Japanese international dating

Japan Dating

2014.05.16 16:21 Resumeblank Japan Dating

For questions and topics related to meeting and dating in Japan, or Japanese people abroad.
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2011.03.31 05:31 dwang19 CPOP: A music sharing community

Explore and share music produced by Chinese artists!
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2020.10.29 20:21 gofancyninjaworld The Making of One-Punch Man

The Making of One-Punch Man
Updated and edited from my Tumblr post of the same title.
It’s been a couple of years since Murata last streamed OPM and it’s occurred to me that there are quite a few fans who don’t know how OPM is created any longer. It’s not typical after all for a published manga to have multiple changes made.
But of course, OPM is anything but. It’s a living work that we’re watching take shape. So, to share with the bemused a bit of a guide to what’s going on. With great thanks to @the-nysh​ and @vibhavm​ for being generous with lending me images and pages for illustration!

Before Update

1. Storyboarding
The part we don’t see are the discussions that ONE and Murata have to lay out the story, although we used to get bits of where they were thinking of going as part of Murata’s streams, which sometimes led to fan suggestions being taken on board. At any rate, ONE prepares a storyboard for the chapter containing rough sketches, text, and notes on the action and portrayals of scenes. Sometimes, Murata would show them to us. A great example is on this page which shows ONE's storyboards alongside Murata's pencils.
Sometimes ONE uploads old story boards to his Twitter account, like this one:

From ONE's Twitter (https://twitter.com/ONE_rakugaki/status/1275580342389272577/photo/3). I don't know what I like better, the 8 nipples on the dog robot, or ONE's notes to Murata (at link) that the balls CE dropped weighed 50 kg each
2. Drawing
Murata is a bit of a traditionalist, working in pen and paper for his initial drawing. Once he’s done, he scans it onto the computer and passes it to his assistants to digitally edit, add backgrounds, lettering, and screen tones. E.g. (courtesy of @vibhavmhttps://www.tumblr.com/blog/view/vibhavm/613203404902252544)

Just inked

Post editing to digitally shade in flat black areas, add tones, shades, background buildings, and digital effects
Murata does not work from first to last page. He lays the entire work out in very rough pencil from start to finish, but once he's done that, he jumps backwards and forwards, using a progress sheet to keep track of where he and his assistants are. It’s why small inconsistencies are such a feature of new chapters. Back when he streamed live, sometimes viewers would catch those inconsistencies and bring it to his attention, but so it goes.

https://the-nysh.tumblr.com/post/176009310576/murata-stream-update-the-hero-strike-team-faces Each square is a page number (this update had 151 pages). Murata circles pages that he's done inking and puts a cross through pages his assistants have finished working on.
3. Uploading
Literally the moment his assistants complete the last page edits, Murata starts to upload the story, the chapter showing up anywhere from 4 hours to three days after uploading starts, depending on how big it is. The difficulty of uploading long chapters is why Murata has decided to cap the maximum size of any one update at 100 pages.
The updates are hosted on Shuiesha's Young Jump Web Comics, and are found here: https://tonarinoyj.jp/episode/13932016480028985383It's 100% free to read, but it's in Japanese only.
Update? What’s that? While One-Punch Man is published as chapters, it’s uploaded as updates which may or may not correspond to a single chapter. For example, chapter #38 ‘King’ took 5 updates (updates #49 - 53) and two months to complete. Chapters in turn get split or lumped for publication. That’s why there are two numbers for any given chapter, its update number (which is invariant) and its chapter number, which may change. Just to add spice, some archiving sites use their own numbering system (sorry).

After Update

I think the easiest way to consider the chapter that shows up online is something seen on academic journal pages: PREPRINT AHEAD OF PUBLICATION (in just those big words), letting people know that no matter what you read, the article can be changed. It’s an important thing to keep in mind for OPM.
All writers and artists edit. The difference with One-Punch Man is that we see a lot of the creation process that is normally hidden from us. In fact, Murata has cited the ability to change OPM as a key reason he wanted to work on it!
https://i.imgur.com/CISytmI.jpg
Visible editing is inevitable when something has been uploaded that hot. Especially because pages are drawn out of order, the days following an update usually see a few corrections or additions, e.g. in chapter 92, where Murata adds more context to Garou defying Gyoro-Gyoro: https://the-nysh.tumblr.com/post/174266486741/murata-stream-update-even-after-the-chapters
When it comes to publishing time, Murata and ONE go through the chapters again and there may be more extensive changes. See these from Volume 21 (via u/vibhavm) https://imgur.com/a/OQg1tZD.

G4 becomes just that much more menacing
Sometimes though the changes are so extensive that the entire chapter is scrapped. As of October 2020, Murata has scrapped 19 chapters. They’re not deleted but are archived here: https://tonarinoyj.jp/episode/13932016480029130874
As for the thousands of individual pages that Murata has altered/scrapped, they’re not lost either. So far, he’s self-published three doujins of them (and is pondering a fourth). They can be purchased from Alice Books and yes, they ship internationally: https://alice-books.com/item/show/2070-2
Keeping that in mind, here’s the takeaway. If you don’t like a chapter, you don’t like a chapter. That is always valid, no matter what stage it’s at. However, complaining about a chapter being changed is not valid. Until they are published manga on sale, the chapters are subject to change by definition. If that’s a problem for you, wait and buy the damn manga. Complaining about them changing is like being upset that a bag of peanuts contains nuts; as a bag of peanuts is intrinsically nutty, the pre-publication manga is intrinsically changeable.

Well that’s all very well but where do I find stuff?

1. Finalised version.
The published manga is the final version that will no longer change. It’s really good stuff and I highly recommend buying it if at all possible, either as physical copies or as e-copies. In English, OPM is sold via Viz ( https://www.viz.com/one-punch-man) Either way, it’s the best way to support this title. Nothing says ‘I love your work’ like ‘I’ve bought your work.’ Less legal, and hence subject to removal, mangasee uploads entire copies of the published manga when they become available (https://mangasee123.com/manga/Onepunch-Man).
2. Initial online chapters.
Viz publishes an initial translation of the online chapters within two weeks (usually less) of the update. The latest three chapters are always freely available: https://www.viz.com/shonenjump/chapters/one-punch-man. To read the full archive, as well as any other Shonen Jump titles, you need to subscribe to their reader service at $1.99 a month: https://www.viz.com/sj-offer Not being a subscriber myself, I do not know how they handle chapter edits. For a site that definitely does not update what initially gets uploaded, MangaPanda is your place: http://www.mangapanda.com/onepunch-man (yes, on Mangapanda, the mercenaries are still dead, Phoenixman tore his own suit off, and the monster ninjas are running around in the sewers naked). It makes it very useful for comparison purposes.
3. Most recent online version.
Viz's sporadic copyright strikes have definitely added to the complication of staying up to date if you don't read Japanese. If you do not read in English or French, Mangadex is still the definitive archive for OPM, often archiving more than one version. https://mangadex.org/title/7139/one-punch-man If you're reading this, you're probably looking for English. The best site I'm finding is Bato.to The link for the most complete chapter list is https://bato.to/series/79388 but the archive is badly fragmented with different groups uploading different bits of OPM, which is a nuisance. Otherwise, this Reddit has a decent archive if you search on the flair:MURATA CHAPTER (beware dead links).

Hope this was of interest to some! :)
submitted by gofancyninjaworld to OnePunchMan [link] [comments]


2020.10.29 18:07 ExternalSpeaker2646 What are your favorite parables, similes, metaphors or concepts from Buddhist teachings in your school that you find meaningful?

Hello everyone!
I am deeply touched by the profundity of Buddhism and I think there is great depth and beauty in the teachings of various Buddhist texts and schools.
I am a practitioner of Nichiren Buddhism as a member of the Soka Gakkai International (SGI), and the major concepts within Buddhist study in my practice derive from the Lotus Sutra, Nichiren Daishonin's writings, or the writings and interpretations of our three modern spiritual leaders: Tsunesaburo Makiguchi, Josei Toda and Daisaku Ikeda.
I'd like to share a few of my personal favorite concepts/metaphors/similes/parables that are emphasized in my school. These include:
"Winter always turns to spring" (In Japanese: 冬は必ず春となる): This concept has deeper roots in ancient Buddhist texts and commentaries, but this is the title of one of Nichiren Daishonin's writings, in which he writes, "Those who believe in the Lotus Sutra are as if in winter, but winter always turns to spring. Never, from ancient times on, has anyone seen or heard of winter turning back to autumn." In other words, no matter what situation you may find yourself in, through your own effort, and through applying the strategy of the Lotus Sutra, you can turn yourself around, and surmount obstacles in your life than can make you feel as if you are in winter.
"Cherry, plum, peach and damson" (In Japanese: 桜梅桃李): As we interpret this concept, just as flowers come in different varieties, so do human beings, but every human being can see the flower of their Buddha nature blossom. All human beings are capable of attaining Buddhahood in this lifetime.
"Turning poison into medicine" (In Japanese: 変毒為薬): This concept is especially emphasized in Nichiren Buddhism, but I think it has a longer history dating back to ancient Buddhist texts and commentaries. Human beings can transform the causes of their suffering, and make it something that gives them meaning or value.
"Human revolution" (In Japanese: 人間革命): Soka Gakkai presidents Josei Toda and Daisaku Ikeda have formulated this concept based on their understanding and interpretation of Nichiren Buddhism. This is the concept of individual self-transformation, through applying Buddhist teachings in one's life, as one attempts to move forward towards attaining Buddhahood in this lifetime.
There's others, but these are some of my favorite!
I understand that the concepts outlined above are specific to Nichiren Buddhism and perhaps the SGI, and that many of you don't like us, so Buddhists from other schools may not agree with doctrinal aspects of our teachings. However, just as I respect all Buddhist schools, I ask that you respect our perspective.
Furthermore, I'm inquisitive to know about particular concepts, metaphors, similes, parables, etc. that you find meaningful in your Buddhist practice! Thank you, and I hope all of you are doing well wherever you are!
submitted by ExternalSpeaker2646 to Buddhism [link] [comments]


2020.10.28 19:32 amnonymous [NM] New Seiko Presage Arita Porcelain Dial SPB093 - 100 spots at $15/ea with no spot limit.

Item Name: New Seiko Presage Arita Porcelain Dial SPB093
Price: $1500
# of Spots: 100
Price Justification:
Price Justification: No watchrecon
Price Justification: $1720 Shipped from Malaysia Cheapest new on C24
Price Justification: $1650 Shipped from HK cheapest on eBay
Price Justification: $1400 Sold Used 8/27
Call spots? Y
Spot limit per person? 0
Location/Country: USA
Will ship international? USA/CA/INTL
Timestamp/pics: https://imgur.com/a/fvYAPII
Escrow: N
Description: Holy Heck this thing is gorgeous! Up for raffle is a brand new, just released Seiko Presage SPB093 with Arita Porcelain dial. I'm raffling it at a really low price so everyone can participate and I don't have to wait for a blue spot. The way the dial is shaped around the complications is like nothing I've seen before. It's head and shoulders cooler than the ceramic and enamel dial watches which house the same or a similar movement. Arita, a small town on Kyushu, the third largest island in the southwest of Japan, came to prominence in the early 17th century when clay suitable for porcelain manufacture was discovered there and its porcelain products soon became highly prized in Japan for the high quality of their artistry. Within a generation, Arita porcelain, also known as ‘‘Imari ware’’ after the port from which most was shipped, became known overseas and was exported, first to Europe and later across the world when Japan opened its doors to international trade in the 19th century. Today, Arita porcelain is still highly prized worldwide and many porcelain makers still thrive in the town of just 20,000 people, thanks to its long tradition of craftsmanship, to the rich variety of its products and to the uniquely Japanese sensibility that they embody. The heritage of Arita porcelain is respected in the color of the dials, white with a trace of blue, which was the color of the earliest Arita porcelain. The dials, which are made in Arita itself, have the rich texture and depth which is the signature of all the finest porcelain. Arita porcelain was therefore a natural choice for the dials of a Presage collection but the Presage team needed to be 100% confident in its durability and strength. A new type of Arita porcelain material, created just three years ago, provided the solution. This new porcelain is more than four times harder than the usual material and has both the strength and flexibility required for a Presage watch dial. To produce the dials involves a challenging combination of skill, patience and artistry. First, the base material is put into a special mold which gives dials depth, especially in the version where the power reserve indictor is recessed into the dial with a deep cut. The dials are dried and then fired for the first time at 1,300 degrees to harden and whiten the material. Hashiguchi and his craftsmen then apply the glaze by hand, after which the dials are fired again, this time cementing the glaze on to the dial, a process which gives the dials their deep, rich finish and the subtle blue tinge. Next, the holes for the date window and hands are cut by laser. Finally, the dials are then fired again to render smooth the surfaces that have been cut. Dual curved sapphire crystal. Crocodile strap. Deployant clasp. 40.6mm case diameter. Good luck!

PayPal Info: [REDACTED]

Tip BoyAndHisBlob
Number of vacant slots: 0
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submitted by amnonymous to WatchURaffle [link] [comments]


2020.10.28 01:22 TimmyHate 0 New Community Cases - 2 New Imported Cases

Quick Highlights
New Cases
Imported
Tests;
Yesterday; 3,335
Total; 1,075,827
Current active cases
66
Total Confirmed cases (as reported to WHO)
1587
Press ReleaseDetails;

Auckland testing
Testing in Auckland is available today at seven community testing centres (CTCs) in addition to the usual testing in general practice and urgent care clinics.
Testing is available at Northcote Community Testing Centre, Northcare Accident and Medical, Whānau House in Henderson, Western Springs Community Testing Centre, Health New Lynn Community Testing Centre, Whānau Ora Community Clinic in Wiri, and the Otara Community Testing Centre.
Today is the last day testing will be available at Northcare Accident and Medical, this was set up as a surge CTC in response to the latest outbreak.
For information on where to get tested in Auckland, contact Healthline (0800 358 5453) or visit www.arphs.health.nz/covid19test.
Ken Rei
The cargo ship Ken Rei remains docked at the Port of Napier.
The crew are reported to be well and in ‘good spirits.’ They have all previously returned negative COVID-19 test results.
All crew members were tested again yesterday afternoon, these tests are being processed today.
No crew members have applied for shore leave in New Zealand. The ship will depart Napier on Thursday and head for Tauranga.
International mariners in managed isolation in Christchurch
There are no new cases to report today from the international mariners who are staying in managed isolation in Christchurch.
To date, twenty-nine international mariners have tested positive for COVID-19. Day 12 testing for all the other mariners who did not test positive during prior tests is underway.
A decision on how long the international mariners will remain in the facility will be confirmed after these test results are received and reviewed.
Genome sequencing has been completed from 11 high quality samples taken from the positive cases. The results are consistent with infections originating overseas.
Japan
As we have previously reported, a New Zealand child had returned a weak positive COVID-19 test after their arrival in Japan last Friday 23 October.
We suspect this is a historical case or a false positive result.
We continue to work with our Japanese counterparts and will provide further details when they are available.
NZ COVID Tracer App
A total of 757,592 scans were recorded yesterday, which shows the increase in scans we saw over Labour weekend has continued.
It is encouraging that New Zealanders are responding to the call to get back into the habit of scanning codes with the app, but we still have a way to go to get back to the level of usage seen in early September.
Thank you to everyone scanning everywhere they go – keep up the good work and don’t be shy to encourage others to scan, too.

submitted by TimmyHate to newzealand [link] [comments]


2020.10.27 00:55 Poeshie Persona Fan Project Idea

So I just wanted to share some ideas that I've created these past 4 years for a fan Persona game and see if anybody found it interesting. Although this is is mostly just a project for myself, I wanted to share just in case someone out there has criticisms or problems with it.
I'll start with the protagonists of the game. Yes, there's going to be more than one, twins to be precise. You can choose which one you'd like to live the story through, which will definitely change some of the experiences in the story, such as social links, general events, etc. These two are 16 years at the time of the story, just like most other persona protags, but they actually live in the U.S. initially. Due to their father passing though, they leave and live with their mother in Japan, along with her husband and son, their step-family (Their mother and father separated when they were young, the father taking main custody while they visited their mother every summer in Japan).
The school they will attend is based off of the ASIJ school in Chofu, Tokyo, which is an International school (An international school is a school that adopts another country's educational curriculum; ASIJ or American School in Japan is a school that adopts the American school system). So their will be a change in the game's school system, like not having a school outfit requirement for example. This is were the protags will meet most of the main cast, though some will be introduced outside of the school.
*Also another important factor, this sorry is actually going to take place over the course of two years. For story purposes and just a wanting of more character interaction.
Speaking of the main cast, it consists of the two protags, the mascot character (I'm planning on it being a fish ;D), and 8 other main cast characters, leaving a total of 11. All of these characters are capable of having a social link with the main protagonist, as well as being romanced no matter which protag you choose (this excludes the mascot character though because there ain't N O way I'm condoning dating fish I'm sorry). I could write about every main character here, but that would take hours so maybe some other time if y'all are interested.
Here are the main ideas for the respresentation behind the main character's shadows, personas and social links: regret, desire, and change. The way this will work for each character is similar to P4, whenever someone is dragged into the world in which shadows exist, it will create an extension of that person's biggest regret/desire, usually in the form of something familiar to that person. For example, one of the main character's has someone close to him die by suicide. He massively regrets not being there for his friend, and just wants him back. This will take form as his shadow, that being the friend that he lost. (Kinda messed up, right?) The personas will come after the person has come to accept what has happened in the past. Though the complete moving on from the past will likely be shown through social links with the main protags.
For now, the main sort of idea behind personas is drifting. For each game there was a sort of theme for every main characters persona, P3 being greek mythology, P4 being japanese mythology, and P5 being famous thieves (PLEASE CORRECT ME IF I AM WRONG). As of now I'm going with famous figures that suffer from regret. For example, the tale of La Llorona will be the inspiration behind one. (La Llorona or "the weeping woman" is hispanic folklore; long story short it's a woman who mourns her drowned children. There are multiple iterations of this story though, so I recommend looking it up if you're interested).
Although I haven't completely figured out the medium the world of shadows will exist through (I was thinking something technologocial as the color theme will be green), I do know that I want to include the Amanojaku. This is a mythological figure usually represented by a small Oni that is able to provoke someone's deepest desires, which fits in with the representations behind the shadows (Again, the iterations could change). I was thinking that this would be the creature that took people into that world, but I still need to work or specifically how it is going to work.
The Velvet Room is going to be based off of a casino this time around. This is to go along with the regret, desire and change themes, as casinos usually come along with that. I was thinking about involving a gambling system when fusing personas, but it's only an optional things. I still have to work this idea out too, but I just know it's going to be based off of the gambling game 'Roulette'.
Before anything else though, I want to restate that this is just a personal project. It's nothing official, just something that I wanted to create as a "love-letter" to he persona series, and things I wish I could have seen in a persona game myself.
I know this ambitious, don't worry. I can't draw, compose music, create full on stories, code: it's going to be a process. I'm currently working on these skills so if anything it'll probably be a good decade before I can actually do anything with these ideas.
That's it for now! Sorry if this is vague, I just want to GAURD some of my ideas. Not that they are absolutely game-changing or anything, it's either just specifics or things that I'd rather not have other people see until I'm ready.
Thank you so much if you read through all of this! Please let me know if you have anything to say about this idea at all.
submitted by Poeshie to PERSoNA [link] [comments]


2020.10.26 18:43 AmericanNewt8 Boned: Problems (but not too many) in the US Air [and Space] Force!

No. You don't frighten me, Mollari. If you try to go up against our forces, you'll lose.
Yes, your ships are very impressive in the air, or in space--but at this moment, they are on the ground.
Right--they're on the ground. But they can sense an approaching ship from miles away. So what are you going to do, Mollari, blow up the island?
Actually--now that you mention it--[pulls detonator from pocket]
No!
[presses detonator]
Babylon 5, explaining the vulnerability of aircraft to ground attack in typical hammy fashion
Hello, and welcome to another episode of "AmericanNewt8 explains the global military situation at present in a convenient, possibly easy-to-read guide". Maybe I should make a YouTube channel or something. All the cool kids [and a lot of idiots who know nothing about military equipment] are doing it. Anyway, today we have the US Air [and, for the moment, Space Force--they haven't fully separated yet], and, surprisingly for once, a somewhat more positive message. I'm sorry this one took so long; I've been busy for the past month or so, but I figured I should get this one out I already had 80% done before talking about Turkey and the war in the Caucuses, which are likely to be shorter, more current, and arrive sometime in the next week if all goes as planned.

Current Effortposts In My Series:
  1. What you [might] need to know about South Korea's ludicrous arms buildup
  2. We shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches.... uh, what do we do after that again?: The Perilous Defensive Position of Taiwan
  3. "You've hit another cargo ship? The Problems with the US Navy: Not all of them begin with "Seven" and end with "th Fleet"."
  4. Will China's PLAN survive contact with the enemy?
  5. Biden's New START and modern nuclear war
  6. Boned: Problems (but not too many) in the US Air [and Space!] Force
  7. Erdogan Sallies Forth [inserted largely on account of the recent breakout of a war between Armenia and Azerbaijan]
  8. Begun, the Drone Wars Have: Why You Should Pay Attention To This "Tiny" War
  9. First And Last Stand Of The Tin Can Navies [ASEAN + Australia and the smaller adversaries China may contend with]
  10. --Unnamed-- effortpost on Japanese military matters, mostly about how weird the JSDF status is
  11. --Unnamed--effortpost on Indian military matters, and why they can't focus on China or buy anything that works
  12. --Unnamed--effortpost on the rest of the PLA, mostly the air force though
  13. --Unnamed--effortpost on the rest of the US Armed Forces, mostly talking about how the marines are changing and the Army's new love affair with INF-busting weapons
  14. Conclusion?

1. Our Pride And Joy

America's Navy may be its key instrument of power projection abroad and in some ways the most important service branch, but the one that is by far the greatest beneficiary of American skill, the apex of our capabilities, is without a doubt the US Space Force. From Day 1 the US has had a commanding lead in the field. Mind you, that's not saying that nobody's ever challenged or exceeded the US in limited areas for limited periods of time--the early 1950s were about the last time that happened though [aside for commercial launch vehicles from around 1980-2010]. In the modern era, it is very rare that buying something other than an American-made aircraft or rocket makes any sort of economic or strategic sense [political is of course a different matter entirely]. The US Air Force has generally benefited from high, consistent levels of investment and has had relatively light burdens placed on it operationally [though in recent years post 9/11 this has changed to an extent], and it has developed into one of the best-trained and most doctrinally sophisticated forces in the world. More on that later. Anyway, the Air Force is probably the best-loved branch politically [Marines might be more respected but they get budgetary scraps], at least of the military as a whole, and it ends up with more funding, smarter people, and a much better QOL as a result. In fact Air Force personnel are usually treated to quite a bit of envy and ribbing about how much better their conditions are than their Army, Marine, or Navy counterparts.

2. Aging Equipment [again!]

Guess what? The same problem that seems to afflict most of the US military [and, for that matter, most European, Latin American, and non-East Asian militaries] is aging equipment from the Cold War finally wearing out. In the Air Force, this takes a number of different forms. Often, it's a case of "if it ain't broke, don't fix it", but even then airframes do wear out eventually and need replacement and a lot of them are getting to that point.
Logistics, Support, That Kind of Thing
One of the least glamorous parts of the Air Force, logistical and support capabilities are rapidly aging. The primary airframe the Air Force uses for these is the.. wait for it... Dash 80, as the C-135 whose commercial variant is better known as the Boeing 707. It was a very impressive aircraft, but it was designed in the 1950s. Even though we've reengined the C-135 with more modern engines, and done some serious overhauls, they're getting pretty long in the tooth. Most notably we have the 398 KC-135 Stratotankers which make up the bulk of the US midair refueling fleet, which are joined by 31 E-3 Sentry AWACs, a number of specialized RC-135 derivatives doing everything from SIGINT to hunting for nuclear weapons and 17 E-8 Joint STARS. While these were produced up until the early 1990s, the airframes are aging and they need replacements, and the sheer quantity of aircraft is likely to cause trouble. There are also other aircraft that have to be replaced in the mid-term [by the early 2040s] like the C-5 Galaxy and the KC-10 Extender, but these are somewhat less of an immediate concern. There are some C-130 Hercules replacements also needed but those are largely being done with newer versions of the same aircraft.
Bombers
The B-1 Lancer is first on the chopping block, due to high maintenance costs and time [it generally takes 120 hours of maintenance for an hour of flight time]. That represents 60 bombers, on paper anyway, and a good chunk of the USAF's supersonic strike capability. However, cutting it should free up resources for new hardware, and in fact new USAF budget proposals suggest rapidly retiring the B-1. The B-2 Spirit is also on the chopping block due to high price and high maintenance demands, but it can't really be replaced until the B-21 Raider shows up. There is also a need to find a replacement for the B-52, but nobody is really sure what that looks like and it's much less urgent--the B-52 will soldier on for the indefinite future and may well hit a full century in operational service. Even if one runs into the "airplane of Thesus" the fact that you could well have fourth or fifth generation B-52 pilots flying on 90-year-old aircraft is, to be honest, kind of neat.
Fighters
The F-15 and F-16 originally took flight in the 1970s and are still seeing interest today, though the modern F-15 and F-16 are very different beasts from their originals. However, the overall fleet is starting to age--primarily the F-15C fleet operated by the US Air National Guard which does air policing in the US. This is why the Guard is actually first in line for new F-15EX aircraft and has even received brand new F-35s [that, and the fact that the Air National Guard is actually pretty integrated with the Air Force]. F-16s are also starting to wear out; the USAF still operates over a thousand of the type. They are set to primarily be replaced with the F-35, though, with around 1500 aircraft on order. They will also replace the A-10 [along with drones, I suppose], and I'll take a moment to say that the A-10 is heavily overrated, there's a reason the USAF wants to dump it, and it's notorious for friendly fire incidents. Its job would be better done by drones or even aircraft like the Super Tucano.
Trainers
These are, guess what, also wearing out. The USAF currently operates over 500 T-38 Talon trainers, but it already has a replacement lined up for this aircraft which was first flown in 1959. It just adds to the list of things that need replacing.
ICBMs
Also should mention these, I suppose. The US is currently operating the Minuteman-III) as its sole ground-based nuclear deterrent/ICBM, and these 1970s-era missiles have survived their replacement, the LGM-118 Peacekeeper. They have to be replaced as well, and the USAF actually recently awarded a contract to do so to Northrop Grumman [though there are issues with that mentioned below].
Maintenance
One side-effect of all this is that the Air Force has increasingly high demands for maintenance which are simply not met, which combined with a shortage of maintainers [partially due to good outside pay but mostly because anecdotal reports suggest life as an Air Force maintainer is terrible] means that the Air Force has a poor readiness rate, especially because a lot of airframes aren't in good condition to begin with, having been worn out by decades of use.

