconclusive per State Crime Lab rules. Sherry Culhane deviated from protocol when she asked the Crime Lab to allow the test, despite the control sample being contaminated. Culhane said the sample containing the DNA washed from the bullet was not contaminated. The defense said that doesn’t matter, the test should have been thrown out.
Strang also wants the case dropped. He said prosecutors haven’t proven the false imprisonment charge. Strang says the only evidence to support it would be testimony from Brendan Dassey, and the jurors did not hear that. Ken Kratz conceded that Dassey’s testimony was not available, but said jurors can draw inferences to prove that count. He also said that he wanted to show other acts evidence that would have shown motive; i.e., Steve running his cousin off the road at gunpoint, talking to prisoners about raping, torturing and killing young women upon his release from prison, etc. However, Judge Willis would not allow him to introduce that evidence.
Judge Willis will rule Monday morning at 8:30 a.m Angenette Levy at Mar 8, 2007 7:33 pm
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2017.12.13 16:11 SportingMoose National College Football League: Promotion, Relegation, and Champions League

Lengthy post ahead. Proceed with caution.
It is a question that has been asked for a while now: could college football support a promotion and relegation system? The system is simple: the top teams in a lower tiered conferences would be promoted up to top tier conferences, while the lower teams in the top get relegated to the lower tiers. Simply put, the best teams would continue to play the best teams. A created hierarchy, if you will.
This system would do wonders in the college football world. Every game would have importance and outcomes impact every team in the conference. No more cupcakes, no more wondering who played a tougher schedule. Top tiered teams will always be playing the best teams and conference titles are truly determined by the most dominant teams.
The theoretical league does have it’s issues like finding an appropriate amount of games, conference payment allocation, constant conference realignment, schedule changing, sponsorship, etc. The list could go on for a while. However, this is a theoretical world we are about to enter, so we won’t let logistical problems worry us.
Here we go. The birth of the National College Football League (NCFL).
Disclaimer: beyond this point is theoretical matchups using real time players and statistics. It is by no means a perfect system of projections or explanations, just examples of what could happen. It would be similar to a paint by numbers picture: you get the idea, you can see what I’m going for, but the fine details aren’t quite there.

Ending the 2010 Season

Let’s start at the end of the 2010 season. Cam Newton and his Auburn Tigers take the nation by storm, James Madison upsets #13 Virginia Tech, Nevada and Boise State finish the season in the Top 15, and it was one of the best years of college football to date.
After copy and pasting the conference standings, I matched up the “Power 5” conferences with regionally close “Group of 5” conferences.
Top Tier Second Tier
ACC Conference USA
Big Ten MAC
Big XII Mountain West
PAC 10 WAC
SEC Sunbelt
Big East and Independent combine to make one conference. No second conference, but may change as expansion happens
Now, despite that the conferences are “regionally” linked together, there are still teams who don’t always fit the region. For example, Louisiana Tech in the WAC will play teams mostly on the West Coast. For the most part, however, teams don’t travel too far outside their realistic versions of themselves.
To be promoted, teams must finish first or second in the second tier conference standings at the end of the season. They will replace the last and second-to-last finishing teams in the first tier conference. Relegated teams can earn their way back the following season, so there isn’t a restriction on how long they must wait before being promoted into the top tier. Vice versa, recently promoted teams can be relegated back into second tier conferences if they fall into the relegation zone.
With that said, here are your conferences for the 2011 NCFB Season, soon to be played out in another post.
2011 NCFL Conference Tables
Yet what is a college football season without declaring a national champion? The current playoff system would be suitable, I’m sure, but what if we took it to the extreme? What if we adopted a system similar to the biggest club tournament in European soccer: the UEFA Champions League? A 32 team pool and knockout style tournament creating drama from start to finish.
I present to you: the 2011 NCFB Champions League

2010 NCFB Champions League

We love college football. Imagine throwing 13 extra games on top of a 20 game season. Now, in all honesty, I know this would never work or be approved. Thirty three games is more than some college basketball teams get in a season. Injuries and “classwork” would probably get in the way too. Logistically, this won’t work out at all.
But we love college football, and year around college football doesn’t sound like a bad thing.
Here is how the system works. Thirty two teams are sorted into eight groups and play round robin style, playing each team on the road and at home. The top two teams of each group advance to a 16 team knockout tournament. Each pairing will play a home-and-home series (referred to as legs), and highest aggregate score wins. This continues each round until the finals, where it will be one, winner-take-all game.

The Set Up

The inaugural Champions League was a bit difficult to set up without tiered conferences, but I found a balanced format of its first year. Beyond the 2010 season, the selection process will have different criteria and eligible teams, but more on that later. Here is how the 2010 Champions League field was selected:
  • Teams 1-11 will be winners of conference or division
  • Teams 12-17 will be conference runner ups in conference championship games
  • Team 18 will be the Independent team with the highest W-L
    • Should tie occur, teams will be submitted to eye test based on
      • Top 25 wins, strength of schedule, quality losses
  • Teams 19-32 will be selected based on overall at the end of the season
    • No more than 4 teams from one conference
Once the criteria was set, I followed the traditional Champions League drawing format. The 32 teams will be divided into four “pots”: In standard fashion, all conference champions are sorted into Pot A, but with 11 conference champions and the Independent League, I decided to move some spots around.
Pool A Pool B Pool C Pool D
ACC Champion Independent Leader 2nd Lowest Rated Conference Champion Lowest Rated Conference Champion
Big XII Champion 3rd Lowest Rated Conference Champion Team 13-32 Team 13-32
Big Ten Champion Team 13-32 Team 13-32 Team 13-32
Pac 10 Champion Team 13-32 Team 13-32 Team 13-32
SEC Champion Team 13-32 Team 13-32 Team 13-32
Big East Champion Team 13-32 Team 13-32 Team 13-32
CUSA Champion Team 13-32 Team 13-32 Team 13-32
Mountain West Champion Team 13-32 Team 13-32 Team 13-32
  • This format will only be used for the inaugural season. From 2011 onward, the selection process will be different.
  • Rating used for distinguishing conference champions was the 2010-2011 College Football Reference SRS rating
Team by Team, I began filling in chart above. Conference champions and runner ups were selected, along with teams with the highest wins and SRS rating.
Pool A Pool B Pool C Pool D
Virginia Tech Navy Troy Miami (OH)
Oklahoma Nevada Wisconsin Utah
Ohio State Stanford Missouri Maryland
Oregon Boise State South Carolina Air Force
Auburn Alabama Nebraska Hawaii
Connecticut Oklahoma State NC State San Diego State
UCF LSU Michigan State Tulsa
TCU Florida State West Virginia Northern Illinois
From here, the 32 teams get sorted into groups. I found coverage of the 2017-2018 Champions League draw and used that draw as my method of sorting each team (along with draws later in the tournament). Each college football team were linked to a soccer club, and where they were placed in real life, they were placed in the groups below.
As the other three pots were drawn and assigned, conference restrictions come into play. Teams may not be sorted into a group with a member of the same conference, so their drawing opportunities become limited. Some teams were moved around compared to where their soccer club counterpart were drawn based on conference restrictions. Thus, the eight groups were born:
Group A Group B Group C Group D
Ohio State UCF Oregon Oklahoma
Navy Oklahoma State Nevada Stanford
Troy NC State South Carolina Wisconsin
Tulsa Hawaii Maryland Utah
Group E Group F Group G Group H
Virginia Tech TCU Connecticut Auburn
Alabama Boise State LSU Florida State
Nebraska Missouri Michigan State West Virginia
Miami (OH) Northern Illinois San Diego State Air Force

The Showdown

Below is a link to an excel sheet that has all the games played in the 2010 Champion's League. Matchups were simulated through WhatIfSports.com due to the ability to screenshot box scores. Box scores will be attached to game scores so you can see how games fared. Play-by-play, unfortunately, will not attached. I'll give a bit of a rundown to how each stage works.