3. Procurement Woes... fixed?

So, the Air Force has had a pretty troubled history with procurement in recent years. By far the most infamous one is the F-35. Well, yes, the F-35 was a procurement disaster. Another Redditor has done a great service by writing up the account Ash Carter [Secretary of Defense under Obama] gave of the program. It's long [full version here] and probably doesn't give a full account as it is Carter's memoir--but I'll just pick out one of the most significant parts of it:
At one point of the meeting, after we'd made it abundantly clear that the grossly inflated price for the JSF jets was unacceptable, CEO Bob Stevens casually said to me, "Well, if you tell me how much money you have, I'll tell you how many planes you can buy."
I was taken aback. Rather than negotiating a fair price with us, Stevens was behaving as if his company were entitled to all the money the taxpayers could afford. And although he obviously had a per-plane price in mind, he didn't care to divulge it openly, nor would he agree to a fixed-price contract holding him to it. I found this cavalier attitude offensive. With deeper disrepute, the JSF program would go down the political drain, and we wouldn't be able to buy any of these needed aircraft.
With all this in mind, I let his question hang in the air unanswered for a moment. Then I replied, "How about none?" With that, I walked out of the room. "None" was a reasonable prediction in the political climate surrounding this out-of-control program.
However, the F-35 was a pretty uniquely messed up procurement program due to suffering from what I'd broadly call "jointness", where interservice procurement made things less efficient.

The Air Force on its own has had some pretty impressive procurement messups though. Look no further than the KC-46 Pegasus, a tanker designed to replace the KC-135 [as mentioned above loads of these are getting retired in the next couple years]. The first sign of trouble probably should have been when the first program to replace the tankers with the KC-767 [now the KC-46] was cancelled on account of a bribery scandal involving the CFO of Boeing offering the procurement official an executive position. The second sign probably should have been the whole bit where, unlike its competitor, the A330 MRTT, the KC-767 didn't actually exist. And when the A330 won the contract bid, Boeing of course protested and, ultimately, got the contract evaluated again, with [at least per Northrop Grumman's claims, who was running a joint bid with Airbus] requirements rigged for the KC-767, and, finally, almost a decade after the program started, Boeing won the bid.

Except there was the small problem that Boeing hadn't built the plane yet, which turned into a large one. Ultimately the program was marred by years of delays and major technical problems. It only recently finally began delivering aircraft to the Air Force, years late and over-budget [though the USAF did manage to claw quite a bit of it back from Boeing].

However, there are some positive signs that future procurement will be better. Besides the F-35 being saved, there's the example of the T-X program, which is to replace the elderly T-38 Talon trainer. It invited foreign competition to the field, featured vigorous competition, and resulted in an actually effective aircraft--developed by both Boeing [of course] but also Saab--yes, the Swedes have a significant hand in the trainer jet likely to equip much of the world.

In particular, something very interesting the US Air Force is doing is diving heavily into computer design and open systems architecture. What this means, in short, is that they'll design new planes with a heavy emphasis on doing detailed computer design and simulation, only finally building an aircraft to demonstrate it works IRL--which of course cuts costs substantially--and they'll try to build common hardware and software that will work in any number of aircraft. The overall idea is to make aircraft inexpensive, easy to design, and modular. The Air Force even has a buzzword for this already, the "Digital Century Series", referring to the last time the Air Force very rapidly built a whole bunch of aircraft on a relatively common hardware platform. Whether this will bear fruit remains yet to be seen.

4. Fighting the Peer Conflict

The USAF, for the past thirty years, has not faced a peer competitor. Arguably it didn't even face one before that--the Soviet Air Force was no match for what the USAF could field, as was demonstrated quite well in a number of conflicts. The good news is that the USAF has had a long time to build up a lead, and is still far ahead of China or Russia, further ahead than the Army or Navy is by a long shot--Americans like their planes and electronics. For an illustrative example, China'sJ-20 stealth fighter has been produced in a quantity of... 50; while the USAF has almost 200 F-22s and is ordering over a thousand F-35s. The Su-57 barely even flies and is nowhere near peer to what the United States can field despite whatever scary articles you might have read. The bad news is that only recently has the USAF actually begun preparing to fight a peer conflict, which will tax it in different ways.

The main vulnerabilities the Air Force has in a peer conflict are more logistical and operational than regarding the quality of its aircraft or pilots, which are moreless unmatched. The first problem is that readiness isn't fantastic thanks to the War on Terror burning through all the ancient Cold War aircraft that the USAF has operated, and yes, aircraft do wear out. In fact, large numbers of F-15Cs operated by the US Air National Guard have been grounded due to age and fatigue. The shortage of maintainers also plays a role here. There's also the problem that the US Air Force is still quite vulnerable on the ground in any peer conflict; especially to precision strikes with ballistic and cruise missiles--the US Air Force has downsized considerably and now only has a handful of bases for both political and budgetary reasons, but that means that, when facing, for instance, China, the USAF must rely heavily on just six airfields--Osan, Kunsan, Misawa, Yokota, Kadena and Andersen [maybe bring that to 9 by adding USMC and Navy installations, which field fewer and less capable aircraft].

Thus, the primary challenge that the USAF faces is a quiet one--ensuring that it can operate from dispersed locations, at high opstempo, and repair its facilities rapidly. This is really also the biggest question mark in terms of the USAF's performance, but there's some reason to be optimistic here--the USAF is aware of the threat and is actually working to solve it. However, ultimately only changes in the political environment [the addition of bases in the Philippines or Palau, or the development of readied airfields in Japan] will fix the basing problem. Better ballistic missile defense will probably also help here. Russia or China will probably have poor luck against the USAF in the air; seeking primarily to deny the USAF free reign and thus the ability to support ground offensives, but they could cause significant damage by hitting ground facilities, and everyone knows it.

There's also the question of surface-to-air missiles; which have driven quite a bit of concern the past few years as China and Russia field increasingly capable systems like the S-400 and HQ-9. It is feared that the sophistication of these weapons could create "A2/AD bubbles" where the USAF and USN are unable to operate. While the access bubble does still look quite real for the Navy, recent developments have seriously called the efficacy of surface-to-air missiles into question--particularly the fact that the Israelis and Turks seem to be able to almost ignore them, or at least their shorter-range counterparts. The destruction of Armenian S-300 launchers by Azerbaijan with Turkish drones is certainly an ominous signal for anyone thinking advanced air defenses would keep them safe. How good the full-scale systems are against conventional targets is still unknown, but my guess is much less effective than the marketing--and keep in mind that despite years of concerns, SAMs have only been successful from about 1960-1980, and even then relatively minor adjustments in strategy seemed to significantly mitigate damage--so it's unclear how concerned we should actually be about such technology.

There are also questions about whether or not the USAF is operating the right mix of aircraft for the job, and these are valid ones. The USAF is buying new F-15EX, which has literally been described as not survivable after 2028 [though there is a case for the plane as a carrier of standoff weapons or a homeland defense fighter], and still operates the A-10 [an aircraft now mostly known for a number of notorious blue-on-blue (friendly fire) incidents] which, if used in a modern environment where the USAF didn't have total air supremacy, would simply not be able to survive. Yes, there's a reason the USAF wants to scrap the A-10, and no, the GAU-8 is cool but it doesn't even kill columns of modern main battle tanks. Unless you're primarily planning on fighting North Korea, the A-10 is close to useless(ly dangerous). The B-1 has also been highlighted as obsolete, largely due to high maintenance costs. However, the USAF is working hard to scrap these aircraft as fast as politically feasible.

5. New Technologies

The Air Force has always had a certain inclination towards adopting the newest, shiniest technologies, and at the moment there are a number of interesting concepts that it is exploring. I'll talk about two of the most significant ones [especially combined] here.

First, the Air Force is seeking to create future aircraft entirely virtually--using highly detailed computer models to design numerous types of specialist aircraft, and only building prototypes to test the results that simulations produce. Their latest trainer, the "eT-7", uses this methodology--the "e" is supposed to designate that it was designed this way. There's also a move towards using common avionics and software for a variety of different aircraft. Figures high up at the Pentagon have discussed a "Digital Century Series", modeled after a chain of fighters rapidly developed in the 1950s for a number of different roles, from the F-102 interceptor to the F-105 fighter-bomber. This could potentially create numerous new aircraft rapidly; a shift back towards the times before the 1990s where a single fighter project took the entire attention and budget of the Air Force. Nobody is really sure how this will pan out but it looks quite promising. In particular, the fact that the USAF was able to take its new prototype fighter jet into the skies a year after it was originally envisioned is stunning--and suggests that this potential return to the old days of the 1940s and 1950s when new aircraft showed up every year is not just a pipe dream.

Second, the Air Force is investing in UCAVs [Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles], most notably in the Skyborg concept. The goal is to develop a low-cost drone that can both deliver additional weapons to target while being accompanied by a manned fighter--a sort of drone wingman, which is cheap enough to be expendable [thus serving a secondary purpose, soaking up enemy air to air missiles]. Numerous companies have been awarded contracts to develop UCAVs and this program is looking quite promising, so expect to hear more of it in the future.

6. Drones

Drones are a rather interesting topic and one that I'll most likely get into more detail in on my next two posts specifically regarding Turkey. The US was one of the pioneers of UAVs, with the other big player in the field being Israel--in fact the US has bought Israeli drones from time to time, though of course China and Russia have also established a presence, without even mentioning Turkey. The US has a number of drones for different purposes--largely for reconnaissance of different types and precision-strike capability. It has the RQ-4 Global Hawk, for reconnaissance, the MQ-9A Reaper, for strike missions, and the RQ-170, which.... well, probably something involving reconnaissance, it's half-CIA so who knows. However, the US may not have kept up on the ongoing drone revolution, which is actually something I can't really blame them for since the 'revolution' only started in January. Yes. Last January.

This 'revolution' began on January 5, 2020, to be exact, and was led by an unlikely candidate: Turkey. They say necessity is the mother of invention, and this was certainly the case for the Turkish drone program. After the US refused to sell Turkey drones on account of the fact that they might be used against Kurds [use of Turkish drones suggests they definitely are used against Kurds], Turkey decided to make their own drone program with blackjack and hookers--or, well, just drones. Their DIY effort didn't really garner much attention until sent to Libya,but investment in their program skyrocketed, largely for two reasons. First, Turkey has been largely barred from major hardware acquisitions from the US and, to an increasing extent, Europe. Second, Erdogan deeply distrusts the Turkish Air Force and has dramatically cut pilot numbers through his multiple purges of the service. Third, Turkey is competing out of its class, against Russia, the UAE, and other major regional powers.

Once it arrived in Libya, it suddenly became clear that the Turkish drone program was much more important than previously thought. In many ways it bore the primary responsibility for turning the war around from what looked to be almost certain defeat for the UN-recognized GNA into a state where whether or not Haftar could survive was in question. In particular, it came as a great shock to most how easily Turkey defeated the very systems that were designed to shoot down UAVs--the Russian Pantsir in particular, which has been destroyed in great quantities with few Turkish casualties to show for it--and with the sticker price for a Turkish drone less than half of the Pantsir systems they kill, it could well revolutionize warfare. Experiences in Syria, and now in Armenia, where Turkish drones have destroyed hundreds of main battle tanks and casually destroyed SAM systems from some distance above, continue to bring into question just how vast the drone revolution is going to be. I'll cover this in more explicit detail in my next two posts.

However, the USAF is watching and learning--its main difficulty with drones is more political than anything. Drones are often considered less important than manned aircraft by a leadership that largely flew manned aircraft [particularly fighters at that], and it is the bottom tier of officer recruits that fly drones [though, interestingly, some drones are actually flown by enlisted pilots] and even then there's usually a shortage of RPA pilots--that's why a few are flown by enlisted in the first place. Whether or not they'll take these lessons to heart, only time will tell, but the history of the Air Force leaves me relatively optimistic on the matter--more than many other services, it's willing to embrace change.

7. Nukes

The US Air Force runs two legs of the nuclear triad--the air and ground portions. The first is dominated by, believe it or not, gravity bombs--mostly the B61. This weapon has been sitting around in the United States [and Europe under nuclear sharing, in Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, and Turkey] for a while now, the first variants being made in 1968, and has recently been updated to the latest B61-12 variant, which offers high precision [as precise as JDAMs, not that it's likely to matter in most situations where nukes are being dropped] and flexibility--the bomb can be deployed from low altitudes at high speeds, and from within the internal weapons bay of the F-22 and F-35 [not to mention the B-2 and future B-21], so it's not as dumb as it might sound. Air-launched weapons also have useful features like the ability to recall them once launched, which isn't an option for missiles, along with fitting into doctrine for a tactical nuclear war. While I could go on about the lack of air-launched nuclear cruise missiles [which hopefully will be fixed by the end of the Intermediate Forces Treaty] it's not a big deal.

The main concern here [and perhaps a suggestion that procurement is still messed up] is the ground-based deterrent, which currently consists of a few hundred Minuteman III missiles buried in the northern central United States. These missiles, like much of the Air Force, date to the 1970s and have outlasted their supposed replacement--the MX Peacekeeper. These missiles are finally approaching end of life and are to be replaced by a new ICBM system. This process is... problematic. First off, it was a sole-source bid because Northrop Grumman acquired Orbital ATK Systems, the primary American producer of solid-fuelled rockets and missiles, and this resulted in Boeing pulling out of the competition. Second, the cost seems rather high, at least in my view, with lifetime cost estimates of as much as $90 billion, with development alone amounting to $13 billion at sticker price. It positions the cost of rebuilding the ground-based deterrent as comparable to the US Navy's program to replace the Ohio-class submarines with the Columbias. The ground-based deterrent has also lost substantial importance as sea-launched and air-launched weapons have become much more accurate and capable of fulfilling the ground-based counterforce mission [which arguably died with Peacekeeper], and it remains the most vulnerable portion of the triad. What good it does is largely as another independent nuclear deterrent and one that soaks up enemy warheads in the event of nuclear war that could be directed towards other targets. A disastrous procurement here could cause problems for the Air Force you will see in the future. My suggestion would be either to continue modernizing the Minuteman IIIs or aim to replace them with the cheapest option possible--something like, for instance, a land-based Trident missile [as if the Air Force would ever allow such a thing to be built]. All the ground-based deterrent needs to do is be there, be a credible threat, and soak up enemy fire. That's it.

8. Space Force

The Space Force is now its own service branch, but as it really hasn't emerged yet I'll cover it here. In fact, just recently, the Space Force enlisted its first trainees. This is somewhat less in my area of expertise; but at the moment things look fairly promising. While the Space Force sounds silly it's almost certainly the part of the military you interact with the most in your daily life on account of running the GPS network. They also operate a variety of communications satellites and the system for monitoring ballistic missile launches, among other pieces of hardware. Expect to hear more about these guys in the future, as space becomes a potential battlefield--we've seen the deployment of a space-based anti-satellite weapon by the Russians just recently, and numerous powers now field anti-satellite missiles along with jamming equipment that can blind reconnaissance satellites, so space is becoming much more militarily important. I don't have much more to say about these guys at the moment, though, other than noting that they're already talking about being even "less physical" than the Air Force--translation: Less mandatory exercise--and they're teaching classes about space law, which is neat I guess. The main downside of the Space Force is that it's going to be very small, around 20-30,000 people, which is half what even the Coast Guard fields, and that could lead to problems with maintaining personnel and inefficiencies with redundant missions, procurement, and the like.

9. Conclusion

The USAF has problems; particularly with aging equipment and manpower, but it seems to realize that most of them exist and is moving to address them. Political constraints mean that the USAF is stuck supporting a variety of obsolete platforms and investing its large budget poorly in new ICBMs and poorly managed tankers, and procurement continues to be a struggle for the USAF, though nowhere near as bad as with the US Navy. Drones have the potential to revolutionize warfare and the USAF is working to develop capabilities in that area, albeit maybe not as fast as some other players in the field, and digital design promises more aircraft designed and produced faster--much, much faster. The USAF faces logistical challenges in a peer conflict, but nothing insurmountable--though the work there is likely to be painful and sidelined because it's less interesting than buying shiny new toys. The Space Force seems to be going along well though they could face some problems in the medium term from losing access to the USAF's resources--political, financial, and of personnel--until/unless they develop into a larger, more influential service. On the whole, though, the outlook for the USAF, at least, looks quite bright--a hope spot, along with the Army and Marines, that the serious problems of the Navy will not cripple the entire military capability of the United States.

10. Citations

Uh, I mostly embedded them in the post, and I don't want to go back and hunt for what I used after a month, but here are some good longer-form ones:
RAND, Chinese Attacks on Air Bases in Asia on the ballistic missile threat
Ryan Snyder, The Future of the ICBM Force: Should the Least Valuable Leg of the Triad Be Replaced?

RAND, Creating a Separate Space Force mostly focusing on administrative difficulties and personnel issues

RAND, Drone-Era Warfare Shows the Operatoinal Limits of Air Defense Systems on drones and the conflicts in Libya and Syria [yes, it's all RAND, no Brookings Institute or such this time round]. It also explains why air defense systems are perhaps much more vulnerable than commonly thought, which I didn't really get into here.

Washington Post, Air Force seeks a radical shift in how jets, missiles, and satellites are designed with more detail on the shift to more computerized design the US Air Force wants to make

CSIS, The Air Force Digital Century Series: Beyond the Buzzwords taking apart the "Digital Century Series" push
submitted by AmericanNewt8 to neoliberal [link] [comments]


2020.10.25 02:47 ZaaylloBTW 26 [M4F] Northeast US / Anywhere in the US - Looking for a potential girlfriend/relationship

Hello! My company recently hit a huge milestone (60k revenue a month!), so I've decided to take the weekend off and put myself out there online. To be honest, I'm terrified.
My name is Alex. I've dated a few girls from my social circles/real life, but after a while it didn't seem like we clicked, because the things I like are quite different from most. Due to a combination of work picking up and how the current pandemic is progressing, I haven't been able to socialize as much as I want to. Many people are usually intimidated by me at first, but say I get really affectionate after I warm up to them. I always love trying to make my friends laugh and coming up with new inside jokes every time we talk together.
I graduated from a college in the east a few years back with a degree in Finance. On most days (except mainly Sunday), I am working on my company that I started during that time, as it's been picking up at a shocking pace. Work is a huge part of my life and honestly I enjoy it a lot, so I usually end up spending all day 6 days a week on it. During my free time, I mostly watch anime (Hunter x Hunter and Oregairu are my favorites!) and play lots of video games with my friends. I play a wide variety of games when I can, but my friends and I usually play League of Legends, but have been recently playing Among Us if we have enough people.
I often hear from my employees/cofounders partners that I'm strict and rigid, but honestly when I'm around my (online) friends I'm a complete degen weeb. Sometimes my friends tell me it's hard to believe that I actually employ people lol. I browse pixiv occasionally, and my music playlists are ONLY Japanese music, and it really sucks because my IRL friends always ask me to play my music but I can't because it's usually idol music or anime openings. Some normal things I like to do are fitness (trying to get my mile time under 7 mins atm!), reading, and cooking (i make really good scuffed japanese food).
In terms of goals, I want to start a new relationship, as some of my IRL friends have been getting married (they clown on me a lot that I'm single atm) and some of my best memories are with my ex girlfriends. In the long-term, I want to be a millionaire before 30 and travel to Japan/Korea once they let us in! Also, I'll probably get a Tesla cybertruck too because Elon Musk is my idol. In the long-long term, I want to expand my company to a international level, and eventually start a family and teach a son what I've learned about wealth building over the years, as the current school system is lacking in so much information that is essential for living an amazing life.
I'm looking for a girl to start chatting (or gaming!) with that shares my interests and values, who I can really connect with. Preferably also cute and short, and my age or below, also who shares my ambition towards life. I would really really appreciate it if you sent a selfie when introducing yourself. Also, be aware that I won't necessarily have time to talk that much during the weekdays (maybe before I go to bed at around 9 EST), as I disable all social media and my phone for peak productivity, but today and tomorrow I should be good. If we really click, I could maybe fly you out to my state for a IRL date on a Sunday or something.
If you read through this, you're a rockstar, and I really look forward to meeting you :)
submitted by ZaaylloBTW to r4r [link] [comments]


2020.10.24 18:45 errantdog [CA,CA/WW] [H] My deckbuilding collection; playmats, sleeves, etc; binder with sealed Japanese Pika promos, GX Ultra Shiny, FAs, WotC, and more [W] PayPal/EMT, small list of Pikas, Raichus, possibly binders

Have:

A little more info about the deck building collection:
Deck building collection includes 772 cards plus 260 basic energies. The cards are sorted by type and function. I'm looking for $250 CAD shipped and tracked within Canada. Price was calculated by sorting cards into rounded down price bins according to TCGPlayer price and dividing by half. Overall discount on the lot is therefore a bit more than 50%. Definitely open to offers! I would prefer to sell everything together (or at least, everything except the Basic Energies together) but would consider splitting things up.
Summary of contents: * 149 Supporters * 84 staple/draw Items * 60 Ball/search Items * 47 energy/switch related Items * 35 disruption/misc Items * 70 Tools * 81 Stadiums * 117 Pokémon plus 56 pre-voluions * 73 Special Energy * 260 Basic Energy (including roughly 20 GEN energy per type)
Cards will be NM+ to LP but no damage more severe than surface scuffing or edge whitening / light wear. Some cards sadly are unplayed but others were used in my decks for 6-8 years. All quantities generally make sense -- playsets of good cards, multiple playsets of staples, and 1-2 copies of techs or less useful cards. I was drawn to fun and rogue decks as well as meta decks so there is a big variety of cards.
Note that there are a few French cards: 4 VS seeker, 1 Colress, and 3-4 ? Muscle Band. 100% legal for Canadians but don't take them to the USA unless you are going to Worlds! The pricing of the French cards was estimated at half of the English equivalent.

Want:


Given the global pandemic and the possibility of large delays when sending cards internationally, I prefer to ship within Canada. However, if you live elsewhere and are willing to be patient if mailing times are longer than normal, I'm willing to ship to you.
Within Canada, $1.50 CAD for a PWE ($2 CAD for an overweight PWE), $4 CAD for a bubble mailer, $15 CAD tracked (if not too heavy), $20 CAD tracked in a flat rate box for bigger things.
Thanks for reading!
submitted by errantdog to pkmntcgtrades [link] [comments]


2020.10.24 08:36 the_gerund Retrospective: PSV beating Feyenoord 10-0, 10 years ago today

Every year when I see the date 24-10, I am reminded of the worst ever day in the life of a Feyenoord supporter. Today marks 10 years since PSV beat Feyenoord 10-0. You may have heard about it back then or seen posts about it on October 24th since. I thought it'd be interesting to look back on that match, its context, the aftermath and what became of the players from that match.
The match If you want to watch it, you can: see just the goals here, or see the match in its entirety here.
I'm not here to defend the terrible performance, but I vaguely remember Feyenoord having some injuries at this time. Because of this, more experienced players like Ron Vlaar (concrete defender and captain), Sekou Cissé (perpetually injured winger), and Jon Dahl Tomasson (came back injured from the 2010 World Cup) did not appear. Instead of these, Feyenoord fielded a number of youngsters. Feyenoord had a bad start to the 2010-11 season, with only 2 wins in the first 9 games. PSV, on the other hand, hadn't lost a game yet.
The first half was bad, but not 10-0 bad. Reserve captain Leroy Fer overstretched his leg trying to get to a ball, and had to be subbed off after 14 minutes. After 24 minutes, PSV scored 1-0. Between the 26th and 34th minute, Feyenoord's right back Kelvin Leerdam got two yellow cards and was ejected. Right winger Ruben Schaken was then subbed off to add another defender: Bruno Martins Indi. Only 4 minutes later, he was the one to deflect a cross and score an own goal: 2-0.
The second half started awful, with PSV doubling the score within 5 minutes. 10 minutes later, and the score is 6-0. PSV supporters start chanting "10, 10, 10". Feyenoord subbing off young striker Luc Castaignos for defensive midfielder Adil Auassar (his first appearance) after 7-0 didn't change anything: PSV score their 8th and 9th. The fans keep chanting, and in the 87th minute the humiliation is complete as they score their 10th. They even score an 11th, but the goal is cancelled for offside and the referee immediately ends the match after that decision.
It's obviously the worst defeat in Feyenoord's history; the previous record was 8-2 vs Ajax.
The aftermath PSV supporters crowd together near the scoreboard, wanting to take a picture of the historical score. Feyenoord goalie Rob van Dijk always looked depressed, but now it really shows. Second reserve captain Luigi Bruins does his best to thank the travelling fans for coming, but the Rotterdam crowd are only cursing and gesturing wildly at him. He has never been particularly popular to begin with.
Every football fan who doesn't support Feyenoord joins in on the jokes: 010 (Rotterdam's area code for phone numbers) loses 10-0 in the 10th match of the season in the 10th month of 2010, after going down to 10 men. International media pick up on the story: how is this possible between two clubs that are among the biggest 3 clubs in the country in terms of supporters? 2010 was already a bad year for Feyenoord, with serious financial problems, and now this. Feyenoord's trainer Mario Been openly questions if he's still the right man for the job, but the board later reassures him that he won't be fired.
People also start pitying Feyenoord. Most of the players are young and naive, and people feel bad for how bad they just got hammered. The main target for pity is left winger Georginio Wijnaldum, who continued to attempt his dribbles past PSV's right back even when they're six or seven down.
4 days later, the club gets a financial boost: a group of Feyenoord-loving investors start a foundation called 'Vrienden van Feyenoord' (Friends of Feyenoord) and buy 49% of the shares. The leader of this group, Pim Blokland, also appeals to Feyenoord fans to help the club from going bankrupt. By donating €10, you can get a vote in the foundation.
A week after that dreadful October 24th, Feyenoord play a home game against VVV (summary here), usually not a very threatening opponent. The atmosphere in the stadium is strange: you might expect everyone to be cynical, and cynicism is a common thing at Feyenoord, but for the most part, people are supportive and wholesome. More than ever, players and fans get the feeling that they're in this together, and in the 12th minute, You Never Walk Alone is sung.
It's not a great match, and there are no goals in the first half. The second half starts with some good chances for Feyenoord and one goal being cancelled despite having crossed the goal line. In the 64th minute, Wijnaldum finally scores 1-0 by lobbing the keeper and the crowd's reaction after that goal feels like the most 'relieved' celebration I've ever experienced. Another collective sigh of relief is heard after Brazilian defender André Bahia heads in 2-0 and the win is secured. The game ends in 3-0 and Feyenoord has some of its dignity back.
Towards the end of the season, Feyenoord play PSV again, this time at home. Feyenoord are very motivated: besides revenge, they have a shot at reaching the play-off spots to qualify for European games, and they can damage PSV's chances of winning the league. All of this fueled them to beat PSV 3-1, somewhat helped by a questionable red card for PSV's Orlando Engelaar. Partly because of this loss, PSV finished 3rd, 4 points behind league champions Ajax.
Feyenoord end the 2010-11 season in 10th position (there's that number again), the lowest in 20 years. After that season, Mario Been leaves the club in July 2011, after some sort of coup. Apparently Feyenoord's players took a vote to determine if they still supported him, and 13 out of 18 players said they didn't.
The resurrection In the years that follow, Feyenoord get back up there. New trainer Ronald Koeman gets Feyenoord back to 2nd and 3rd place finishes, the massive debt is gradually lessened, and the fans love new strikers John Guidetti and later Graziano Pellè. Ask any Feyenoord fan about Guidetti or Pellè these days and I guarantee you they will start smiling immediately.
The 10-0 becomes more and more a thing of the past, and the resurrection is complete when Feyenoord start winning prizes again under Giovanni van Bronckhorst's guidance. Dirk Kuyt comes home to win a cup in one season (2015-16) and a league title in the next (2016-17), the first league title in 18 years. Robin van Persie also returns to win a cup and end his career in style. Feyenoord are finally back where they belong.
The players Here are some of the players that had a role in the 10-0 game, and what became of them afterwards.
Stefan de Vrij, central defender, 18/28 years old He started out as a right wing back in his early Feyenoord games, but later grew into the centre-back position. In those early years he could seem a bit naive for a defender, but I had a soft spot for him and eventually he became a solid mainstay. Moving to Italy worked wonders for his development as a defender, where he played well for Lazio Roma and Internazionale. When he returned to PSV's stadium in 2018 for a Champions League match with Inter, he admitted that he hadn't told his teammates about the 10-0 he suffered there: "Maybe a few of them know, but it's not something to brag about. It's one of the worst memories in my career. It hurts and thinking about it still does."[1] In 2020, De Vrij was named the best defender in the Serie A and he reached the final of the Europa League. Apart from a 2017 Supercoppa with Lazio Roma, he has not won any prizes and apart from the 2014 World Cup he hasn't made a true impact on the national team (with De Ligt and Van Dijk being the favoured defending duo), but has nevertheless grown into a very successful player.
[1]
Georginio Wijnaldum, left wingeattacking midfielder, 19/29 years old Also someone who could be considered a symbol for Feyenoord's naive youth. He left Feyenoord for PSV in July 2011 (and got some hate for that move), but he did donate a large sum of money to Vrienden van Feyenoord, as a way of thanking the youth academy. He stayed with PSV until 2015, before moving to England, relegating with Newcastle United but winning the Premier League and Champions League with Liverpool, while growing into a mainstay in the Dutch national team. Absolutely the most successful player to come out of this Feyenoord squad.
Leroy Fer, midfielder, 20/30 years old His injury sustained in the PSV match lasted some time and as a result he had a rough season. In the summer of 2011, he publicly announced that he was interested in leaving Feyenoord for FC Twente, who had consistently been finishing top 2 since the 2007-08 season. Just like Wijnaldum, he was harrassed for this move, with one person going as far as sending a mourning card with Fer's own name on it to his house. Fer left for Twente, where he played until 2013. He then moved to England and relegated with Norwich, QPR and Swansea. In 2019, he returned to Feyenoord, asking supporters to forgive him for the way he left all those years ago. He has been pretty strong on our midfield last season and has scored some important goals. He is perhaps best known on this sub for accidentally buying a horse at an auction before realizing that he had nowhere to keep it.[2]
[2]
Kelvin Leerdam, right back/defending midfielder, 20/30 years old Feyenoord would have lost with 11 men on the pitch too, but Kelvin Leerdam must have felt some guilt for his red card. Leerdam never quite made an impact as a right back at Feyenoord, and he was a lot better off as a midfielder once he left for Vitesse in 2013. As of 2017, he plays in the MLS for Seattle Sounders FC. From what I've heard, he has been pretty well utilized there.
Bruno Martins Indi, central defendeleft back, 18/28 years old After being subbed in to reinforce the defence, he scored an own goal and was easily mocked. He developed himself very well at Feyenoord in the years that followed, playing mostly as a left wing back and playing some national team games as well. In 2014, he got his dream move to FC Porto. Martins Indi was born in Portugal and speaks the language fluently. He had a spot in Porto's starting 11 for half a year before losing it and was later loaned to Stoke City. He transferred to Stoke in 2017 and has been playing Championship with them since 2018. Most recently, he returned to the Eredivisie when AZ loaned him this month. Martins Indi also became somewhat of a meme after making this face to Diego Costa during the 2014 World Cup.
Luc Castaignos, striker, 18/28 years old He had the unfortunate job of scoring goals for a team in awful form without their regular striker. Despite the terrible season, he was widely regarded as a huge future prospect, and in 2011, he moved to Internazionale. Being the fan that I was, I bought an Inter jersey with Castaignos and #30 on a sketchy knock-off website. He didn't give me much reason to wear the jersey proudly though, as he never broke through in Italy. He returned to the Netherlands to play for FC Twente in 2012, left for Eintracht Frankfurt in 2015, moved to Sporting CP in 2016, and was loaned to Vitesse in 2017. He has failed to make much of an impact in any of these endeavors. After 2019, he played for Gyeongnam FC in Korea, and is a free agent as of last month.
Jonathan Reis, striker, 21/31 years old PSV's Brazilian hattrick scorer has a tragic career path that I thought was interesting to include. He had already gotten into a conflict with the club back in 2009 over an injury that he could have prevented, but in January of 2010 he was fired after using cocaine and refusing the club's offer of treatment. He did accept this treatment later and was given a new one-year contract in July 2010. In September, he was caught driving under the influence. In October, he scored that hattrick, and in December, he suffered a serious knee injury. PSV had the chance to renew his contract, but did not want to take a risk on an injured player and Jonathan Reis was left a free agent in 2011. He joined Vitesse for two years, but got into conflicts with the club there as well. Reis returned to Brazil for a 10-day spell with EC Bahia, as well as playing for Tombense, Campolina and Brumadinho. He tried out for clubs in Kazakhstan and Tunisia, joined the Turkish Boluspor in 2015, two clubs in the Japanese second division, and shortly appeared in Indonesia in 2019, but his knee injury prevented him from playing. That is when he retired and became a youth trainer for Brumadinho.
Thanks for reading. I know this is poorly structured because I wrote this whenever I felt like it over the course of 2 years. But I hope you enjoyed reading this nevertheless.
If you have anything to add, like your personal memories of the match, or something I missed or something that needs to be corrected, please let me know.
Misc. sources used:
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feyenoord_in_het_seizoen_2010/11#Selectiegegevens
https://www.ad.nl/nederlands-voetbal/de-10-0-van-psv-tegen-010-wat-zijn-je-herinneringen~a8ec525b/
https://www.fcupdate.nl/voetbaluitslagen/136008/eredivisie-psv-feyenoord/
https://nos.nl/artikel/193469-psv-vernedert-feyenoord-10-0.html
https://www.nu.nl/sport/2363008/psv-scoort-tien-keer-feyenoord.html
Edited some formatting. Guess I shouldn't have posted straight from a google doc on my phone and then left for work.
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2020.10.23 17:24 Sonosaki [H] Games [W] Paypal(US)

IGS: https://www.reddit.com/IGSRep/comments/8ad28l/sonosakis_igs_rep_page/
https://www.reddit.com/useSonosaki/comments/ad0jzd/sonosakis_igs_rep_page_2/
https://www.reddit.com/IGSRep/comments/c9lzcz/sonosakis_igs_rep_page_3/
https://www.reddit.com/IGSRep/comments/ejo7ho/sonosakis_igs_rep_page_4/
https://www.reddit.com/IGSRep/comments/hpc9xc/sonosakis_igs_rep_page_5/
Steam Profile
Humble Bundle Keys
Fanatical/Green Man Gaming Steam Keys
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2020.10.23 17:23 Sonosaki [H] Games [W] Paypal(US)


IGS: https://www.reddit.com/IGSRep/comments/8ad28l/sonosakis_igs_rep_page/
https://www.reddit.com/useSonosaki/comments/ad0jzd/sonosakis_igs_rep_page_2/
https://www.reddit.com/IGSRep/comments/c9lzcz/sonosakis_igs_rep_page_3/
https://www.reddit.com/IGSRep/comments/ejo7ho/sonosakis_igs_rep_page_4/
https://www.reddit.com/IGSRep/comments/hpc9xc/sonosakis_igs_rep_page_5/
Steam Profile
Humble Bundle Keys
Fanatical/Green Man Gaming Steam Keys
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2020.10.23 03:10 cev My ex-GF (25F) is texting me (28M) after a year apart

My ex-GF and I met at a Canadian university. She was an international student (Japanese) visiting through an 8-month exchange program. We dated for 6 months before she had to return to Japan, but we were serious enough that we wanted to give LDR a try. Over the next 3 and a half years we took turns visiting each other, often for 1-2 months at a time (back when we had summer breaks), and we also video chatted/called/texted regularly. Conversations about our long-term future together were not out of the ordinary, and the relationship seemed to be very healthy.
Fast forward to summer 2019. At this point, I had three semesters of university left and she had been out of school and working a stable job for a little over one year. I decided to surprise her with a marriage proposal during my next trip to Japan, which we planned to be over Christmas that same year. I worked all summer to buy the engagement ring, but in mid-August (approximately one month before our 4th anniversary) she broke up with me over the phone, citing a change in feelings toward me (from a lover to a family member), a general uncertainty of what to do with her life, and needing time to think.
We didn't interact much after that aside from a couple sentences back and forth over DM's, which were only pleasantries. Recently though she started messaging me again out of nowhere, asking about me and talking about her current life situation (no relationship talk). It took me almost a year to get to a place of peace/closure, but I do feel like I still love her and want to be with her. Prior to her reaching out again, I had no intention on trying to get her back because I wanted to respect her feelings, but now I'm not so sure. Obviously she could just be reaching out because she's bored/lonely, but it feels odd. Is it foolish of me to open up the conversation and ask her how she feels about "us"? Alternatively I've considered reaching out to a mutual friend to see if I can garner any information. From my perspective the worst case scenario is that I misinterpreted her reaching out and we go back to awkward silence. However, I would like to get some other opinions on the matter.
Some additional information about the relationship that might be relevant:
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2020.10.22 16:18 BlancheFromage Dictionary of SGI Buzzwords, Catchphrases, and Clichés

Within the SGI, there is a "private language" that only the indoctrinated members understand. New recruits typically find this a bit confusing, but it also presents itself as a compelling challenge to master this new language, in order to become "fluent" with the group and feel like a "real member". Even when the words are English words, SGI uses a different definition, which makes their speech confusing and difficult to understand.
But here is your solution! The Big List of SGI words, concepts, phrases, and clichés all broken down in plain English - your very own SGITropes!
We've been kind of working on this "behind the scenes" for a while now - time to bring it all together! Add your suggestions below (unless they're in the Big List linked above - I'll get to those) and I'll work them into the master document. I'm in the process of working on this; I'm going to be saving it periodically so I don't lose it and so I can see that the formatting's good. Alphabetically:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

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2020.10.22 06:40 Mongolian-Ways Mongolia Tours

Mongolia Tours

The following information should give you a good idea of how Mongolian Ways tours are run. For more detailed information about a particular trip, we encourage you to contact us.

WHAT TOURS DO MONGOLIA OFFER?

Tours in Mongolia vary greatly depending on the objective. Some tours are designed to cover a lot of ground - if you like off-road adventures and want to see the most of Mongolia that you can in a short time, these are for you. Other tours focus on specific interests, such as trekking, wildlife watching, or participating in cultural events and nomadic life. These tours move at a slower pace and you have more time to explore, experience your surroundings, and get to know local people. On every tour there is a chance that your guide may have to change plans. Mother nature doesn’t always cooperate with our itineraries, and part of the quirky charm that is travelling in a place like Mongolia is that your vehicle, or even your aeroplane may get stuck in mud, the local lams may consult the moon and decide to move a festival date by a couple days, or you may happen upon an unexpected celebration in a village that just can’t be missed. Don’t worry, our field and office staff are always in contact via satellite phone or other mysterious means, and we will make adjustments accordingly in order to assure your safety and enjoyment.

FIRST TRAVEL TO MONGOLIA?

The first-time visitor to Mongolia often feels that there are two different countries under one flag. On one hand, the gateway for most visitors to Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar. The city is under constant development, heavily influenced by the ‘gold rush’ derived from the discovery of some of the world’s largest gold deposits in the Gobi Desert. On the other hand, the infrastructure of the city is based on old Soviet planning and construction, and neglect is widely spread, in common with other post-soviet states. Traffic jams are notorious, and the streets are not particularly clean. Despite this, the city has a charm of its own. It is a fusion of old and new, between east and west, and between unsophistication and rapid development. However, drive a few kilometers out of the city, and you will find yourself taking a journey through time, some 800 years back, to the time when Chinggis Khan united the tribes of the steppes into a mighty empire. You will see the Mongol nomads living their lives based on the old traditions (but with TV sets and motorcycles!), in run-down towns along run-down roads but with an ancient culture which is still vibrant.

HOW ARE THE TOURS RUN?

Our fixed departures are carefully researched tours, designed to maximize your time for leisure, outdoor activities, sightseeing, and … having an adventure! If you request a custom tour from us, we do our best to design an itinerary that will suit your needs and interests, based on the information you provide us and our extensive experience traveling in Mongolia. Some days may look very long, with a lot of driving, while others may seem sparse on activities. Mongolia is a very large country with very little infrastructure, so we may have to make many kilometers in one day in order to reach our camp or to show you the most spectacular sights. Be assured that the days are organized so that overall you will be able to make the most of your time in Mongolia and have a once in a lifetime experience. Adventure travel is always a bit unpredictable due to the nature of the terrain and the experiences we seek. Sometimes, the forces of nature or a change in the dates of a festival will require some changes in the plan. Flight schedules may change at a moment’s notice, or muddy ground may make a route impassable. All of our staff, at the office and in the field, are there for you, and we will make our best effort to handle any situation so that you will have an enjoyable and safe tour. In rare cases it may be necessary to change some of the places we will visit, the order of days in the trip, the route taken, or the mode of transportation. Flexibility and a resilient sense of humor will guarantee that you have a great experience in Mongolia.

WHICH CARS WILL WE USE?

In Mongolia there are approximately 8700 kilometers (745 miles) of asphalt sealed roads. The majority of roads are no more than dirt tracks, some of them sandy, others rocky. 4WD vehicles are a necessity. By default, we will be providing Japanese made Mitsubishi Delica vans for most of our trips. These are rather modern, well equipped all-wheel-drive vehicles. Due to the very short travel season in Mongolia, the possibility of keeping a new, top of the line fleet, is literally non-existent, and is common to everybody operating in the field of tourism here in Mongolia. These Mitsubishi Delica are very often being purchased as a second-hand cars (mostly from Japan), and on top of it, are subject to constant off-road trip, usually several thousand kilometers each summer. We try our utmost to make sure that the vehicle is properly maintained, and that all systems are working properly.
On some of our trips, especially those destined for remote and less accessible areas, Russian made UAZ vans would be provided. Though at first sight they look a bit rough, these vehicles have great off-road abilities, and more importantly they are very simple to repair. The average vehicle used in countryside tour in Mongolia travels every 10 days the same number of off-road kilometers as the average SUV in Western countries would travel in a year or two! And these vehicles do it again and again, throughout the year, in snow, sand, mud, and on ice. You will see luxurious vehicles on the roads outside of Ulaanbaatar, and you might ask yourself “why couldn't we be riding in one of those?” We use Russian vans on all our out-of-the-way trips so you won’t spend your time on holiday waiting for spare parts to be sent to your group, or worse yet, continuing in the back of an open truck while your vehicle is towed back to the capital. Russian vans are equipped with bench seats, and the ride can be somewhat bumpy, so if you experience car sickness please come prepared with appropriate medications.

WHERE WILL I STAY THE NIGHTS?

In Mongolia you will find different modes of accommodation:
Hotels: In Ulaanbaatar, there is a wide range of hotels ranging from 4* luxury hotels to very simple guesthouses. We tend to use simple and practical 4* hotels which offer comfort and value and which are located in the heart of the city, allowing us to walk to many of the city’s main attractions and avoid the traffic jams. If you do wish to stay in a more comfortable hotel while in Ulaanbaatar, please do let us know, and we will be happy to arrange this for you.
Ger camps: Outside of the city, Ger camps are the most commonly available full-service facilities. Ger camps use the traditional home of steppe nomads, the felt covered Ger, as guest rooms. Each Ger normally has between 2 and 4 single beds in it, along with a traditional stove, a simple table, and sometimes cupboards and wash stands. We plan for a Ger to be shared between two travelers (or for those who have paid the single supplement, a Ger on their own). If you would like to have more than two travelers sharing your Ger, please let us know, and we shall do our best to accommodate your request. There will generally be a central block that houses hot water showers, sinks, and western-style toilets. This block is usually some distance from your Ger. In a separate building, there will be a restaurant or dining room, and sometimes a bar or a recreation room. Many camps have outdoor recreation facilities such as a volleyball or badminton net.
📷

CAN I CAMP IN MONGOLIA?

Mongolia offers fantastic camping possibilities in beautiful landscapes, and often the places we visit will have no Ger camps or local hotels. We provide our guests with high-quality tents on all our camping trips. On treks or kayaking trips, where equipment must be carried by pack animals or boat, the camps will be expedition style. No formal toilet or shower facilities will be available. You will use a field toilet, and we will provide you with water for washing up. Please note that you will need to bring a sleeping bag and mattress if camping is included in your trip.

CAN I STAY IN NOMADIC FAMILY HOMES?

Most likely, if you have selected on of our fixed departures, you will be staying at least one night with a nomadic family. This gives you a chance to get closely acquainted with the way of life and culture of the Mongolian people. If the group is small, we may stay in the family’s gers, using our mattresses and sleeping bags. If our group is larger, we will set up our tents next to the family’s ger so we have more room to spread out. Most nomadic families do not have formal toilets in their summer camps, so the most you can expect to find is a designated toilet trench that may be screened on three sides. No showering facilities will be available. Nomads wash in basins in their gers, or in a nearby river in warm weather.

WHAT WILL I EAT?

It depends on the kind of trip you are taking. Check your itinerary to see what types of accommodation you will be in. In Ulaanbaatar, you can expect a variety of quality restaurants with international foods. In Ger camps, we generally eat breakfast and dinner in camp and take a packed lunch for the day. Your packed lunch will be carried in appropriate containers to prevent spillage or spoiling. Ger camps serve both Mongolian and international foods, and there will usually be a choice of the main dish. On camping days, what you eat is up to you and the accompanying staff. As the shared costs of an expedition cook are higher in smaller groups, some groups may not be accompanied by a cook. In this case, the guides and drivers will be cooking for you. If you are willing to assist them, they will be grateful for your help. On expeditions where there is no vehicle support, there will be dried and canned foods available, but fresh fruits and vegetables often cannot be transported beyond the first couple of days. For groups of more than seven travelers, we usually send a cook, and the food will be just great! Please let us know if you have any food preferences or restrictions, or if you are following a special diet. If we are given advance notice, we will do whatever we can to meet your preferences and needs. Please note that most Ger camps won’t be very sympathetic towards travelers cooking their own meals in the camp.

WHO WILL BE MY TOUR GUIDE?

The short travel season here in Mongolia does not allow tour-guiding to become a full-time profession. Hence, the vast majority of our guides are young students who work as a guide for 3-4 years until they graduate. After leaving university, they then seek a more stable position which provides a yearly income. We, therefore, run our own lengthy travel guide training, where we try to provide the prospective guides with the skills to be more effective. As well as knowledge of the country’s history, geography, and current affairs, we focus on subjects such as foreign language skills, cross-cultural differences, and first-aid provision.
A distinct advantage every Mongolian brings to a profession such as tour-guiding is the unconditional maternal-like care to guests. This derives from the fundamental values of the nomadic culture. Mongolians have an almost compulsive need to meet expectations and to take great care of each of their guests. Each year we receive around 100 applications to be a travel guide. Of these, around 30 begin the long training process. Only 5 or 6 guides complete their training and become an apprentice. New guides usually run 2 to 3 trips as an apprentice, before leading their own travel group. We do our utmost to prepare our guides to carry out their duties and responsibilities. If your guide is an apprentice, please bear in mind that we all have to make a start somewhere, and your patience and encouragement will be gratefully accepted.

WHO WILL BE MY DRIVER?

Our drivers, the owners of the vehicles you will be driven in, are fabulous mechanics, navigators, and excellent drivers, and have many years’ experience of driving travelers throughout Mongolia. Some of our drivers have been working for us for over ten years; though in the peak season we also recruit some additional drivers to the team. Our drivers usually don’t speak foreign languages, but all of them have strong interpersonal skills and very good intuition. They do their very best to accommodate the needs of the travelers and ensure you get the very best out of your experience. They know when you need to stop, whether it is for a photo, a toilet break, or to stretch your muscles after a long period of driving. The drivers are an inseparable part of our team. At the head of each group of drivers is a lead driver who is familiar, not only with the travel route and anything surrounding it but also responsible for supervising the other drivers and making sure they operate under the company’s spirit and within our strict code of conduct.

IS THIS THE RIGHT TOUR FOR ME?

Travel to Mongolia does not suit everyone. Mongolia is underdeveloped, the Mongolian diet is very different from what we are used to eating in the west, and the lodging facilities are more basic than in other travel destinations in the region. Journeys can be long and rough, and the Mongolian attitude towards service is very different from our expectations in the west. Mongolia is for the curious, the patient, for those who can laugh at adversity and who accept that life just happens differently here.
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2020.10.20 19:42 Ledinax [Virtual Youtubers] Her Name was Mano Aloe: A Fan Documentary of Hololive's Graduated Succubus

Hello to everyone.
About a week from now, on October 28, the birthday of an idol who graduated 3 months ago will be coming up. For those of you who are new to Virtual Youtubers or Vtubers (streamers that use anime animated avatars through Live2D) and/or Hololive (agency of Virtual YouTubers created by the company Cover Corp), in all likelihood you don’t know who this person is, which is understandable and I encourage you to keep reading. For those who do, I hope that day is one of celebration rather than sadness for all of you. With her birthday coming up, I wanted to give a documentary of the short, but impactful journey of the succubus of Hololive's 5th gen. And while she isn’t officially a part of the group as of today, for many she will always be remembered as the idol who was lost, but never forgotten. Today I’d like to share with you the story of Mano Aloe and her impact on Hololive.
*As a disclaimer, please do not go to any Hololive member streams to discuss this topic, nor start arguing with any of the groups or people mentioned in this post.