LINK TO NCFL CHAMPIONS LEAGUE EXCEL SHEET

The eight groups go into group stages. Each team plays six games, three on the road and three at home. The top two teams, based on wins, advance on to the next round. The only tie breaker is point differential through the six games.
Next up is the knockout round. The 16 teams left get sorted into two pools: group winners and group runner ups. One champion and one runner up will be drawn at random, with the only restrictions being they must be from different conferences and different group stage groups.
Entering into the quarter and semifinals, we have two more draws. However, there are no longer any conference or group restrictions in these draws, who you get is who you get. Once we have reached the finals, one game decides it all.

Thoughts

Group Play: Going into the simulations, I thought the scariest group, the “Group of Death” as it were, was Group D: Oklahoma (12-2), Stanford (12-1), Wisconsin (11-2), Utah (10-3). I wasn’t sure who was going to come out of this group, but any of these teams could cause a ruckus and sneak into the knockout round.
During the simulations, there were quite a few surprises. Only five of the eight #1 seeds advanced on the knockout stages. Group G was the only group to have a #1 AND #2 seed fail to qualify for the knockout stages, having #4 San Diego State (5-1) and #3 Michigan State (4-2) advance. Number 1 seeds UCF and UConn combined to go 0-12 with a combined differential of -154 points. Alabama sets the bar for highest point differential with +127, giving up only 95 points through six games.
An emerging cinderella took the form of the Hawaii Warriors, going 4-2 in group play and falling only to Oklahoma State (6-0). Wins may not have been very impressive or eye-opening, but their defense held teams to just enough to help Hawaii advance.
Knockout Stage: I was looking forward to the Oklahoma State/West Virginia matchup. I thought it would be a more high scoring than what panned out, but it didnt fail to disappoint. The Mountaineers scored a touchdown in Leg 2 with 18 seconds left on the clock. They ended up losing the Leg, but escaping on aggregate, 58-57.
Alabama and Auburn survived scares from Hawaii and Nevada, respectively, while “Group of Death” survivors Wisconsin and Oklahoma lose in the early stages. Maybe thinking the hardest part had been accomplished? Who knows.
*Quarterfinals: *Boise State’s offense came into the quarterfinals having scored 116 on Navy, but West Virginia could only slow down the Bronco offense, giving up 78 points in their matchup. Alabama slips past TCU with a big Leg 1 score, and holds on to make it to the semis. Aside from that, mostly chalk here.
Semifinals: Offense really took over here. Thought the Ohio State/Oregon might be closer, but wasn’t surprised to see Oregon advance. Boise State wasn’t bothered by “SEC Speed”, and thanks to a 41-23 Leg 1 score, gets into the finals to face Oregon
Finals: If I was a betting man, I would have lost a lot of money. I thought Oregon was going to beat Boise State at a neutral site, but Oregon makes up for losing a title in reality to win one in a fictional world.
What do you think? Would you like to see more? Post some comments, questions, concerns! Also, if you have the time and determination, feel free to simulate your own and see what differs, from this post. I have started simulating 2011 Season (Yeah, just in case you wanted an indication of how much free time I have) and the 2011 Champions League. Thanks everyone!
-SportingMoose
submitted by SportingMoose to CFB [link] [comments]


2016.09.13 14:32 Evil_Rob From Raid Leader to Ironman - My 6 year fitness journey

Good morning /Running! I've been up since 4 with a fantastic soreness from my Ironman, and I wanted to share my journey of how I got here. I'll try to keep it short, but I'm summarizing 6 years, so apologies if this rambles on. I also posted this over on /Fitness, but since there is so much running, I figured you will enjoy it.
TLDR Album: http://imgur.com/a/7C1LD
I'd been "Comfortably overweight" my entire adult life (200-220 on a 6'2" frame). Not too heavy to be a real problem, but never fit enough to be particularly good at anything. I played sports (soccer, tennis) through high school, never well but never the worst. I was pretty comfortable being the super-nerd that I was. I also was in Marching Band through college and once again, while I wasn't winning any prizes, I still was better than a lot of people, which was good enough for me.
Eventually I entered the "Real World", and became incredibly sedentary. My weight ballooned and my ability to participate in day-to-day life suffered. My free time was taken up by World of Warcraft as several of my coworkers were into it. We had a fairly decent raiding guild (never got server firsts, but top third. Duelist in Arena), and while I had the phattest loot I eventually burned out.
At this point I got a promotion and was going to be traveling for work Monday->Friday, and I saw what happens to people when they can expense their dinners, and I didn't want that to be me. At this point I was 230 pounds (just shy of Obese), and wanting to make a change. (Let's be honest, there was a girl involved, but losing weight didn't save that.)
2010: Guess what? if you eat less and move more, you lose weight! Nothing fancy, just started counting my calories, max of 1500 per weekday, and 2 hours at the Hotel gym M-Th. 1 hour of spastic, aimless strength training, and 1 hour on the elliptical. Despite excessive drinking on the weekends, the weight melted off 1.5-2 pounds per week. Once you set a hard limit on calories you will immediately start eating better (FRIES HAVE HOW MANY CALORIES?!?!).
Tips for success: No matter your weight, you can sit/spin on the elliptical forever and not need recovery time. Don't try running too early.
I made a rule that I could only watch TV while on the elliptical. I watched the entirety of "The Wire", "Mad Men", and most of "Breaking Bad" there. Fantastic way to motivate yourself.
Down 40 pounds, gained 10 during Thanksgiving->Christmas, but "I deserved it".
2011:
Nothing special. Got to 180 pounds, hitting my minus-50 goal. Rest of the year was in "Don't get fat again" mode.
2012:
Started biking to work a lot, but still just working crazy and not getting fat again. Started dating my now-wife, and she ran a Half Marathon, which inspired me to learn how to run. At this point I could not run a mile without collapsing into a worthless wheezing mess. So of course I say "6 months from 0 to Marathon is a reasonable timeframe". BAD IDEA I DO NOT RECOMMEND!
I started following Hal Higdon based off friends recommendations. http://halhigdon.com/training/51137/Marathon-Novice-1-Training-Program. This worked really well. Basically my advice for anyone getting into running, start with Couch-to-5k, then graduate to Hal.
2013:
March - Get Lucky Half Ironman - 1:43. May - Massive knee pain, turns out to be Bursitis. Followed by Ibuprofen and rest.
June - Grandmas Marathon - Limped into a 4:09 finish (9:33/mile). Afterwards I could barely walk. Going up stairs required bracing myself against the wall and catching my breath. But damn I was proud.
October - Monster Dash Half Marathon- 1:34. After some time to recovery, I wanted to do another race, and was happy I could improve my speed in such a short time.
This whole time I'm still ~180 pounds, enjoying eating a ton.
2014:
Now I said to myself "Let's do this right". http://halhigdon.com/training/51140/Marathon-Intermediate-2-Training-Program
Training went amazing, so I stupidly flew to close to the sun on Race day. Lesson 2: Slow miles over no miles. Still had an awesome finish of 3:27 (7:57/mile)
2015:
"Well, what now".
I've always enjoyed cycling, and continued commuting during this whole time. So doing a Triathlon was an obvious next step. Took swimming lessons over the winter - HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. The plan - http://i.imgur.com/H5dv0bz.png
At this point I finally start taking my strength training seriously, discovering what macros are - "oh crap I should really start having protein shakes". Like many, I start your standard SL 5x5 regimine over the winter. I max out at 215x5 squat and 315x5 deadlift. God I love squats and deadlifts.
June - Liberty Olympic/International - 2:37. I ended up getting kicked in the face during the swim and losing my goggles. That sucked HARD.
July - Minneapolis Olympic/International - 2:34 - Shaved 9 minutes off my swim, but lost time on the bike due to terrible roads.
August - Waconia Half Ironman - 5:47 - Conditions were awful, high in mid 90s, heat index close to 100. This race will always be special to me because despite not hitting my goal time of 5:30, I managed to win my age group!
Turns out 30-34 year old males was a highly non-competitive group that year. If I was 35, I would have placed 6th; if I was 50, I would have placed 3rd. Better lucky than good!
2016:
This is where shit got real. With no kids (yet), I knew now was a good time to shoot for a Ironman (aka Full distance triathlon). I started really taking my food discipline seriously (got up to 190 pounds for the Half IM, down to 175 for the full). The plan - http://i.imgur.com/JCFLQcn.png?1
I have been training near non-stop for a year for this race. Biking indoors is a form of torture I would not wish upon my worst enemy. HIIT makes it more tolerable. By the time the snow melts, I can hammer out Half Ironmans every weekend no problem.
I'm way down on my lifting max scores, but my distances and pace keeps going up so I can't complain.
This summer sucked, I have to keep skipping (or leaving early) social engagements to sleep or workout. Every Saturday is wake up at 5am, and Bike/Run for 5-8 hours. Upside is I get to eat EVERYTHING. 6-10 thousand calorie days become 'normal'.
No other races this year. Everything builds up to the big day: Ironman Wisconsin. I could write for days, but I'll just say that anyone who says that they got something they worked incredibly hard for and felt empty or underwhelmed afterwards is an idiot. I was bawling manly tears of pride as I crossed that finish line, knowing that I put everything on the line for an entire year for a (relatively stupid) singular goal. And I CRUSHED IT.
Goal Time - Actual Time
The swim was more wrestling match than swim. I highly recommend going on Youtube and searching for "In-water Mass Start". Terrifying and amazing.
Bike goes better than expected. The dreaded "Hills of Greater Madison" aren't so bad. I was able to hit 47.5 mph going down a hill. Passing people with 10-13 thousand dollar bikes is an amazing feeling. A common joke in cycling & triathlon is a "dentist bike". Someone with too much money and not enough time to really use it.
I muscle through the run. I realized I had a shot of breaking 11 hours after a better-than-expected bike, so I started faster than my goal time. Started cramping hard at mile 14, was not pretty. My salt supplements saved me from a total breakdown, but I knew I had to pull back my pace.
What's next? A lot of liquor and naps.
submitted by Evil_Rob to running [link] [comments]


2016.09.13 14:22 Evil_Rob From Raid Leader to Ironman - My 6 year fitness journey

Trigger Warning: Cardio
Good morning /Fitness! I've been up since 4 with a fantastic soreness from my Ironman, and I wanted to share my journey of how I got here. I'll try to keep it short, but I'm summarizing 6 years, so apologies if this rambles on.
TLDR Album: http://imgur.com/a/7C1LD
I'd been "Comfortably overweight" my entire adult life (200-220 on a 6'2" frame). Not too heavy to be a real problem, but never fit enough to be particularly good at anything. I played sports (soccer, tennis) through high school, never well but never the worst. I was pretty comfortable being the super-nerd that I was. I also was in Marching Band through college and once again, while I wasn't winning any prizes, I still was better than a lot of people, which was good enough for me.
Eventually I entered the "Real World", and became incredibly sedentary. My weight ballooned and my ability to participate in day-to-day life suffered. My free time was taken up by World of Warcraft as several of my coworkers were into it. We had a fairly decent raiding guild (never got server firsts, but top third. Duelist in Arena), and while I had the phattest loot I eventually burned out.
At this point I got a promotion and was going to be traveling for work Monday->Friday, and I saw what happens to people when they can expense their dinners, and I didn't want that to be me. At this point I was 230 pounds (just shy of Obese), and wanting to make a change. (Let's be honest, there was a girl involved, but losing weight didn't save that.)
2010: Guess what? if you eat less and move more, you lose weight! Nothing fancy, just started counting my calories, max of 1500 per weekday, and 2 hours at the Hotel gym M-Th. 1 hour of spastic, aimless strength training, and 1 hour on the elliptical. Despite excessive drinking on the weekends, the weight melted off 1.5-2 pounds per week. Once you set a hard limit on calories you will immediately start eating better (FRIES HAVE HOW MANY CALORIES?!?!).
Tips for success: No matter your weight, you can sit/spin on the elliptical forever and not need recovery time. Don't try running too early.
I made a rule that I could only watch TV while on the elliptical. I watched the entirety of "The Wire", "Mad Men", and most of "Breaking Bad" there. Fantastic way to motivate yourself.
Down 40 pounds, gained 10 during Thanksgiving->Christmas, but "I deserved it".
2011:
Nothing special. Got to 180 pounds, hitting my minus-50 goal. Rest of the year was in "Don't get fat again" mode.
2012:
Started biking to work a lot, but still just working crazy and not getting fat again. Started dating my now-wife, and she ran a Half Marathon, which inspired me to learn how to run. At this point I could not run a mile without collapsing into a worthless wheezing mess. So of course I say "6 months from 0 to Marathon is a reasonable timeframe". BAD IDEA I DO NOT RECOMMEND!
I started following Hal Higdon based off friends recommendations. http://halhigdon.com/training/51137/Marathon-Novice-1-Training-Program. This worked really well. Basically my advice for anyone getting into running, start with Couch-to-5k, then graduate to Hal.
2013:
March - Get Lucky Half Ironman - 1:43 (7:53/mile). May - Massive knee pain, turns out to be Bursitis. Followed by Ibuprofen and rest.
June - Grandmas Marathon - Limped into a 4:09 finish (9:33/mile). Afterwards I could barely walk. Going up stairs required bracing myself against the wall and catching my breath. But damn I was proud.
October - Monster Dash Half Ironman - 1:34 (7:14/mile). After some time to recovery, I wanted to do another race, and was happy I could improve my speed in such a short time.
This whole time I'm still ~180 pounds, enjoying eating a ton.
2014:
Now I said to myself "Let's do this right". http://halhigdon.com/training/51140/Marathon-Intermediate-2-Training-Program
Training went amazing, so I stupidly flew to close to the sun on Race day, thinking I could qualify for Boston. If you look at the splits you can see where I broke. Lesson 2: Slow miles over no miles. Still had an awesome finish of 3:27 (7:57/mile)
2015:
"Well, what now".
I've always enjoyed cycling, and continued commuting occasionally during this whole time. So doing a Triathlon was an obvious next step. Took swimming lessons over the winter - HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. The plan - http://i.imgur.com/H5dv0bz.png
At this point I finally start taking my strength training seriously, discovering what macros are - "oh crap I should really start having protein shakes". Like many, I start your standard SL 5x5 regimen over the winter. I max out at 215x5 squat and 315x5 deadlift. God I love squats and deadlifts.
I also bought a fairly decent bike - Felt AR3 (cost $2k), and threw some clamp-on Aero bars. Lesson 3: Aero bars are AMAZING. Without any practice you go up a gear instantly.
June - Liberty Olympic/International - 2:37. I ended up getting kicked in the face during the swim and losing my goggles. That sucked HARD.
July - Minneapolis Olympic/International - 2:34 - Shaved 9 minutes off my swim, but lost time on the bike due to terrible roads.
August - Waconia Half Ironman - 5:47 - Conditions were awful, high in mid 90s, heat index close to 100. This race will always be special to me because despite not hitting my goal time of 5:30, I managed to win my age group!
Turns out 30-34 year old males was a highly non-competitive group that year. If I was 35, I would have placed 6th; if I was 50, I would have placed 3rd. Better lucky than good!
2016:
This is where shit got real. With no kids (yet), I knew now was a good time to shoot for a Ironman (aka Full distance triathlon). I started really taking my food discipline seriously (got up to 190 pounds for the Half IM, down to 175 for the full). The plan - http://i.imgur.com/JCFLQcn.png?1
Biking indoors is a form of torture I would not wish upon my worst enemy. HIIT makes it more tolerable. By the time the snow melts, I can hammer out Half Ironmans every weekend no problem.
I'm way down on my lifting max scores, but my distances and pace keeps going up so I can't complain.
This summer sucked, I have to keep skipping (or leaving early) social engagements to sleep or workout. Every Saturday is wake up at 5am, and Bike/Run for 5-8 hours. Upside is I get to eat EVERYTHING. 6-10 thousand calorie days become 'normal'.
No other races this year, and I have been training near non-stop for a year for this race. Everything builds up to the big day: Ironman Wisconsin. I could write for days, but I'll just say that anyone who says that they got something they worked incredibly hard for and felt empty or underwhelmed afterwards is an idiot. I was bawling manly tears of pride as I crossed that finish line, knowing that I put everything on the line for an entire year for a (relatively stupid) singular goal. And I CRUSHED IT.
Goal Time - Actual Time
The swim was more wrestling match than swim. I highly recommend going on Youtube and searching for "In-water Mass Start". Terrifying and amazing.
Bike goes better than expected. The dreaded "Hills of Greater Madison" aren't so bad. I was able to hit 47.5 mph going down a hill. Passing people with 10-13 thousand dollar bikes is an amazing feeling. A common joke in cycling & triathlon is a "dentist bike". Someone with too much money and not enough time to really use it.
I muscle through the run. I realized I had a shot of breaking 11 hours after a better-than-expected bike, so I started faster than my goal time. Started cramping hard at mile 14, was not pretty. My salt supplements saved me from a total breakdown, but I knew I had to pull back my pace.
What's next? A lot of liquor and naps.
submitted by Evil_Rob to Fitness [link] [comments]