The Beginning of Holofive

On August 5th of 2020, 5 new members were announced and declared for the 5th generation of Hololive and would soon be given the nickname “Holofive,” not only because of their status as the 5th generation, but also because they happened to have five members (though most JP generations have that group layout, barring Hololive Gamers and Hololive Gen 0).
【#ほろふぁいぶ】ホロライブ5期がデビュー!!本日よりTwitterにて活動開始!!
🎉Please Give a Warm Welcome to Hololive 5th Generation!🎉 : Hololive
They would subsequently all use Twitter in the days before their debuts, and many flocked to interact with them. It was an unprecedented amount of communication, not only with fans but with their senior coworkers as well. This became a major reason for their sudden boom in popularity before their debuts even started.
Aloe, unfortunately, was a special case. At the time, many remember Kageyama Shien, a member of the 3rd gen of Holostars, as having his Twitter profile locked out and banned for nearly a month the day after his debut, most likely due to the fact that he may have set his age to be 0. Aloe, on the other hand, had been locked out of Twitter the day of her announcement. Cover Corp came out with a statement about it, and Aloe was unfortunately restricted from using Twitter for a couple of days before eventually joining the rest of her crewmates in the festivities.
5th Gen Mano Aloe pulled a Shien on twitter : Hololive
A week later, their debuts would be broadcast every day of the week, with the lineup starting at Yukihana Lamy, followed by Momosuzu Nene, Shishiro Botan, Mano Aloe, and finally, Omaru Polka.
Mano Aloe, the 4th one to debut, is described as this in her bio:
“A headstrong, mischievous succubus-in-training who dreams of becoming the Diva of the Demonic Realm. Can dish it out, but can’t take it. After learning of Hololive from an acquaintance, she decided to come test out her charms in the human realm.”
She was 15 years old when she debuted on August 15, 2020, and was 150 cm. Her birthday is October 28, and she enjoyed watching horror movies, making bento boxes, and singing. She also enjoyed cleaning rooms (besides her own), and had a distaste for bugs of all sorts (including butterflies) as well as a hatred for riddles and studying. Here’s a translation of her slides during her debut.
I translated three slides from Aloe's debut stream : Hololive
On her debut, she sang Koshi Tantan(虎視眈々) as a bold opening that separated herself from the rest of her peers starting off. Many people will remember that she also brandished a vocoder when singing, providing that energetic, autotune-like vibe to the song that many found great to listen to. She also sang the song “Happy Synthesizer (ハッピーシンセサイザ),” as a finisher to her stream, defining herself as an idol who primarily wanted to see herself on the big stage singing for her fans.
One of the quirks of her character design was that one of her horns was smaller than the other; lorewise, it would grow as time went on and she became more mature, and it’s speculated that once she got to her 3d debut, it would be fully grown. Her model also had a position where her tail would hold up her mic like a mic stand, which was dubbed the “akumic,” (Which combines “akuma,” which means devil or demon, and “microphone,” which shortens to mic) and many fanarts made use of that little detail.
sadly we wont see her grow anymore : Hololive
#Holofive Mano Aloe ✨✨ #LustfulSubbubus - Hololive
Mano Aloe, by warayanuko : Hololive
Many might also remember that she was quite open about her clothing and body, going so far as to reveal the panties of her character model that her mother(illustrator) Guchico had drawn up for her on her Twitter (Due to Aloe's Twitter closing down, the tweet in question is unavailable. Since this is official art, I have decided not to post any links here in case this violates any rules, as it is not on the artist's official Twitter either. A quick search for it on Danbooru is the easiest way to find it.) Not only was this in character, but it led to speculation that her personality might have ended up being somewhat similar to Shion’s spoiled brat personality, known as a “kusogaki” by the older Hololive members.
[Kiryu Coco] After 3 months of 5th gen [Aki Rosenthal, Yuzuki Choco, Amane Kanata, Hololive Eng Sub]
After each of the 5th gen’s streams, all of the members who debuted would talk with each other afterwards to chat and interact with the others. Some may remember the cute songs that Momosuzu Nene would sing for each member once they debuted. (Lamy wa Fuwafuwa, La-Lion, Ma! Ma-Ma-Ma-Mano!, etc.) Holofive seemed to be a rousing success. Until disaster struck just a day later.

The Apology and the Beginning of Skepticism

On August 17, 2020, a stream popped up on Aloe’s YouTube channel titled “大事なお知らせ,” which roughly translated to “Important Announcement.” It is privated on her channel as of right now. Cover Corp nor Hololive issued any statement about the stream or anything pertaining to Aloe before it was made, so many were unaware of its contents beforehand, including Reddit:
Aloe important announcment in 15 minutes. : Hololive
The stream itself was around six minutes. In it, Aloe revealed to the audience that she had breached the terms of her contract with Cover Corp by accident. According to her, a Live 2D (L2D) broadcast of her testing her model out was dug up and found out by the public that happened during May of 2020. At the time, Aloe had requested permission from her manager to try out her model on a previously owned account, one that would later expose her private life to a startling degree.
The manager complied with her request and she most likely spent a while trying out the rigging of her model before finishing up. However, neither her nor her manager had actually ended that test, leaving a backdoor for people to find. It was password protected, but someone was able to break in and find it. This would lead to a multitude of doxxing attempts onto the talent. She would further go on to address rumors and the concerning amount of harassment around her.
According to her, many people had used the private information dug up to start harassing a male acquainted with her; it was speculated that the man was her boyfriend, or something of that status, but she addressed that she and him had no current relationship at the time the video was made and had went their separate ways before her debut.
There were also many cases of doxxing and harassment from people. For those of you who are unfamiliar with the term, doxxing is defined as the action of “search[ing] for and publish[ing] private or identifying information about (a particular individual) on the Internet, typically with malicious intent,” according to Oxford Dictionary. The reason why the L2D leak was extremely serious was that it led to her private accounts being found out and spread across the internet.
A video on twitcast of an utaite with an almost identical voice to Aloe’s was found and posted to other websites, and contained information that many Japanese fans considered sensitive and foreboding of Aloe’s ability to ruin Hololive as a company. As a result, information such as her private twitter account, old niconico account, and even landline address were found out. She received many messages from random strangers to her own household from that. It is unknown what was said in these messages or if she even listened to all of them, but the fact of the matter stood that people knew sensitive information, perhaps even up to where she lived. These private details were not brought up in the apology video in question, but it became one of the biggest points of contention surrounding her. If you’d like more information about the twitcast video in question, I created a post on VirtualYoutubers trying to debunk the allegations against her when the surge of hatred started to pile up. I will not link it in case it violates the rule against leaking information about past lives.
After this video, Aloe would be suspended from streaming activities for an entire two weeks, and would not be allowed to communicate with any of her fans, nor her fellow Gen 5 members publicly.
The community was immediately embroiled in discussion and speculation. Many were concerned about her stunted growth as a result of the two week ban from streaming; After all, Gen 5 had been growing at an unparalleled rate, so seeing her having two weeks of streaming denied after her debut was extremely detrimental. Many also threw shade at Cover Corp, Hololive’s parent company, as well as Hololive, and Yagoo, Cover Corp’s CEO.
For context, Hololive had been in a series of unfortunate circumstances regarding their talents that led to public opinions about their ineptitude in handling problems, both internally and externally. Some of them include:
Yozora Mel being harassed and stalked:
Yozora Mel just tweeted this. I do not understand Japanese, any idea on what happened? : Hololive

People hearing a male voice during Tokoyami Towa’s livestream after forgetting to mute her mic:
Cover's statement on towa's incident : VirtualYoutubers

The deletion/privating of many Hololive videos:
Hololive current situation megathread/summary : Hololive

Mio taking a break from streaming due to copyright:
Mio is taking an indefinite break from streaming : Hololive

The concern about Aloe being harassed and doxxed by random strangers led to a growing concern about how Hololive would handle the situation, and contributed to the negativity surrounding the entire incident. This would, unfortunately, lead to one of the darkest times in Hololive history.

The Two Week Ban and the Divide

What followed was a massive divide between fans, primarily between Japanese and overseas fans. As a result of the language barrier, overseas fans were not able to deal with the situation as quickly as Japanese fans. The lack of translations led to fans taking it into their own hands to try and assess the situation, leading to a lack of understanding of the entire situation. Many of the translations were misleading or flat out wrong too; For example, a lot of users were very confused about her situation since some translations painted the L2D leak as the same incident as the private twitcast video, which was blatantly false. Many who gave out translations were also very opinionated and lacked the entire picture of why Japanese fans were outraged. Some Japanese comments flooded Reddit, with the idea that overseas fans had no idea about the circumstances surrounding Aloe’s incident and implied an idea of unequal standing between Japanese fans and overseas fans. These were, of course, received poorly, and many were quick to realize that these statements were copied and pasted as if coordinated to offend overseas fans or set a precedent. And they were.
It should be noted that many of the people against Aloe fell under the term “anti.” While it’s a universal term, people who are considered antis deliberately take actions against another person or talent with the end goal of ruining, hurting, slandering, or harassing their target, whether it be through death threats, doxxing, or spamming them with negative comments. Their goal in this endeavor was to disguise themselves as “fans” of Hololive and spread disorder and distrust amongst the community. They’d pose as concerned fans who wanted Cover Corp to succeed, and for Aloe to be fired for the “greater good” of the company and the safety of its talents. This would lead to actual fans sharing the same or similar sentiments to this idea, leading to much more backlash against her compared to previous incidents. After all, the idea of an idol leaking the sensitive information of other talents didn't seem too far-fetched. It was a fear that many, unfortunately, fell victim to.
The initial problem that overseas fans gleamed from Japanese comments was that she had been hiding evidence pertaining to having a boyfriend previously, and that the tweets she had put out on her private account were sexual in nature. Two main tweets were discussed:
  1. She had tweeted and joked about a “sashimi dildo;” while I am unsure if there was a picture to accompany it, these are the words many people used to reference the tweet.
  2. Largely paraphrased, but she tweeted out that “When I’m famous, I’ll be able to fuck all of my fans,” or something of that extent.
Now before you judge these tweets, do be aware that these were made nearly four years before she even debuted as Mano Aloe; while Hololive requires you to be a legal adult to work at their agency, it’s been speculated that she was pretty young at the time of those tweets. To paraphrase another reddit user, “dumb teenagers will do dumb teenager things.” It’s also worth mentioning that these tweets usually had the dates cropped out to show them out of context and purposefully frame Aloe in a bad light by those looking to defame her.
This led some Redditors to blame the idol culture in Japan quite heavily, and Japanese fans were generalized to fit this perspective. While this may have been the case for some, it definitely was not the case for all. In fact, the majority of Japanese people criticizing Aloe were fixated more on the twitcast video, which I will talk about shortly. Even then, most Japanese fans wished for her return and for her to simply reflect on her mistake. Many on Reddit felt the need to lash out at Japanese fans and their culture in general, to the extent that some comments started becoming borderline racist.
[Aloe] please don't use current situation as an attempt to generalise JPN fans or sow division : Hololive
The second, and much more serious problem, stemmed from a certain part of the twitcast video. In this video, the girl revealed sensitive information from a talent of another company, specifically addressing the reason for her retirement. She claimed to be an acquaintance of (or acquaintanced with) this person, and stated that they left due to private information being found out and exposed to the public. The problem is that this statement could not be identified as completely true by fans. Many who were familiar with this company and this person remarked that the circumstances surrounding her retirement were quite different from the statement the girl issued, and people began to believe that her statement was likened to a rumor, which many found extremely offensive. They thought that her statement tarnished the name of the character that retired, and that it brought about rumors that were unnecessary in nature. Unfortunately, this sentiment would be lost on the overseas fanbase for a while after the initial news. Even then, many were of the opinion that doxxing and harassing her over such a statement was unjustified. This was the main issue dividing the community: Some fans thought the punishment and treatment from fans were too harsh; Others thought her punishment wasn’t severe enough. And of course, this was exacerbated by the lack of direct communication between both sides. Until she came back, the Hololive community would have to form their own opinions about how to handle the situation.

Support and the Formation of M.A.S.S.

So what did the fans do while they waited for Aloe to return? They showed their support. They made sure to let Aloe know that she had fans who were there to greet her when she came back. They got to work on preparing for her return and spreading positivity throughout the community. Through this ban period, a resurgence of artists shared their reinvigoration for their hobbies as they tried to find a way to show their support for Aloe. People who had editing skills,people who drew, even people who simply wanted to send their thoughts to Aloe flooded the subreddit with heartfelt messages, memes, drawings and other forms of media. People found motivation to pick up old hobbies to show their love for Aloe despite her very short time in Hololive. The entire subreddit, her YouTube channel, and her Twitter account buzzed with life.
Mano Aloe and Fans are waiting... : Hololive
Mano Aloe Minimalist Wallpaper while for Aloe's return~ : Hololive
Mano Aloe, by @hr_x9_ : Hololive
Daily shitpost to show my support to Mano Aloe until she comes back DAY 3 : Hololive
A simple support message for the poor Mano Aloe : Hololive
We miss you : Hololive
From this wave of support for Aloe, a group known as the Mano Aloe Support Squad was formed, a discord server with the goal of showing fan appreciation for Mano Aloe (It would later be renamed the Manotomo Alliance Support Squad). Multiple messages would be posted onto the Hololive subreddit asking people to join their cause, and for the most part it was well-received by the community:
Please help support Mano Aloe! : Hololive
The Mano Aloe Support Squad needs you help! : Hololive
M.A.S.S. had a multitude of goals, but the main idea was to show fan support for Aloe during her two week suspension as to make sure she knew people were waiting for her return. The main form of support was through a group effort to use Aloe’s hashtags to send kind messages and fanart on certain days of the week. This project would be divided based on the timezones of different countries and initiated every day based on the JST timezone. The template usually revolved around sending in a picture of the country you were from, some interesting facts about it, and a kind message to show support for her. Using #魔乃アロエ and #魔の友, Aloe’s Twitter was flooded with warm, caring comments from all around the world in an attempt to show the appreciation fans had for her.
In addition to this, multiple collaborations would be made for when she would return: Small games were made with themes centered around Aloe and her Manotomo’s, the name of which she’d call her fans. Pages and pages of fanart were filled with support for Aloe. Thousands of comments wished the best for her, and that they were waiting for her to come back. Someone even made an entire website dedicated to storing all of these little projects, so I suggest you check it out if you have the time!
Manotomo
Of course, the public support for her wasn’t always a positive influence. It contributed to some of the negatives as well. A couple of days into the ban week, it should be noted that harassment attempts against Aloe had decreased a little. Antis are known to move from target to target once their efforts on one end start becoming fruitless, tiring, or boring, and after a few days of radio silence on her end there didn’t seem to be much going on. There are two notable events, however, that seemed to reignite their efforts to harass Aloe.
The first event was their discovery of the M.A.S.S. server. Through one means or another, they were able to find information about the existence of a group solely dedicated to showing support for Aloe, the exact target they wanted to harass. Whether one had joined the server previously as some sort of insider or through chance, it became clear to them that there was an active overseas group who wanted Aloe back; and that only made their efforts harsher. Once more, they took to Twitter and YouTube to flood Aloe with negative comments and spam, determined to destroy the efforts of those showing support in addition to harassing her.
https://www.reddit.com/Hololive/comments/ik33hb/thank_you_note_to_mass/g3i5y7f/?context=3
The second event was the direct confrontation of fans with antis on 5ch and 2ch (Japanese message boards that are very similar to our version of 4chan). Unfortunately, some overseas fans had gone over to their threads to spam them with angry comments and similar messages on their own turf, which was a terrible idea in hindsight. The point is that fans provoked the hornet’s nest, which led to more and more backlash against Aloe as the week progressed.
While both of these events are debatable in terms of influencing her final outcome, it is a fact that the major outspoken support for Aloe resulted in an equal opposition of hatred and harassment on the opposite side. And unfortunately, as the day of her suspension being lifted got closer and closer, nobody would be able to predict what was about to happen.

Retirement, and Loss

On Monday, August 30, 2020, right when she was about to come out of her two week ban, a statement came out from Cover Corp concerning Aloe’s situation. Due to personal reasons, she would be graduating from Hololive after everything that had happened through a mutual agreement with the company, one that she herself decided upon. She’d later graduate the day after, and her page on the Vtuber wikipedia would eventually be put in the “former members” section:
Important Announcement Regarding Mano Aloe : Hololive
https://virtualyoutuber.fandom.com/wiki/Mano_Aloe
Soon after the news hit, Shishiro Botan, one of the members of 5th gen, came out with an impromptu stream a few minutes after the announcement was made, along with the rest of her genmates. This suggested that this news came as a surprise even to them. All of them reacted differently, but it was clear that all of them were deeply hurt by the news; Lamy and Nene can be heard crying toward the end of their portions of the video. Polka’s serious and deeper voice only added to the gravity of the situation, and Botan took on the role of leading them through the entire stream with a somber tone to her voice. Everything felt like a punch to the gut. The video can be found below. It also has official English subtitles for those who don’t understand Japanese:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCqDv94ZeuA
Meanwhile, antis were celebrating Aloe’s graduation. On Botan’s announcement stream, there were a few Japanese comments that said things like “SHE’S FINALLY GONE!” and “Stop crying, we know those are fake tears,” amongst other insensitive stuff. Originally, there were Reddit posts that screenshotted these comments, but they should be on Botan’s stream if you’re willing to find them unless they’ve been removed and reported. Many reported that the threads full of antis on 2chan and 5chan were vibrant and ecstatic to see that they managed to get one of Hololive’s idols to graduate. But for the Hololive community, many were heartbroken to witness a new idol, one with so much promise and potential, being harassed out of her dream job.
The news was a massive blow to everyone, and in the following weeks fans were overcome with grief and anguish. Morale on the subreddit dropped. Some climbed out of the Hololive rabbit hole from the sheer shock of Aloe retiring. Some became disappointed in Cover for failing to protect Aloe from the harassment. Others took a break from Hololive in general just to get their thoughts in order. A couple tried to stay positive and tough it out, warning people to never forget this incident. It became one of the darkest eras that Hololive has ever gone through.
HER NAME WAS MANO ALOE : VirtualYoutubers
I still can't believe it : Hololive
"Please witness it! Please!" : Hololive
it was truly fun : Hololive
I was hoping for an epic comeback but got sad instead. Goodbye Aloe... : Hololive
There are no more great days, just days : Hololive
The Worst loss in 2020.... Depression is Back...goodluck Mano Aloe❤️😭 : Hololive
Mano Aloe a lovely gal gone, but not forgotten : Hololive
《Garden of Aloe》posted again to hololive on reddit. Best wishes for Mano Aloe. : Hololive
Goodbye Aloe... : Hololive
You've tried really hard : Hololive
I don't feel so good:) Artist : https://www.facebook.com/monster7320 : Hololive (This one in particular hurts.)
Understandably, many posts were made discussing the entire situation. As soon as the news hit, the new tab was flooded with posts about Aloe's graduation, and it cluttered the subreddit. It got to the point that any discussion posts outside the announcement thread needed to be deleted to keep the subreddit from devolving into utter chaos. Some fanarts stayed up, but nearly all posts about Aloe with the "Discussion" flair were removed for quite a while after the announcement, and people were asked to relocate to the megathread regarding her graduation for discussion. It should be noted that many were unaware of the grander picture, and only saw the moderators deleting posts related to Aloe, leading many to believe that they were forcefully trying to stifle any attempts at discussing Aloe's graduation. This was remedied quickly, but for the first couple of days many were angry to see Hololive deleting the individual discussion threads for seemingly no reason.
mods deleted my tribute video. it's just getting worse : Hololive
Not only that, but people began to criticize Cover Corp for their inability to protect her from the harassment. As stated, after the slew of mismanagement problems behind the scenes, this became the breaking point for a lot of fans. Cover Corp criticism and hatred spiked immensely, with some people berating and feeling disappointed for how Cover Corp handled the situation.
Cover Corp failed Aloe : VirtualYoutubers
About the Cover Corp hate : Hololive
I do, however, want to enlighten some people as to the possible reasons for their actions during this time, since this is very important as to how things were handled. I won’t try to defend or attack their actions, but I do want to make sense of some of the aspects happening during the entire incident.
Thankfully, there were some uplifting moments during these troubling times. Right after the news of Aloe’s retirement became public, Shirakami Fubuki started an impromptu stream of Fall Guys, and many flocked to her to take their mind off of Aloe’s graduation. While she didn’t address the situation directly, the timing and abruptness of the stream made it clear why she decided to stream.
【#FallGuys】FOXBURGERKING 5th【ホロライブ/白上フブキ】
Aki Rosenthal also came out rather quickly with a singing stream with another vtuber named ASHINO, who played the guitar alongside her.
【3D歌枠】25万人記念配信!Acoustic Session Live 1st 【ホロライブ/アキロゼ】
Aloe’s fellow genmates were also quick to show their support for her. Momosuzu Nene in particular was very vocal about her support for Aloe. At the time, there were major concerns with Aloe being depicted in official art or banners tied to Holofive; on the Hololive channel, Aloe’s avatar was no longer shown with the other four members, and the Aloe flair on the Hololive subreddit was legitimately considered for being removed. Nene, however, made her own choice, and decided to remember Aloe in her own special way. If you go onto her Twitter, her banner is a drawing of all the Holofive members, including Aloe. Even during the initial fallout, Nene was insistent on Aloe remaining a member of Holofive, regardless of what happened.
[Vtuber / Hololive] A message of departure from Shishiro Botan to Mano Aloe [Eng Sub]
【Hololive/Eng sub】Nene hopes everyone will not forget Mano Aloe
桃鈴ねね🥟ホロライブ5期生 (@momosuzunene)
Lamy drew Aloe on her stream today : Hololive
The weeks following her retirement, the subreddit was often filled with bittersweet memes and discussion posts about people’s feelings for Aloe and her graduation. Some people were even so distraught that just looking at the rest of Holofive brought back memories of Aloe. Though since then, her fans have gotten better. Every so often, fanarts of her make their way on this subreddit, and while many were, and are still sad about her retirement, many have also come to terms with it and enjoy the occasional fanarts of her. To us, the Manotomos, she has left her mark on Hololive, even though she is long gone.
One last Comfy with Aloe : Hololive
Mano Aloe, by @0_71_Rain : Hololive
Mano Aloe : VirtualYoutubers

The Aftermath and Her Legacy

So what has changed since her retirement? What’s become of Hololive’s 5th generation? What has Hololive done now that they’ve lost one of their idols? The simple answer is that while there are some problems, for the most part they are still going strong. One of the biggest changes that has come from Aloe’s incident is the formation of company measures against doxxing and harassment against their talents, not only from Cover Corp, but Ichikara (Nijisanji’s parent company) as well:
A Statement Regarding Measures Against the Harassment of Hololive Production Talents : Hololive
Ichikara (Nijisanji parent company) has established a team dedicated to "Fighting Libel, Abuse, Defamation, and Offensive Acts against Our Talents" : VirtualYoutubers
Before Aloe’s retirement, both of these companies did not contain any public statements regarding the protection of their talents that were heavily enforced, or seemed to be publicly. However, shortly after Aloe’s retirement, Ichikara came out with their statement seemingly out of nowhere. It’s been speculated that this had been in the works for a while now considering Nijisanji also faced similar harassment months prior to Aloe’s case, but it had been rushed forward in response to Aloe’s situation. Not too far afterwards, Hololive came out with their statement as well, and actually kept their promise; they’ve gone through with multiple C&D’s on channels leaking information from 4chan to YouTube:
"Anti V-Tuber" channels seem to be getting obliterated by Hololive
Hololive just DESTROYED "Anti V-Tuber" YouTube channel by sending Yagoo's Special Forces
Well what about the fanbase? Have they forgotten about Aloe after Hololive EN and everything that’s happened? Well I exist, and this post exists, so there’s that. But in all seriousness, many have not forgotten about Aloe, and continue to remember her to this day. Many continue to wear their Aloe flairs proudly, and others continue to remember Aloe’s influence in Hololive. Many have even used their experience with Aloe’s situation to make the most of Coco and Haachama’s situation by combating antis through reporting and laying low to wait for their idols to come back with great success. I’m typing this in advance, but I assume that her birthday is filled with warm posts from her fans. Hopefully, you’ll be able to send her your best wishes as well if you’d like.

Closing Remarks

This is where her story ends for now. But, the very short memories of her live on in those who were there to witness it. Perhaps in the future, those of us still in Hololive will smile when we remember the succubus that could have been. I hope that once her birthday comes around, you'll be able to join me in wishing her a happy birthday. Whether you were a fan of hers, or are new to Hololive, or just happened to stumble onto this post, I hope I was able to tell her story well.
Her name was Mano Aloe, and don’t you dare forget it.
Latest art by Aloe's illustrator Guchico (@Guchico77) : Hololive
submitted by Ledinax to HobbyDrama [link] [comments]


2020.10.20 19:13 True_A3r0z Her Name was Mano Aloe: A Fan Documentary of Hololive's Graduated Succubus

Hello to everyone.
About a week from now, on October 28, the birthday of an idol who graduated 3 months ago will be coming up. For those of you who are new to this subreddit, in all likelihood you don’t know who this person is, which is understandable and I encourage you to keep reading. For those who do, I hope that day is one of celebration rather than sadness for all of you. With her birthday coming up, I wanted to give a documentary of the short, but impactful journey of the succubus of 5th gen to those who've fallen into the rabbit hole. And while she isn’t officially a part of the group as of today, for many she will always be remembered as the idol who was lost, but never forgotten. Today I’d like to share with you the story of Mano Aloe and her impact on Hololive.
*As a disclaimer, please do not go to any Hololive member streams to discuss this topic. In addition, please do not start arguing with any of the groups or people mentioned in this post.