2016.09.08 22:32 n609mike Fun cheap sports car I can tinker with

I can easily spend up to $10,000. I'm pretty stuck on a convertible. I like smaller cars but 4 seats could be nice. I have a few young kids who would love to drive around with me but we already bought them a suburban so this is more for me and my wife to take turns driving to work, date nights, etc. Realistically repairable by an above average DIYer. I tend to be very good at fixing items before they break. I'm in Madison Wisconsin so something FWD could extend its use but renting a garage for winter is easy enough.
I would like it fast but fun is more important than speed. I feel Miatas and Solaras aren't really cool. Thinking of a late 90's Boxster. I have seen a few for under $7500 and their are several independent porsche repair places near me. Very open to other cars. There is a high mileage BMW M3 available here but that seems a bit faster than I need.
I used to own a 2004 Mustang V6 convertible and that was fun but had pretty low quality interior. I rented a 2015 mustang conv and loved it but that is way out of my price. I really liked driving/owning a 84 scirroco, a 86 celica, 1996 200sx but that was about 20 or so years ago. Thanks
submitted by n609mike to whatcarshouldIbuy [link] [comments]


2016.08.18 08:09 Euronotus Dianmu (South China Sea)


IMPORTANT NOTE: While the Japan Meteorological Agency currently classifies this system as a tropical storm, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center is still classifying it as a tropical depression due to differing analysis methods. For easier monitoring, we have created an official thread for this system instead of placing it inside the weekly outlook thread, as we are trying to refrain from creating threads for tropical depressions.
The forecast used used in this thread is from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, which has a slightly better format. Please be advised that forecast maximum sustained winds used in the forecast are for one-minute increments, as opposed to the ten-minute measurements used by the Japan Meteorological Agency.  

Japan Meteorological Agency Advisory Advisory (NHC Mirror) 18 August @ 18:00 UTC
Joint Typhoon Warning Center Advisory Graphic 18 August @ 15:00 UTC Warning #03
 

  Tropical Depression 11W (Dianmu) continues to increase speed in the South China Sea as it re-emerges   in the Beibu Gulf after crossing the Guangdong Peninsula. Terrain influence and marginal conditions in   this region are preventing the system from reorganizing and the storm is expected to make landfall in   northern Vietnam within 24 hours.  

Hour Date Time Intensity Winds Latitude Longitude Pressure Movement
UTC JTWC 1-min/kt ºN ºE millibars degrees/knots
00 18 Aug 12:00 Tropical Depression 25 20.8 109.6 998 265 / 16
12 19 Aug 00:00 Tropical Depression 30 20.7 108.1
24 19 Aug 12:00 Tropical Depression (Inland) 30 20.7 106.2
36 20 Aug 00:00 Tropical Depression (Inland) 25 21.0 103.5
48 20 Aug 12:00 Post-tropical Cyclone (Inland) 20 21.5 100.6
72 21 Aug 12:00 Dissipated
 
10-min 00 30 34 48 56 64 73 84 99 120
NHC TD TS H1 H2 H3 H4 H5
JMA TD TS STS TY
01-min 00 34 38 55 64 72 83 96 113 137
NHC TD TS H1 H2 H3 H4 H5
JMA TD TS STS TY
 

Floater Imagery Source Updates
Visible Loop NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
Shortwave Infrared Loop   NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
Multispectral Loop NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
Enhanced Infrared Loop NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
Microwave Loop Cooperative Institute for METSAT Studies Dynamically
 
Regional Imagery Source Updates
Infrared Loop NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
Water Vapor Loop NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
 
Miscellaneous   Source Updates
Miscellaneous Naval Research Laboratory Dynamically
Miscellaneous University of Wisconsin-Madison Dynamically
 

Other Data Source Updates
Sea Surface Temperatures NOAA Office of Satellite & Product Operations Dynamically
Storm Surface Winds Analysis NOAA Satellite and Information Service Manually (18 August @ 18:00 UTC)
Weather Tools KMZ file Google Earth Blog Dynamically
Aircraft Reconnaissance Data Tropical Tidbits Dynamically
 

Source Updates
Track Guidance Tropical Tidbits Dynamically
Intensity Guidance Tropical Tidbits Dynamically
GEFS Ensemble Tropical Tidbits Dynamically
GEPS Ensemble Tropical Tidbits Dynamically
Track/Intensity Guidance University of Albany Dynamically
Track/Intensity Guidance National Center for Atmospheric Research Dynamically
submitted by Euronotus to TropicalWeather [link] [comments]


2016.08.09 21:19 Euronotus Conson (Western Pacific)



Last Updated 11:30 UTC / 14 August 2016
Sources Product Update Time
Japan Meteorological Agency AdvisoryNHC Mirror 15 Aug @ 06:00 UTC
Joint Typhoon Warning Center AdvisoryGraphic 15 Aug @ 09:00 UTCWarning #25
 

Tropical Storm Conson continues to move north-northwestward and has accelerated to a forward speed of 27 knots. The well-defined and tightly-wound low-level circulation center has become stretched as a result of strong vertical wind shear and interaction with the mid-latitude baroclinic zone.
The storm is currently undergoing extratropical transition and is expected to complete this transition within 24 hours. Sea surface temperatures continue to drop with increasing latitude.
 