The Beginning of Holofive

On August 5th of 2020, five new members were announced and declared for the 5th generation of Hololive and would soon be given the nickname “Holofive,” not only because of their status as the 5th generation, but also because they happened to have five members (though most JP generations have that group layout, barring Hololive Gamers and Hololive Gen 0).
【#ほろふぁいぶ】ホロライブ5期がデビュー!!本日よりTwitterにて活動開始!!
🎉Please Give a Warm Welcome to Hololive 5th Generation!🎉 : Hololive
They would subsequently all use Twitter in the days before their debuts, and many flocked to interact with them. It was an unprecedented amount of communication, not only with fans but with their senior coworkers as well. This became a major reason for their sudden boom in popularity before their debuts even started.
Aloe, unfortunately, was a special case. At the time, many remember Kageyama Shien, a member of the 3rd gen of Holostars, as having his Twitter profile locked out and banned for nearly a month the day after his debut, most likely due to the fact that he may have set his age to be 0. Aloe, on the other hand, had been locked out of Twitter the day of her announcement. Cover Corp came out with a statement about it, and Aloe was unfortunately restricted from using Twitter for a couple of days before eventually joining the rest of her crewmates in the festivities.
5th Gen Mano Aloe pulled a Shien on twitter : Hololive
A week later, their debuts would be broadcast every day of the week, with the lineup starting at Yukihana Lamy, followed by Momosuzu Nene, Shishiro Botan, Mano Aloe, and finally, Omaru Polka.
Mano Aloe, the 4th one to debut, is described as this in her bio:
“A headstrong, mischievous succubus-in-training who dreams of becoming the Diva of the Demonic Realm. Can dish it out, but can’t take it. After learning of Hololive from an acquaintance, she decided to come test out her charms in the human realm.”
She was 15 years old when she debuted on August 15, 2020, and was 150 cm. Her birthday is October 28, and she enjoyed watching horror movies, making bento boxes, and singing. She also enjoyed cleaning rooms (besides her own), and had a distaste for bugs of all sorts (including butterflies) as well as a hatred for riddles and studying. Here’s a translation of her slides during her debut.
I translated three slides from Aloe's debut stream : Hololive
On her debut, she sang Koshi Tantan(虎視眈々) as a bold opening that separated herself from the rest of her peers starting off. Many people will remember that she also brandished a vocoder when singing, providing that energetic, autotune-like vibe to the song that many found great to listen to. She also sang the song “Happy Synthesizer (ハッピーシンセサイザ),” as a finisher to her stream, defining herself as an idol who primarily wanted to see herself on the big stage singing for her fans.
One of the quirks of her character design was that one of her horns was smaller than the other; lorewise, it would grow as time went on and she became more mature, and it’s speculated that once she got to her 3d debut, it would be fully grown. Her model also had a position where her tail would hold up her mic like a mic stand, which was dubbed the “akumic,” (Which combines “akuma,” which means devil or demon, and “microphone,” which shortens to mic) and many fanarts made use of that little detail.
sadly we wont see her grow anymore : Hololive
#Holofive Mano Aloe ✨✨ #LustfulSubbubus - Hololive
Mano Aloe, by warayanuko : Hololive
Many might also remember that she was quite open about her clothing and body, going so far as to reveal the panties of her character model that her mother(illustrator) Guchico had drawn up for her on her Twitter (Due to Aloe's Twitter closing down, the tweet in question is unavailable. Since this is official art, I have decided not to post any links here in case this violates any rules, as it is not on the artist's official Twitter either. A quick search for it on Danbooru is the easiest way to find it.) Not only was this in character, but it led to speculation that her personality might have ended up being somewhat similar to Shion’s spoiled brat personality, known as a “kusogaki” by the older Hololive members.
[Kiryu Coco] After 3 months of 5th gen [Aki Rosenthal, Yuzuki Choco, Amane Kanata, Hololive Eng Sub]
After each of the 5th gen’s streams, all of the members who debuted would talk with each other afterwards to chat and interact with the others. Some may remember the cute songs that Momosuzu Nene would sing for each member once they debuted. (Lamy wa Fuwafuwa, La-Lion, Ma! Ma-Ma-Ma-Mano!, etc.) Holofive seemed to be a rousing success. Until disaster struck just a day later.

The Apology and the Beginning of Skepticism

On August 17, 2020, a stream popped up on Aloe’s YouTube channel titled “大事なお知らせ,” which roughly translated to “Important Announcement.” It is privated on her channel as of right now. Cover Corp nor Hololive issued any statement about the stream or anything pertaining to Aloe before it was made, so many were unaware of its contents beforehand, including Reddit:
Aloe important announcment in 15 minutes. : Hololive
The stream itself was around six minutes. In it, Aloe revealed to the audience that she had breached the terms of her contract with Cover Corp by accident. According to her, a Live 2D (L2D) broadcast of her testing her model out was dug up and found out by the public that happened during May of 2020. At the time, Aloe had requested permission from her manager to try out her model on a previously owned account, one that would later expose her private life to a startling degree.
The manager complied with her request and she most likely spent a while trying out the rigging of her model before finishing up. However, neither her nor her manager had actually ended that test, leaving a backdoor for people to find. It was password protected, but someone was able to find it and trace it back to her. This would lead to a multitude of doxxing attempts onto the talent. She would further go on to address rumors and the concerning amount of harassment around her.
According to her, many people had used the private information dug up to start harassing a male acquainted with her; it was speculated that the man was her boyfriend, or something of that status, but she addressed that she and him had no current relationship at the time the video was made and had went their separate ways before her debut.
There were also many cases of doxxing and harassment from people. For those of you who are unfamiliar with the term, doxxing is defined as the action of “search[ing] for and publish[ing] private or identifying information about (a particular individual) on the Internet, typically with malicious intent,” according to Oxford Dictionary. The reason why the L2D leak was extremely serious was that it led to her private accounts being found out and spread across the internet.
A video on twitcast of an utaite with an almost identical voice to Aloe’s was found and posted to other websites, and contained information that many Japanese fans considered sensitive and foreboding of Aloe’s ability to ruin Hololive as a company. As a result, information such as her private twitter account, old niconico account, and even landline address were found out. She received many messages from random strangers to her own household from that. It is unknown what was said in these messages or if she even listened to all of them, but the fact of the matter stood that people knew sensitive information, perhaps even up to where she lived. These private details were not brought up in the apology video in question, but it became one of the biggest points of contention surrounding her. If you’d like more information about the twitcast video in question, I created a post on VirtualYoutubers trying to debunk the allegations against her when the surge of hatred started to pile up. I will not link it in case it violates the rule against leaking information about past lives. It's on my profile though if you're interested.
After this video, Aloe would be suspended from streaming activities for an entire two weeks, and would not be allowed to communicate with any of her fans, nor her fellow Gen 5 members publicly.
The community was immediately embroiled in discussion and speculation. Many were concerned about her stunted growth as a result of the two week ban from streaming; After all, Gen 5 had been growing at an unparalleled rate, so seeing her having two weeks of streaming denied after her debut was extremely detrimental. Many also threw shade at Cover Corp, Hololive’s parent company, as well as Hololive, and Yagoo, Cover Corp’s CEO.
For context, Hololive had been in a series of unfortunate circumstances regarding their talents that led to public opinions about their ineptitude in handling problems, both internally and externally. Some of them include:
Yozora Mel being harassed and stalked:
Yozora Mel just tweeted this. I do not understand Japanese, any idea on what happened? : Hololive

People hearing a male voice during Tokoyami Towa’s livestream after forgetting to mute her mic:
Cover's statement on towa's incident : VirtualYoutubers

The deletion/privating of many Hololive videos:
Hololive current situation megathread/summary : Hololive

Mio taking a break from streaming due to copyright:
Mio is taking an indefinite break from streaming : Hololive

The concern about Aloe being harassed and doxxed by random strangers led to a growing concern about how Hololive would handle the situation, and contributed to the negativity surrounding the entire incident. This would, unfortunately, lead to one of the darkest times in Hololive history.

The Two Week Ban and the Divide

What followed was a massive divide between fans, primarily between Japanese and overseas fans. As a result of the language barrier, overseas fans were not able to deal with the situation as quickly as Japanese fans. The lack of translations led to fans taking it into their own hands to try and assess the situation, leading to a lack of understanding of the entire situation. Many of the translations were misleading or flat out wrong too; For example, a lot of users were very confused about her situation since some translations painted the L2D leak as the same incident as the private twitcast video, which was blatantly false. Many who gave out translations were also very opinionated and lacked the entire picture of why Japanese fans were outraged. Some Japanese comments flooded Reddit, with the idea that overseas fans had no idea about the circumstances surrounding Aloe’s incident and implied an idea of unequal standing between Japanese fans and overseas fans. These were, of course, received poorly, and many were quick to realize that these statements were copied and pasted as if coordinated to offend overseas fans or set a precedent. And they were.
It should be noted that many of the people against Aloe fell under the term “anti.” While it’s a universal term, people who are considered antis deliberately take actions against another person or talent with the end goal of ruining, hurting, slandering, or harassing their target, whether it be through death threats, doxxing, or spamming them with negative comments. Their goal in this endeavor was to disguise themselves as “fans” of Hololive and spread disorder and distrust amongst the community. They’d pose as concerned fans who wanted Cover Corp to succeed, and for Aloe to be fired for the “greater good” of the company and the safety of its talents. This would lead to actual fans sharing the same or similar sentiments to this idea, leading to much more backlash against her compared to previous incidents. After all, the idea of an idol leaking the sensitive information of other talents didn't seem too far-fetched. It was a fear that many, unfortunately, fell victim to.
The initial problem that overseas fans gleamed from Japanese comments was that she had been hiding evidence pertaining to having a boyfriend previously, and that the tweets she had put out on her private account were sexual in nature. Two main tweets were discussed:
  1. She had tweeted and joked about a “sashimi dildo," which was accompanied by a picture of said object.
  2. Largely paraphrased, but she tweeted out that “Is it true that if you become an utaite, it's easy to get laid?,” or something of that extent.
Now before you judge these tweets, do be aware that these were made nearly four years before she even debuted as Mano Aloe; while Hololive requires you to be a legal adult to work at their agency, it’s been speculated that she was pretty young at the time of those tweets. To paraphrase another reddit user, “dumb teenagers will do dumb teenager things.” It’s also worth mentioning that these tweets usually had the dates cropped out to show them out of context and purposefully frame Aloe in a bad light by those looking to defame her.
This led some Redditors to blame the idol culture in Japan quite heavily, and Japanese fans were generalized to fit this perspective. While this may have been the case for some, it definitely was not the case for all. In fact, the majority of Japanese people criticizing Aloe were fixated more on the twitcast video, which I will talk about shortly. Even then, most Japanese fans wished for her return and for her to simply reflect on her mistake. Many on Reddit felt the need to lash out at Japanese fans and their culture in general, to the extent that some comments started becoming borderline racist.
[Aloe] please don't use current situation as an attempt to generalise JPN fans or sow division : Hololive
The second, and much more serious problem, stemmed from a certain part of the twitcast video (Note: This was made in mid-October of 2019, nearly 10 months before her debut). In this video, the girl revealed sensitive information from a talent of another company, specifically addressing the reason for her retirement. She claimed to be an acquaintance of (or acquaintanced with) this person, and stated that they left due to private information being found out and exposed to the public. The problem is that this statement could not be identified as completely true by fans. Many who were familiar with this company and this person remarked that the circumstances surrounding her retirement were quite different from the statement the girl issued, and people began to believe that her statement was likened to a rumor, which many found extremely offensive. They thought that her statement tarnished the name of the character that retired, and that it brought about rumors that were unnecessary in nature. Unfortunately, this sentiment would be lost on the overseas fanbase for a while after the initial news. Even then, many were of the opinion that doxxing and harassing her over such a statement was unjustified. This was the main issue dividing the community: Some fans thought the punishment and treatment from fans were too harsh; Others thought her punishment wasn’t severe enough. And of course, this was exacerbated by the lack of direct communication between both sides. Until she came back, the Hololive community would have to form their own opinions about how to handle the situation.

Support and the Formation of M.A.S.S.

So what did the fans do while they waited for Aloe to return? They showed their support. They made sure to let Aloe know that she had fans who were there to greet her when she came back. They got to work on preparing for her return and spreading positivity throughout the community. Through this ban period, a resurgence of artists shared their reinvigoration for their hobbies as they tried to find a way to show their support for Aloe. People who had editing skills,people who drew, even people who simply wanted to send their thoughts to Aloe flooded the subreddit with heartfelt messages, memes, drawings and other forms of media. People found motivation to pick up old hobbies to show their love for Aloe despite her very short time in Hololive. The entire subreddit, her YouTube channel, and her Twitter account buzzed with life.
Mano Aloe and Fans are waiting... : Hololive
Mano Aloe Minimalist Wallpaper while for Aloe's return~ : Hololive
Mano Aloe, by @hr_x9_ : Hololive
Daily shitpost to show my support to Mano Aloe until she comes back DAY 3 : Hololive
A simple support message for the poor Mano Aloe : Hololive
We miss you : Hololive
From this wave of support for Aloe, a group known as the Mano Aloe Support Squad was formed, a discord server with the goal of showing fan appreciation for Mano Aloe (It would later be renamed the Manotomo Alliance Support Squad). Multiple messages would be posted onto the Hololive subreddit asking people to join their cause, and for the most part it was well-received by the community:
Please help support Mano Aloe! : Hololive
The Mano Aloe Support Squad needs you help! : Hololive
M.A.S.S. had a multitude of goals, but the main idea was to show fan support for Aloe during her two week suspension as to make sure she knew people were waiting for her return. The main form of support was through a group effort to use Aloe’s hashtags to send kind messages and fanart on certain days of the week. This project would be divided based on the timezones of different countries and initiated every day based on the JST timezone. The template usually revolved around sending in a picture of the country you were from, some interesting facts about it, and a kind message to show support for her. Using #魔乃アロエ and #魔の友, Aloe’s Twitter was flooded with warm, caring comments from all around the world in an attempt to show the appreciation fans had for her.
In addition to this, multiple collaborations would be made for when she would return: Small games were made with themes centered around Aloe and her Manotomo’s, the name of which she’d call her fans. Pages and pages of fanart were filled with support for Aloe. Thousands of comments wished the best for her, and that they were waiting for her to come back. Someone even made an entire website dedicated to storing all of these little projects, so I suggest you check it out if you have the time!
Manotomo
Of course, the public support for her wasn’t always a positive influence. It contributed to some of the negatives as well. A couple of days into the ban week, it should be noted that harassment attempts against Aloe had decreased a little. Antis are known to move from target to target once their efforts on one end start becoming fruitless, tiring, or boring, and after a few days of radio silence on her end there didn’t seem to be much going on. There are two notable events, however, that seemed to reignite their efforts to harass Aloe.
The first event was their discovery of the M.A.S.S. server. Through one means or another, they were able to find information about the existence of a group solely dedicated to showing support for Aloe, the exact target they wanted to harass. Whether one had joined the server previously as some sort of insider or through chance, it became clear to them that there was an active overseas group who wanted Aloe back; and that only made their efforts harsher. Once more, they took to Twitter and YouTube to flood Aloe with negative comments and spam, determined to destroy the efforts of those showing support in addition to harassing her.
https://www.reddit.com/Hololive/comments/ik33hb/thank_you_note_to_mass/g3i5y7f/?context=3
The second event was the direct confrontation of fans with antis on 5ch and 2ch (Japanese message boards that are very similar to our version of 4chan). Unfortunately, some overseas fans had gone over to their threads to spam them with angry comments and similar messages on their own turf, which was a terrible idea in hindsight. The point is that fans provoked the hornet’s nest, which led to more and more backlash against Aloe as the week progressed.
While both of these events are debatable in terms of influencing her final outcome, it is a fact that the major outspoken support for Aloe resulted in an equal opposition of hatred and harassment on the opposite side. And unfortunately, as the day of her suspension being lifted got closer and closer, nobody would be able to predict what was about to happen.

Retirement, and Loss

On Monday, August 30, 2020, right when she was about to come out of her two week ban, a statement came out from Cover Corp concerning Aloe’s situation. Due to personal reasons, she would be graduating from Hololive after everything that had happened through a mutual agreement with the company, one that she herself decided upon. She’d later graduate the day after, and her page on the Vtuber wikipedia would eventually be put in the “former members” section:
Important Announcement Regarding Mano Aloe : Hololive
https://virtualyoutuber.fandom.com/wiki/Mano_Aloe
Soon after the news hit, Shishiro Botan, one of the members of 5th gen, came out with an impromptu stream a few minutes after the announcement was made, along with the rest of her genmates. This suggested that this news came as a surprise even to them. All of them reacted differently, but it was clear that all of them were deeply hurt by the news; Lamy and Nene can be heard crying toward the end of their portions of the video. Polka’s serious and deeper voice only added to the gravity of the situation, and Botan took on the role of leading them through the entire stream with a somber tone to her voice. Everything felt like a punch to the gut. The video can be found below. It also has official English subtitles for those who don’t understand Japanese:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCqDv94ZeuA
Meanwhile, antis were celebrating Aloe’s graduation. On Botan’s announcement stream, there were a few Japanese comments that said things like “SHE’S FINALLY GONE!” and “Stop crying, we know those are fake tears,” amongst other insensitive stuff. Originally, there were Reddit posts that screenshotted these comments, but they should be on Botan’s stream if you’re willing to find them unless they’ve been removed and reported. Many reported that the threads full of antis on 2chan and 5chan were vibrant and ecstatic to see that they managed to get one of Hololive’s idols to graduate. But for the Hololive community, many were heartbroken to witness a new idol, one with so much promise and potential, being harassed out of her dream job.
The news was a massive blow to everyone, and in the following weeks fans were overcome with grief and anguish. Morale on the subreddit dropped. Some climbed out of the Hololive rabbit hole from the sheer shock of Aloe retiring. Some became disappointed in Cover for failing to protect Aloe from the harassment. Others took a break from Hololive in general just to get their thoughts in order. A couple tried to stay positive and tough it out, warning people to never forget this incident. It became one of the darkest eras that Hololive has ever gone through.
HER NAME WAS MANO ALOE : VirtualYoutubers
I still can't believe it : Hololive
"Please witness it! Please!" : Hololive
it was truly fun : Hololive
I was hoping for an epic comeback but got sad instead. Goodbye Aloe... : Hololive
There are no more great days, just days : Hololive
The Worst loss in 2020.... Depression is Back...goodluck Mano Aloe❤️😭 : Hololive
Mano Aloe a lovely gal gone, but not forgotten : Hololive
《Garden of Aloe》posted again to hololive on reddit. Best wishes for Mano Aloe. : Hololive
Goodbye Aloe... : Hololive
You've tried really hard : Hololive
I don't feel so good:) Artist : https://www.facebook.com/monster7320 : Hololive (This one in particular hurts.)
Understandably, many posts were made discussing the entire situation. As soon as the news hit, the new tab was flooded with posts about Aloe's graduation, and it cluttered the subreddit. It got to the point that any discussion posts outside the announcement thread needed to be deleted to keep the subreddit from devolving into utter chaos. Some fanarts stayed up, but nearly all posts about Aloe with the "Discussion" flair were removed for quite a while after the announcement, and people were asked to relocate to the megathread regarding her graduation for discussion. It should be noted that many were unaware of the grander picture, and only saw the moderators deleting posts related to Aloe, leading many to believe that they were forcefully trying to stifle any attempts at discussing Aloe's graduation. This was remedied quickly, but for the first couple of days many were angry to see Hololive deleting the individual discussion threads for seemingly no reason.
mods deleted my tribute video. it's just getting worse : Hololive
Not only that, but people began to criticize Cover Corp for their inability to protect her from the harassment. As stated, after the slew of mismanagement problems behind the scenes, this became the breaking point for a lot of fans. Cover Corp criticism and hatred spiked immensely, with some people berating and feeling disappointed for how Cover Corp handled the situation.
Cover Corp failed Aloe : VirtualYoutubers
About the Cover Corp hate : Hololive
I do, however, want to enlighten some people as to the possible reasons for their actions during this time, since this is very important as to how things were handled. I won’t try to defend or attack their actions, but I do want to make sense of some of the aspects happening during the entire incident.
Thankfully, there were some uplifting moments during these troubling times. Right after the news of Aloe’s retirement became public, Shirakami Fubuki started an impromptu stream of Fall Guys, and many flocked to her to take their mind off of Aloe’s graduation. While she didn’t address the situation directly, the timing and abruptness of the stream made it clear why she decided to stream.
【#FallGuys】FOXBURGERKING 5th【ホロライブ/白上フブキ】
Aki Rosenthal also came out rather quickly with a singing stream with another vtuber named ASHINO, who played the guitar alongside her.
【3D歌枠】25万人記念配信!Acoustic Session Live 1st 【ホロライブ/アキロゼ】
Aloe’s fellow genmates were also quick to show their support for her. Momosuzu Nene in particular was very vocal about her support for Aloe. At the time, there were major concerns with Aloe being depicted in official art or banners tied to Holofive; on the Hololive channel, Aloe’s avatar was no longer shown with the other four members, and the Aloe flair on the Hololive subreddit was legitimately considered for being removed. Nene, however, made her own choice, and decided to remember Aloe in her own special way. If you go onto her Twitter, her banner is a drawing of all the Holofive members, including Aloe. Even during the initial fallout, Nene was insistent on Aloe remaining a member of Holofive, regardless of what happened.
[Vtuber / Hololive] A message of departure from Shishiro Botan to Mano Aloe [Eng Sub]
【Hololive/Eng sub】Nene hopes everyone will not forget Mano Aloe
桃鈴ねね🥟ホロライブ5期生 (@momosuzunene)
Lamy drew Aloe on her stream today : Hololive
The weeks following her retirement, the subreddit was often filled with bittersweet memes and discussion posts about people’s feelings for Aloe and her graduation. Some people were even so distraught that just looking at the rest of Holofive brought back memories of Aloe. Though since then, her fans have gotten better. Every so often, fanarts of her make their way on this subreddit, and while many were, and are still sad about her retirement, many have also come to terms with it and enjoy the occasional fanarts of her. To us, the Manotomos, she has left her mark on Hololive, even though she is long gone.
One last Comfy with Aloe : Hololive
Mano Aloe, by @0_71_Rain : Hololive
Mano Aloe : VirtualYoutubers

The Aftermath and Her Legacy

So what has changed since her retirement? What’s become of Hololive’s 5th generation? What has Hololive done now that they’ve lost one of their idols? The simple answer is that while there are some problems, for the most part they are still going strong. One of the biggest changes that has come from Aloe’s incident is the formation of company measures against doxxing and harassment against their talents, not only from Cover Corp, but Ichikara (Nijisanji’s parent company) as well:
A Statement Regarding Measures Against the Harassment of Hololive Production Talents : Hololive
Ichikara (Nijisanji parent company) has established a team dedicated to "Fighting Libel, Abuse, Defamation, and Offensive Acts against Our Talents" : VirtualYoutubers
Before Aloe’s retirement, both of these companies did not contain any public statements regarding the protection of their talents that were heavily enforced, or seemed to be publicly. However, shortly after Aloe’s retirement, Ichikara came out with their statement seemingly out of nowhere. It’s been speculated that this had been in the works for a while now considering Nijisanji also faced similar harassment months prior to Aloe’s case, but it had been rushed forward in response to Aloe’s situation. Not too far afterwards, Hololive came out with their statement as well, and actually kept their promise; they’ve gone through with multiple C&D’s on channels leaking information from 4chan to YouTube:
"Anti V-Tuber" channels seem to be getting obliterated by Hololive
Hololive just DESTROYED "Anti V-Tuber" YouTube channel by sending Yagoo's Special Forces
Well what about the fanbase? Have they forgotten about Aloe after Hololive EN and everything that’s happened? Well I exist, and this post exists, so there’s that. But in all seriousness, many have not forgotten about Aloe, and continue to remember her to this day. Many continue to wear their Aloe flairs proudly, and others continue to remember Aloe’s influence in Hololive. Many have even used their experience with Aloe’s situation to make the most of Coco and Haachama’s situation by combating antis through reporting and laying low to wait for their idols to come back with great success. I’m typing this in advance, but I assume that her birthday is filled with warm posts from her fans. Hopefully, you’ll be able to send her your best wishes as well if you’d like.

Closing Remarks

This is where her story ends for now. But, the very short memories of her live on in those who were there to witness it. Perhaps in the future, those of us still in Hololive will smile when we remember the succubus that could have been. I hope that once her birthday comes around, you'll be able to join me in wishing her a happy birthday. Whether you were a fan of hers, or are new to Hololive, or just happened to stumble onto this post, I hope I was able to tell her story well.
Her name was Mano Aloe, and don’t you dare forget it.
Edit: Happy Birthday Aloe.
https://twitter.com/Guchico77/status/1321107436124553216
submitted by True_A3r0z to Hololive [link] [comments]


2020.10.19 20:08 Schermant OkaKoro offline karaoke stream is a load of awesome covers, dropped bars, teetees, and memes!

Today is a blessed day for everyone, including the OkaKoro fans! Here is the archive of the godsent stream. The stream is only 1 hour long, but considering how funny, wholesome, and awesome it is, I hope that there will be translators in this subreddit who can help translate and allow all the international fanbase of this てぇてぇ ship to be blessed with this stream!
My Japanese is limited as well as my free time, and my editing skill is non-existent so I can't join the translator crew, but I hope I can help with a small list of worth-mentioning moments:
  1. The "mic checking" タッチ / 岩崎良美 with a load of flute doggo, "talalalala~", "Okayu!~", and "please tell in the comment if the sound is too small or too loud~" cover. Also, こんちくわ。
  2. Lemon / 米津玄師, but with ウェ, random rad drops by Korone, angelic voice by Okayu, Korone trying to trigger all the Kenshi fanbase with the cutest troll cover, "Okayuu~~", and also, "Okayu is tasty~".
  3. "Let's watch anime together." PriPara and Love Live! Movie. Rin is best girl (first is Kotori), according to God Doggo (blessed「みんながいれば、大丈夫だにゃん~」, sasuga Okayu-sama). Also I need to know what Okayu said before Korone's "Ara, OKAYU!!~", please send help!!!There is something about earmuff (ear cover) too, that became a joke throughout the stream, with airhorn vs. earmuff and all.
  4. "OKAYU DAISUKI!~~~"
  5. ロキ / みきとP, with both of them being cute af, hitting high notes, "Eh?" and "Kyun~".
  6. Korone and Okayu talking about Korone's mom and how she likes Okayu a lot. Also something about うるせぇトリ .
  7. A blessed list of karaoke covers afterward that surely has lowered YAGOO's blood pressure a little bit, in contrast to Haachama's \cough* lewd *cough*) ASMR stream.
  8. Startled cat, and doggo unleashed her inner rap god for a second to complain about something. I hope someone can translate this because I was busy laughing (no I literally can't follow Korone's words...)
  9. And then the best if… / DA PUMP cover up to date with our DOG GOD showing how much of an alpha rapper she is. Minus the part that she sing the song an octave higher with occasional dog flutes, trying to hold her laughter because of Okayu trolling. And then finally the BEST part of the stream.
That is all I can catch after watching the whole stream twice, from 11PM to 1AM, but there are a lot of timestamp lists in the comment too. Translators and shippers of the OkaKoro, thank you so much for showing me the rabbit hole that is Hololive, and please do your best to spread the てぇてぇ virus again!
submitted by Schermant to Hololive [link] [comments]


2020.10.19 19:43 CanadaBouu Vietnam war

The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War,[56] and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955[A 1] to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.[10] It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China,[14] and other communist allies; South Vietnam was supported by the United States, South Korea, the Philippines, Australia, Thailand, and other anti-communist allies.[57][58] The war, considered a Cold War-era proxy war by some,[59] lasted 19 years, with direct U.S. involvement ending in 1973, and included the Laotian Civil War and the Cambodian Civil War, which ended with all three countries becoming communist in 1975.
The conflict emerged from the First Indochina War against the communist-led Viet Minh.[60][A 5] Most of the funding for the French war effort was provided by the U.S.[61] After the French quit Indochina in 1954, the US assumed financial and military support for the South Vietnamese state. The Việt Cộng, also known as Front national de libération du Sud-Viêt Nam or NLF (the National Liberation Front), a South Vietnamese common front under the direction of North Vietnam, initiated a guerrilla war in the south. North Vietnam had also invaded Laos in the mid-1950s in support of insurgents, establishing the Ho Chi Minh Trail to supply and reinforce the Việt Cộng.[62]:16 U.S. involvement escalated under President John F. Kennedy through the MAAG program from just under a thousand military advisors in 1959 to 16,000 in 1963.[63][32]:131 By 1963, the North Vietnamese had sent 40,000 soldiers to fight in South Vietnam.[62]:16 North Vietnam was heavily backed by the USSR and the People's Republic of China. China also sent hundreds of PLA servicemen to North Vietnam to serve in air-defense and support roles.[32]:371–4[64]
By 1964, 23,000 US advisors were stationed in South Vietnam. In the Gulf of Tonkin incident in August, a U.S. destroyer was alleged to have clashed with North Vietnamese fast attack craft. In response, the U.S. Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and gave President Lyndon B. Johnson broad authority to increase American military presence in Vietnam. Johnson ordered the deployment of combat units for the first time and increased troop levels to 184,000.[63] Past this point, the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) (also known as the North Vietnamese Army or NVA) engaged in more conventional warfare with U.S and South Vietnamese forces. Despite little progress, the United States continued a significant build-up of forces. U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, one of the principal architects of the war, began expressing doubts of victory by the end of 1966.[32]:287 U.S. and South Vietnam forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, and airstrikes. The U.S. also conducted a large-scale strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam and Laos.
The Tet Offensive of 1968 showed the lack of progress with these doctrines. With the VC and PAVN mounting large-scale urban offensives throughout 1968, U.S domestic support for the war began fading. The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) expanded following a period of neglect after Tet and was modeled after U.S doctrine. The VC sustained heavy losses during the Tet Offensive and subsequent U.S.-ARVN operations in the rest of 1968, losing over 50,000 men.[32]:481 The CIA's Phoenix Program further degraded the VC's membership and capabilities. By the end of the year, the VC insurgents held almost no territory in South Vietnam, and their recruitment dropped by over 80% in 1969, signifying a drastic reduction in guerrilla operations, necessitating increased use of PAVN regular soldiers from the north.[65] In 1969, North Vietnam declared a Provisional Revolutionary Government in South Vietnam in an attempt to give the reduced VC a more international stature, but the southern guerrillas from then on were sidelined as PAVN forces began more conventional combined arms warfare. By 1970, over 70% of communist troops in the south were northerners, and southern-dominated VC units no longer existed.[66] Operations crossed national borders: Laos was invaded by North Vietnam early on, while Cambodia was used by North Vietnam as a supply route starting in 1967; the route through Cambodia began to be bombed by the U.S. in 1969, while the Laos route had been heavily bombed since 1964. The deposing of the monarch Norodom Sihanouk by the Cambodian National Assembly resulted in a PAVN invasion of the country at the request of the Khmer Rouge, escalating the Cambodian Civil War and resulting in a U.S.-ARVN counter-invasion.
In 1969, following the election of U.S President Richard Nixon, a policy of "Vietnamization" began, which saw the conflict fought by an expanded ARVN, with U.S. forces sidelined and increasingly demoralized by domestic opposition and reduced recruitment. U.S. ground forces had largely withdrawn by early 1972 and support was limited to air support, artillery support, advisers, and materiel shipments. The ARVN, buttressed by said U.S. support, stopped the first and largest mechanized PAVN offensive during the Easter Offensive of 1972. The offensive resulted in heavy casualties on both sides and the failure of the PAVN to subdue South Vietnam, but the ARVN itself failed to recapture all territory, leaving its military situation difficult. The Paris Peace Accords of January 1973 saw all U.S forces withdrawn; the Case–Church Amendment, passed by the U.S Congress on 15 August 1973, officially ended direct U.S military involvement.[67]:457 The Peace Accords were broken almost immediately, and fighting continued for two more years. Phnom Penh fell to the Khmer Rouge on 17 April 1975 while the 1975 Spring Offensive saw the capture of Saigon by the PAVN on 30 April; this marked the end of the war, and North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year.
The scale of fighting was enormous. By 1970, the ARVN was the world's fourth largest army, and the PAVN was not far behind with approximately one million regular soldiers.[68][17]:770 The war exacted an enormous human cost: estimates of the number of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians killed range from 966,000[27] to 3.8 million.[52] Some 275,000–310,000 Cambodians,[53][54][55] 20,000–62,000 Laotians,[52] and 58,220 U.S. service members also died in the conflict, and a further 1,626 remain missing in action.[A 4]
The Sino-Soviet split re-emerged following the lull during the Vietnam War. Conflict between North Vietnam and its Cambodian allies in the Royal Government of the National Union of Kampuchea, and the newly formed Democratic Kampuchea began almost immediately in a series of border raids by the Khmer Rouge, eventually escalating into the Cambodian–Vietnamese War. Chinese forces directly invaded Vietnam in the Sino-Vietnamese War, with subsequent border conflicts lasting until 1991. Insurgencies were fought by the unified Vietnam in all three countries. The end of the war and resumption of the Third Indochina War would precipitate the Vietnamese boat people and the larger Indochina refugee crisis, which saw millions of refugees leave Indochina (mainly southern Vietnam), with an estimated 250,000 of whom perished at sea. Within the U.S, the war gave rise to what was referred to as Vietnam Syndrome, a public aversion to American overseas military involvements,[69] which together with the Watergate scandal contributed to the crisis of confidence that affected America throughout the 1970s.[70]
Further information: Terminology of the Vietnam War
Various names have been applied to the conflict. Vietnam War is the most commonly used name in English. It has also been called the Second Indochina War[56] and the Vietnam Conflict.[citation needed]
Given that there have been several conflicts in Indochina, this particular conflict is known by the names of its primary protagonists to distinguish it from others. In Vietnamese, the war is generally known as Kháng chiến chống Mỹ (Resistance War Against America),[71] but less formally as 'Cuộc chiến tranh Mỹ' (The American War). It is also called Chiến tranh Việt Nam (The Vietnam War).[72]
The primary military organizations involved in the war were the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) and the United States armed forces, fighting against the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) (commonly called the North Vietnamese Army, or NVA, in English-language sources) and the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF, more commonly known as the Viet Cong (VC) in English language sources), a South Vietnamese communist guerrilla force.[17]:xli
Daniel Ellsberg contends that U.S. participation in Vietnam had begun in 1945 when it gave support to a French effort to reconquer its colony in Vietnam, a nation which had just declared independence in August 1945.[73]
Indochina was a French colony during the 19th century. When the Japanese invaded during World War II, the Viet Minh opposed them with support from the US, the Soviet Union and China. They received some Japanese arms when Japan surrendered. The Viet Minh, a Communist-led common front under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh, then initiated an insurgency against French rule. Hostilities escalated into the First Indochina War (beginning in December 1946). By the 1950s, the conflict had become entwined with the Cold War. In January 1950, China and the Soviet Union recognized the Viet Minh's Democratic Republic of Vietnam, based in Hanoi, as the legitimate government of Vietnam. The following month the United States and Great Britain recognized the French-backed State of Vietnam in Saigon, led by former Emperor Bảo Đại, as the legitimate Vietnamese government.[74]:377–9[32]:88 The outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950 convinced many Washington policymakers that the war in Indochina was an example of communist expansionism directed by the Soviet Union.[32]:33–5
Military advisors from the People's Republic of China (PRC) began assisting the Viet Minh in July 1950.[62]:14 PRC weapons, expertise, and laborers transformed the Viet Minh from a guerrilla force into a regular army.[32]:26[75] In September 1950, the United States created a Military Assistance and Advisory Group (MAAG) to screen French requests for aid, advise on strategy, and train Vietnamese soldiers.[76]:18 By 1954, the United States had spent $1 billion in support of the French military effort, shouldering 80 percent of the cost of the war.[32]:35
During the Battle of Dien Bien Phu (1954), U.S. carriers sailed to the Gulf of Tonkin and the U.S. conducted reconnaissance flights. France and the United States also discussed the use of three tactical nuclear weapons, although reports of how seriously this was considered and by whom are vague and contradictory.[77][32]:75 According to then-Vice President Richard Nixon, the Joint Chiefs of Staff drew up plans to use small tactical nuclear weapons to support the French.[77] Nixon, a so-called "hawk" on Vietnam, suggested that the United States might have to "put American boys in".[17]:76 President Dwight D. Eisenhower made American participation contingent on British support, but the British were opposed.[17]:76 Eisenhower, wary of involving the United States in a land war in Asia, decided against military intervention.[32]:75–6 Throughout the conflict, U.S. intelligence estimates remained sceptical of France's chance of success.[78]
On 7 May 1954, the French garrison at Dien Bien Phu surrendered. The defeat marked the end of French military involvement in Indochina. At the Geneva Conference), the French negotiated a ceasefire agreement with the Viet Minh, and independence was granted to Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.[citation needed]
At the 1954 Geneva peace conference, Vietnam was temporarily partitioned at the 17th parallel. Ho Chi Minh had wished to continue the war in the south, but was restrained by his Chinese allies who convinced him that he could win control by electoral means.[79][32]:87–8 Under the terms of the Geneva Accords, civilians were allowed to move freely between the two provisional states for a 300-day period. Elections throughout the country were to be held in 1956 to establish a unified government.[32]:88–90 Around one million northerners, mainly minority Catholics, fled south, fearing persecution by the communists.[32]:96[80] This followed an American psychological warfare campaign, designed by Edward Lansdale for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), which exaggerated anti-Catholic sentiment among the Viet Minh and which falsely claimed the US was about to drop atomic bombs on Hanoi.[81][82][32]:96–7 The exodus was coordinated by a U.S.-funded $93 million relocation program, which included the use of the Seventh Fleet to ferry refugees.[83] The northern, mainly Catholic refugees gave the later Ngô Đình Diệm regime a strong anti-communist constituency.[84]:238 Diệm staffed his government's key posts mostly with northern and central Catholics.
In addition to the Catholics flowing south, up to 174,000 "Revolutionary Regroupees" and their 86,000 dependents went to the north for "regroupment", expecting to return to the south within two years.[67]:98 The Viet Minh left roughly 5,000 to 10,000 cadres) in the south as a base for future insurgency.[32]:104 The last French soldiers left South Vietnam in April 1956.[32]:116 The PRC completed its withdrawal from North Vietnam at around the same time.[62]:14
Between 1953 and 1956, the North Vietnamese government instituted various agrarian reforms, including "rent reduction" and "land reform", which resulted in significant political oppression. During the land reform, testimony from North Vietnamese witnesses suggested a ratio of one execution for every 160 village residents, which extrapolated resulted in an initial estimation of nearly 100,000 executions nationwide. Because the campaign was concentrated mainly in the Red River Delta area, a lower estimate of 50,000 executions became widely accepted by scholars at the time.[85]:143[86][87]:569[88] However, declassified documents from the Vietnamese and Hungarian archives indicate that the number of executions was much lower than reported at the time, although likely greater than 13,500.[89] In 1956, leaders in Hanoi admitted to "excesses" in implementing this program and restored a large amount of the land to the original owners.[32]:99–100
The south, meanwhile, constituted the State of Vietnam, with Bảo Đại as Emperor and Ngô Đình Diệm (appointed in July 1954) as his prime minister. Neither the United States government nor Ngô Đình Diệm's State of Vietnam signed anything at the 1954 Geneva Conference. With respect to the question of reunification, the non-communist Vietnamese delegation objected strenuously to any division of Vietnam, but lost out when the French accepted the proposal of Viet Minh delegate Phạm Văn Đồng,[90]:134 who proposed that Vietnam eventually be united by elections under the supervision of "local commissions".[90]:119 The United States countered with what became known as the "American Plan", with the support of South Vietnam and the United Kingdom.[90]:140 It provided for unification elections under the supervision of the United Nations, but was rejected by the Soviet delegation.[90]:140 The United States said, "With respect to the statement made by the representative of the State of Vietnam, the United States reiterates its traditional position that peoples are entitled to determine their own future and that it will not join in any arrangement which would hinder this".[90]:570–1 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower wrote in 1954:
"I have never talked or corresponded with a person knowledgeable in Indochinese affairs who did not agree that had elections been held as of the time of the fighting, possibly eighty percent of the population would have voted for the Communist Ho Chi Minh as their leader rather than Chief of State Bảo Đại. Indeed, the lack of leadership and drive on the part of Bảo Đại was a factor in the feeling prevalent among Vietnamese that they had nothing to fight for."
According to the Pentagon Papers, however, from 1954 to 1956 "Ngô Đình Diệm really did accomplish miracles" in South Vietnam: "It is almost certain that by 1956 the proportion which might have voted for Ho—in a free election against Diệm—would have been much smaller than eighty percent."[92] In 1957, independent observers from India, Poland, and Canada representing the International Control Commission (ICC) stated that fair, unbiased elections were not possible, with the ICC reporting that neither South nor North Vietnam had honored the armistice agreement.[93]
From April to June 1955, Diệm eliminated any political opposition in the south by launching military operations against two religious groups: the Cao Đài and Hòa Hảo of Ba Cụt. The campaign also focused on the Bình Xuyên organized crime group, which was allied with members of the communist party secret police and had some military elements. As broad-based opposition to his harsh tactics mounted, Diệm increasingly sought to blame the communists.[17]:
In a referendum on the future of the State of Vietnam on 23 October 1955, Diệm rigged the poll supervised by his brother Ngô Đình Nhu and was credited with 98.2 percent of the vote, including 133% in Saigon. His American advisors had recommended a more modest winning margin of "60 to 70 percent." Diệm, however, viewed the election as a test of authority.[84]:224 Three days later, he declared South Vietnam to be an independent state under the name Republic of Vietnam (ROV), with himself as president.[32]: Likewise, Ho Chi Minh and other communist officials always won at least 99% of the vote in North Vietnamese "elections".[85]:193–94, 202–03, 215–17
The domino theory, which argued that if one country fell to communism, then all of the surrounding countries would follow, was first proposed as policy by the Eisenhower administration.[74]:19 John F. Kennedy, then a U.S. senator, said in a speech to the American Friends of Vietnam: "Burma, Thailand, India, Japan, the Philippines and obviously Laos and Cambodia are among those whose security would be threatened if the Red Tide of Communism overflowed into Vietnam."[94] The end
Read full : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=exVKd-x5QVc
submitted by CanadaBouu to u/CanadaBouu [link] [comments]


2020.10.19 01:20 ignaposts [Thank You] ¡Que plancha lo atrasada que estoy con mis agradecimientos! (Chilean stuff #5)

Plancha, which means iron... the one used to iron clothes (so many "irons"!), in chilean also means "embarrassing": "It's embarrasing how late I am with my thank you's!"... or something like that. Oh, there was a tongue twister with "plancha", (but not the chilean one): Pancha plancha con cuatro planchas.... Why 4? It makes no sense, should be "pocas" instead.... but saying "few" for ironing with irons is quite a lot. Lol.

I know many here have sent me more than the mentioned cards below, but I'm keeping it simple and going with the ones that come out first for this round. For the glitterbomb ones, that'll be my last update, thus marking my definitive return to the sub (and also definitive chaos on my room again, oh dear... I'm seeing the pandora box eeying me evily)
So, let me try pouring with my weak words my feeble attempts at muttering my gratitude to so many wonderful people.