Hour Date Time Intensity Winds Latitude Longitude Pressure Movement
UTC JTWC 1-min/kt ºN ºE millibars degrees/knots
00 14 Aug 06:00 Tropical Storm 40 38.2 149.6 990 330 / 27
12 14 Aug 18:00 Tropical Storm 40 42.6 147.1
24 15 Aug 06:00 Post-tropical Cyclone 35 46.7 146.1
 
10-min 00 30 34 48 56 64 73 84 99 120
NHC TD TS H1 H2 H3 H4 H5
JMA TD TS STS TY
01-min 00 34 38 55 64 72 83 96 113 137
NHC TD TS H1 H2 H3 H4 H5
JMA TD TS STS TY
 

Floater Imagery Source Updates
Visible Loop NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
Shortwave Infrared Loop   NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
Multispectral Loop NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
Enhanced Infrared Loop NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
Microwave Loop Cooperative Institute for METSAT Studies Dynamically
 
Regional Imagery Source Updates
Infrared Loop NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
Water Vapor Loop NOAA Satellite & Information Service Dynamically
 
Miscellaneous   Source Updates
Miscellaneous Naval Research Laboratory Dynamically
Miscellaneous University of Wisconsin-Madison Dynamically
 

Other Data Source Updates
Sea Surface Temperatures NOAA Office of Satellite & Product Operations Dynamically
Storm Surface Winds Analysis NOAA Satellite and Information Service Manually (14 Aug, 06:00 UTC)
Weather Tools KMZ file Google Earth Blog Dynamically
Aircraft Reconnaissance Data Tropical Tidbits Dynamically
 

Source Updates
Track Guidance Tropical Tidbits Dynamically
Intensity Guidance Tropical Tidbits Dynamically
GEFS Ensemble Tropical Tidbits Dynamically
GEPS Ensemble Tropical Tidbits Dynamically
Track/Intensity Guidance University of Albany Dynamically
Track/Intensity Guidance National Center for Atmospheric Research Dynamically
submitted by Euronotus to TropicalWeather [link] [comments]


2016.06.23 04:06 Throwaway420regret Ticketed for Marijuana possesion and want to put this all behind me. Unclear about concequences/further action

About a month ago, I was pulled over for speeding (~10mph over). During which "interview" the officer suspected the existence of Marijuana I had JUST purchased that night. It was a small amount (a little over a gram), and was issued a fine, with the ordinance violated being 9.961.41 (3g) (e). State is Wisconsin. I have a court date June 28th, in which I was planning on attending not to fight (as I was forthcoming about my possession), and that I want to put this whole chapter behind me (if it's any consolation, I actually do. I was going through a rough part of my life and im over it). Since this is purely an ordinance violation (as far as I'm aware, it isnt criminal), I was wondering a few things;
1) how will this ticket effect my record, my job seeking in the future, and my current acceptance to UW Madison
2) will I be placed under probation/have any follow up punishments after my court date and my fine of $439 is paid
3) will this show up under my car insurance, as it was car related (although I am stupid, im not stupid enough to drive under the influence).
4) how should I plead/deal with my court case ( i was, up until this point, planning on not contesting the case, and simply apoligizing for my idiotic decision making)
Any and all advice/knowledge/input is much appreciated. Thank you.
submitted by Throwaway420regret to legaladvice [link] [comments]


2016.03.31 18:04 EricHangingOut NBA City Free Agency Power Rankings

[Very long, but I know you have nothing better to do] [EDIT: Tried to fix formatting. And for those who live in terrible places - take a joke!]
When NBA players reach the rare points of their careers when they actually have the unfettered discretion to choose where they want to live and play basketball, they choose different places for different reasons. Where would he have the best opportunity to contend for a championship? Who can pay him the most money? Where can he be the number one option and play the way he wants to play? Who has the best coach and front office? Which city has the best weather? Which city has the best clubs? The best strip clubs? Proximity to models? Proximity to Kardashians? Where did he grow up?
Recently, every slight compliment that Kevin Durant bestows on a team or a town leads to wild speculation of where he will play next season. As the biggest free agent since Lebron took his talents to South Beach in 2010 and since he took his somewhat fading talents back to Lake Erie in 2014, there is good reason to speculate about KD’s future. In all likelihood, his carefully crafted decision will lead to five years of playing for the Larry O’Brien trophy no matter which jersey he dons.
The complexities of the Collective Bargaining Agreement, the increasing intelligence of most front offices in the league (sorry Sacramento), and the ability to be marketable from anywhere in a globalized economy have changed the way that players make decisions. It is no longer about forcing yourself to the biggest market, which historically, have been the places where a player was most likely to win. A monstrous television deal that will only increase in the next couple of years has leveled the playing field. As has a CBA where a team actually has to plan and make smart decisions to manage their salary cap situation.
But let’s pretend that it’s just about the city and the history of the franchise (but not the active basketball operations, coach and players. So – for example – we can say Michael Jordan played there! But, we cannot factor in Fred Hoiberg, the general current management of the team or the fact that you can play with Jimmy Butler). All else being equal – which NBA locations/teams are the most attractive to NBA players? Remember, we are looking at this from the perspective of young millionaires.
BIG CITY, BRIGHT LIGHTS:
Los Angeles Lakers
It used to be like the rap wars of the mid-1990s. East Coast or West Coast? Biggie or Pac? New York or L.A.? Los Angeles had Hollywood opportunities (What if I told you that you get play a 7 foot genie, star alongside Francis Capra and Da Brat and be directed by the genius behind The Cutting Edge and three episodes of Miami Vice?) Jack Nicholson watching courtside, young actresses (and aspiring ones) flooding the Forum Club and then Hyde at the Staples Center. You could have a mansion in Beverly Hills or on the Strand in Manhattan Beach. A player could enjoy the finest well-done steaks at Mastro’s.
Or you could live in a Park Avenue penthouse. Give high-fives to Jay-Z. Get your boy a guest spot on Law & Order SVU. 4:00 a.m. nights with models in Tribeca and SOHO. And most importantly, being in the center of the media universe could make you as marketable as…Patrick Ewing?
But times have changed. In the age of Twitter and Vine, League Pass, and nationally televised games, no matter where you are, players don’t needNew York. They don’t need L.A. But they still want L.A. The perfect weather and the pull of Hollywood, which remains the epicenter of the entertainment industry. A place where you can blend in and be afforded a little more privacy because residents are more excited by encounters with Jax fromVanderpump Rules.
Los Angeles remains the place where you can play for one of the two most storied teams in the league, while being able to roll along Pacific Coast Highway in a convertible maroon Bentley on a 78 degree January afternoon.
It is the Lakers history that puts L.A. at the top. Veterans grew up watching the late Magic years. Younger players grew up watching the Kobe-Shaq dynasty or the Kobe-Pau years. The games under the Showtime lighting, framed yellow jerseys and 16 championship banners just feel different. It is one thing to be an NBA player. It is a whole other to be a Laker.
Miami Heat
It’s pretty much Los Angeles, but with the occasional hurricane, worse humidity, and Cuban telenovelas instead of big-budget motion pictures. Miami still has the beach and the clear and beautiful warm waters of South Florida. NBA players love neon lights and other bright shit, making South Beach a favorite. There are the palm trees and the waterfront mansions. A player can still date models. Prime 112 has tempura lobster (A Jalen Rose favorite).
Alonzo Mourning and the late 1990s teams brought legitimacy to a new organization. Dwyane Wade and Pat Riley turned them into a premiere franchise and Lebron and the big-three era catapulted the Heat to arguably becoming the most marquee NBA franchise, other than the Lakers and Spurs, in the post-Jordan era.
Also, in case you forgot every Cribs episode, never underestimate an NBA player’s adoration for Scarface.
BIG CITY, NOT AS BRIGHT LIGHTS:
Los Angeles Clippers
Basically the Lakers, but with selfies hanging inside Staples instead of championship banners and nostalgia for Eric Piatkowski instead of Magic Johnson.
The trash organization gained legitimacy when the NBA evicted their slumlord owner and brought in a tech billionaire whose products are not used by a single person in Los Angeles, most of whom are working on Broad City spec scripts at their local coffee shop.
The marketability factor is still present with opportunities for players to be the king of insurance or mid-tier Korean family sedans.
It’s still Los Angeles and a player can always go out on Sunset and pretend he is on the Lakers.
New York Knicks
We pretend the Knicks are the unheralded kings of free agency. That everyone dreams of playing at the Garden and living in New York. But unless you grew up in the five boroughs - no one liked Ewing, Starks, Oak and Anthony Mason (RIP). Most NBA players would not know if Bernard King played on the Knicks between 1983-1987 or 1963-1967. The oldest active player in the NBA (the professor, Andre Miller) was born approximately three years AFTER the Knicks last won an NBA championship. Sorry, the Knicks aren’t a premiere NBA organization. And this is without even mentioning James Dolan.
And - contrary to popular opinion - New York City is not the premiere place to live if you are an NBA superstar. A player would rather live in a sprawling 8,000 square foot mansion with a regulation sized basketball court, shark tank, nine-hole golf course, and a Ritz Carlton quality pool than pay $10 million for a 2,000 square foot apartment or brownstone.
Your average NBA player would rather eat at The Cheesecake Factory than the awesome hole-in-the-wall Pho spot or David Chang’s latest Michelin rated restaurant.
NBA players aren’t known to spend Saturday afternoons strolling the Museum of Modern Art or checking out trendy and provocative performance art projects in Bushwick warehouses.
It isn’t 1981, so nearly every NBA city has some semblance of nightlife where a player can enjoy a bottle of Dom P, VIP area, and have a flock of jersey-chasers clamoring for attention.
NBA players don’t fuck with the Subway.
New York is really cold during approximately 80% of the NBA regular season.
But even though I spent approximately 300 words shitting on New York, it’s still New York. Just ask JR Smith.
[NOTE – THIS ABOVE PARAGRAPH DOES NOT APPLY TO YOU IF YOU ARE MARRIED TO LA LA].
Brooklyn Nets
The team’s history is buried in a swamp in New Jersey. The legacy of the team since it has moved to Brooklyn centers around former stars who were collective decades removed from their primes.
NBA players are not Lena Dunham.
It’s still New York, but not quite.
Basically the New York Clippers.
Having a Russian Oligarch multi-billionaire for an owner is pretty cool.
NOT L.A. OR MIAMI, BUT THE WEATHER IS NICE
Houston Rockets
It’s hot. There is good food and lots of chain restaurants. Huge houses for cheap and no state taxes. Paul Wall, Mike Jones (who?) and Chamillionaire were at the height of their popularity when most of these guys were in junior high and high school.
Hakeem might help you with your footwork.
Allegedly, great strip clubs.
Dallas Mavericks
It’s hot. There are quality steakhouses and lots of chain restaurants. Huge houses for cheap and no state taxes. Unfortunately, no strong rap history.
No one to help you with your footwork, but Cuban provides the best perks (remember when he put a Playstation 2 in every player’s locker back in 2002?)
A lot of players are Dallas Cowboys fans because they are front-running assholes who grew up with the Irvin, Emmett and Aikman teams.
Allegedly, great strip clubs.
And if Chandler Parsons chose to play there you know it is a good time.
Phoenix Suns
It’s really hot. There are lots of chain restaurants. Huge houses for cheap, but there are state taxes. Unfortunately, no strong rap history.
NBA players treat Phoenix as if it is a distant suburb of Los Angeles.
Few models, but plenty of surgically enhanced cleavage and Arizona State Coeds.
More NBA players than you think golf.
Pool parties where players can wear socks, rubber Nike sandals, and two pairs of oversized basketball shorts.
The Steve Nash teams revolutionized basketball and rescued the NBA from the 84-79 point games era. Barkley took them to the Finals against Jordan and maybe a player can get invited to his poker game (hope he makes a max-level salary!)
Orlando Magic
Players have been known to live on lakes and jet-ski to each other’s houses to play Madden, which sounds like exactly the kind of life I would have liked to have led when I was 17.
The weather is really nice and it’s almost tropical.
It’s basically Miami, but rednecks instead of Latin people and New York retirees, lakes instead of the ocean, and strip malls and Disney World instead of any semblance of nightlife. Those D12 teams were underrated (beat Lebron in his prime), but no one has ever said “Dwight Howard did it, so you know it is a good idea.” Some goodwill remains from the Penny-Shaq era. Everyone forgets that T-Mac and Grant Hill played here.
THE CITIES THAT SHOULD BE HIGHER
Atlanta Hawks
It is a mystery why Atlanta is not a more popular NBA city. You would think Atlanta would be at the center of the Venn diagram of where rappers and NBA players want to live. But apparently, NBA players don’t care too much about fraternizing with 2 Chainz, Outkast, Ludacris, Jermaine Dupri, Gucci Mane, Lil Jon, and Young Jeezy.
It isn’t San Diego, but the weather is nice. The food is good. You can buy a Southern estate for about the price of a condo in Inglewood. You might be able to get a cameo on The Real Housewives of Atlanta.
Freaknik is in Atlanta, even though its heyday has long since passed.