u/feellikebeingajerk Oh, man.... it seems the overseas Easter chick test failed due to... unexpected world events, lol. But it did bring me such a smile when I opened it.... many many months later (5 maybe?). I adore Samson. Yeah, that's how I named my chick, since he looks kinda hairy. Have it in my desk, supervising my artsy mess. I used the orange pipe cleaners to tie the two pompoms and even the beak! I wanted to test myself how little glue I could use in this project, which I find really fun challenging myself.... specially now. Oh, come on, look at Samson, he's so adorbs. <3 Thank you so much.
u/bellanova2018 I really hope your trip to India was awesome. I'd love going there some day! Al the regional dishes stamps are so fascinating, (and pretty). Thank you so much for also introducing me to such cool food. Now I really, really wanna try Palak Paneer. What does it have? My sis told me it doesn't look apetizing at all, but knowing that it has spinach, now it is in my top 10 ones I wanna try if I ever travel there. Is food too spicy? Thank you so much for such an awesome mail. I also LOVE your handwriting. I wanna try your cool “A”s, haha.
u/KrebsLovesFiesh I opened your card during quarantine and it brightened up my day so much. It had a super cute postcard of a watch shop. It reminded me of this store I liked seing with my mom and sisters in Austria everytime we turned a corner. It had these colorful handmade clocks with such fun and cool shapes. There was one of a kitchenaid . Wow, who would've thought that was this year. Seems like it was sooo long ago. I really hope you've been doing fine.oh, I also really loved the envelope with the year of the rat stamps marks. That is so freakin cool. They're so adorable, it makes you wanna collect them.
u/LifeOfLari Thank you so much for the Lake Kawaguchi postcard. Mt Fuji is so pretty. It reminds me of the Villarrica Volcano. I love watching it throwing smoke with the lake at its feet. I loved your story of asking help to a grandma while lost. It is so cute! Like being a kid back again. I usually get lost everywhere, specially in foreign counties when I'm supposed to be in a group. Lol, I sound so hatable, haha. But when I'm stolling alone, I like to get lost in purpose. I usually end up finding pleasant surprises. Who knows, maybe you find the old couple again one day, I'll keep my fingers crossed ;)
u/TigerLady13 Oh Aunt Bertha. I swear this card got lost after so many drinks, it took ages to arrive!. Even the stamps were backwards, adding more awesomeness to these cards sent by my fave auntie. Shhhh, don't tell that to anyone. My love is the best cash, so sending you lots of it! I also love the fact that you greeted me first in spanish and that was too scholarly for vacations, so it was crossed out and replaced by a proper holiday like “aloha”, lol.
u/oneinamelon I had a big facepalm with this yahoo knock knock joke. Many don't work in Spanish, so we have other types here, so it always feel new and refreshing, lol. And yes, I prefer google too. Is Yahoo still alive? I wonder if people still use it. I think after google I'd rather use DuckDuckGo before yahoo or even Bing. Bleuuughhh, don't like Bing at all. It is so messy and I never get the results I want. Thumbs down. And for some reasone I keep uninstalling it and from time to time it gets re-installed with the updates. Lol, I went on a tangent? Thanks so much for the laugh. I wanna show it to my sisters :)
u/CeceMarie I can't describe how much I love this card. It almost feels prophetic, how our everyday interactions get more and more transfered to the online world. Wow, 15 years ago feels like yesterday, but so many differences were there!s The 2000's feels so close but are actually quite back. What made me tell the card was old was the fax number in the back of the card instead of an email. I wonder if people still uses fax machines. I always felt them wierd, noisy and obsolete... and expenisve. I guess Chile was really poor back in the 90's. I remember my parents waited for more than a year to get a phone number, and they lived in a flat behind my grandparents, so they extended a wire up to their apartment, but it was the same number. I remember in elementary school a friend had a color printer in her house and that was so freakin cool. We never had a fax. What people used to do was to go to someone's house to send them or special shops. And for very imporant or specific things. I remember when my cousin was born the 94 in europe, and my aunt send us a fax. Still faxes felt alien for me. Maybe because I never used them for work. In the 2000's I watched many things on cartoons that seemed normal in households but not here. Like putting people on hold and changing to another call, or group calls, or seeing the ID number. I wonder if it was ever possible or a paid aditional service. Wow, how times change. During quarantine we got rid of our house number. It was painful for my parents, but at the end most of them were spam calls and no one wanted to answer. Oh gosh, I'm writing a novel here, I should give you a proper slow reply.
u/ninajyang I love the pictures you've taken in your trips. This one is an amazing night skyline in Shangai that looks so pretty! I'd love to visit there one day. When I got your postcard I couldn't stop and think, wow, cities next to clear waters look so dreamy! It makes me wonder, what were the sounds there, how are the people like, what are the smells that can be sensed, the temperature. I love remembering the smells of trips, and when I get to sense them again, they transport me to the good memories I've had around the world. I tasted Glühwein for the first time when I met u/5-finger-death-punch. And that's one of the aromas that stuck for that memory, with the feeling of a cold nose sensing the heat of the hot spiced wine. Oh man, I had planned traveling to Aus next month for quite a while and then tour Asia. Who knows if that'll be possible. But who knows if the future holds unexpected good surprises instead? We'll see. Thank you so much for your postcard!
u/5-finger-death-punch My dear friend! I've remembered you so much! For a long time I've felt like writing you a long letter, but then I start overthinking stuff and that oh, this is a carding sub, and that could be overwhelming and yada yada yada. I hope you're doing well as well as your studies. And also that you've kept your same address, I sent you some stuff your way. Did I ever send you the picture of the unrememberable-name-for-me sweet we ate? We couldn't ice skate at the end with my sisters that weekend, but we got to enjoy nice live music at the Prater while flakes started to fall. My historian sister remembers you the most, and in a very fond way. We had so much fun that day. Getting the Albertina postcard with the … Feldhase... Der Haseichverstehenicht? Brought me so many good memories. I wish I could've visited more museums! My fam hates me, I take too much time inside. I love how you also put a bunny in the back. I think I've watched this postcard for 10 minutes straight. Lol, I could make a museum locked-down experience with some of the postcards that I've got, and have no one complain.haha. Thank you so much. Ohhhh, I just realized! This one is stamped in germany with a flockenblume. Wow, I think I'm starting to understand what felt so overwhelming before! Is it like.... sheeps flower? Lol.
u/underscoreophelia Thank you so much for such a pretty and filled with energy and positivity card. I loved it so much! I love your handwriting and notes, and fun letter, it brings me so many good memories and also a Geronimo Stilton vibe, and I LOVE it. I also love how you write Chile... I wanna try writing it too. This was such a nice card to get, filled with so much love and praise. I know I've been away for a while, and that I wasn't very filled with warmth and positivity the last months, but now I feel filled with new energy again, and determined to be the best version of myself... and probably still a bit cray cray. I guess I still love being different and doing wierd random stuff. I really hope you've been doing okay. And hydrated? Lol, in my fam we became addicted to water this quarantine. Our first day out to a restaurant we all asked plain water and I refilled it 3 times and also drank my sis'. I've drank so much water that fizzy drinks taste wierd now and feel like a chore (for example, being in the countryside and no one brought drinkable water ) Thank you so much, and rest assured, I'm dead set on archieving real longlasting happiness now. And I know that can be archived by searching what is really really true and real, getting rid of what's fake and selfish in me and by doing my best for others by walking the extra mile. I have a hunch that I'm capable of loving so much more. There is so much good I could do! The future looks so bright now, whatever happens.
u/yellowseptember (x3) Oh my dear yellowseptember, I felt so spoiled getting your surprise selection of poems, haiku and poo-etry. You wrote them? Wow, I wanna try writing pooetry too. It'll always be a mystery to me how on earth you print your cards. I sometimes forget how much fun it is to write them. The other day I helped my cousin write a rant in verse about quarantine. In Spanish, of course.... I haven't tried in English, except that impromtu haiku battle I once had in the comment section of this sub once. I seriously love your cards, they made me snort, and the postcards are pretty and fun! It is also my first woman in science postcard I recieve, and I love it! I wanted to be a scientist when little, but robotics and mechanics was only for boys back then and that was maddening. I also was the only girl in advanced physics.
u/PotterSarahRN Ohhhh it's a scented valentine's dinasour! That was so unexpected and cool! I can't believe it held its strawberry smell all the way up here and still has it. I love how these cards are so cute and colorful and happy. Since which age kids start celebrating valentine's? When does the “change” happens? The one from gifting friends to actually thinking on flirting and all that. I was familiar with these celebrations because of tv, but it felt so foreign to me, but kinda cool. Though probably I'd be the kid that got the “oh, let's don't leave her out” cards and thingies, because I was such a trouble maker, lol. At least since 4th grade (it it “since” or “from”?? ahhhh someone help me!!), because I had an awesome group of friends till 3rd grade... until puberty hit them and they got so... stange, and since I was in other school, I couldn't keep up with their new interests and dramas. I think puberty hasn't reached me yet in all these decades.lol. By the way, my lil cousin says the card smells nice. I have a dilemma, lol, I freakin love tatoos and I like sticking them into paper and decorating with them, like a hardcore level sticker. But there's also my cousin's daughter that is obsessed with them and she'll get so happy if I paste her a couple. It's funny to see that all these little kids are full of these sticky tatoos, like in summer, since they don't have to take them off for online classes. Makes me feel like I'm already in summer. Ahh, sticky tatoos bring me so many good memories. We got them out of chip bags, mostly, and Chuck n' Cheese prizes and birthday's parties. Because we always got few tickets, so we could only redeem the cheapest things, which were usually tatoos., lol
u/germymany I had to read the “wheelie like you” twice to understand the pun, lol. The croc is so cute! Thank you so much for one of my firsts valentine's cards. It was so fascinating to think kids give each others these type of cards. That's so cute! I actually never celebrated Valentine's at school because that date falls into Summer Vacations, and just between february, when the “recambio de veraneantes” happens, that is, when almost everyone that was on their 2 week vacation, return to their homes and the others that took the other half of the month start theirs. It's chaos, and, since Chile is a loooong huge single panamerican highway pretty much, you can imagine the incredible traffic jams that occurs. So a huge group is stressed out travelling, not caring about it much, and in the many years I dated, I was always far away for that day... and kinda forgot about it? I also almost never had phone signal. How do you used to celebrate it?
u/fashbrownz I got your pretty aquarell card done in February.... very late in the year. Thank you so much. I hope things are doing better there. I still can't send to your country, which is pretty frustrating. We're still in our first wave down here, we managed to flatten the curve and the hospitals never collapsed because the government made the private ones open their doors to help the public system during our critical period, since we're all in this together. We're slowly going back to our normal lives, area by area, and the parameters are very well defined and everyone knows there won't be total “freedom” until a cure is found. But at teh end we're human beings and get tired of feeling uncomfortable, so we'll see. We already were having March panic buying because of the social protests, so it was implemented early on the limit quantity and in some places is still held, because some are still hard to find or the production of them was badly affected. I think I never asked my friends with 7, 9, 10 and 12 siblings how they managed that. This time has taught me to practice patience, which I don't have too much. It's interesting how every country has taken different measures, I sometimes feel like lab rats in a huge global scale experiment. I hope that this make us more humble and we learn from our mistakes and also the others' and copy and improve the best meassures and ideas that have been implemented. I'm dying to send you a reply, can't wait for the post service to open up to more countries.
u/stephanieTay Thank you so much for the xmass postcard with the advent candles. This was my first cold xmass in the northern hemisphere, and was able to smell and see the colors the picture shows, which brings me cozy memories. There was also a washi tape depicting Japanese Christmas cakes. I find it interesting how they also have their own version and traditions of that holiday, like the strawberry cakes.'They look quite yummy! Thank you so much!
u/YESmynameisYES Thank you so much for the Weasley's Wizzard Weezes postcard. Oh boy, I love those twins. I loved whenever they appeared in the books. And I love the quote you put “Oh wow, we're identical!” I couldn't help but smile. I used to be a Potter head, haha. The annoying kind that when the first movie went out I would complain about all the differences. And then I decided I'd never watch a movie again. In my child eyes they felt too dark and... dusty? Though I remember how wowed I was with the first movie trailer. The castle on the outside was cooler than what I imagined (don't get to see castles here at all), but those staircase were a trillion times better and cooler in my imagination, and I actually loved them a lot, I felt so heartbroken in that scene. When I started reading the books, I had just changed to another elementary school, and I had a freckled redheaded classmate, son of a teacher there, that was a troublemaker and had a huge family too, so it was not hard at all to imagine the caotic environment and fun interactions and hardships. The 6th book was so fun with all the Umbridge-related bullying done by the twins. I sometimes had trouble following them, because I read that book in English, and there are soooo many hard and unknown words but at some point I was so mesmerized by the book I kind of pretended I understood it and imagine whatever, lol. I read them all again last year and I was amazed at how different it felt. I could understad so much more after all these years!
u/PoisonousKey Thank you so much for the cute Winnie Pooh postcard. I feel your handlettering is getting better everytime, and it's so pretty! Have you practiced more? I'd love to see how it's evolved by the end of the year! I haven't practiced at all.... I got into a lettering class right before getting locked down and then I got somewhat discouraged after killing 2 brushpens. Well, after all these months locked, I killed many pens, specially my favorite drawing pens. From overuse and daily accidents. It's funny, when my family starts overdoing something, I get discouraged too. They got addicted to buying online, and I culdn't buy anything untill they calmed down. Or after they got obsessed with photography, I could never again take a camera in our family trips, despite how much I like taking pictures. What's the point of having 7 persons taking pictures to everything?? How it can be an archievent to come back with 3000 pictures that are a pain to sort out? Now I wanna try improving my caligraphy again! I just love how you do the “I”'s, I wanna try it now. Funny that in Spanish it's uncommon to capitalize so many “I”s, since it's not an overly used pronoun, haha. Thank you so much.
u/el_azul I LOVE the postcard from the stamp museum you sent me, and love the architecture of the buildings shown, mainly because it's so different from what I've seen in my life (I'd love to travel there some day). I wanna send you a postcard of one of our stamps' illustrators in Chile... as soon as I can send again your way. Unless we do a postcard chain with someone else that is able to send your way... that would be so cool. What you liked the most of that visit? I'd love to visit one some day... sadly stamp culture is dying in Chile.... the gov' puts their friends in charge of these departments, so they're zero interested in snailmail or philately and they're expecting it to die... as the stamp artist told me. She's the youngest by faaaaaar of the colectors that go to the official meetings and releases. Thank you so, so much for going the extra mile and sending me one, I wrote this while listening to Tam Zamani, such a nice peaceful song.... what is it about?
u/theycallmemia I ADORE your space postcard with the saturn pin, I found it such a cool format. I love its colors and everything, thank you so, so much for spoiling me. Do you like pins too? I love them, but I'm still a messy collector, haha. I wanna make something to display them, but I'm a master at procrastinating... I get distracted too fast at practically everything, ouchieeees. It's funny that since this one was not just paper, it went through the packages system and had to cross customs. They put a barcode in the envelope whenever they scan them through the packages system. I might be saying some postal aberration, but my English is too limited, lol. Btw, the doodle you did of yourself is super cute, and made me smile even more.
u/ThriftyRiver “Awww” that was the first thing I said. When I opened your card with a cat in it from Pet Partner's. And “awww” also said my lil cousin who was standing at my back. “Did she made it?” he asked. Oh, haha, other person walked behing me just now and also awwed. I didn't know about the Pet Partner's volunteering program, I think that's so cool! If something alike existed here, it'd give me the drive to fully train my dog and participate. But I'm a lazy loaf that whenever I teach him something, my family think it's cool and over stimulate him and somehow manage to confuse him and then he gets some things mixed up.He's so cute. When we go on our walks he likes running after quails and rabbits, but gets scared of cows. I'd love seeing deers, they must be so cute! Here in the south we have a little type of deer called Pudú, but they're very very shy. Thank you so much for the pancake recipe, I wanna try it out some weekend. Do you like them thick and spongy or thin as crepes? In my house we make them thin, filled with spinach or chicken in a roll and eat them for dinner topped with Bechamel, lol. Chileans don't eat pancakes for breakfast; instead, they like bread with avocado, scrambled eggs, ham, butter or mermelade... or dulce de leche. And coffee. We have tried making pancakes as shown on tv (except that we add dulce de leche... yummy), but we make them small and can't eat more that 2... how could people eat one bigger that the plate?! That's insane! Were you able to? When we've traveled to the US, we've all shared plates with my sisters, and still can't eat them whole. They once sold us a tower of fries at Burger King (actually it was part of the meal thingie), filling a whole tray. It was insane! We barely were able to eat 1/4th of them between 7.
u/MangoMeliss Thank you so much for such the adorable red ridding hood with her doggie. I love it so much. Reminds me of the years I was studying animation. I just love this style. I also loved your adventures in Holland. I'd love to visit there some day! Oh gosh, I just realized, after holding your postcard many times (because I adore it) that those phat kitty stickers are actually these memo paper things! Oh wow, hahaha, I'm laughing so much right now. I'll definetly use a couple to decorate cute things. Thank you so much for the Hello Kitty Valentine's, it makes me think in the little kids at school giving out these. I think that's cute. But do kids only write the to and from? Or they add little messages too? I've never celebrated it, it's fascinating knowing about these things. Also, thank you so much for the adorable washi samps. I'm copying your folding technique for the last bit, they look pretty and it's so practical! Oh, and last but not least (whatever that means, shoot, I need to study more English) I'm in love with the envelope and the Stitch you drew.
u/lonelytwatwaffle My dear waffle, I don't know why your cards took so long to arrive, but I've loved each one of them. I actually felt very touched to get a Christmas card with Mary in it and wishes to have a blessed Christmas. I wasn't expecting it! And it was a lovely holiday, my first ever cold one, away and relaxed, with my family and newborn nephew and not worrying about gifts, meetings, or things that just distract us of what is really important. We also, unexpectedly, met a huge group of spaniards living there and we sang carols in many languages and they stayed till very late and they were so noisy! It was sooo fun. Funny that since my sister came back from her exchange in Spain, she made us listen to villancicos sevillanos all year round, so we knew quite a lot, haha. By the way, I love your jigsaw puzzle ornament, I'll hang it this year. And I also loved the star's mischievous face, it's so adorable. Thank you so much.
u/suzilla10 (x2) Thank you so much for the Fernsehturm postcard. Many years ago I only got to see it from below, I was visiting with a huge group and there was a big parade and the city was chaotic, so the leaders decided to just walk around... a lot! I regret not buying postcards there, they were all so amazing I couldn't decide! So many types and just oh wow. Back then I would send them to myself. So I just spent all my money in cool magnets and yummy food. And still was so hard to pick! Haha. When I opened your surprise adventskalender-karte, all the amazing memories I had in Österreigh came back and brought me such a warm lasting feeling. I don't wanna ever forget those holidays. (Or the laughs I had at the sub the previous days of me searching for stamps like a madwoman while Santiago was getting destroyed by the protests, trying to get before the Germans bought everything). Last month I met the artist who designs the stamps, and she made such a cute one last year, that I obviously never knew its existance. (Well, also my post office, after the germans episodes never got stamps ever again, and she doesn't care at all). I also got to know how caotic is the system and how people who snail mail or collect stamps are seen as pieces of a museum that will eventually die into oblivion if it wasn't for the international groups that put money so stamps get printed. Oh man, I love your card and details so much. The stickers remind me of our many trips to Thalia with my sisters (we don't have anything as awesome as that here) and I would just walk around and dream I was buying everything. I wanna go back to Europe some dayyyy! Thank you so much, I love everything, I get so happy opening your envelope from time to time. I will definetly set up the advent calendar this year. I adored that when I visited in December, all these advent little things and presents, they were so cute and adorable, I NEED to do something like that this year, it brings me memories of my childhood. I used to love Advent. Ohhhh... holidays are looking more and more american here each year, and I just loved the european one so much better... it felt more familiar and authentic. Dude, we're getting malls installing snow machines to make it snow... in summer. Because now that's what xmass is about? Poor overdressed workers. This summer is going to be particularly hot and dry.
u/bananacreampiee Yay! I got your graduation card! Thank you so much! Funny how I would be graduated by now, but the internships were postponed so I technically finished college but need to do that to graduate-graduate... well, I'm not too worried about that, whatever has to happen will happen, I'm glad the worst part is over and the messy thesis is done. Still I can't believe I finally finished my studies... it's been a long and really hard journey! Lol, in my first sememster I visited Italy and met a priest while I was with my hopes impressively down on actually finishing something, so we made an exchange: he was going to pray for me, and if -by miracle at this point in life- I finished, I'd visit him and participate in his volunteering program. And he delivered it seems. For the first time ever I didn't fail any semester, which used to be impossible with my MH. I can't wait to contact him again, but I only remember his first name... and nothing else. And I have a picture with the family that invited us both to dinner (I met him there). I'll have to do some detective work. I still don't know how we managed to have such a deep and long conversation afterwards, he was speaking in Italian and I was in Spanish, and those years I couldn't understand a thing nor let myslef be understood, unless someone spoke Spanish or English.


Pics!
I have quite a lot of replies and exchanges that have remain unsent due to various reasons, so please, I'd be eternally greatful if you fill up my mailing list form. Specially if you've changed your address. C:
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2020.10.18 11:45 42-pigeons-on-reddit Day 2 of posting entire cosmos epsiode (1980) scripts - ep 2

All my life I’ve wondered about life beyond the Earth. On those countless other planets that we think circle other suns, is there also life? Might the beings of other worlds resemble us or would they be astonishingly different? What would they be made of? In the vast Milky Way galaxy how common is what we call life? The nature of life on Earth and the quest for life elsewhere are the two sides of the same question: the search for who we are. All living things on Earth are made of organic molecules, a complex microscopic architecture built around atoms of carbon. In the great dark between the stars there also are organic molecules in immense clouds of gas and dust. And inside such clouds there are batches of new worlds just forming. Their surfaces are very likely covered with organic molecules. These molecules almost certainly are not made by life although, they are the stuff of life. On suitable worlds, they may lead to life. Organic matter is abundant throughout the cosmos, produced by the same chemistry everywhere. Perhaps, given enough time, the origin and evolution of life is inevitable on every clement world. There will surely be some planets too hostile for life. On others, it may arise and die out, or never evolve beyond its simplest forms. And on some small fraction of worlds there may develop intelligences and civilizations more advanced than ours. All life on our planet is closely related. We have a common organic chemistry and a common evolutionary heritage, and so our biologists are profoundly limited. They study a single biology, one lonely theme in the music of life. Is it the only voice for thousands of light years or is there a cosmic fugue, a billion different voices playing the life music of the galaxy? This blue world is where we grew up. There was once a time before life. Our planet is now burgeoning with life. How did it come about? How were organic molecules originally made? How did life evolve to produce beings as elaborate and complex as we, able to explore the mystery of our own origins? Let me tell you a story about one little phrase in the music of life on Earth. In the history of humans, in the 12th century, Japan was ruled by a clan of warriors called the Heike. The nominal leader of the Heike, the emperor of Japan, was a seven-year-old boy named Antoku. His guardian was his grandmother, the Lady Nii. The Heike were engaged in a long and bloody war with another Samurai clan, the Genji. Each asserted a superior ancestral claim to the imperial throne. Their decisive encounter occurred at Dannoura in the Japanese Inland Sea on April 24 in the year 1185. The Heike were badly outnumbered and outmaneuvered. With their cause clearly lost, the surviving Heike warriors threw themselves into the sea and drowned. The emperor’s grandmother, the Lady Nii, resolved that they would not be captured by the enemy. What happened next is related in The Tale of the Heike. The young emperor asked the Lady Nii, “Where are you to take me?” She turned to the youthful sovereign with tears streaming down her cheeks and comforted him. Blinded with tears, the child sovereign put his beautiful small hands together. He turned first to the east to say farewell to the god of Ise, and then to the west to recite the Nambutsu, a prayer to the Amida Buddha. The Lady Nii took him in her arms, and with the words “In the depths of the ocean is our capital” sank with him at last beneath the waves. The destruction of the Heike battle fleet at Dannoura marked the end of the clan’s thirty-year rule. The Heike all but vanished from history. Only 43 Heike survived; all women. These former ladies-in-waiting of the Imperial Court were reduced to selling flowers and other favors to the fishermen near the scene of the battle. These women and their offspring by the fishermen established a festival to commemorate the battle. To this day, every year, on the 24th of April, their descendants proceed to the Akama shrine which contains the mausoleum of the drowned seven-year-old emperor Antoku. There, they conduct a ceremony of remembrance for the life and death of the Heike warriors. But there is a strange postscript to this story. The fishermen say that the Heike samurai wander the bottom of the Inland Sea still, in the form of crabs. There are crabs here which have curious markings on their backs; patterns which resemble a human face with the aggressive scowl of a samurai warrior from medieval Japan. These Heike crabs, when caught, are not eaten. They are thrown back into the sea in commemoration of the doleful events of the battle of Dannoura. This legend raises a lovely problem: how does it come about that the face of a warrior is cut on the carapace of a Japanese crab? How could it be? The answer seems to be that humans made this face. But how? Like many other features, the patterns on the back—or carapace—of this crab are inherited. But among crabs, as among humans, there are different hereditary lines. Now suppose, purely by chance, among the distant ancestors of this crab, there came to be one which looked just a little bit like a human face. Long before the battle, fishermen may have been reluctant to eat a crab with a human face. In throwing it back into the sea they were setting into motion a process of selection. If you’re a crab and your carapace is just ordinary, the humans are gonna eat you. But if it looks a little bit like a face they’ll throw you back, and you can have lots of baby crabs that all look just like you. As many generations passed—of crabs and fisher-folk alike—the crabs with patterns that looked most like a samurai face preferentially survived until, eventually, there was produced not just a human face, not just a Japanese face, but the face of a samurai warrior. All this has nothing to do with what the crabs might want. Selection is imposed from the outside. The more you look like a samurai, the better your chances of survival. Eventually, there are a lot of crabs that look like samurai warriors. This process is called artificial selection. In the case of the Heike crab, it was effected more or less unconsciously by the fishermen, and certainly without any serious contemplation by the crabs. Humans, for thousands of years, have deliberately selected which plants and animals shall live. We’re surrounded with farm and domestic animals, fruits, vegetables. Where do they come from? Were they once free-living in their present form in the wild and then induced to adopt some less strenuous life on the farm? No. They are, almost all of them, made by us. The essence of artificial selection for a horse, or a cow, a grain of rice, or a Heike crab is this: many characteristics are inherited. They breed true. Humans encourage the reproduction of some varieties and discourage the reproduction of others. The variety selected for eventually becomes abundant. The variety selected against becomes rare, maybe extinct. But if artificial selection makes such changes in only a few thousand years, what must natural selection—working for billions of years—be capable of? The answer is all the beauty and diversity in the biological world. That life evolved over the ages is clear from the changes we’ve made in the beasts and vegetables, but also from the record in the rocks. The fossil evidence speaks to us unambiguously of creatures that were once present in enormous numbers and that have now vanished utterly. There are far more species that have become extinct than exist today. They are the terminated experiments in evolution. These guys, for example—the trilobites—appeared 600 million years ago. They were around for 300 million years. They’re all gone. There’s none left. But in those old rocks there are no fossils of people or cattle. We’ve evolved only recently. Evolution is a fact, not a theory. It really happened. That the mechanism of evolution is natural selection was the great discovery of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. Here’s how it works: nature is prolific, there are many more creatures that are born than can possibly survive. So those varieties which are, by accident, less well adapted don’t survive, or at least they leave fewer offspring. Now, mutations—sudden changes in heredity—are passed on. They breed true. The environment selects those occasional mutations which enhance survival. And the resulting series of slow changes in the nature of living beings is the origin of new species. Well, many people were scandalized by the ideas of evolution and natural selection. Our ancestors looked at the intricacy and the beauty of life and saw evidence for a great designer. The simplest organism is a far more complex machine than the finest pocket watch. And yet, pocket watches don’t spontaneously self-assemble or evolve in slow stages on their own from, say, grandfather clocks. A watch implies a watchmaker. So there seemed to be no way in which atoms could spontaneously fall together and create, say, a dandelion. The idea of a designer is an appealing and altogether human explanation of the biological world. But as Darwin and Wallace showed, there’s another way—equally human and far more compelling. Natural selection, which makes the music of life more beautiful as the eons pass. To understand the passage of the eons we have compressed all of time into a single cosmic year with the big bang on January first. Every month here represents a little over a billion years. The Earth didn’t form until the cosmic year was two-thirds over. Our understanding of the history of life is very recent, occupying only the last few seconds of December 31st; that small white spot at bottom right in the cosmic calendar. What happened on Earth may be more or less typical of the evolution of life on many worlds. But in its details the story of life on Earth is probably unique in all the Milky Way galaxy. The secrets of evolution are time and death. Time for the slow accumulation of favorable mutations, and death to make room for new species. Life on Earth arose in September of the cosmic calendar, when our world, still heavily battered and cratered from its violent origin, may have looked a little like the moon. The Earth is about 4.5 billion years old. In the cosmic calendar, it condensed out of interstellar gas and dust around September 14th. We know from the fossil record that the origin of life originated soon afterwards—maybe around September 25th, something like that. Probably in the ponds and oceans of the primitive Earth. Now, the first living things were not anything so complex as a one-celled organism, which already is a highly sophisticated form of life. No, the first stirrings of life were much more humble and happened on the molecular level. In those early days, lightning and ultraviolet light from the sun were breaking apart simple hydrogen-rich molecules in the primitive atmosphere, and the fragments of the molecules were spontaneously recombining into more and more complex molecules. The products of this early chemistry dissolved in the oceans, forming a kind of organic soup of gradually increasing complexity. Until, one day, quite by accident, a molecule arose that was able to make crude copies of itself, using as building blocks the other molecules in the soup. This was the ancestor of DNA, the master molecule of life on Earth. It’s made of four different molecular parts, called nucleotides, which constitute the four letters of the genetic code—the language of heredity. Each of the four nucleotides, the rungs on the DNA ladder, are a different color in this model. The instructions that are spelled out are different for different organisms—that’s why organisms are different. Now, a mutation is a change of a nucleotide; a misspelling of the genetic instructions. Most mutations spell genetic nonsense, as you’d expect, because they’re random. They’re harmful for the next generation. But a very few, by accident, make better sense than the original instructions and aid the evolution of life. DNA is about a billion times smaller than we see it here. In fact, each of those things that looks like a piece of fruit is an atom. Without the tools of science, the machinery of life would be invisible. Four billion years ago, the ancestors of DNA were competing for molecular building blocks and leaving crude copies of themselves. There were no predators; the stuff of life was everywhere. So the oceans and murky pools that filled the craters were, for these molecules, a Garden of Eden. With reproduction, mutation, and natural selection, the evolution of living molecules was well underway. Varieties with specialized functions then joined together, making a collective: the first cell. The organic soup eventually ate itself up. But by this time, plants had evolved, able to use sunlight to make their own building blocks. They turned the waters green. A number of one-celled plants joined together—the first multi-cellular organisms. Equally important was the invention—not made until early November—of sex. It was stumbled upon by the microbes. By December 1st, green plants had released copious amounts of oxygen and nitrogen into the atmosphere. The sky is made by life. Then, suddenly, on December 15th, there was an enormous proliferation of new life forms, an event called the Cambrian explosion. We know from the fossil record that life arose shortly after the formation of the Earth, suggesting that the origin of life might be an inevitable chemical process on countless Earth-like planets throughout the cosmos. But on the Earth, in nearly 4 billion years, life advanced no further than algae. So maybe more complex forms of life are harder to evolve—harder, even, than the origin of life itself. If this is right, the planets of the galaxy might be filled with microorganisms, but big beasts and vegetables and thinking beings might be comparatively rare. By December 18th, there were vast herds of trilobites foraging on the ocean bottom, and squid-like creatures with their multicolored shells were everywhere. We know enough to sketch in a few of the subsequent details. The first fish and the first vertebrates appeared on December 19th. Plants began to colonize the land on December 20th. The first winged insects fluttered by on December 22nd. And on this date, also, there were the first amphibians: creatures, something like the lungfish, able to survive both on land and in water. Our direct ancestors were now leaving the oceans behind. The first trees and the first reptiles evolved on December 23rd; two amazing evolutionary developments. We are descended from some of those reptiles. The dinosaurs appeared on Christmas Eve. There were many different kinds of dinosaurs. The Earth was once their planet. Many stood upright and had some fair intelligence. Great lizards crashed and thundered through the steaming jungles. Unnoticed by the dinosaurs, a new creature—whose young were born live and helpless—was making its timid debut. The first mammals emerged on December 26th, the first birds on the following day. But the dinosaurs still dominated the planet. Then, suddenly, without warning, all over the planet at once, the dinosaurs died. The cause is unknown, but the lesson is clear: even 160 million years on a planet is no guarantee of survival. The dinosaurs perished around the time of the first flower. On December 30th, the first creatures who looked even a little bit human evolved, accompanied by a spectacular increase in the size of their brains. And then, on the evening of the last day of the last month—only a few million years ago—the first true humans took their place on the cosmic calendar. The written record of history occupies only the last 10 seconds of the cosmic year. Now, let’s take a closer look at who our ancestors were. A simple chemical circumstance led to one of the great moments in the history of our planet. There were many kinds of molecules in the primordial soup. Some were attracted to water on one side and repelled by it on the other. This drove them together into a tiny enclosed spherical shell like a soap bubble, which protected the interior. Within the bubble, the ancestors of DNA found a home and the first cell arose. It took hundreds of millions of years for tiny plants to evolve, giving off oxygen. But that branch didn’t lead to us. Bacteria that could breathe oxygen took over a billion more years to evolve. From a naked nucleus, a cell developed with a nucleus inside. Some of these amoeba-like forms led, eventually, to plants. Others produced colonies with inside and outside cells performing different functions. Becoming a polyp attached to the ocean floor filtering food from the water and evolving little tentacles to direct food into a primitive mouth. This humble ancestor of ours also led to spiny-skinned armored animals with internal organs, including our cousin, the starfish. But we don’t come from starfish. About 550 million years ago, filter feeders evolved gill slits which were more efficient at straining food particles from the water. One evolutionary branch led to acorn worms. Another led to a creature which swam freely in the larval stage but, as an adult, was still firmly anchored to the ocean floor. Some became living hollow tubes. But others retained the larval forms throughout the life cycle and became free-swimming adults with something like a backbone. Our ancestors now, 500 million years ago, were jawless filter-feeding fish a little like lampreys. Gradually, those tiny fish evolved eyes and jaws. Fish then began to eat one another. If you could swim fast, you survived. If you had jaws to eat with, you could now use your gills to breathe the oxygen in the water. This is the way modern fish arose. During the summer, swamps and lakes dried up, so some fish evolved a primitive lung to breathe air until the rains came. Their brains were getting bigger. If the rains didn’t come, it was handy to be able to pull yourself along to the next swamp. That was a very important adaptation. The first amphibians evolved, still with a fish-like tail. Amphibians, like fish, laid their eggs in water, where they were easily eaten. But then a splendid new invention came along: the hard-shelled egg, laid on the land, where there were—as yet—no predators. Reptiles and turtles go back to those days. Many of the reptiles hatched on land never returned to the waters. Some became the dinosaurs. One line of dinosaurs developed feathers, useful for short flights. Today, the only living descendants of the dinosaurs are the birds. The great dinosaurs evolved along another branch. Some were the largest flesh-eaters ever to walk the land. But 65 million years ago, they all mysteriously perished. Meanwhile, the forerunners of the dinosaurs were also evolving in a different direction. Small, scurrying creatures with the young growing inside the mother’s body. After the extinction of the dinosaurs, many different forms developed. The young were very immature at birth. In the marsupials—the wombat, for example—and in the mammals, the young had to be taught how to survive. The brain grew larger still. Something like a shrew was the ancestor of all the mammals. One line took to the trees, developing dexterity, stereo vision, larger brains, and a curiosity about their environment. Some became baboons, but that’s not the line to us. Apes and humans have a recent common ancestor. Bone for bone, muscle for muscle, molecule for molecule. There are almost no important differences between apes and humans. Unlike the chimpanzee, our ancestors walked upright, freeing their hands to poke and fix and experiment. We got smarter. We began to talk. Many collateral branches of the human family became extinct in the last few million years. We, with our brains and our hands, are the survivors. There’s an unbroken thread that stretches from those first cells to us. Let’s look at it again compressing 4 billion years of evolution into 40 seconds. Those are some of the things that molecules do, given 4 billion years of evolution. We sometimes represent evolution as the ever-branching ramifications of some original trunk, each branch pruned and clipped by natural selection. Every plant and animal alive today has a history as ancient and illustrious as ours. Humans stand on one branch. But now we affect the future of every branch of this 4-billion-year-old tree. How lovely trees are. The human species grew up in and around them. We have a natural affinity for trees. Trees photosynthesize—they harvest sunlight; they compete for the sun’s favors. Look at those two trees over there: pushing and shoving for sunlight, but with grace and astonishing slowness. There are so many plants on the Earth that there’s a danger of thinking them trivial, of losing sight of the subtlety and efficiency of their design. They are great and beautiful machines, powered by sunlight, taking in water from the ground and carbon dioxide from the air, and converting them into food for their use and ours. This is a museum of living plants. The Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew in London. Every plant uses the carbohydrates it makes as an energy source to go about its planty business. And we animals—who are ultimately parasites on the plants—we steal the carbohydrates so we can go about our business. In eating the plants and their fruits, we combine the carbohydrates with oxygen which—as a result of breathing—we’ve dissolved in our blood. From this chemical reaction, we extract the energy which makes us go. In the process, we exhale carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which the plants then use to make more carbohydrates. What a marvelous cooperative arrangement! Plants and animals each using the other’s waste gases; the whole cycle powered by abundant sunlight. But there would be carbon dioxide in the air even if there were no animals. We need the plants much more than they need us. There are many family resemblances among the organisms of the Earth. Some are very apparent, such as the use of the number five. Humans have five major bodily projections: one head, two arms, two legs. So do ducks—although the functions of their bodily projections are not quite the same. An octopus or a centipede has a different plan. And a being from another planet might be much stranger still. These family resemblances continue, and on a much deeper level, when we go to the molecular basis of life. There are tens of billions of different kinds of organic molecules. Yet, only about 50 of them are used in the essential machinery of life. The same 50 employed over and over again, ingenious, for different functions in every living thing. And when we go to the very kernel of life on Earth—to the proteins that control cell chemistry,to the spiral or helix of nucleic acids which carry the hereditary information—we find these molecules to be absolutely identical in all plants and animals of our planet. This oak tree and me, we’re made of the same stuff. If you go back, you’ll find that we have a common ancestor. That’s why our chemistry is so alike. Let’s take a trip to examine this common basis of life; a voyage to investigate the molecular machinery at the heart of life on Earth: a journey to the nucleus of the cell. First we need a cell. I have trillions, I can afford to donate a few. The casual act of pricking a finger is an event of some magnitude on the scale of the very small. Millions of red blood cells are detoured from their usual routes. But most continue to cruise about the body carrying their cargoes of oxygen to the remotest freckle. We’re about to enter the living cell—a realm, in its own way, as complex and beautiful as the realm of galaxies and stars. Among the red blood cells, we encounter a white blood cell—a lymphocyte—whose job it is to protect me against invading microbes. It makes antibodies on its furrowed surface. But its interior is like that of many cells. Plunging through the membrane, we find ourselves inside the cell. Here, every structure has its function. Those dark green blobs are factories where messenger molecules are busy building the enzymes which control the chemistry of the cell. The messengers were instructed and dispatched from within the nucleus, the heart and brain of the cell. All the instructions on how to get a cell to work and how to make another are hidden away in there. We find a tunnel, a nuclear pore, an approach to the biological holy of holies. These necklaces, these intricately looped and coiled strands are nucleic acids, DNA. Everything you need to know on how to make a human being is encoded in the language of life, in the DNA molecule. This is the DNA double helix: a machine with about 100 billion moving parts, called atoms. There are as many atoms in one molecule of DNA as there are stars in a typical galaxy. The sequence of nucleotides, here brightly colored, is all that’s passed on from generation to generation. Change the order of the nucleotides and you change the genetic instructions. DNA must replicate itself with extreme fidelity. The reproduction of a DNA molecule begins by separating the two helices. This is accomplished by an unwinding enzyme. Like some precision tool, this enzyme, shown in blue, breaks the chemical bonds that bind the two helices of DNA together. The enzyme works its way down the molecule, unzipping DNA as it goes. Each helix copies the other, supervised by special enzymes. The organic soup inside the nucleus contains many free nucleotides. The enzyme recognizes an approaching nucleotide and clicks it into place, reproducing another rung in the double helix. When the DNA is replicating in one of your cells, a few dozen nucleotides are added every second. Thousands of these enzymes may be working on a given DNA molecule. When an arriving nucleotide doesn’t fit, the enzyme throws it away. We call this proofreading. On the rare occasions of a proofreading error, the wrong nucleotide is attached and a small random change has been made in the genetic instructions—a mutation has occurred. This enzyme is a pretty small molecule, but it catches nucleotides, assembles them in the right order,it knows how to proofread, it’s responsible in the most fundamental way for the reproduction of every cell and every being on Earth. That enzyme, and DNA itself, are molecular machines with awesome powers. Within every living thing, the molecular machines are busy making sure that nucleic acids will continue to reproduce. A minor cut in my skin sounds a local alarm, and the blood spins a complex net of strong fibers to form a clot and staunch the flow of blood. There’s a very delicate balance here: too much clotting and your blood stream will solidify. Too little clotting and you’ll bleed to death from the merest scratch. The balance is controlled by enzymes instructed by DNA. Down here, there’s also a kind of sanitation squad comprised of white blood cells that swings into action, surrounds invading bacteria, and ravenously consumes them. This mopping-up operation is another part of the healing process—again controlled by DNA. These cells are parts of us, but how alien they seem. Within each of them, within every cell, there are exquisitely evolved molecular machines. Nucleic acids, enzymes, the cell architecture—every cell is a triumph of natural selection. And we’re made of trillions of cells. We are, each of us, a multitude. Within us is a little universe. Human DNA is a coiled ladder a billion nucleotides long. Many possible combinations of nucleotides are nonsense—that is, they translate into proteins which serve no useful function whatever. Only a comparatively few nucleic acid molecules are any good for life forms as complicated as we are. But even so, the number of useful ways of assembling nucleic acids is stupefyingly large. It’s probably larger than the total number of atoms in the universe. This means that the number of possible kinds of human beings is vastly greater than the number of human beings that has ever lived. This untapped potential of the human species is immense. There must be ways of putting nucleic acids together which will function far better by any criterion you wish to choose than the hereditary instructions of any human being who has ever lived. Fortunately, we do not know—or, at least, do not yet know—how to assemble alternative sequences of nucleotides to make alternative kinds of human beings. But in the future we might well be able to put nucleotides together in any desired sequence to produce whatever human characteristics we think desirable. A disquieting and awesome prospect. We human beings don’t look very much like a tree. We certainly view the world differently than a tree does. But down deep, at the molecular heart of life, we’re essentially identical to trees. We both use nucleic acids as the hereditary material, we both use proteins as enzymes to control the chemistry of the cell, and—most significantly—we both use the identical codebook to translate nucleic acid information into protein information. Any tree could read my genetic code. How did such astonishing similarities come about? Why are we cousins to the trees? Would life on some other planet use proteins? The same proteins? The same nucleic acids? The same genetic code? The usual explanation is that we are—all of us: trees and people, anglerfish, slime molds, bacteria—all descended from a single and common instance of the origin of life four billion years ago in the early days of our planet. Now, how did the molecules of life arise? In a laboratory at Cornell University we mix together the gases and waters of the primitive Earth, supply some energy, and see if we can make the stuff of life. But what was the early atmosphere made of? Ordinary air? If we start with our present atmosphere, the experiment is a dismal failure. Instead of making proteins and nucleic acids, all we make is smog—a backwards step. Why doesn’t such an experiment work? Because the air of today contains molecular oxygen. But oxygen is made by plants. It’s pretty obvious that there were no plants before the origin of life. We mustn’t use oxygen in our experiments because there wasn’t any in the early atmosphere. This is perfectly reasonable because the cosmos is made mostly of hydrogen, which gobbles oxygen up. The Earth’s low gravity has allowed most of our original hydrogen gas to trickle away to space. There’s almost none left. But 4 billion years ago, our atmosphere was full of hydrogen-rich gases: methane, ammonia, water vapor. These are the gases we should use. Taking great care to ensure the purity of these gases, my colleague, Bishun Khare, pumps them from their holding flasks. An experiment like this was first performed by Stanley Miller and Harold Urey in the 1950s. The starting gases are now introduced into a large reaction vessel. We could shine ultraviolet light on this mixture, simulating the early sun. But in this experiment the gases will be sparked, as the primitive atmosphere was, by early lightning. After only a few hours, the interior of the reaction vessel becomes streaked with a strange brown pigment—a rich collection of complex organic molecules including the building blocks of the proteins and the nucleic acids. Under the right conditions, these building blocks assemble themselves into molecules resembling little proteins and little nucleic acids. These nucleic acids can even make identical copies of themselves. In this vessel are the notes of the music of life, although not yet the music itself. Now, no one so far has mixed together the gases and waters of the primitive Earth and, at the end of the experiment, had something crawl out of the flask. There’s still a great deal to be understood about the origin of life, including the origin of the genetic code. But we’ve only been at such experiments for 30 years. Nature’s had a 4-billion-year head start. Incidentally, there’s nothing in such experiments that’s unique to the Earth. The gases we start with, the energy sources we use are entirely common through the cosmos. So, chemical reactions something like these must be responsible for the organic matter in interstellar space and the amino acids in the meteorites. Similar chemical reactions must have occurred on a billion other worlds in the Milky Way galaxy. Look how easy it is to make great globs of this stuff! The molecules of life fill the cosmos. Now, what would life elsewhere look like? Even if it had an identical molecular chemistry to life on Earth—which I very much doubt—it could not be very similar in form to familiar organisms on the Earth. The random character of the evolutionary process must create, elsewhere, creatures very different from any that we know. Think of a world something like Jupiter, with an atmosphere rich in hydrogen, helium, methane, water, and ammonia, in which organic molecules might be falling from the skies like manna from heaven—like the products of the Miller-Urey experiment. Could there be life on such a world? Well, there’s a special problem. The atmosphere is turbulent, and down deep, before we ever come to a surface, it’s very hot. If you’re not careful, you’ll be carried down and fried. So one way to make a living is to reproduce before you’re fried. Turbulence will carry your offspring into the higher and cooler layers. Such organisms could be very little. We call them sinkers. The physicist E. E. Salpeter and I at Cornell have calculated something about the other kinds of life that might exist on such a world. Vast living balloons could stay buoyant by pumping heavy gases from their interiors or by keeping their insides warm. They might eat the organic molecules in the air or make their own with sunlight. We call these creatures floaters. We imagine floaters kilometers across, enormously larger than the greatest whale that ever was—beings the size of cities. We conceive of them arrayed in great, lazy herds as far as the eye can see, concentrated in the updrafts in the enormous sea of clouds. But there can be other creatures in this alien environment: hunters. Hunters are fast and maneuverable. They eat the floaters, both for their organic molecules and for their store of pure hydrogen. But there can’t be many hunters, because if they destroy all the floaters, they themselves will perish. Physics and chemistry permit such life forms. Art presents them with a certain reality, but nature is not obliged to follow our speculations. However, if there are billions of inhabited worlds in the Milky Way galaxy, then I think it’s likely there are a few places which might have hunters and floaters and sinkers. Biology is more like history than it is like physics. You have to know the past to understand the present. There is no predictive theory of biology, just as there is no predictive theory of history. The reason is the same: both subjects are still too complicated for us. But we can understand ourselves much better by understanding other cases. The study of a single instance of extraterrestrial life, no matter how humble—a microbe would be just fine—will de-provincialize biology. It will show us what else is possible. We’ve heard so far the voice of life on only a single world. But for the first time, as we shall see, we’ve begun a serious scientific search for the cosmic fugue. In recent years, we’ve learned much more about the origin of life. Do you remember RNA—that nucleic acid that our cells use as messengers carrying the genetic information out of the cell nucleus? Well, it’s been found that RNA, like protein, can control chemical reactions as well as reproduce itself, which proteins can’t do. Many scientists now wonder if the first life on Earth was an RNA molecule. And it now seems feasible that key molecular building blocks for the origin of life fell out of the skies 4 billion years ago. Comets have now been found to have a lot of organic molecules in them, and they fell in huge numbers on the primitive Earth. We also mention the extinction of the dinosaurs, and most of the other species of life on Earth about 65 million years ago. We now know that a large comet hit the Earth at just that time. The dust pall from that collision must’ve cooled and darkened the Earth, perhaps killing all the dinosaurs but sparing the small, furry mammals who were our ancestors. Other cometary mass extinctions in other epochs seem likely. If true, this would mean that comets have been the bringers both of life and death.
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2020.10.16 18:18 RBADx [WTS][CONUS] ZF AP Royal Oak 15500 Black dial - Catch & Release