It’s at the top of the list of where traveling NBA players play like shit. Atlanta has arguably the best clubs of NBA cities that are not Los Angeles, New York, or Miami.
Of course, I have to bring up The Gold Club, where you can feel free to hang around a little bit and talk to them, then leave.
It’s one of the two major African-American metropoles in the country.
Highlights of the Hawks history are basically limited to the 2015 team getting swept in the conference finals, that time Joe Johnson hit a three, and Dominique Wilkins almost (he should have) beating MJ in the 1988 dunk contest. Maybe that’s why guys don’t want to play here.
Washington Wizards
Affectionately nicknamed Chocolate City.
But basketball has really never mattered in DC outside of Georgetown hoops.
THEY ARE REALLY GOOD AT BASKETBALL, BUT THAT’S ABOUT IT:
San Antonio Spurs
What would San Antonio be without the Spurs? The answer is El Paso. No one wants to live in El Paso.
This is a good reminder that this list does not consider the strength of the present-day organization, but it does factor in the history of the organization.
Therefore, the Spurs get a bump for having five titles, four of which no one cares much about. There’s a better chance of Fox News covering a Bernie Sanders rally than Hardwood Classics ever airing a game from the New Jersey Nets and San Antonio Spurs 2003 Finals.
San Antonio is, in essence, Dallas or Houston, but they tend to fare worse in the most obese cities rankings, more residents speak Spanish, and the chain restaurants are next to a dirty river.
I am not sure any NBA players remember the Alamo.
REMEMBER THAT WE ARE NOT FACTORING IN STEPH CURRY:
Golden State Warriors
Two years ago you would probably agree with this placement. Now you probably think I am insane, stupid or both.
But in my completely arbitrary and not very well contemplated rules for this exercise, you don’t get to factor in playing with Steph and company, but you do get to factor in the insane current popularity of the franchise, which has been propelled by Steph and company. So – ummm – make sense?
Until this ongoing Warriors run, Golden State was akin to Milwaukee west.
The years of Run TMC were all too brief and the most prominent superstar (before Steph) claimed by this franchise shot free throws underhand and is widely regarded as the most despised Top-50 player and champion in league history.
And as much as tech-bros are popularizing Northern California, NBA players aren’t exactly swayed by the most European of NBA cities. Other than Boris Diaw and Tony Parker, not many NBA guys would enjoy a nice red at a sidewalk café on a foggy San Francisco afternoon and coordinate team day-trips to Napa.
BIG CITIES, SHIT IT’S COLD:
Chicago Bulls
The greatest of all-time wore number 23. No NBA team’s identity is as much ingrained in the image of a single player. The Lakers are the Lakers even without one of Kareem, West, Wilt, Magic, Shaq, or Kobe. The Celtics are the Celtics even without one of Bill Russell, Bird, KG, or Pierce.
The Bulls are the Timberwolves without Jordan. MJ has rewritten the history of the franchise so extensively that people forget that they were one of the league’s most dogshit franchises when they drafted Jordan out of North Carolina.
To play in Chicago is to follow in Jordan’s footsteps, but unfortunately, the shadow he casts is so large that players are hesitant to fill those Air Jordan’s. Lebron – allegedly – scoffed when Chicago’s pitch to him in 2010 was exactly that. The Bulls sent him a pair of Jordans with an accompanying message: “Do you dare to fill these shoes?” We know how he answered. “Fuck no!” And that seems to be the attitude that modern superstars hold.
Why would I go to a team where – no matter what I do and how many championships I win – I’ll never be Michael?
Chicago is the pride of the prairie. It’s the grandest American city outside of L.A. or NYC. But it is also the windy city and the most frigid big city in the country, where gusts off of Lake Michigan will literally pain your bones. Unless you are an opera connoisseur, it doesn’t hold much appeal over many of the NBA’s mid-sized cities.
There’s a reason in Kanye West’s Good Life, he raps: “The good life, it feel like Atlanta, it feel like L.A., it feel like Miami. It feel like N.Y., summertime Chi, ahhh, now throw your hands up in the sky.”
Summertime Chi. As in – great place to play for the Cubs! But stay the fuck away during the NBA season.
Boston Celtics
How can the team with the most championships in NBA history be as low as 15? Why are the Celtics ranked below the Bulls when they have 11 more titles?
Because even though Boston has the richest basketball history in the NBA, it also has - well - Boston history. Just ask Bill Russell about that.
Even if Boston is a more friendly city to African-Americans in 2016 than the city was in 1966, it still has never been a free agent destination. The recent Big 3 era was orchestrated via trades rather than free agency, even if KG ultimately agreed to join Pierce and Jesus Shuttlesworth to win his first and only ring. But he was apprehensive, even calling Bill Russell to seek advice.
Boston is a tremendous place to live, to go to college or graduate school, to be Irish, and the optimal place to be if you’re a fan of the Dropkick Murphy’s, where bagpipe-punk ballads are bar staples on far more than just St. Patrick’s Day.
Memories of the Garden and Bird and the other several hall-of-famers certainly serves as a strong recruiting factor.
But when New England poet Robert Frost poses the question about two roads diverged in a yellow wood, the NBA millionaire is not going to choose either road that leads to the frigid Boston winters, no matter how pretty the foliage when the season begins.
Toronto Raptors
It is Canada. Which is not the United States. Which means it is a pain in the ass to deal with currency conversion. And you have to file taxes (which are higher in Canada) in two separate countries.
Toronto is possibly the most metropolitan and lively large North American city outside of New York. Because I have not been to Toronto as an adult, I Googled the best clubs in the city to get a feel for how well those Canada nights complement the life of an NBA star. Number one as of July 2015 was Uniun, which sounds like a failing Vegas club at New York, New York, which not so successfully attempts to emulate some chic Manhattan spot. Here is the description: “Owned by the Ariana Grande of the Toronto club scene, Charles Khabouth…” So yeah, apparently a Lebanese Canadian club owner and hotelier in his fifties is the Ariana Grande of the Toronto club scene. Makes sense.
Some other Union gems:
BEERS ON TAP: None, but bottles of Heineken, Coors, Corona, and Molson Canadian.
BAR SNACKS: None as of yet.
WHO GOES THERE: Dressed-up fans of electronic music, beautiful people in their 20s and 30s.
That place sounds TERRIBLE. I bet Jonas Valanciunas has a standing table reservation.
In Toronto, English is still the primary language. While perhaps too similar to the Bratislava clubs in Eurotrip, there are numerous nightlife options. There is an abundance of diversity. Most importantly for NBA players, there is a Benihana!
But it is cold. Really cold. Like colder than Boston, Chicago or New York cold. And if you’re learning anything from this list, it’s that NBA players do not like being in the cold. Which is a primary reason that the Western Conference has been dominant for two decades.
Even if NBA players have a debaucherous time on the road when traveling up to The North - it’s hard to shake the perceptions that are formed in childhood. And nearly every NBA player grew up thinking of Canada, even places like Toronto, as an uninhabited frozen wasteland with the occasional igloo and Eskimo.
Three years ago Toronto would be ten spots lower on this list, but it’s helpful to have your ambassador and biggest celebrity fan be the most popular rapper on the planet. Drake might be worth more to this franchise than Lebron is worth to Cleveland.
MEMPHIS:
Memphis Grizzlies
It’s a smaller town than the warmer cities listed above and the weather is less desirable. It’s one of the top cities for BBQ in the country, and perhaps, the best of any NBA city. Beale Street is apparently fun.
It is more of a blue-collar city than NBA players typically prefer, but at least it is not in the Rust Belt.
It is rated higher than similarly sized and geographically located cities Charlotte and New Orleans because the grit & grind era gave Memphis a distinct basketball identity that resonates with fans. The three most exhilarating things currently in the NBA are Russell Westbrook attacking the rim at full speed, Steph Curry pulling up from 40 and the Memphis PA system bumping Whoop That Trick during a crucial fourth quarter playoffs timeout.
If only NBA players were bigger fans of Elvis.
THE GREAT OUTDOORS:
Portland Trailblazers
The last remaining frontier of professional basketball in the Great American Northwest. Portland, as a city, has undergone a surge of popularity among America’s twenty-somethings, inspiring such articles as the Washington Post’s Why quirky Portland is winning the battle for young college grads.
Oregon has lakes, streams, rivers, trees and picturesque mountains. It also has one of America’s most infamous foodie scenes and thousands of clones of young Bill Walton, albeit the political and socially-conscious new anti-yuppies of Portland lack The Big Redhead’s size and athletic ability. But riding a fixie bike does keep those quads strong.
While natural scenic beauty and hiking have not historically been strong sellers to NBA free agents, Portland - or at least nearby Beaverton - does have one thing that turns the heads of young athletes…The Swoosh.
The Blazers also boast an NBA title, one of the better logo/color scheme combinations in professional sports, a devoted cult-like local following, and hall-of-famers across multiple generations.
If only it did not rain so fucking much.
Denver Nuggets
I’d personally rather live in Denver than any NBA city outside of Los Angeles, but I reckon I enjoy snowboarding, the mountains and IPAs more than your average professional basketball player.
My team-building strategy for the Nuggets would be to target all Euro stars and convince them that living in the mile high city is like residing in an eighties ski movie, which it probably is for Gallinari. Vail and Aspen are surely suitable stand-ins for the Swiss Alps.
I would also try to work on getting Kendrick Lamar a residency at Red Rocks.
Unfortunately, among the most forgotten teams and players from the eighties were the really fun Fat Lever and Alex English led scoring machines. Fresh in the minds of most players is Melo’s slow and painful mid-season exit and there’s no other recent period in Nuggets history which serves as a draw for free agents.
But once the NBA gets out of the weed regulation business and ceases testing for non-performance enhancing drugs and non-narcotics, you can go ahead and bump the Nugs up a spot or ten.
THE PROCESS:
Philadelphia 76ers
The city of brotherly love is the fifth largest United States city. But just because it is big doesn’t mean that there is anything notable about the town. No one talks about the restaurants or the bars or the museums or anything that has really happened since the 18th century. There is the liberty bell, so that’s cool? Most people only know about Philadelphia because of Ben Franklin book reports in fourth grade.
Alllen Iverson was just interviewed by Complex Magazine and said his favorite thing to do in Philly was go to TGI Fridays.
But people remember Dr. J and Moses Malone. And more recently, Allen Iverson had his best years in Philly and brought them to the Finals and I am not going to underestimate AI’s impact, as he is up there with Jordan as one of the most iconic and culturally transformative players to ever pick up an orange ball.
Too bad Sam Hinkie has worked his hardest to demolish a once proud franchise’s reputation.
At least Philadelphia is not Milwaukee or Detroit.
NICE CLIMATE, TOO REGIONAL:
New Orleans Pelicans
I don’t have a lot of history to go on here, since The Big Easy has been a permanent NBA town for about a decade.
It seems like a pleasant enough place to live. It is inexpensive. The cuisine is excellent. You can hear the best Jazz of your life on an unassuming street corner. You can legally walk down the street with a drink in your hand. You can legally gamble. No one seems to mind if you urinate outside a bar in the French Quarter at five in the morning. There are Southern mansions and a quieter life available in the burbs. Cash Money records reps the 504, but unfortunately, I’m not sure Lil Wayne carries the same weight in 2016 as he did when he ruled the aughts. There’s an NCIS here now.
The weather is mostly mild during the NBA season, but the worst natural disaster in United States history likely still looms large in player’s minds.
Even if it is home to Mardi Gras and is essentially the Vegas of the American South, it’s still a very small town and that historically has not played well with NBA dudes.
I just have the feeling it’s more likely for a player’s bachelor party than it is as a permanent residence. But New Orleans’ place on this list should be revisited in five or so years.
Charlotte Hornets
Everyone in Charlotte is a bank teller, financial analyst at a large commercial bank, works for the Federal Reserve or worships at the altar of Dale Earnhardt. I am surprised that the professional sports teams in the state don’t have a permanent 3 patched onto the breast of the team jerseys.
Charlotte is where SEC and ACC grads end up if they didn’t get jobs in Atlanta.
Other than middle-management at a regional office and NASCAR, when I think of Charlotte, one other thing comes to mind - college hoops. Jordan, Worthy, Stackhouse, Vince, Sheed and Dean Smith. Tar Heels versus Blue Devils.
Pro basketball has already died once in Charlotte, but was singlehandedly resurrected by the greatest basketball player of all-time who just so happened to be from the state. If MJ was raised in Detroit, L.A. or Chicago, the Charlotte Hornets would be the Seattle Sonics 2.0 or the Kansas City Jayhawks.
But every male between 30 and 35 years old, no matter where they grew up in the U.S., had a teal Hornets Starter Jacket. If the Hornets want to increase their free agency rankings, they need to go back to their early-to-mid 90s LJ and Zo throwback attire. They also need to make Grandmama the permanent mascot.
And at least for the next five to seven years - the front office can lure free agents with 50 yard line seats to see Cam Newton.
FACTORY TOWNS AND KIND OF A CALIFORNIA TOWN:
Detroit Pistons
The epicenter of the desolate remains of once proud American manufacturing. If you sign with the Pistons, they may be able to hook you up with a good deal on a Ford Explorer.
Living options are between a dilapidated warehouse in downtown Detroit or a 10,000 square foot mansion in a Pleasantville-esque suburb, which are similar to the Northside burbs of Chicago, but if Chicago itself no longer existed and it was even colder.
But the Pistons do well with adopting the persona of Detroit toughness. From the Bad Boys to the Billups-Rip-Tayshaun-Sheed-Ben Wallace squad.
So a player can feel good about being perceived as a badass, but will soon learn why everyone respects his toughness and resilience, he has to live in Detroit.
Sacramento Kings
It sounds appealing to work and live in the capital of California, until you realize that the capital of California is Sacramento.
The current Kings arena – Sleep Train (formerly Arco) – is located in a cow pasture.
The best thing about Sacramento is the approximate 100 mile distance to Lake Tahoe and 90 mile distance to San Francisco. When your best selling point is being located not that far away from better places, it does not speak all that highly about your city. Sacramento…at least we’re not Barstow.
The Maloof bros sold, so there is no longer access to free Vegas depravity.
The Webber-Bibby-Peja-Vlade years were fun, but the franchise has since slowly slid into complete chaos and incompetence.
They should just ditch the new digs and move to Orange County (which would immediately be a top three free agent destination), where players can live in Newport and Laguna Beach and not have to wait until retirement to hit on cougars at Javier’s.
Indiana Pacers
Reggie Miller scoring eight points in nine seconds and miming the choking sign to Spike Lee single-handedly keeps the Pacers out of the bottom of the barrel.
Aside from Hoosiers, Bobby Knight, Peyton Manning before the neck, Andrew Luck, Parks and Recreation, the beginning of The Jackson 5 and the non-NASCAR kind of racing, I don’t know much about Indiana. I know Notre Dame is in South Bend, but the Irish pretty much exist independently of the State.
Apparently you can fish there, which Roy Hibbert and Paul George taught us that a friendly team fishing expedition can heal deep wounds.
So…here we are. Indiana!
Cleveland Cavaliers
I’ll start with the obvious – if I was factoring in playing with Lebron, the Cavs would be near the top of these rankings. Although, Kevin Love and Kyrie Irving might argue differently.
Before Lebron Round One, the most iconic Cavs moment was Jordan nailing the double-pump, buzzer beating jumper in the 1989 playoffs and sending Craig Ehlo crying to his knees.
During the early Lebron years, the Cavs are most remembered for wilting twice in the playoffs and being subsequently deserted by The King for the number two squad on this list.
Cleveland rests on the shores of water so disgusting and polluted, that Lake Erie has caught on fire MULTIPLE times, including the 1969 Cuyohoga fire that played a major role in inspiring the formation of the EPA and the Clean Water Act of 1972. That same fire even had a cameo in Dr. Seuss’ The Lorax.
The stench of failure is so strong in Cleveland that the Indians were the franchise chosen to be featured in Major League. Other than Jim Brown, Otto Graham and Lebron, Roger Dorn is probably the city’s most treasured professional athlete.
At least there is the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, which is basically a Hard Rock Café without the food.
ONE DAY WE SHALL FIND OUT:
Oklahoma City Thunder
One of my good friends and former college roommates is from Oklahoma City. His dad is an incredibly nice and smooth man who happens to own an oil and gas business and whose world view is equally shaped by attending college in Austin in the 1970s. If he were so inclined, I’d let him frack in my living room.
Here is what he has to say about living in Oklahoma City: We may not have the beach and we may not have the mountains, but people sure smile and say hello when you pass them on the street.
While it may have warmth and friendly strangers, I don’t know if that is enough for NBA free agents. And until Durant and Westbrook are no longer in the Sooner State, we will not find out.
THAT KG FELLA WAS REAL TENACIOUS, DON’T YA KNOW?:
Minnesota Timberwolves
It is cold in Detroit. It is cold in Milwaukee. It is cold in Chicago. But only one United States city has an entire downtown system of enclosed pedestrian footbridges (Minneapolis Skyway System), so residents can walk in a climate-controlled environment year round. How fucking freezing does it have to be for a city to build an infrastructure so people never have to feel the outside air?
Minneapolis is one of the more underrated American cities, but that designation mostly applies between Memorial and Labor Day. A July day on Lake Minnetonka is a Kenny Powers wet dream.
But unless you’re an ice fishing enthusiast, there are better places for the young and absurdly rich to spend their winters.
It does not help that the most notable retired former Timberwolf is Wally Szczerbiak.
Light Beer and Sausages:
Milwaukee Bucks
Kareem played here, but after six seasons, forced a trade to the Lakers. In return, the Bucks received four guys I am certain you have never heard of. Oscar Robertson played here, but played the majority of his prime in Cincinnati. Ray Allen played here, but was traded after six and a half seasons along with a collection of spare parts for old Gary Payton (who left the next offseason) and Desmond Mason (who would play two more seasons for the Bucks). Expect to see the Bucks trade Giannis in three years for Deron Williams and Frank Kaminsky.
The Bucks did have one of the better forgotten runs in NBA history between the 1970 and 1974 seasons, where they won an average of nearly 61 games per year. Their 1971 championship run led by Kareem and The Big O was among the most dominant in history, where they went 12-2 through the playoffs including a finals sweep.
Most outside of Milwaukee forget that the Bucks’ success continued after Kareem and Oscar departed, when Sidney Moncrief led them to a decade of near excellence in the Reagan era. But their strong eighties teams have been greatly overshadowed by those great and better 76ers, Celtics and Pistons squads.
As for the rest of Wisconsin - it is shitty beer, the Packers, cheese, Madison and whatever the hell is going on in Manitowoc County.
The New Orleans Jazz Moved to Utah, Where They don’t Allow Music:
Utah Jazz
The State of Utah is about 61% Mormon and 91% white. Approximately 1.27% of the population is African-American. No other U.S. state that has an NBA team has a smaller African-American population.
If the Jazz could guarantee the NBA players/budding film producers that their projects would be admitted to Sundance, they might be able to field a dangerous team. A Baron Davis/Kobe/Lebron core could perhaps secure the 7th seed in the West.
The Jazz do boast a rich history and a rabid fan base. But the very smart and talented front office knows that they operate in Utah, so they are better served building through the draft, where you can retain players against their will.
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