[WTS][CONUS] ZF AP Royal Oak 15500 Black dial - Catch & Release
https://preview.redd.it/55u7fnv3ght51.jpg?width=3024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b0edd8d11628bd816c442758fc4c86aaef133384
Hello!
Up for sale a new and unworn Audemars Piguet Royal Oak 15500 black dial from ZF Factory. The watch and bracelet are in mint condition, never worn, none of the links removed, simply the sticker has been taken out and comes with the ZF box.
Pictures and videos: https://imgur.com/a/MJwHMbM
I paid $518 in total (Watch $478 + PayPal fees + International shipping)Price: $450 + shipping preferably within Conus
Will be shipping it the next morning (Or same day if possible) via USPS. Thanks a lot for having a look and please let me know if you have any questions!

Factory specs: Size: 41mm x 10.5mm (same as genuine) Movement: Base Movement: Japanese MIYOTA 9015 24J automatic movement at 28800vph (Same stability as Swiss ETA movements) Decoration: Platinum plated movement plate and rotor which are made according to the genuine movement, the best looking AP Calibre 4302 Movement Functions: Hours, minutes, seconds and date display Case: 1:1 replicated solid 316L stainless steel case, same construction as genuine Crystal: Scratch-proof sapphire crystal with colorless anti-reflection coating Dial: Superlumed black textured dial with polished rehaut same as genuine. Swiss hand set. Bezel: Brushed/polished stainless steel bezel (same brushed texture and construction as genuine) with recessed bezel screws as per genuine Strap: Super high quality stainless steel bracelet, smoother and softer Double deployant buckle (same deep engraving as genuine), the best AP clasp at the moment Clasp: >50 Meters
Timestamp & Verification pics send to u/Nick_Writes and u/kennygconspiracy
submitted by RBADx to ReptimeBST [link] [comments]


2020.10.16 06:50 leviathan235 Yukino and 8man Part 2 - their relationship

This one is for all the Yukinofags lol. Allow me to explain why Yukino and 8man are so infatuated with each other. Unlike with any other pairing in the story, if you were to ask Yukino and 8man why they love each other so much, they’d probably each write you multiple volumes. For 8man that’d probably fill several bookshelves. What if you asked Yui why she likes 8man? Who knows? He’s her hero, I suppose? She doesn’t get half the things he says. I've linked prior posts at the end.

How does 8man perceive Yukino?

The first thing 8man notices about her is obviously her physical appearance, which he was immediately captivated by. While for the other girls, he’s only remarked on their conventional sex appeal from breasts to panties, for Yukino, he frequently eulogizes every part of her body, from her calves to her fingers to her hair. It’s pretty obvious that she’s the one that he’s most physically attracted to, but considering Yukino is canonically the most beautiful girl in the school, that’s hardly surprising.
First impression
Although his initial impression of Yukino was quite negative (her beauty notwithstanding), he immediately recognized the fact that she’s different from everyone else that he’s encountered thus far – she doesn’t mince her words. Whereas while the other students, especially those from 8man’s middle school, also disliked him, they would hide that disdain behind a veil of shallow amity. At the very least, he respected Yukino for her candor and sincerity; she would never feed him sweet lies out of expediency or aversion to conflict. For that reason alone, he wanted to become her friend. Sincere animosity is infinitely preferable to insincere cordiality (*ahem* Japanese social norms *ahem*).
Exemption from "pathological" cynicism
Interestingly enough, 8man exempted Yukino so hard, he actually treated her to the reverse of “pathological” cynicism, which would be false idolatry. He held her up to be the pinnacle of the loner ideal, something he has not achieved himself. He obviously notices her excellence and virtue in everything she does, and he admires her for it – how could he not? She could do things much better than any normie with their superficial friends. If she is so great, then that validates his own loner pride! For him, she became the living proof that being a loner is NOT a detriment! That was precisely why he could not let Yukino so easily yield to peer pressure to accept help and “work together” when she was being overwhelmed during the cultural festival planning committee.
Of course, this whole illusion was dispelled when 8man found out that Yukino had withheld the fact that she knew him from the car accident. He felt betrayed, but ultimately, he was disappointed in himself – he sworn that he would always activate his defense mechanism (“pathological” cynicism) against everyone, and the fact that he exempted her and was disappointed in her (and by extension, himself for exempting her) was a failure on his part. He knows that he’s being a hypocrite for holding her to such an impossibly high standard when he himself is a prolific liar!
How 8man sees Yukino's imperfections
Over time, his feelings for her would only strengthen, even as he learned more about Yukino, that her “unshakable” resolve has always been an aspirational façade. Yukino is human, after all, with her fair share of flaws, weaknesses, and insecurities. What made her truly unique in his eyes is that she always strives for excellence in the proper and righteous manner – again, she’s the Harvey Dent to his Dark Knight. While 8man had to resort to underhanded tactics and deceit, Yukino always took the high road, even if it came at a cost. She represented all that is good in the world, since she was one of the few people in his life that possessed the universal virtues, i.e. diligence, honesty, sincerity, resolve, perseverance, temperance, benevolence, magnanimousness, righteousness, selflessness, wittiness, etc. In fact, I’d wager that her flaws only made her seem more human and attainable for 8man. Perhaps she couldn’t always live up to her high-minded ideals, but the fact that she always strives so earnestly towards them is more than enough to move his heart.
The lengths this mad lad would go...
8man has pretty much always been in love with Yukino, and his actions show it. If he’s not off doing something stupid to protect/reinforce his loner pride, he’s out there moving mountains to save/help Yukino. I’ll save the co/dependency discussion for another post.
Yukino's request
When it was Yukino’s turn to make her own request to the service club at the end of S2/start of S3, 8man strongly supports her resolve to finally assert her own dream of succeeding her father, or at least make an honest, transparent attempt instead of secretly brooding her own indecisiveness when it comes to her own destiny. However, when she decided that she wants to do shut down the service club and also plan the first prom without his prom, his conviction wavered. He was torn between his love for her and doing the right thing – he was insecure about his and her ability to stay together after the prom, so, in a momentary lapse of reason, he tried to convince himself with mental gymnastics to help her by going against her. In the end, nobody was fooled – not him, not Yukino, not Haruno. At that point, he was willing to let her go, if she thinks that it was for the best – it was her decision, after all, and he’s already sworn to respect her agency, as much as it rent his heart asunder. You know what they say about loving someone is to be willing to let them go?
We all know how the final two episodes went. 8man realizes that Yukino’s decision wasn’t genuine. He respects her decision, but that doesn’t mean he has to agree – this is where he pulls the second prom to decisively refuting codependency (will be discussed in a future post) and also leave himself no excuses other than to finally reveal to her his true feelings for her. Something supposedly so intense that the word “love” cannot hope to begin to capture it, or so he says lol. Considering how far this guy is willing to go, I wouldn’t bet against it.

How does Yukino perceive 8man?

We’ll never know how Yukino sees 8man physically, but at least we know that she didn’t deny his claim that he has a nice face, lol. That’s all I can say on that matter. You can also argue that she is, in fact, attracted to his weird eyes, considering her strong affinity for another “character” with weird eyes…
First impression
Initially, I’d say her impression of him is indeed quite negative. His philosophy directly clashes against her ideals of virtue and excellence. Whereas Yukino strives for excellence in all things, 8man immediately denies that his perceived weaknesses are weaknesses at all (see: loner pride). In complete contrast to the girls who hide their own incompetence by bullying Yukino in the past due to their jealousy of her excellence, 8man recognizes his own weaknesses, even if he does so by reframing them as strengths. There’s something admirable about his stubbornness, even if it is a bit misplaced. “I don’t particularly hate that part of you that affirms weakness like that.” He responds, “Yeah, I don’t hate it either. In fact, I just love that part of myself.”
Funny enough, a bit early for her character development, the first time Yukino relied on someone in the story was during the tennis match. As I’ve discussed in the post on Yukino, she doesn’t fully start relying on those close to her until during the cultural festival. Although during the tennis match she had no other choice than to rely on him (since she ran out of stamina), it seems implausible to me that she would feed him a bold faced lie just to get him motivated, “this man here will finish the match, so please lose gracefully.” She at the very least respected his competence – when he wills something, he usually makes it happen, for better or worse.
First spark of rapport
The first time when Yukino started to warm up to 8man was the pivotal moment during the “date” to buy Yui a present. No, I’m not referring to when he complimented her wearing the apron. When they encountered Haruno, due to his powerful “pathological” cynicism, 8man was able to immediately realize that she was wearing a façade and wasn’t taken in by her superficial charms, whereas a lesser man would have been. This fact made a huge positive impression on Yukino – here was a guy who shared her desire to be true to oneself and despised superficiality as much as she does. Not only that, he is the first guy to implicitly PREFER her over her sister and recognize her value!
Developing romantic feelings
In the early parts of the story, Yukino tries to keep 8man and Yui at a distance due to her loner ideal. Over time, she starts warming up to them and realizes that they can be relied on for aid and vice versa. When she had that initial falling out with 8man over her lie by omission about how she said she didn’t “know” him when they first met, she thought her relationship with him once again reset to mere acquaintances. However, she was once again pleasantly surprised when he stood up for her during the cultural festival. His comment simultaneously humiliated Sagami and “convinced” the other committee members to return to work by sacrificing his own image, but in exchange, he lightened Yukino’s burden. I believe this was the moment when her feelings for him were kindled. Here was a guy who, despite having had a falling out with her, came right back to support her in her time of need, even at the expense of himself.
Returning the favor
After the cultural festival, 8man was plagued by malicious gossiping following his nuclear strike on Sagami’s ego on the roof of the school. This greatly troubled Yukino for obvious reasons (cut from the anime). Thus, she resolved to nominate Sagami once more to lead the athletics festival to help her regain her confidence and thereby stopping the gossiping. She goes pretty far in this endeavor, even willing to backstop Sagami if she ends up dropping from her duties again, all for 8man’s sake in my opinion.
Putting his best interest first
Tobe’s confession request was when she truly started grasping how self-destructive 8man’s self-sacrificial tendencies were. Since she was already in love with him, she naturally could not bear to see him hurting himself, despite his claims to the contrary. She is also willing to risk him hating her when she emphatically repudiated his methods (whereas Yui was not able to do the same and instead enables his shitty behavior) – in other words, she was willing to put his best interest above her love for him, which is inherently a selfish longing. That’s pretty damn genuine, if I do say so myself.
When 8man tried to pull the same self-sacrificing shit during the Iroha election arc, Yukino again clashed with him in his best interest. Later on, she decided to run for student council president herself, and one major reason is obviously so that she can save him from himself.
The genuine
Then comes the genuine speech that moved Yukino to tears. This here is the guy whom she released from his “responsibility,” coming back to her all the same, asking for an even deeper relationship. In her eyes, he has reaffirmed the intensity of their shared belief of the genuine and that it is something worth struggling, fighting, and reaching for.
Yukino has always been considerate of Yui’s feelings for 8man as well, which only compounds on her hesitation to reveal her own feelings, since she’s never fallen in love with anyone else before. That’s why she struggled to hand 8man her Valentine’s Day chocolates.
Codependency?
At this point, Yukino is already head over heels for 8man, and she also respects his abilities greatly. She fully recognizes that there are times when his methods are more effective than hers. She hasn’t yet grasped that their combined efforts seem to render trivial even the most seemingly insurmountable problems (like the Christmas event and the second prom). However, she has internalized the belief that he is codependent on her and she is dependent on him, which is why she tries to host the first prom without his help. Again, she puts his perceived self-interest above her own selfish feelings (when I write “selfish,” I don’t mean to imply it is necessarily a bad thing). To break him from his supposedly pathological desire to “save” her all the time, she pushed him away with immense pain in her heart.
I suspect that she has always been aware that he has at least some feelings for her, for how else would she explain why he go so far for her, even beyond what Yui, her supposed best friend, would do? Either way, she attributes that to codependency and thus not genuine and by extension, must be destroyed. Nevertheless, we don't know for sure because we don’t have the same transparency into her mind as we do 8man.
Finale
Then comes the third time that 8man pulls her right back to him after they have a “falling out;” she just can’t get rid of this guy! This time, with no other pretext or ulterior motive for him associating with her, she has no choice but to believe that his love is genuine. See my explanation here. And once Yukino successfully pulls off the second prom to the surprise of her mother, she has finally achieved her objectives. “It was fine if you did things yourself, but that’s because you had to. By living your life without being a bother to anyone, for the very first time, you’d be able to ask for things from people. Once you’re able to live by yourself, for the very first time, you’d be able to walk alongside someone.”
Here’s part 1, Yukino’s development, analysis of final episode, the genuine, and analysis of 8man.
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